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Reasoning - Assumptions implicit

Directions: 41-45: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer
1. if only assumption I is implicit.
2. if only assumption II is implicit.
3. if either I or II is implicit.
4. if neither I nor II is implicit.
41. STATEMENT: “ It doesn’t matter where or how a car is built. It’s only the utility and price that is important:. – A multinational automobile company.
ASSUMPTIONS: I. Even if the price is high, people will purchase the foreign-built car.
II. People prefer indigenous cars to foreign-media ones.
42. STATEMENT: “The doors to a successful software career are now closer to you”—a software learning centre.
ASSUMPTIONS: I. People prefer software training centers to be located nearby.
II. People desire quick success in making a career in software.
43. STATEMENT: We all know that vehicular exhaust is the single largest source of air pollution in Delhi. However, most of us do not realize that burning of dry leaves and twigs is also a very significant contributor to atmospheric pollution and respiratory ailments.
ASSUMPTIONS: I. Many people in Delhi are afflicted by respiratory ailments.
II. Vehicular emissions lead to breathing-related diseases.
44. STATEMENT: If organized properly, waste disposal can lead to large-scale employment as well as a clean environment.
ASSUMPTIONS: I. At present, disposal of garbage is not proper.
II. A proper organizing of waste disposal will lead to production of energy.
45. STATEMENT: The government needs to involve NGOs in systematic garbage collection.
ASSUMPTIONS: I. Govt. employees alone are not sufficient in number of systematic garbage collection.
II. NGOs are more efficient than govt. employees.
Direction. (56-60) Words are coded in a particular way in terms of numbers. Find the code of the word given in each of the following questions:

56. If RAT = 6 and SCHOOL = 12 then, GARDEN = ?

(a) 10 (b) 8 (c) 12 (d) 14

57. If DRIVER = 7 and CAR = 4 then, BOOKS= ?

(a) 6 (b) 8 (c) 10 (d) 4

58. If BUS = 5, CAMPUS = 11 and LIBRARY = 15 then COLLEGE = ?

(a) 13 (b) 15 (c) 17 (d) 19

59. If SHE = 32 and HE = 13 then, WE = ?

(a) 20 (b) 25 (c) 28 (d) 30

60. If MAN = 28, WOMAN = 44 then, COUPLE = ?

(a) 80 (b) 85 (c) 90 (d) 95

Directions (Q.61-63): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

(i) Five courses A,B, C, D and E each of one month duration are to be taught from January to May one after the other though not necessarily in the same by lecturers P, Q, R, S and T.
(ii) ‘P’ teaches course ‘B’ but not in the month of April or May.
(iii) ‘Q’ teaches course ‘A’ in the month of March.
(iv) ‘R’ teaches in the month of January but does not teach Course or ‘D’.

Q.61. Which course is taught by ‘S’?
1. C 2. E. 3. Either C or D 4. D
Q.62. Which lecturer’s course immediately follows after course ‘B’?
1. Q 2. P 3. S 4. T
Q.63. Which course is taught in the month of January?
1. C 2. D 3. E 4. Date inadequate
Q.64. If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the second, the fourth, the fifth and the sixth letters of the word INCREASED, which of the following will be the third letter of that word? If more than one such word can be made, give ‘M’ as the answer. If no such word can be made, give ‘X’ as the answer.
1. X 2. E 3. M 4. R
Q.65. In a certain code language, A is written as C, B is written as D, C is written as E and so on up to Z. How is UMBRELLA written in that code?


41 4 42 3 43 2 44 1 45 3

56 3 57 1 58 1 59 3 60 3
61 3 62 1 63 3 64 3 65 3

41. Ans.4. Since price is an important factor, high price will deter the people from buying the car. Hence I is not implicit. II is simply contradictory to the statements.
42. Ans.3. The doors being closer may be used both a literal and metaphorical sense. If the literal meaning is taken, it suggests locational proximity. Hence I is implicit. The metaphorical meaning may mean speedy way to success. Then II is implicit. At least one of the two meanings must be true.
43. Ans.2. I may not be implicit because it is possible that people are taking adequate safety measure to prevent the ailments. II is implicit because of the word ALSO in the second statement.
44. Ans. 1. I is implicit: why else would the speaker say “If organized properly”? . II introduces a new element which is out of the scope of the statement.
45. Ans.3. The need to involve the NGOs is being felt because the government is inadequate. Now, this inadequacy may be either quantitative (Assmp I) or qualitative.(Assmp II).
qns 46 to 55 omitted

56. (3) Multiply the number of letters by 2. RAT, made up of 3 letters Hence 3 x 2 = 6 etc.

57. (1) Just add ‘1’ in the total number of each word: viz, DRIVER is formed of six letters hence 6 + 1 = 7 etc.

58. (1) Multiply the total no. of letters by 2 and then subtract ‘1’.

59. (3) Here the letters from A to Z have been the assigned numbers from 1 to 26 just add numbers of each letter.

60. (3) Letters have been assigned numbers from 1 to 26 respectively from A to Z. Just add their numbers.
P B Jan/Feb/Mar … (ii)
Q A Mar … (iii)
R A/B/E Jan … (iv)
P will teach in February and R will definitely teach the course E. Hence the
table can be made as
P B Feb
Q A Mar
R E Jan
S C/D Apr/May
T D/C May/Apr.

Qn.64. 3; With the letters N, R, E A. Meaningful words that can be formed –
Qn.65.3; Each letter moves two steps ahead.

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