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Highlights of Economic Survey - 2011-12

Highlights of Economic Survey 2011-12

The Survey says the GDP growth rising to 9% next year, and staying there in the medium term. Services (which now have a 57.3% share in the GDP) will be the main locomotive of the economy.
The Survey cites a new Index of Government Economic Power showing that India is now the fifth greatest global economic power after the US, China , Japan and Germany, and is well ahead of Britain or France.
The fiscal deficit in the first three quarters of this year was just 44.8% of the level in the previous year.
The Survey says the ratio of consolidated government debt to GDP, which touched 79.3% of the GDP in 2004-05, will fall to 68.7% by 2013-14 and 65% by 2014-15.
The high inflation of this year (nominal GDP will rise 20.3% against the expected 12.5%), means that the budget estimate of a fiscal deficit of 5.5% of GDP now translates into just 4.8%.
Higher infrastructure spending is another reason cited by the Survey for optimism about future growth. However, tucked away in small print is the dismal information that losses of State Electricity Boards are 1% of GDP (which means Rs 76,000 crore).
Unaccounted leakages of electricity (theft and transmission losses) are a whopping 35% of the electricity generated.

 Economic Survey Highlights for the year 2011-12:
On Growth
*Indian economy to grow 8.75-9.25% in FY12
*Expect Indian econ to top 9% growth rate FY12
*Maintaining growth with price stability key challenge
*Seeing fast, strong turnaround in Indian economy
*India growth likely to revert to pre-crisis level FY12
*Expect India''s economic growth to pick up medium-term
*Probability of second-dip recession very low
*FY11 GDP growth relatively broad-based
*Monsoon, crude prices pose risk to econ growth
On Inflation
*Inflation is clearly a dominant concern
*Inflation may stay elevated on West Asia crisis
*Food price, demand pressure to drive inflation outlook
*Inflation largely driven by food items
*High food inflation "dark cloud" on Indian economy
*High food prices driven by demand factors
*Inflation pressure seen exacerbated by global prices
*Rising purchasing power aiding spurt in food prices
*Economic recovery triggered demand-side pressure in economy
*Inflation pressures from both domestic, global factors
*Core inflation suggests inflation now generalised
*Need to prevent inflation slipping into core sector
*Food inflation stubbornly in double-digits
*Inflation likely to moderate on fiscal, monetary steps
*Committed to provide cooking fuel at affordable price
*Plan to increase diesel prices in staggered manner
*Government to cap auto fuel prices if crude oil spurts
*April-December average inflation of 9.4% highest in 10 years
*High food inflation not unique to India
*Inflation significantly above RBI''s comfort level
*Need to be vigilant against demand-side pressures
*Grain release in batches, not bulk, to tame inflation
On Fiscal Front
*Centre''s fiscal broadly on consolidation track April-December
*India FY11 fiscal gap seen 4.8% on higher GDP base
*India FY11 revenue gap seen 3.8% of GDP
*Current account gap likely to moderate on export spurt
*Need to lower fiscal deficit  *Liquidity crunch mainly due to large government cash balance
*Need more proactive fiscal steps to eradicate poverty
*Favours smart cards also for kerosene, fertiliser subsidy
*Buoyant tax revenue key driver of fiscal consolidation
*Rise in corporate, service tax mop-up noteworthy
*Prospects of revenue-led fiscal consolidation bright
*Better subsidy targeting improving fiscal management
*Direct Taxes Code proposed to be launched April 2012
*Tax buoyancy, 3G auction brightened FY11 fiscal health
*States likely to be back on fiscal consolidation FY12
*States'' consensus on GST yet to be achieved
*Deepening reforms key to sustain fiscal consolidation
On Monetary Front
*Need persistent anti-inflation monetary stance
*Government implementing gradual exit from stimulus
*Liquidity management major challenge for RBI
*Excessive cash crunch makes credit delivery difficult
*Need G20 co-operation to manage forex flow volatility
*RBI forex market intervention unlikely to be inflationary
*Don''t want total reliance on import to beat shortages
On Banking, Financial Institutions
*Minimum capital requirement for banks should be graded
*Two types of banking licences could be considered
*May mull separate licence for basic, full banking services
On Industry
*Deceleration in industrial output cause for concern
*Slowdown in industrial growth seen temporary
*Medium-term industrial growth prospect seen positive
*Plan to increase diesel prices in staggered manner
*Government to cap auto fuel prices if crude oil spurts
*Committed to provide cooking fuel at affordable price
*Need to keep all options open if forex flows hurt economy
On Food Prices
*Food price, demand pressure to drive inflation outlook
*Maintaining growth with price stability key challenge
*High food prices driven by demand factors
*Higher FY11 farm growth to help ease food prices
*Rising purchasing power aiding spurt in food prices  On Agriculture
*Need to review grain release, procurement policies
*Don''t want total reliance on import to beat shortages
*Ample scope for improvement in grain release policy
*Grain release in batches, not bulk, to tame inflation
*Urgent need to expand storage space, facilities
*Need to plug PDS slippages to expand, improve coverage
*Smart card, coupons to help target food subsidy better
*Favours smart cards also for kerosene, fertiliser subsidy
On Capital, Investment
*Need to deepen capital markets
*"Sluggish" bureaucracy impeding FDI inflows
On External Affairs
*Economic uncertainty prevails in Europe, US
*Probability of second-dip recession very low
*Need to keep all options open if forex flows hurt econ
*Slowdown in FDI partly offset spurt in FII investment
*Need G20 co-operation to manage FX flow volatility
*RBI forex market intervention unlikely to be inflationary
*"Sluggish" bureaucracy impeding FDI inflows
Miscellaneous
*Direct Taxes Code proposed to be launched April 2012
*Tax buoyancy, 3G auction brightened FY11 fiscal health
*States likely to be back on fiscal consolidation FY12
*States'' consensus on GST yet to be achieved  


Highlights of Economic Survey - 2011-12 Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 7:33:00 AM Rating: 5

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