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Statements-Conclusions -- Assumptions



Please read also the earlier three postings. 1-20, 21-40 and 41 -75

Directions :  Questions 75-79 :  In each of the following questions there are two statements (1) and (2) followed by a conclusion.  If only statement (1) supports the conclusion, then mark A; if only statement (2) supports the conclusion, then mark B; if both the statements support the conclusion, then mark C; if either of the two statements supports the conclusion, then mark D and if none of the two statements supports the conclusion, then mark E.


75.
Statements :
(1)
All rocks are mountains
(2) All rocks are trees


Conclusion :

Some mountains are trees

76.
Statements :
(1)
(2)
Deficit financing is responsible for rise in prices
Deficit financing is essential for development


Conclusion :

The rise in prices is the key of development.

77.
Statements :
(1)
(2)
Some vegetables are fruits
Fruits are good for health


Conclusion :

Some vegetables are good for health

78.
Statements :
(1)
(2)
All goods are economic
All goods are normal


Conclusion :

No goods is uneconomic

79.
Statements :
(1)
(2)
The growth rate of population is very high in India
Excessive increase in population is a hindrance to economic development


Conclusion :

The population of India stands in the way of the process of economic development.

Directions  :  Questions 80 - 94    :  In each question given below, is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II.  An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.  You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumption is implicit in the statement :
            Give answer (A) if only assumption I is implicit; give answer (B) if only assumption II is implicit; give answer (C) if either I and II is implicit; give answer (D) if neither I nor II is implicit and give answer (E) if both I and II are implicit.
Study the following sample question :
.
Statement :


Go by aeroplane to reach Aurangabad from Bombay quickly

Assumptions :
I


II.
Bombay and Aurangabad are connected by aeroplane service

There is no other means of going from Bombay to Aurangabad
It is clear that assumption I is implicit in the statement.  Assumption II is not implicit in the statement.  In fact the statement implies that there are other means to reach Aurangabad from Bombay but they take longer than by aeroplane.  The answer, therefore, is(1) viz.only assumption I is implicit.
.80.
Statement :


The book is intended to guide the laymen to study.  Yoga in the absence of a teacher.


Assumptions :
I

II.
A teacher may not always be available to teach Yoga.

Yoga can be studied from a book

.81.
Statement :


In a world in a rush, Book Digest become indispensable.

Assumptions :
I

II.
The only use of Book Digest is saving time.

Book Digest should not be used when there is no rush.

.82.
Statement :


The crop condition continues to be critical even after the rains.



Assumptions :
I

II.
The crop condition was not critical before the rains.

The crop condition was expected to improve after the rains.

.83.
Statement :


To stop train pull chain.  Penalty for improper use Rs 250, is a warning in a rail compartment.


Assumptions :
I

II.
Some persons are mischievous.

On occasion people may want to stop a running train.

.84.
Statement :


The concession in rail fares for the journey to hill stations is cancelled because it is not needed for people who can spend their holidays there.


Assumptions :
I

II.
Railways should give concession only to needy persons.

Railways should not encourage people to spend their holidays at hill stations.


.85.
Statement :


It is faster to travel by air from Delhi to Bombay.

Assumptions :
I

II.
Delhi and Bombay are connected by air services.

There is no other means of communications between Delhi and Bombay.

.86.
Statement :


According to the 42nd amendment bill passed by the parliament, the president has to accept the advice of ministers.


Assumptions :
I


II.
Before the introduction of the bill, the president was not used to take the advice of the council of ministers.

Before the introduction of the bill, the president never sought the advice of the council of ministers.

.87.
Statement :


Books without knowledge of life are useless

Assumptions :
I

II.
All books contain knowledge of life.

People should try to gain the knowledge of life

.88.
Statement :


Judgements are not according to appearances.

Assumptions :
I

II.
Appearance may be deceptive.

Every one makes a judgement.

.89.
Statement :


The present education system needs thorough overhauling.

Assumptions :
I

II.
Overhauling results in improvement.

The present education system is outdated.

.90.
Statement :


In agricultural colleges, lectures on the history of agricultural research and biography of leading farm scientists should be arranged to motivate young scientists.


Assumptions :
I

II.
Students try to emulate leading persons in the field.

No student in agriculture is motivated to become a farm scientist.

.91.
Statement :


Statutory warning:  ‘Cigarette smoking is injurious to health.

Assumptions :
I

II.
The warning is helpful to society.

Non-smoking promotes health.

.92.
Statement :


With a view of achieving greater degree to coordination amongst various agencies involved in the programme, the organizational set-up should be strengthened to meet the requirements.


Assumptions :
I


II.
The present organizational set-up is not very appropriate in bringing about coordination.

Change in organizational set-up will bring about desired coordination.

.93.
Statement :


An advertisement:  “Chocolate ‘X’ is a present for someone you love”.


Assumptions :
I

II.
People always give present to the loved ones.

People are very fond of buying chocolates.

.94.
Statement :


Request in a train compartment :  ‘Please do not keep your feet on the seats’.


Assumptions :
I

II.
People usually keep their feet on the seats

People do not know where to keep their feet.
Direction :  Questions 95-104 :  In each of the questions one statement is followed by two arguments (a) and (b).  If only argument (a) is strong, then mark A; if only argument (b) is strong, then mark (B); if both of the arguments are strong, then mark C; if either of the arguments is strong, then mark D and if none of the arguments is strong then mark E.
.95.
Statement :


Should there be a world government.

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, it will help in eliminating tension among the nations.

No, then only the developed countries will dominate in the government.
.96.
Statement :


Should the political parties be banned?

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, it is necessary to teach a lesson to the politicians.

No, it will lead to end of democracy.

.97.
Statement :


Should the institution of marriages be abolished?

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, it is already showing cracks.

No, it is necessary for the survival of the society.

.98.
Statement :


Should the health care service be nationalized?

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, it has been done elsewhere also.

No, the quality of health care service will deteriorate.

.99.
Statement :


Should election expenses to central and state legislatures be met by the government.


Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, it will put an end to political corruption.

No, it is not done in any country.

.100.
Statement :


There was a directive advocating that strikes should be banned in India


Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Because strikes lead to loss of production which we cannot afford if our economy is to be bettered.

No, because the employees will lose their right to strike for their just demands.

.101.
Statement :


Agriculture in rural India should be mechanized.

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, it would lead to higher production.

No, then many villagers would be left unemployed.

.102.
Statement :


In Indian system of Government, the judiciary should be independent of the executive.


Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes, because then the unlawful activities of the executive would be curbed.

No, because then the executive would not be able to take bold measures.

.103.
Statement :


Films should be brought to concurrent list.

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, it will give respect to the views of the states.

No, it will deteriorate the standard of films.
.104.
Statement :


Computerization in banks is a must to provide efficient services to the customers.


Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes, because then the services to the customers will be improved.

No, because it will lead to further unemployment which is already an acute problem.

Directions :   Questions 105-109 :   In each of these questions, one statement is followed by two assumptions (a) and (b).    If only assumption (a) is strong, then mark A; if only assumption (b) is strong, then mark B; if both of the assumptions are strong, then mark C; if either of the assumption is strong, then mark D and if none of the assumptions is strong, then mark E.
.105.
Statement :


If you are a graphic artist, we have a challenging job for you.


Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
You can be a graphic artist.

We need a graphic artist.

.106.
Statement :


You know that your suit is excellent when people ask about your tailor who tailored the suit.


Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
People do not ask about your tailor if your suit is not good.

The people want to know the criterion of an excellent suit.

.107.
Statement :


‘Saras’ is the only moped which you would purchase when you are ready to.


Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
‘Saras’ is an excellent moped.

People go in for an excellent moped.

.108.
Statement :


The successful man cannot make a wrong judgement.

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
To judge others is of no use to a successful man.

The successful man cannot make a wrong judgement.

.109.
Statement :


Use ‘ABC’ tubes which have 5 years longer life to any other.


Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
People prefer only those tubes which are durable.

Other tubes are not durable.

Directions :   Questions 110-114 :  In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong’ arguments and ‘weak’ arguments so far as they relate to be question.  ‘Strong’ arguments must be both important and directly related to the question.  ‘Weak’ arguments may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspects of the question.  Each question below is followed by two arguments number I and II.  You have to decide which of the arguments is ‘strong’ and which is ‘weak’.
            Give answer (A) if only argument I is strong; give answer (B) if only argument II is strong; give answer (C) if either I or II is strong; give answer (D) if neither I nor II is strong and give answer (E) if both I and II are strong.
.110.
Statement :


Should teachers be evaluated by the students?

Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes.  Teacher’s performance will improve if they receive data from beneficiaries.

No.  Students are not mature enough to evaluate their teacher’s performance.

.111.
Statement :


Should military training be compulsory in India?

Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes.  If need arises, everybody can defend the country effectively.

No.  This will lead to civil disobedience.

.112.
Statement :


Should promotion in an organization be given only according to the performance appraisal?


Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
No.  The bias in appraising performance will be detrimental to the deserving candidates.

Yes.  Employees will put their best efforts to perform effectively.

.113.
Statement :


Should the system of paying bonus in industries be abolished?


Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes.  At least one cause of industrial disputes will disappear.

No. This will hinder production growth.

.114.
Statement :


Should strikes in Government offices be banned?

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes.  The general public is definitely of that opinion.

No. It is against the democratic right of  the public.

Directions :   Questions 115-119  :  In each of the questions, one statement is followed by two arguments (a) and (b).  If only argument (a) is strong, then mark A; if only argument (b) is strong; the mark B; if  both of the arguments are strong, then mark C; if either of the arguments is strong, then mark D and if none of the
.115
Statement :


Open book system should be introduced in the examinations.


Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, because it will avoid mass copying.

No, because then all the students will get 100% marks.

.116.
Statement :


The present day banking needs computerization.

Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes, because only then the service to consumers can be improved.

No, it will deteriorate the relations among bank staff.

.117.
Statement :


Guides published by private agencies should be banned.

Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes, because only then the student will start reading text books.

No, because these are of immense help to the weak students in the eleventh hour.

.118.
Statement :


Colour TV should be introduced in India.

Assumptions :
(a)

(b)
Yes, because it is introduced in foreign countries also.

No, India cannot afford it.

.119.
Statement :


The educated people should work in villages.

Assumptions :
(a)


(b)
Yes, because they can revolutionize agriculture and revamp rural atmosphere.

No, the educated should be employed in cities only because otherwise their education will go waste.


Directions :   Questions 120-129 :  Below are given two passages followed by several possible inferences.  You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.  Mark answer (A) if you think the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e., it properly follows from the statements of facts given; mark answer (B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given; mark answer (C) if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false; mark answer (D) if the inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the lights of the facts given; mark answer (E) if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
            Now read the following passage and the inferences given below them and mark your answers accordingly.
Passage I
“Through autopsies, medicine also learns just how effective new weapons are against the disease.  There is no way to find out exactly what a drug is doing to the body until tissues can be microscopically examined.  Tests is laboratory on animals help, but in most cases they don’t fully apply to humans.”
120.
Drugs affect tissues.

121.
Without autopsy nothing can be known about the way a drug is affecting the body.

122.
Autopsy is a process for getting human tissues for examination.

123.
New drugs are usually tested on animals before administering them to human beings.

124.
Effect of drugs on animals and that on human beings is similar in many cases.


Passage II
            “Indian text books on the other hand tend to be full of mistakes.  Sometimes glossary is found to be incomplete or explanations are insufficient.  Sanskrit books written by western scholars are mostly meant for university students of whom hard brain work is expected.  Thus, right from the beginning, we are given complicated explanations and difficult sentences.
125.
Vocabulary of western scholars is limited as compared to Indian scholars.

126.
Western scholars can’t write for school students.

127.
Indian text books written by western scholars are full of mistakes.

128.
Text books written by western scholars contain complicated explanations and difficult sentences.

129.
Indian scholars can write for school students only.

                        *****************************************

ANSWERS
 1.E     2.E      3.A      4.B      5.E      6.E      7.B      8.C      9.E      10.E
11.E    12.C    13.E    14.E    15.B    16.E    17.C    18.A    19.E    20.E
21.A    22.A    23.B    24.D    25.C    26.A    27.B    28.C    29.E    30.E
31.C    32.E    33.C    34.E    35.A    36.C    37.E    38.B    39.E    40.B
41.D    42.D    43.A    44.E    45.C    46.A    47.E    48.E    49.E    50.A
51.A    52.C    53.A    54.E    55.C    56.E    57.A    58.E    59.A    60.B
61.D    62.B    63.C    64.A    65.A    66.E    67.A    68.D    69.B    70.E
71.E    72.E    73.C    74.A    75.E    76.E    77.C    78.A    79.C    80.E
81.D    82.E    83.A    84.A    85.A    86.D    87.D    88.A    89.D    90.E
91.A    92.E    93.D    94.A    95.B    96.B    97.B    98.E    99.A    100.C
101.A  102.A  103.A  104.E  105.B  106.E  107.E  108.E  109.B  110.A
111.D  112.D  113.B  114.B  115.E  116.E  117.B  118.E  119.A  120.B
121.E  122.A  123.A  124.B  125.C  126.E  127.D  128.B  129.E  130.
                        ****************************


Statements-Conclusions -- Assumptions Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 10:16:00 PM Rating: 5

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