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Indian Overseas Bank -P.O./Clerks Interview


also see this link for latest balance sheet of iob

How it began 

Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) was founded on February 10th 1937, by Shri.M.Ct.M. Chidambaram Chettyar, a pioneer in many fields - Banking, Insurance and Industry with the twin objectives of specialising in foreign exchange business and overseas banking.

IOB had the unique distinction of commencing business on 10th February 1937 (on the inaugural day itself) in three branches simultaneously - at Karaikudi and Chennai in India and Rangoon in Burma (presently Myanmar) followed by a branch in Penang.

At the dawn of Independence IOB had 38 branches in India and 7 branches abroad. Deposits stood at Rs.6.64 Crs and Advances at Rs.3.23 Crs at that time.

Pre-nationalisation era (1947- 69)

During the period, IOB expanded its domestic activities and enlarged its international banking operations. As early as in 1957, the Bank established a training centre which has now grown into a Staff College at Chennai with 9 training centres all over the country.

IOB was the first Bank to venture into consumer credit. It introduced the popular Personal Loan scheme during this period.

In 1964, the Bank made a beginning in computerisation in the areas of inter-branch reconciliation and provident fund accounts.

In 1968, IOB established a full-fledged department to cater exclusively to the needs of the Agriculture sector. .

At the time of Nationalisation (1969) 

IOB was one of the 14 major banks that was nationalised in 1969.

On the eve of Nationalisation in 1969, IOB had 195 branches in India with aggregate deposits of Rs. 67.70 Crs. and Advances of Rs. 44.90 Crs.

Post - nationalisation era (1969-1992) 

In 1973, IOB had to wind up its five Malaysian branches as the Banking law in Malaysia prohibited operation of foreign Government owned banks. This led to creation of United Asian Bank Berhad in which IOB had 16.67% of the paid up capital.

In the same year Bharat Overseas Bank Ltd was created in India with 30% equity participation from IOB to take over IOB’s branch at Bangkok in Thailand.

In 1977, IOB opened its branch in Seoul and the Bank opened a Foreign Currency Banking Unit in the free trade zone in Colombo in 1979.

The Bank has sponsored 3 Regional Rural Banks viz. Puri Gramya Bank, Pandyan Grama Bank, Dhenkanal Gramya Bank

The Bank setup a separate Computer Policy and Planning Department (CPPD) to implement the programme of computerisation, to develop software packages on its own and to impart training to staff members in this field.

Post Reform Period - Unprecedented developments (1992 & after) 

IOB entered Web site during the month of February 1997.

IOB got autonomous status during 1997-98

IOB had the distinction of being the first Bank in Banking Industry to obtain ISO 9001 Certification for its Computer Policy and Planning Department from Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Netherlands in September 1999. This Certification covers Design, Development, Implementation and Maintenance of software developed in-house, procurement and supply of hardware and execution of turnkey projects.

IOB started STAR services in December 1999 for speedy realisation of outstation cheques. Now the Banks has 14 STARS centres and one Controlling Centre for providing this service.

During 1999, IOB started tapping the potential of internet by enabling ABB card holders in Delhi to pay their telephone bills by just logging on to MTNL web site and by authorising the Bank to debit towards the telephone bills.

A Voluntary Retirement Scheme was introduced in the Bank on the lines of IBA package with Boards approval. The scheme was offered to Officers/Employees from December 15, 2000.

The Bank made a successful debut in raising capital from the public during the financial year 2000-01, despite a subdued capital market. The issue opened on September 25, 2000 for raising Rs.111.20 crore and was oversubscribed by 1.87 times. The issue closed on September 29, 2000 - on the earliest closing day. The allotment was made in October 2000. Consequent to the public issue, the share of the Government in the Bank's capital came down to 75%. The shares of the Bank have been listed on the Madras Stock Exchange (Regional), Stock Exchange at Mumbai and the National Stock Exchange of India Ltd.

IOB bagged the NABARD's award for credit linking the highest number of Self Help Groups for 2000-2001 among the Banks in Tamil Nadu.

IDRBT (Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology) conferred the Best Award under Banking Technology to IOB. The award was given for the innovative use of banking applications on INFINET (Indian Financial Network) for the year 2001. Mobile banking under SMS technology implemented in Ahmedabad and Baroda. Pilot run of Phase I of the Internet Banking commenced covering 34 branches in 5 Metropolitan centres. IOB was one among the first to join Reserve Bank of India’s negotiated dealing system for security dialing online.

The Bank has finalised an e-commerce strategy and has developed the necessary internet banking modules in-house. For the first time a Total Branch Automation package developed in-house has been customised in one of the Overseas Branches of the Bank.

Most software developed in-house.

IOBNET connects Central Office with all Regional Office.

The Bank has paid a maiden dividend of 10% p.a for 2000-01, followed by 12% during 2001-02.

2.DEPOSITS:  Total deposits grew  from Rs.70205 crore as on 30th June 2007 to Rs,85001 crore as on 30th June 2008 registering an increase of Rs.14796 crore and growth percentage of 21.08%.

.ADVANCES:  Gross  Advances increased from Rs. 48610 crore as on 30th June 2007  to Rs.63419 crore as on 30th June 2008, recording an increase of Rs 14809 crore and growth percentage of 30.46%.

4.OPERATING PROFIT:  The operating profit for Q1  of 2008-09  is at Rs.241.18 crore as against the operating profit of Rs.409.17 crore for Q1 of 2007-08. This decrease in the first quarter of this year  is mainly due to loss booked on account of  inter segment  category transfer of securities and loss on sale of securities and provision for wage arrears. 

 PROFIT:  Net profit for Q1 of 2008-09 is at Rs,255.97 crore and this figure is lower by Rs.12.52 crores when compared to the net profit of Rs.268.49 crore booked during Q1 of 2007-08. 

  Total income for Q1 of 2008-09 is at Rs. 2186.83.          crore while the same was at  Rs.1907.79 crore for Q1 of 2007-08. The increase in terms of percentage works out to  14.63%. Interest Income has gone up to Rs.2217.08 crore from 1846.21 crore recording a percentage  increase of 20.09%. Other income has gone down  due to loss on sale and category transfer loss on  investments.

  Total expense for Q1 of 2008-09  is at Rs.1945.64 crore  and the same for the corresponding quarter last year was at Rs.1498.62 crore, recording a percentage increase of 29.83%. The interest expenses has  gone up from Rs.1137.20 crore to Rs.1490.91 crore with percentage increase of 31.10%.

INTEREST INCOME:  Net interest income for Q1 of 2008-09 is at Rs.726.17crore while the same was at Rs 709.02 crore for the corresponding quarter last year. The percentage increase is 2.42.

  CRAR under BASEL I as on 30-6-08 is at 11.41%; with TIER I component at 7.63%. Under BASEL II,  the ratio is at 11.25%. CRAR under BASEL I as on 30.6.07  was at 13.31%.  The slide in the ratio over the year is due to increased volume of business and consequent increase in risk weighted assets. The risk weighted assets increased from Rs.55025 crores to Rs.71597 crore during one year period.  The bank has not raised any capital from the market during the one year period

Bank is well above the required CRAR ratio.

  Increased from Rs.4.81 crore as on 30.6.07 to Rs.5.93 crore
as on

11.NETINTEREST MARGIN:  NIM was at  3.71% for the quarter ended 30th June 2007 and  the ratio is at 3.12% for the quarter ended 30th June 2008.

The slide is attributable to pressure on margin i.e. increase in interest  on deposits with out corresponding increase in interest  income from advances/investment. NII growth is minimal.

12..RETURN ON AVERAGE ASSETS:  The ratio has come down from 1.27%  to 0.99% over one year period.

  Improved to 74.61% from 69.24% over one year period

  The share of low cost deposits to total deposits has come down from 32.76% to 30.55% during one year period. This trend is sought to be arrested by vigorous compaign for low cost deposits  and launching  of new products like  IOB Gold and Silver Savings Accounts  and IOB Classic and Super Current Accounts.

  Gross NPA over one year period has come down from Rs.1137 crore to Rs.1099 crore bringing down the Gross NPA percentage from 2.34% to 1.73%.  However Net NPA percentage has gone up from 0.50% to 0.75% over one year period.

 Total capital funds of the bank  increased to Rs.8170 crore from Rs.7324 crores over one year period due to internal accretion. 

  Book value per share of the bank  has gone up to Rs.91.40 from Rs.76.12 over one year period.
Indian Overseas Bank -P.O./Clerks Interview Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 1:17:00 PM Rating: 5

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