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Essay -- How to Crack Competitive Exams with Memory Improvement Technique



This essay is given for reading and assimilation of ideas for implementation in practice.  However a perusal of this will help all as to how such essays can be written. 

How to Crack Competitive Exams with Memory Improvement Technique

Competitive examinations are very crucial for students. They do everything to crack the examinations and achieve their goals. So, Competitive examinations are gate way to students’ lives.
            The need to win or succeed is a must to have a successful career in developing countries like India. The competition is intense for exams like UPSC, IIT, business management, marketing, medicine (MBBS), engg, MCA etc. Some crack these exams with confidence and ease. But to many success even after several trials attended with hard preparation is not guaranteed. This indicates more emphasis towards the mindset besides hard work required. We also need a proper approach and strategy for the preparation.
            Now the key point is how to crack the Competitive examinations. There may be various methods, but to do so with memory improvement technique will be more convenient and scientific.
            Memory is very basic to education as well as examinations. The person having poor memory can not rise to very high level as he or she can not manage daily routine properly and if daily routine is not managed properly, person can not do anything special. So, it is the pivotal point that memory power should be improved. Memory can be short-term or long term.
            Memory Improvement Techniques Mnemonics: It aids to memory such as acronyms, rhymes, linking information by creating visual images or making up a story, are called mnemonics.
            There are different branches of Mnemonics and we start from the most important of it that is Association. Association is the method of remembering information by linking it with the way of memorizing it. This can be done by merging and crashing things into each other. Imagination is used for strengthening and creating the associations which are required for creating memory mnemonics. We will understand this by working on an exercise on Association. Let us assume you want to memorize these ten every-day, unrelated items, in sequence: banana, car, newspaper, sausage, pen, tree, watch, tie, television, football. In order to do this, you are going o consciously apply the basic memory rule defined in the Introduction, but with and important addition.
            What you need to do is select one of these pictures, or a crazy image you thought of yourself, and see it your mind for just a fraction of a second. Be careful not to picture the words banana and car. You need to see the action you’ve selected - the huge banana driving the car, or the mountain of bananas tumbling out of a car, or whichever image you’ve decided on. See that picture in your mind’s eye for just an instant, right now.
            Now that you’ve been introduced to the principle of association, spend some time practicing those mental pictures. Make up a list of times, then form associations between those items in your mind. Remember that your mental images should always be as illogical, crazy, and far-fetched as possible.
            The items you associate can be any everyday, ordinary things that you think of. They don’t have to be logically connected in any way. Start with a list often items, then increase the list to twenty, or as many as you feel you can handle at this stage. If you can associate a list of twenty items and then recall the list both backwards and forwards, you are doing very well.
            You can practice your association skills anywhere - on a train or bus, or while out walking, or during commercial breaks on television, or during your lunch break at work or school… any time you have a few spare moments.
            Association forms the basic building block around which all the Memory improvement courses are built. The more time you spend practicing the creation of those ludicrous mental pictures now, the easier you will find the rest of the systems to learn.
            When you feel confident with your new found memory skills, get a friend or relative to call out twenty items to you, or as many as you feel comfortable with. Let him write down the items as he call them, so that he can check you later. If he doesn’t write the items down, he calls out the list, you associate each item in turn to the last one, using the techniques you have just learned. When he’s called out all the items, you can repeat them straight back to him. If you miss an item., simply ask him what the item was, strengthen that particular association, and call the list out in reverse!
            To make sure you remember the first items in the list, simply associate it to your friend’s head. If the first item was banana, see billions of bananas come tumbling out of your friend’s mouth.
            Each time you try this exercise you will gain confidence in the Principle of Association, and see that the system really does work!
            The Link System: In the exercise, you just finished, you were introduced to the concept of consciously associating items together in your mind. In doing this, you were applying a small part of the ‘Link’ or ‘Chain’ Memory System. You were forming he links of a memory chain, by systematically linking one item to another. If you make the associations strong enough in your mind, then one item in the chain must lead you on to the next item.
            Once the Link system has been applied to a list, you can retain that list for as long as you wish. But when you begin to apply the Link System for practical reasons, you will be memorizing lists because you intend to make use of those lists. The practical use will provide the motivation to remember it in the first place.
            The Link System can be used to memorise any information which has to be learned in sequence. Speeches, presentations, stories, jokes, recipes, and formulas are all examples of things which must be learned in sequence.
            The most common problem experience by people trying to learn the Link System is how to make their mental pictures sufficiently ludicrous to make strong associations. It does take a certain amount of imagination to form ridiculous pictures in your mind. Children have no trouble in forming silly or ludicrous pictures - they do it naturally.
            Unfortunately, as we grow up, most of us tend to use our imagination less and less, and so it becomes a little rusty. However, than capacity for imagination we had when we were children is still there - it just needs a little oiling.
            So don’t worry if at first you have to apply some effort to create those ludicrous mental pictures. After a bit of practice, you’ll find that you can do it quickly and easily.
            There are five basic principles you can apply in forming your mental pictures which will help to make your associations strong and long lasting.
            (1) Out of Proportion: In all your images, try to distort size and shape. In Tutorial I, you were told to picture a ‘Huge’ sausage or a ‘Gigantic’ tie. Conversely, you can make things microscopically small.
            (2) Substitution: Tutorial I suggested that you visualize footballers kicking a television around a footballers kicking a television around a football pitch instead of a football, or pens growing on a tree instead of leaves. Substituting an out of place item in an image increases the probability of recall.
            (3) Exaggeration: Try to picture vast quantities in your images. For example, Tutorial 1 used the word ‘billion’ (of bananas).
            (4) Movement: Any movement or action is always easy to remember. For example, Tutorial 1 suggested that you see yourself cutting into a sausage and gallons of ink squirting out and hitting you in the face.
            (5) Humour: The funnier, more absurd and zany you can make your images, the more memorable they will be.
            Applying any combination of these five principles when forming your images will help make your mental associations truly outstanding and memorable.
            At first you may find that you need to consciously apply one or more of the five principles in order to make your pictures sufficiently ludicrous. After a little practice however, you should find that applying the principles becomes an automatic and natural process.
            This phenomenon of link method is very important indeed, and when it is performed ‘consciously’, it can greatly improve an individual’s capacity for recollection.
            Making Chart L: Making chart is vary helpful in memory improvement. If you make chart or table of your news or matters and see it regularly, these things will get automatically memorized. Take paper and pen, note down all important things. Put the chart on wall-and see it regularly in morning and evening. After a week, you find that now all these things are in your memory and can do better in your examinations.
            Besides these techniques, there are some other important techniques which can help you crack the competitive examinations.
            You need to be active: This applies to all things you do, or hear or think or read. Try to keep notes or make sure you heard and understood what someone else tells you. When you are passive, your brain gets carried away and you loose your concentration and ability to memorize things. Be active, so that the brain can record what was said. This helps remembering the information easily in the future.
            Focus: Focus and give attention to details as well. Everyday, we receive a huge amount of information, but we only remember what we consider important. A good trick to help you remember everything is thinking that everything is vital. Pretend, for example, that you are investigating a murder and that everything happening around you is very important for your case and you need to remember it.
            Repetition: Repetition helps your memory. It “forces” something we want to remember to be “printed” in our brain. When you meet someone for the first time, immediately repeat his/her name several times, or when you are given a telephone number, write it down and repeat it aloud. If you need to always remember something, write it a few times on a piece of paper and make sure that your are concentrated and focused when you do that.
            Combinations: Combine the names of the persons you cannot remember easily with someone who looks like them or with a word that describes them most. Play with their names and get a visual picture in your mind.
            Analyze new information: Always we tend to remember what interests us and to forget things we do not like. If you hate maths, it will be extremely difficult for you to remember complex theorems. But if you look into the matter deeply and understand how much difficulty was for the scientists to come up with this theory, you will remember it much more easily. The same holds for other cases as well. There is a reason why you can remember the phone of your favourite pizzeria and not the phone of your dentist.
            Be patient - Improving your memory needs time: The memory is not instantaneous. You must give yourself time to “digest” the information. There are things that you can remember more quickly than others, so do not put yourself in trying to memorize everything if it is not fast enough. When you try to remember something, it is essential to keep your energy high and accrue.
            Relax: the pressure is effective for some people, but most operate better when they are relaxed and de-stressed. When we are pressed and stressed, we cannot remember anything. Can you recall a case where you are asked for the name of a signer you know and at that moment you could not remember it and then suddenly you remember it at some irrelevant phase. Take a deep breath. Do not get stressed if you cannot remember something, its no big deal. The relaxation will enhance the thinking and your memory.
            Keep your mind alert: The apathy is good when you want to relax, but this should not be your way of living. The more you keep your memory vigilant, the better it works. This becomes even more important as it grows. Do crossword solving, learning new words everyday and read constantly. You need to continually exercise your memory and your intelligence.
            Exercise: The brain is closely connected with the body. You need to exercise daily so as to have a good blood circulation and rejuvenate your lungs. Eat those foods that can give your body the nutrients and vitamins needed. The overdose of alcohol and drugs can impair your memory.
            Make sure that you include magnesium in your daily diet: The lack of magnesium in the body may reduce memory and learning opportunities.
            Unlike, the abundance of magnesium may improve memory and cognitive functions.
            The magnesium regulates a receptor in the brain that has a key role in memory and learning. Maintaining a normal concentration of magnesium in the cerebrospinal fluid, is essential for the functioning of the central nervous system that controls our memory.
            Conclusion: Thus you can crack the competitive examinations by using the above mentioned techniques, and achieve your goals successfully.

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1 comment:

  1. informative post.. Being enrolled in Mathematical Reasoning Preparation for Bank PO and Clerical Exam at http://www.wiziq.com/course/3252-ibps-bank-po-and-sbi-clerical-mathematics-aptitude I was looking for some help in other bank related course too… thanks for the help


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