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question no. starts from 21.  (also read english comprehension-sept.24, 2011)

The Centre and the States must become “partners” in the planning process to determine national priorities together. The process of planning would undergo a change in view of the changes in domestic economic situation and “momentous trends” emerging in the world. The development of human resource and the building up of an institutional framework would have to receive priority attention. The role of the government would also have to be examined so as to fully involve the people in the process of nation building. The main task would be to ensure that the real initiative was transferred to the people. The private sector, which would register expansion, hereafter, should keep this objective firmly in view. The need for an effective population policy is an urgent necessity in the country’s planning strategy. The family welfare programme should not be treated as the Centre’s responsibility alone. The States should evolve a suitable mechanism for closer involvement of the State governments, Zila Parishads and Panchayats for making programme a success.

21.What would force the planning process to undergo a change?

  1. Domestic compulsions
  2. Domestic economic situation and world trends
  3. International Pressures
  4. Free market forces

22. What should be given priority attention?
  1. Role of government
  2. Decentralisation of powers
  3. Involvement of people in raising production
  4. Human resource and institutional framework

23. From the following statements, which one is false?
  1. Real initiatives should be transferred to the people
  2. Role of the government in nation building should be examined
  3. There should be no role for the government as far as planning is concerned
  4. Centre and States must become equal partners in the planning process


It is a commonly held belief that quality and productivity are a function of technology or a set of new equipment. No doubt these are essential, but they alone are not sufficient for bringing our improvements in productivity or quality. It is the men and women behind the machines and the people who manage the technology who are critical in bringing about these improvements. It has been a strange paradox of India’s economic development that even though people are our most abundant resources, they have so far either been neglected or treated as liabilities rather than as assets. Part of the reason for this has been outdated labour laws which has been a deterrent for industrialists and employees, leading them to establish capital-intensive rather than labour-intensive operations. The other reason has been a confrontationist attitude, both on the part of labour as well as managements. A change must come about in both these factors. Outside representation and leadership of unions etc., need to change. At the same time, the attitude of confrontation must change to one of cooperation and active collaboration.

24. Which of the following argument has been emphasized in the paragraph?
  1. Only technology and a new set of equipment can improve quality and productivity;
  2. Only management behind any type of machines can improve quality and productivity;
  3. By management the new technology, labour can bring improvements in quality and productivity.
  4. Indian labour and management are neither quality nor productivity conscious.

25. India’s strange contradiction of development is:
  1. people are resourceful, but they are not well equipped;
  2. people are resourceful, but they are neglected;
  3. labour is not earnest;
  4. capitalists exploit labour

26. proliferation of capital-intensive operations indicates
  1. too many labour laws;
  2. contradictory labour laws;
  3. strict labour laws;
  4. irrelevant labour laws;


Majority of people are so money minded that they do not undertake any serious work that does not pay. They believe that it is foolish to exert themselves for study and brain work, which cannot be converted into cash. “Hard work only for money and then plenty of play and pleasure”. This seems to be their rule of life. They value intellect only as the key to material prosperity and regard mental development as a foolish fad. This miserable materialistic psychology is deep rooted in all classes of society. Rich and poor- all suffer from it. An old woman complained of her son’s habit of occasionally buying books and said, “He wastes his money on books. What good are they to him? He is a carpenter, not a school master”.
27. Many people do not read books because
a) they cannot understand books b) they have no time
c) they do not like reading d) reading does not help them make money
28. According to the passage, money minded people value,
a) intellect b) reading as the means to an end c) hard work
d) mental development
29. Which of the following statement is true in the context of the passage?
  1. materialism is limited to some sections of society
  2. people from all sections of society suffer from materialism
  3. only carpenters exhibits materialism
  4. only the poor exhibit materialism
30. The old woman did not like her son buying books because.
a) he should spend more time with her b) reading would not make him a better man
c) reading would not help him in his profession
d) he was too young to understand books

21.B 22.D 23.C 24.C 25.B 26.D 27.D 28.B 29.B 30.C

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