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WORD LIST --BANK PO/CLERKS/SSC -- D TO N



duplicity
n. deliberate deception
duration
n. time during which sth lasts or continues
duress
n. threats or force used to make sb do sth; compulsion
dutiful
adj. showing respect and obedience; fulfilling all one's obligations
dwindle
v. ~ (to nothing) become gradually less or smaller
dynamic
adj. of power or forces that produce movement
dynamo
n. device for converting steam-power, water-power, etc into electricity; generator .
dys-
[ dys- prefix : ] prefix : ] diseased, abnormal, or faulty
dysentery
n. inflammation of the bowels, causing severe diarrhoea, usu with a discharge of mucus and blood
dyslexia
n. (also word-blindness) abnormal difficulty in reading and spelling, caused by a brain condition
dyspeptic
adj. n person suffering from dyspepsia or the irritability that it causes
earmark
v. ~ sb/sth (for sth/sb) assign or set aside sb/sth (to or for a special purpose)
earn
v. get (money) by working
earthly
adj. of this world; not spiritual
earthy
adj. of or like earth or soil
ebb
v. ~ (of the tide) go out; recede ;
ebullient
adj. full of energy and excitement; exuberant ;
eccentric
adj. unusual; peculiar; not conventional or normal
eccentricity
n. quality of being eccentric; strangeness of behaviour, etc
ecclesiastic
n. clergyman
eclectic
adj. (of people, beliefs, etc) not restricted to one source of ideas, etc, but choosing from or using a wide range
eclipse
n. blocking of the light of the sun or of the moon (when the earth's shadow falls on it)
ecliptic
(Astronomy) a the great circle on the celestial sphere representing the apparent annual path of the sun relative to the stars.
economy
n. avoidance of waste (of money, strength, time, resources, etc)
ecosystem
n. ecological unit consisting of a group of plants and living creatures interacting with each other and with their surroundings
ecstasy
n. great joy or happiness
eddy
n. circular or spiral movement of water, air, fog, dust, etc
edict
n. order or proclamation issued by an authority
edifice
n. large or imposing building
edify
v. (fml or joc ) improve the mind or character of (sb)
eerie
adj. causing a feeling of mystery and fear
efface
v. rub or wipe (sth) out; cause to fade
effective
adj. having an effect; producing the intended result
effectual
adj. (not used of people) producing the intended result
effectuate
to cause to happen; effect; accomplish
effeminate
adj. (of a man or his behaviour) like a woman; unmanly
effervescence
(n.) liveliness; spirit; enthusiasm; bubbliness
effete
adj. weak, having lost power
efficacy
n. state or quality of being efficacious
effigy
n. carved figure or model representing a person or animal
effluvium
noxious smell
effrontery
n. boldness or rudeness without shame; impertinence
effulgent
radiant splendor:BRILLIANCE
effusion
n. pouring out, esp of liquid
effusive
adj. showing (too much) feeling; too emotional
ego
n. individual's perception or experience of himself, esp in relation to other people or to the outside world; part of the mind that can think, feel and act
egoism
n. state of mind in which one is always thinking about oneself and what is best for oneself
egotism
n. practice of talking too often or too much about oneself; selfishness ;
egotistical
[ egotist: ] a conceited boastful person
egregious
adj. (usu of sb/sth bad ) exceptional; outstanding
egress
n. (right of) going out
ejaculation
n. sudden discharge or ejection of fluid, esp semen, from the body
elaborate
adj. very detailed and complicated; carefully prepared and finished
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
elastic
adj. returning to its normal or previous size or shape after being pulled or pressed
elated
adj. ~ in high spirits; very happy or proud
elegy
n. poem or song expressing sorrow, esp for the dead; lament ;
elevation
n. elevating or being elevated
elicit
v. ~ sth (fml ) draw (facts, a response, etc) from sb, sometimes with difficulty
elixir
n. imaginary substance with which medieval scientists hoped to change metals into gold or make people live for ever
ellipsis
n. (grammar) (instance of) leaving out a word or words from (the grammatical structure of) a sentence when the meaning can be understood without it/them
elliptical
adj. containing ellipsis
elope
v. ~ run away with a lover, esp to get married
eloquence
n. expressive language, esp to impress or persuade an audience
elucidate
v. make (sth) clear; explain
elusive
adj. tending to escape or disappear; difficult to capture
elysian
adj. the Elysian fields
Elysium
n. (in Greek myths) home of the blessed after death
emaciated
adj. made thin and weak
emanate
v. ~ from sth/sb come or flow from sth/sb
emancipate
v. ~ sb set sb free, esp from political, legal or social restrictions
emasculate
v. remove the sexual organs of (a male animal); castrate ;
embargo
n. (on sth) official order that forbids sth, esp trade, the movement of ships, etc
embark
v. ~ (cause sb/sth to) go or be taken on board a ship or an aircraft
embed
to enclose closely in or as if in a matrix
embellish
v. ~ sth make sth beautiful by adding ornaments, etc
embezzlement
n. embezzling
embitter
v. fill with bitter feelings
emblazon
v. decorate with heraldic or other devices
embody
v. ~ sth (in sth) (fml ) express or give visible form to (ideas, feelings, etc)
emboss
raise in a relief
embrace
close encircling with the arms and pressure to the bosom especially as a sign of affection:HUG
embroider
v. ~ A ~ B (with A) decorate (cloth) with needlework
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife; entangle
embryonic
adj. in an early stage of development
emend
v. remove errors from
emendation
n. action of emending
emetic
n, adj causing vomiting
eminent
adj. famous and distinguished
emissary
n. person sent to deliver a message or to conduct negotiations
emollient
n, adj that soothes and softens the skin
emolument
n. (fml or rhet ) profit made from being employed; fee or salary
empathy
n. ability to imagine and share another person's feelings, experience, etc
empirical
adj. based on observation or experiment, not on theory
emulate
v. ~ sb (fml ) try to do as well as or better than sb
enact
v. perform (a part, play, etc) on, or as if on, the stage of a theatre
enamored
(adj.) filled with love and desire
encipher
convert ordinary language into code
encircle
v. form a circle round; surround
enclave
n. small territory of one state surrounded by that of another
encomiastic
[ encomiast: ] en"comi'astic, en"comi'astical adjective
encomium
n. (fml ) very high praise in speech or writing
encompass
v. include or comprise sth
encroachment
n. ~ (fml ) action of encroaching
encumber
to impede or hamper the function or activity of:HINDER
endear
v. ~ sb/oneself to sb make sb/oneself loved or liked by sb
endearment
n. word or expression of affection
endemic
n, adj that is regularly found in a particular country or area, or among a particular group of people
endorse
v. write one's name on the back of
endue
v. ~ sb with sth provide or supply sb with a good quality, ability etc
enduring
adj. continuing in existence; lasting
energize
invigorate; make forceful and active
enervate
v. cause to lose strength or energy
enfranchise
v. give (sb) political rights, esp the right to vote at parliamentary elections
engage
v. ~ sb (fml ) arrange to employ sb; hire sb
engaged
adj. busy; occupied
engaging
adj. likely to attract or occupy the attention; charming
engender
v. be the cause of (a situation or condition)
engross
v. occupy all the time or attention of (sb)
engulf
v. (of the sea, flames, etc) surround (sth) or cause (sth) to disappear; envelop
enhance
v. increase make (sb/sth) look better
enigma
n. question, person, thing, circumstance, etc that is difficult to understand; mystery
enigmatic
adj. difficult to understand; mysterious
enjoin
v. ~ sth (fml or law ) impose (an action or prohibition) on sb; order
enlist
v. ~ (in/for sth); ~ (sb) (as sth) enter or cause (sb) to enter the armed forces
enliven
v. make more lively or cheerful
enmity
n. condition or feeling of being an enemy; hostility
ennui
n. weariness of mind caused by lack of anything interesting or exciting to do; feeling of boredom
enormity
n. great wickedness
enrapture
v. fill (sb) with great delight or joy
ensconce
v. ~ oneself/sb in sth establish or settle oneself in a safe, secret, comfortable, etc place
ensue
v. ~ happen afterwards or as a result; follow
entail
v. make necessary; involve
enterprise
n. project or undertaking, esp one that is difficult or needs courage
enterprising
adj. having or showing enterprise(2)
enthrall
capture; make slave
entice
v. ~ sb (from sth); ~ sb (into sth/doing sth) try to tempt or persuade sb, usu by offering sth pleasant or a reward
entity
n. thing with distinct and real existence
entomology
n. scientific study of insects
entourage
n. all those who accompany and attend an important person
entrance
n. ~ opening, gate, door, passage, etc by which one enters sth
entreat
v. ~ sb (fml ) ask sb (for sth) earnestly and feelingly; beg
entree
n. ~ (into sth) right or privilege of admission or entry
entrepreneur
n. person who starts or organizes a commercial enterprise, esp one involving financial risk
enumerate
v. name one by one; count
enunciate
v. say or pronounce clearly
environ
enclose; surround
eon
n. an indefinitely long period of time
epaulet
an ornamental cloth pad worn on the shoulder
ephemeral
adj. living, lasting, etc for a very short time
epic
n. long poem about the deeds of one or more great heroes, or a nation's past history
epicure
n. person who takes a special interest in and gets great pleasure from food and drink
epicurean
n, adj fond of pleasure and luxury
epigram
n. short poem or saying expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way
epilogue
n. part or section added at the end of a book, play, film, programme, etc, as a comment on the main action
episodic
adj. occurring irregularly; sporadic
epistemologist
[ epistemology: ] e"piste'mologist nou
epitaph
n. words written or said about a dead person, esp words inscribed on a tombstone
epithet
n. adjective or descriptive phrase that refers to the character or most important quality of sb/sth eg Alfred the Great, Attila the Hun ,
epitome
n. thing that shows on a small scale all the characteristics of sth much larger
epoch
n. period of time in history, life, the history of the earth, etc, esp one marked by notable events or characteristics
equable
adj. free from extremes of heat or cold; moderate
equanimity
n. calmness of mind or temper
equestrian
adj. of horse-riding
equilibrium
n. state of being balanced
equine
adj. of or like a horse or horses
equinox
n. either of the two times in the year (around
equipoise
n. balanced state, esp of the mind; equilibrium ;
equitable
adj. fair and just; reasonable
equity
n. fairness; right judgement
equivocal
adj. having a double or doubtful meaning; ambiguous
equivocate
v. speak in an ambiguous way to hide the truth or mislead people
erode
v. destroy or wear (sth) away gradually
erotic
adj. of or arousing sexual desire
errant
adj. doing wrong; misbehaving
erratic
adj. irregular or uneven in movement, quality or behaviour; unreliable
erroneous
adj. incorrect; mistaken
erudite
adj. having or showing great learning; scholarly
escapade
n. daring, mischievous or adventurous act; prank
eschew
v. keep away from (sth); abstain from; avoid
esoteric
adj. likely to be understood by only those with a special knowledge or interest; mysterious; obscure
espionage
n. practice of spying or using spies to obtain secret information
espouse
v. give one's support to (a cause, theory, etc)
esteem
v. (not used in the continuous tenses ) have a high opinion of (sb/sth); respect greatly
estimable
adj. worthy of great respect
estranged
[ estrange: ] [usually passive; often foll by from] to separate and live apart from (one's spouse)
ethereal
adj. of unearthly delicacy and lightness; seeming too spiritual or fairy-like for this world
ethnic
adj. of a national, racial or tribal group that has a common cultural tradition
ethnology
n. science of the different human races, their characteristics, relations to one another, etc
ethos
n. characteristic spirit, moral values, ideas or beliefs of a group, community or culture
etymology
n. study of the origin and history of words and their meanings
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race
eulogistic
adj. full of high praise
eulogy
n. (speech or piece of writing containing) high praise of a person or thing
euphemism
n. use of pleasant, mild or indirect words or phrases in place of more accurate or direct ones
euphony
n. pleasantness of sound, esp in words
euphoria
n. intense feeling of happiness and pleasant excitement
euthanasia
n. gentle and painless death for a person suffering from a painful incurable disease, extreme old age, etc
evanescent
adj. quickly fading; soon disappearing from memory
evasive
adj. having the aim or intention of avoiding capture, of not giving a direct answer, etc
evenhanded
without partiality
eventual
adj. happening at last as a result; ultimate
evince
v. show clearly that one has (a feeling, quality, etc); exhibit
evocative
adj. ~ that evokes or is able to evoke memories, feelings, etc (of sth)
evoke
v. bring to mind (a feeling, memory, etc); summon up
ewe
n. female sheep
exacerbate
v. make (pain, disease, a situation) worse; aggravate
exact
adj. correct in every detail; precise
exacting
adj. making great demands; requiring great effort
exalt
v. make (sb) higher in rank or greater in power
exasperate
v. irritate or annoy greatly
except
prep ~ ~ (that...) not including (sb/sth); but not
exceptionable
adj. that sb can object to
excerpt
n. ~ passage, extract, from a book, film, piece of music, etc
exchequer
n. the Exchequer government department in charge of public money
excise
n. government tax on certain goods manufactured, sold or used within a country
exclaim
v. cry out suddenly and loudly from pain, anger, surprise, etc
excoriate
to censure scathingly
exculpate
v. ~ sb (fml ) free sb from blame; say that sb is not guilty
execrable
adj. verybad; terrible
execrate
to declare to be evil or detestable:DENOUNCE
execute
v. carry out, perform (what one is asked or told to do)
executioner
n. public official who carries out a death sentence
executive
adj. concerned with the management and carrying out of plans, decisions, etc
executor
n. person who is appointed by the maker of a will to carry out the terms of the will
exegesis
n. (fml ) explanation and interpretation of a written work, esp the Bible ,
exemplary
adj. serving as an example; suitable for imitation
exemplify
v. be a typical example of (sth)
exempt
adj. ~ free from an obligation, duty or payment; not liable
exertion
n. action of applying influence, etc
exhale
v. breathe (sth) out
exhilarating
adj. very exciting; causing happiness
exhort
v. ~ sb (fml ) advise sb strongly or earnestly; urge sb
exhume
v. take from the ground (for examination)
exigency
n. (condition of) urgent need or demand; emergency
exiguous
adj. very small (in amount); scanty
existential
adj. of or relating to (esp human) existence
exodus
n. ~ (to...) (fml or joc ) departure of many people at one time
exonerate
to relieve of a responsibility, obligation, or hardship
exorbitant
adj. (of a price, charge, etc) much too high or great; unreasonable
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
exotic
adj. introduced from another country; not native
expansive
adj. able or tending to expand
expatiate
v. ~ on/upon sth write or speak at great length or in detail about a subject
expatriate
n. person living outside his own country
expedient
adj. useful, helpful or advisable for a particular purpose, though not necessarily fair or moral
expedite
v. help the progress of (work, business, etc); hasten or speed up
expeditious
adj. done with speed and efficiency
expenditure
n. action of spending or using
expertise
n. expert knowledge or skill, esp in a particular field
expiate
v. accept punishment for (wrong one has done) and do something to show one is sorry; make up for
expletive
n. violent (often meaningless) exclamation said in anger, pain, etc; swear-word
explicate
v. explain and analyse (esp an idea, a statement or a work of literature) in detail
explicit
adj. (of a statement, etc) clearly and fully expressed
exploit
n. brave or adventurous deed or action
expository
serving to expound or set fourth
expostulation
n. protest; reasoned persuasion, etc
exposure
n. action of exposing or state of being exposed
expound
v. ~ sth (fml ) explain or make sth clear by giving details
expropriate
v. ~ sth (from sb) take away (property, etc) for public use without payment to the owner
expunge
v. ~ sth (fml ) remove or wipe out (words, names, etc) from a list, book, etc
expurgate
v. remove improper or objectionable parts from (a book, etc)
exquisite
adj. extremely beautiful or delicate; finely or skilfully made or done
extant
adj. still in existence
extemporaneous
adj. spoken or done without preparation; extempore ;
extenuate
v. make (wrongdoing) less serious (by providing an excuse)
extirpate
v. remove or destroy (sth) completely
extol
v. ~sb (as sth) (fml ) praise (sb/sth) highly
extort
v. ~ sth obtain sth by violence, threats, etc
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another
extraneous
adj. ~ not belonging to or directly connected with the subject or matter being dealt with
extrapolation
n. ~ (fml )
extricate
v. ~ sb/sth (fml ) set sb/sth free; release sb/sth ;
extrinsic
adj. ~ (fml ) (of qualities, values, etc) not belonging to or part of the real nature of a person or thing; coming from outside
extrovert
n. person more interested in what is happening around him than in his own thoughts and emotions
extrude
v. ~ sth (fml ) force or squeeze out sth under pressure
exuberance
n. state or quality of being exuberant
exuberant
adj. overflowing with happiness and excitement; very lively and cheerful
exude
v. ~ (sth) (from/through sth) (of drops of liquid, etc) come or pass out slowly; ooze out
exult
v. ~ (at/in sth) get great pleasure from sth; rejoice greatly
fabricate
v. invent
facade
n. front (of a building)
facet
n. any of the many sides of a cut stone or jewel
facetious
adj. intended to be amusing, often inappropriately
facile
adj. easily obtained or achieved (and so not highly valued)
facilitate
v. (of an object, a process, etc but not of a person) make (sth) easy or less difficult
facsimile
n. exact copy or reproduction of writing, printing, a picture, etc
faction
n. small united group within a larger one, esp in politics
factious
adj. of or causedby faction
factitious
adj. deliberately created or developed; unnatural; artificial
factotum
n. person employed to do all kinds of work
faculty
n. any of the powers of the body or mind
fake
n. object (eg a work of art) that seems genuine but is not
fallacious
adj. misleading; based on error
fallible
adj. liable to make mistakes
fallow
adj. ploughed but left unplanted to restore its fertility
falsify
make false by mutilation or addition; as of a message or story
falter
v. move, walk or act hesitantly, usu because of weakness, fear or indecision
fanaticism
n. great or obsessive enthusiasm
fancied
imaginary; unreal
fancier
n. person with a special interest in and love for sth
fanciful
adj. using the imagination rather than reason
fancy
n. power of the mind to imagine
fanfare
n. short ceremonial piece of music, usu played on trumpets
fantastic
adj. wild and strange
farce
n. funny play for the theatre based on unlikely situations and events
far-fetched
adj. (of a comparison) strained; unnatural
fashion
n. manner or way of doing sth
fastidious
adj. selecting carefully; choosing only what is good ;
fatalism
n. belief that events are decided by fate(1); acceptance of all that happens as inevitable ;
fathom
n. measure of the depth of water , 61.8
fathomless
adj. too deep to measure
fatuous
adj. stupid and silly; foolish
fauna
n. all the animals of an area or a period of time
favoritism
[ favouritism: ] the practice of giving special treatment to a person or group
fawning
[ fawn: ] a young deer of either sex aged under one year
faze
v. fluster (sb)
feasible
adj. that can be done; practicable; possible
feature
n. one of the named parts of the face (eg nose, mouth, eyes) which together form its appearance
febrile
adj. caused by a fever
feckless
adj. inefficient; irresponsible ;
fecundity
n.
feebleminded

feign
v. pretend
feint
n. pretended attack to distract an opponent's attention from the main attack
felicitous
adj. (esp of words) well-chosen; apt
felicity
n. great happiness
feline
adj. n animal of the cat family
fell
pt of fall1
felon
n. person guilty of felony
feral
adj. (of animals) wild or savage, esp after escaping from captivity or from life as a pet
ferment
v. change chemically through the action of organic substances (esp yeast)
fermentation
n. fermenting
ferocious
adj. fierce, violent or savage
ferret
n. small animal of the weasel family, kept for driving rabbits from their burrows, killing rats, etc
fertile
adj. able to produce much; rich in nutrients
fervent
adj. showing warmth and sincerity of feeling; enthusiastic; passionate
fervid
adj. = fervent
fervor
intensity of feeling or expression
fester
v. become infected and filled with pus
festive
adj. of or suitable for a feast or festival; joyous
fete
n. outdoor entertainment or sale, usu to raise money for a special purpose
fetid
adj. smelling foul or unpleasant; stinking
fetish
n. object that is worshipped, esp because a spirit is believed to live in it
fetter
n. chain put round the feet of a person or animal to limit movement
feud
n. long and bitter quarrel between two people, families or groups
fiasco
n. complete and ridiculous failure
fiat
n. formal authorization, order or decree
fickle
adj. often changing; not constant
fictitious
adj. imagined or invented; not real
fidelity
n. ~ loyalty; faithfulness
fiend
n. evil spirit; devil
figment
n. thing that is not real but only imagined
figurative
adj. (of words) used in an imaginative or a metaphorical way rather than literally
figure
n. written symbol for a number, esp 0 to 9 09
figurine
n. small ornamental statue, esp of a person
filch
v. steal (esp sth of small value)
filial
adj. of or expected from a son or daughter
filibuster
n. person who tries to delay or prevent the making of decisions in (esp parliamentary) meetings by making long speeches
filigree
n. fine ornamental work using gold, silver or copper wire
filing
[ card: ] an index in which each item is separately listed on systematically arranged cards
filth
n. disgusting dirt
finale
n. last part of a piece of music or a drama, etc
finery
n. gay and elegant clothes or decoration
finesse
n. skill in dealing with people or situations cleverly or tactfully
finicky
adj. too fussy about food, clothes, etc
finish
v. come or bring (sth) to an end
finished
adj. ~ (infml ) in a state of having completed sth or no longer dealing with sb/sth
finite
adj. having bounds; limited; not infinite
firebrand
n. piece of burning wood
fissure
n. long deep crack in rock or in the earth
fit
adj. ~ for sb/sth; ~ to do sth suitable or suited for sb/sth; well adapted for sb/sth; good enough for sb/sth
fitful
adj. occurring in short periods, not regularly and steadily
flaccid
adj. soft and weak; loose and limp; not firm ;
flag
n. piece of cloth with a particular design, that can be attached by one edge to a rope, pole, etc and used as a symbol of a country, party, etc or as a signal
flagrant
adj. particularly bad, shocking and obvious
flail
n. tool consisting of a stick swinging from a long handle, used esp formerly to separate grain from chaff ,
flair
n. ~ for sth natural ability to do sth well
flamboyant
adj. showy, very confident and extravagant
flashy
adj. attractive but usu not in good taste; showy
flaunt
v. show (sth considered valuable) in order to gain the admiration of other people
flay
v. remove the skin from (a dead animal)
fleck
n. ~ very small patch or spot of a colour
fledgling
inexperienced
fleece
n. woolly hair of a sheep or similar animal
fleet
n. group of warships, submarines, etc under one commander
flick
n. quick light blow, eg with a whip or the tip of a finger
flicker
v. (of a light or flame) burn or shine unsteadily
flighty
adj. (esp of a woman or her behaviour) changeable and unreliable; not serious
flinch
v. move or draw back suddenly, from shock, fear or pain
flip
v. toss (sth) with a sharp movement of the thumb and forefinger so that it turns over in the air
flippancy
n. being flippant
flippant
adj. not showing sufficient respect or seriousness
flirt
v. ~ behave (towards sb) in a romantic or suggestive way but without serious intentions
flit
v. fly or move lightly and quickly from one place to another
floe
n. sheet of floating ice, usu on the sea
flora
n. all the plants of a particular area or period of time
florescence
the process, state, or period of flowering
florid
adj. elaborate and ornate; excessively decorated or colourful
flotsam
n. parts of a wrecked ship or its cargo found floating in the sea
flounder
v. move or struggle helplessly or clumsily; move with difficulty, as through mud or deep snow
flourish
v. be successful, very active, or widespread; prosper
flout
v. disobey openly and scornfully
flowery
adj. covered with or having a lot of flowers
fluctuate
v. ~ (of a price, number, rate, etc) rise and fall; change irregularly
fluctuation
n. ~ (of/in sth)
fluency
n. quality or condition of being fluent
fluke
n. (infml ) thing that is accidentally successful; lucky stroke in a game
flush
n. flow of blood to the face that causes a red colouring; blush
fluster
v. make nervous and confused
fluted
(esp. of the shaft of a column) having flutes
flutter
v. (of the wings of birds, butterflies, etc) move lightly and quickly
flux
n. continuous change or succession of changes; unsettled state
fodder
n. dried food, hay, etc forhorses and farm animals ,
foible
n. small, usu harmless, peculiarity or weakness in a person's character
foil
n. metal rolled or hammered into a very thin flexible sheet
foist
v. foist sth on sb force sb into accepting sth not wanted
foliage
n. leaves of a tree or plant; leaves with their stems and branches
foment
v. arouse or increase
foolhardy
adj. foolishly bold or rash; reckless
foppish
adj. of or like a fop
foray
n. sudden attack, esp to obtain sth; raid
forbearance
n. patient self-control; tolerance
ford
n. shallow place in a river where one can walk or drive across
forebears
n. person from whom one is descended;ancestor
foreboding
n. ~ strong feeling that danger or trouble is coming
forensic
adj. of, related to or used in law
forerunner
n. person or thing that prepares the way for the coming of sb or sth else more important; sign of what is to follow
foreshadow
v. be a sign or warning of
foresight
n. ability to see what one's future needs are likely to be; careful planning
forestall
v. act before so as to prevent him from doing sth
forfeit
v. lose or give up (sth) as a consequence of or punishment for having done sth wrong, or in order to achieve sth
forge
n. workshop with a fire and an anvil where metals are heated and shaped, esp one used by a smith for making horseshoes
forgo
v. give up or do without (esp sth pleasant)
forlorn
adj. lonely and unhappy; uncared for
formality
n. careful observance of rules, conventions, etc of language or behaviour
formidable
adj. causing fear or great anxiety; frightening; awesome
forsake
v. (fml ) give (sth) up; renounce
forswear
v. (promise to) give up (sth); renounce
forte
n. thing that sb does particularly well; strong point
forthcoming
adj. about to happen or appear in the near future
forthright
adj. clear and honest in manner and speech; straightforward
fortitude
n. courage, endurance and self-control in facing pain, danger or difficulty
fortuitous
adj. happening by chance or coincidence
forum
n. place where important public issues can be discussed
forward
adj. directed or moving towards the front
foster
v. help the growth or development of (sth); encourage or promote
foul
adj. having a bad smell or taste; dirty and disgusting
founder
n. person who founds or establishes sth
fracas
n. (usu sing)noisy quarrel, fight, or disturbanc
fractious
adj. irritable; bad-tempered
frail
adj. physically weak or delicate
frailty
n. physical weakness
franchise
n. right to vote at public elections
frantic
adj. in an extreme state of emotion, esp fear or anxiety
fraudulent
adj. deceitful or dishonest
fraught
adj. ~ with sth filled with sth; charged with sth
fray
n. the fray fight, contest or argument; lively or challenging action
freebooter
buccaneer
frenetic
adj. very excited; frenzied; frantic
frenzied
adj. wildly excited or agitated; frantic
fresco
n. picture painted in water-colour on a wall or ceiling before the plaster is dry
fret
v. ~ (about/at/over sth) (cause sb to) become unhappy, bad-tempered, or anxious about sth; worry
friction
n. rubbing of one surface or thing against another
frieze
n. band of sculpture or decoration round the top of a wall or building
frigid
adj. very cold
fringe
n. (US bang) front hair cut so that it hangs over the forehead
frisk
v. pass one's hands over (sb) in a search for hidden weapons, drugs, etc
fritter
v. fritter sth away (on sth) waste (esp one's time or money) foolishly (on small useless things)
frivolous
adj. not sensible or serious; foolish and light-hearted
frock
n. dress worn by women or girls
frolic
v. ~ (about) play about in a lively happy way
frolicsome
adj. merry; playful
frond
n. leaf-like part of a fern or palm
fructify
v. (fml ) (cause sth to) bear fruit or be fruitful
frugality
thrift
fruitful
adj. having many good results; productive or profitable; successful
fruition
n. fulfilment of hopes, plans, etc; getting what one wants or has worked for
frustrate
v. prevent (sb) from doing or achieving sth
fuddle
v. confuse (sb/sth), esp with alcoholic drink
fugitive
n. ~ person who is running away or escaping
fulcrum
n. point on which a lever is supported
fulminate
v. ~ protest strongly and loudly
fulsome
adj. excessive and insincere
fumble
v. touch or handle awkwardly or nervously
functional
adj. of or having a functionor functions
functionary
n. person with official duties
fundamental
adj. of or forming the basis or foundation of sth; essential
funereal
adj. suitable for a funeral; gloomy; dismal
furor
A general commotion; public disorder or uproar.
furrow
n. long narrow trench cut in the earth, esp by a plough
furtive
adj. done secretly and quietly so as not to be noticed
fusillade
n. continuous or simultaneous shooting of guns
fusion
n. the blending or uniting of different things into one, by melting, etc
fuss
n. (esp unnecessary) nervous excitement or activity
fussy
adj. (usu derog ) nervously active or excited about small things
futile
adj. producing no result; useless; pointless
gadfly
n. fly that stings horses and cattle
gaffe
n. social blunder; indiscreet act or remark
gainsay
v. (arch ) (usu in negative sentences or questions ) contradict (sb/sth); deny (sth)
gait
n. manner of walking or running
galaxy
n. any of the large systems of stars in outer space
gale
n. very strong wind storm (at sea) 8
gall
n. bitter liquid secreted by the liver; bile
galleon
n. large Spanish sailing-ship used from the 15th to the 17th century 1517
galley
n. long flat ship, usu rowed by slaves or criminals; ancient Greek or Roman warship ;
gallows
n. wooden framework on which criminals are put to death by hanging
galvanic
adj. producing an electric current by chemical action
galvanize
to stimulate or excite as if by an electric shock
gambit
n. opening movein chess in which a player sacrifices a piece in order to win an advantage later
gambol
v. (US also -l-) jump or skip about playfully
gamely
adv: fight, struggle, etc gamely, ie bravely but perhaps unsuccessfully ,
gamut
n. the gamut complete range or scale
gangrene
n. decay and death of body tissue when the blood supply has been stopped
gape
v. ~ (often derog ) stare with an open mouth, usu in surprise
garbled
adj. confusedor misleading
gargantuan
adj. enormous; gigantic
gargoyle
n. stone or metal spout in the form of a grotesque human or animal figure, for carrying rain-water away from the roof of a church, etc
garish
adj. unpleasantly bright; over-coloured or over-decorated, esp in a vulgar way
garner
v. ~ sth ~ sth (in/up) (fml ) collect sth in and (usu) store it
garnish
v. ~ sth decorate (food for the table) with small additional amounts of food
garrulity
garrulousness ns talkativeness
garrulous
adj. talking too much, esp about unimportant things
gastronomy
n. art and science of choosing, cooking and eating good food
gauche
adj. socially awkward or clumsy
gaudy
adj. (derog ) too bright and showy, esp in a vulgar way
gaunt
adj. made exceptionally thin by hunger or illness; haggard
gavel
n. small hammer used by an auctioneer or chairman as a signal for order or attention
gawk
v. ~ (infml ) stare impolitely or stupidly; gawp
gazette
n. official journal with public notices and lists of government, military, legal and university appointments
genealogy
n. study of family history, showing who the ancestors of particular people were and how they were related to each other
generality
n. general statement, esp one that is vague or indefinite
generate
v. cause to exist or occur; produce
generic
adj. shared by or including a whole group or class; not specific
genesis
n. (fml) beginning; starting-point; origin
geniality
n. quality of being genial
genre
n. particular style or kind, esp of works of art or literature grouped according to their form or subject matter
genteel
adj. polite or refined in an affected or exaggerated way
gentility
n. genteel manners and behaviour; social superiority
gentle
adj. mild; kind; careful; not rough, violent or severe
gentry
n. people of good social position next below the nobility
genuflect
v. bend the knee, esp in worship ,
genus
n. (biology ) group of animals or plants within a family(4), often itself subdivided into several species(1)
geriatrics
n. branch of medicine dealing with the diseases and care of old people
germ
n. portion of a living organism capable of becoming a new organism; embryo of a seed ;
germane
adj. ~ (fml ) relevant
germinal
adj. in the earliest stage of development
germinate
v. start growing
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
gerontology
n. scientific study of old age and the process of growing old
gerrymander
v. arrange the boundaries of or divide (an area) for voting in order to give unfair advantages to one party in an election
gestate
evolve; as in pre-natal growth
gesticulation
n. gesticulating
ghastly
adj. causing horror or fear
gibberish
n. meaningless sounds; unintelligible talk; nonsense
gibe
v. ~ (at sb/sth) jeer at or mock sb/sth; make fun of sb/sth
giddy
adj. having the feeling that everything is turning round and that one is going to fall
gild
v. cover with gold-leaf(3) or gold-coloured paint
gingerly
adv. with great care and caution to avoid causing harm or making a noise
girth
n. distance round sth of approximately cylindrical shape
gist
n. the gist main point or general meaning
glacial
adj. of the Ice Age
glamor
[ glamour: ] charm and allure; fascination
glare
n. strong unpleasant dazzling light
glaring
adj. dazzling
glaze
v. fit sheets or panes of glass into
gleam
n. brief appearance of light
glean
v. gather
glib
adj. (derog ) speaking or spoken fluently and without hesitation, but not sincerely or trustworthily
glimmer
v. send out a weak unsteady light
glitter
v. ~ shine brightly with little sharp flashes of light; sparkle
gloat
v. ~ express or feel selfish delight at one's own success or good fortune or sb else's failure
gloss
n. brightness or shine on a smooth surface
glossary
n. list of technical or special words explaining their meanings
glossy
adj. smooth and shiny
glow
v. send out light and heat withoutflame
glower
v. ~ look in an angry or a threatening way
glut
v. ~ sth (with sth) supply sth with much more than is needed
glutinous
adj. of or like gluten; sticky
glutton
n. person who eats too much
gnarl
any knotty protuberance or swelling on a tree
gnarled
adj. twisted and rough; covered with knobs
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit
goad
n. pointed stick for making cattle, etc move on
gobble
v. ~ sth eat sth fast, noisily and greedily (leaving nothing behind)
gorge
n. narrow steep-sided valley, usu with a stream or river
gory
adj. (esp rhet ) covered with gore1
gossamer
n. fine silky substance of webs made by small spiders, floating in calm air or spread over grass, etc
gouge
n. tool with a sharp semicircular edge for cutting grooves in wood
gourmand
n. lover of food; glutton ;
gourmet
n. person who enjoys and is expert in the choice of fine food, wines, etc
gracious
adj. ~ (of persons and behaviour) kind, polite and generous (esp to sb who is socially inferior)
gradation
n. gradual change from one thing to another
graduate
n. ~ person who holds a degree (esp the first or bachelor's) from a university or polytechnic
graduated
[ graduate: ] n. a person who has been awarded a first degree from a university or college
granary
n. building where grain is stored
grandeur
n. greatness; magnificence; impressiveness
grandiloquent
adj. using or being a pompous style of speech, full of words which ordinary people do not understand
grandiose
adj. planned on a large scale; (intended to seem) imposing
granulate
v. form into grains or have a granular surface or texture
graphic
adj. of visual symbols
graphite
n. soft black substance used in making lead pencils, in lubrication, and for slowing down neutrons in atomic reactors
grapple
v. ~ seize (an opponent) firmly and try to fight
grate
n. fireplace
gratify
v. (fml ) give pleasure or satisfaction to (sb)
gratis
adv. without payment; free
gratuitous
adj. done, given or acting unnecessarily, purposely and without good reason
gratuity
n. money given to sb who has done one a service; tip ;
gravity
n. force that attracts objects in space towards each other, and on the earth pulls them towards the centre of the planet, so that things fall to the ground when dropped
graze
v. ~ (of cattle, sheep, etc) eat growing grass
gregarious
adj. liking to be with other people
grievance
n. ~ real or imagined cause for complaint or protest (used esp with the vs shown)
grill
n. device on a cooker that directs heat downwards for cooking meat, toasting bread, etc
grim
adj. very serious and unsmiling in appearance
grimace
n. ugly twisted expression (on the face), expressing pain, disgust, etc or intended to cause laughter
grisly
adj. causing horror or terror; ghastly
groom
n. person in charge of horses
groove
n. long narrow cut or depression in the surface of hard material
gross
n. (esp commerce ) twelve dozen
grotesque
adj. strangely distorted so as to arouse fear or laughter; fantastic
grotto
n. cave, esp one made artificially as a garden shelter
grouch
v. ~ (derog ) complain
grouse
n. small dark bird of northern hilly areas, shot for sport and food
grovel
v. (derog ) ~ (to/before sb) lie or crawl with the face downwards in a show of humility or fear
growl
v. ~ (of animals or thunder) make a low threatening sound
grudge
v. ~ sth feel resentful about sth; do or give sth very unwillingly
grudging
adj. unwilling; reluctant
gruel
n. simple dish made of oatmeal, etc boiled in milk or water
grueling
exhausting
gruesome
adj. filling one with horror or disgust; frightful
gruff
adj. rough; surly
grumble
v. ~ (about/at/over sth) complain or protest in a bad-tempered way
grunt
v. (of animals, esp pigs) make a low rough sound from deep in the throat ,
guffaw
v. give a noisy laugh
guile
n. deceit; cunning
guileless
without deceit
guise
n. style of dress
gull
n. any of several types of large long-winged sea-bird with usu white and grey or black feathers .
gullible
adj. willing to believe anything or anyone; easily deceived
gush
v. ~ (from sth) flow or pour out suddenly in great quantities
gust
n. sudden violent rush of wind
gustatory
affecting the sense of taste
gusto
n. enthusiastic vigour in doing sth
gusty
adj. with wind blowing in gusts
guy
n. rope or chain used to keep sth steady or secured, eg to hold a tent in place
gyroscope
n. device containing a wheel which, when its spins fast, always maintains the same orientation regardless of any movement of the supporting structure, often used in ships' stabilizers
habitat
n. natural environment of an animal or a plant; home
habituate
v. ~ sb/oneself to sth accustom sb/oneself to sth
hackles
n. long feathers on the neck of the domestic cock, etc or hairs on the neck of a dog
hackneyed
adj. used so often that it has become trite and dull
haggard
adj. looking tired and unhappy, esp from worry, lack of sleep, etc
haggle
v. ~ (over/about sth) argue (esp about the price, etc when agreeing upon the terms of a sale or other transaction)
hail
n. frozen rain falling in a shower
halcyon
adj. peaceful and happy
hale
adj. hale and `hearty (esp of an old person) strong and healthy
halfhearted

hallowed
set apart as sacred
hallucination
n. illusion of seeing or hearing sth when no such thing is actually present
halting
adj. slow and hesitant, as if lacking in confidence
hamper
n. large basket with a hinged lid, esp one containing food, wine, etc
handsome
adj. (of men) good-looking
hap
chance; luck
haphazard
adj. without plan or order; random
hapless
adj. unlucky; unfortunate
harangue
n. long, loud, serious and usu angry speech
harass
v. trouble and annoy continually
harbinger
n. ~ (rhet ) person or thing that announces or shows that sb/sth is coming
harbor
to give shelter or refuge to
hardy
adj. able to endure cold or difficult conditions; tough, robust
harping
[ harp: ] a large triangular plucked stringed instrument consisting of a soundboard connected to an upright pillar by means of a curved crossbar from which the strings extend downwards.
harrow
n. heavy frame with metal spikes or discs dragged over ploughed land to break up lumps of earth, cover seeds, etc
harrowing
[ harrow: ] any of various implements used to level the ground, stir the soil, break up clods, destroy weeds, etc., in soil
harry
v. annoy (sb) with repeated requests, questions, etc; harass
hatch
n. opening in a door, floor or ceiling
haughtiness
n. Pride; arrogance.
haunt
v. visit (a place) regularly
haven
n. place of safety or rest; refuge
havoc
n. widespread damage; great destruction
hazard
n. ~ (thing that can cause) danger; risk
hazardous
adj. dangerous; risky
hazy
adj. misty
headfirst
with the head foremost; headlong
headlong
adv, adj with the head first
headstrong
adj. obstinately determined to do things in one's own way without listening to others; self-willed ;
healthful
adj. good for the health
healthy
adj. having good health; well and able to resist disease
heckler
n.
hedonism
n. belief that pleasure should be the main aim in life
hedonist
n. believer in hedonism
heed
v. pay attention to (advice, etc); take notice of (sth)
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
hegemony
n. leadership, esp by one state in a group of states
heinous
adj. very wicked
helm
n. handle or wheel for moving the rudder of a ship or boat
hem
n. edge of a piece of cloth which has been turned under and sewn or fixed down
herald
n. person who made important announcements and carried messages from a ruler
herbivorous
adj. feeding on plants
herd
n. number of animals, esp cattle, feeding or staying together
hereafter
adv. (in legal documents, etc) from now on; following this ,
heresy
n. belief or opinion that is contrary to what is generally accepted, esp in religion
heretic
n. person who is guilty of heresy or who supports a heresy
hermetic
adj. tightly closed so that air cannot escape or enter; completely airtight ;
hermitage
n. place where a hermit or a group of hermits lives
herpetologist
one that a branch of zoology dealing with reptiles and amphibians
heterodox
adj. not conforming with accepted standards or beliefs
heterogeneous
adj. made up of different kinds; varied in composition
hew
v. chop or cut (sth/sb) with an axe, sword, etc
heyday
n. time of greatest success, prosperity, power, etc
hiatus
n. gap in a series or sequence, making it incomplete; break in continuity ;
hibernal
wintry
hibernate
v. spend the winter in a state like deep sleep
hide
v. prevent (sth/sb/oneself) from being seen; put or keep out of sight
hideous
adj. filling the mind with horror; very ugly; frightful
hierarchy
n. system with grades of authority or status from the lowest to the highest
hieroglyphic
adj. of or written in hieroglyphs
high-flown
adj. extravagantly grand and pretentious
hilarity
n. loud laughter; great amusement
hindmost
adj. furthest behind
hindrance
n. ~ thing or person that hinders
hindsight
n. wisdom about an event after it has occurred
hinterlands
[ hinterland: ] land lying behind something, esp. a coast or the shore of a river
hireling
n. person whose services may be hired
hirsute
adj. (esp of a man) covered with hair; hairy; shaggy
historic
adj. famous or important in history
historical
adj. concerning past events
histrionic
adj. very theatrical in manner; excessively dramatic; affected
hive
n. (also `beehive) box or other container for bees to live in
hoard
n. carefully collected and guarded store of money, food or other treasured objects
hoary
adj. (also hoar) (esp of hair) grey or white with age
hoax
n. mischievous trick played on sb for a joke
holocaust
n. large-scale destruction, esp by fire; great loss of human life
holster
n. leather case for a pistol, usu fixed to a belt or saddle .
homage
n. things said or done to show great respect; tribute to a person or his qualities (used esp with the vs shown)
homely
adj. (approv esp Brit) simple and plain
homeostasis
tendency of a system to maintain relative stability
homespun
adj. made of yarn spun at home
homily
n. long and boring talk from sb on the correct way to behave, etc
homogeneous
adj. formed of parts that are all of the same type
hone
n. stone used for sharpening the cutting edges of tools, etc
hoodwink
v. ~ sb deceive sb; trick sb
horde
n. very large group (esp of people); huge crowd; throng
horoscope
n. forecast of a person's future based on a diagram showing the relative positions of the planets, etc at a particular time, eg the time of his birth
hortatory
encouraging; exhortative
horticultural
adj. a horticultural show, society, expert
hostage
n. person held as a captive by one or more others who threaten to keep, harm or kill him unless certain demands are met
hostility
n. ~ being hostile (to sb/sth); antagonism; enmity
hothead
n. person who often acts too hastily or rashly; impetuous person ;
hovel
n. small house that is unfit to live in; very poor and squalid dwelling ;
hover
v. remain in the air in one place
hubbub
n. loud confused noise, eg of many voices; din ;
hubris
n. arrogant pride
hue
n. colour; variety or shade of colour
hull
n. body of a ship
humane
adj. having or showing sympathy, kindness and understanding
humanitarian
adj. concerned with improving the lives of mankind and reducing suffering, esp by social reform
humble
adj. (of a person or his words or actions) having or showing a low or modest opinion of one's own importance; not proud
humdrum
adj. lacking excitement or variety; dull; monotonous
humid
adj. containing moisture; damp
humility
n. humble attitude of mind; modesty
hummock
n. low hill or hump in the ground; hillock ;
humor
to soothe or content by indulgence
humus
n. rich dark organic material formed by the decay of dead leaves, etc and essential to the fertility of soil
hurl
v. throw violently; fling
hurtle
v. move violently, noisily or with great speed in the specified direction
husband
n. man to whom a woman is married
husbandry
n. farming
hut
n. small roughly-built house or shelter, usu made of wood or metal ,
hybrid
n. animal or plant that has parents of different species or varieties
hydrophobia
n. abnormal fear of water and of drinking, esp as a symptom of rabies in humans
hygiene
n. study and practice of cleanliness as a way of maintaining good health and preventing disease
hyperbole
n. exaggeratedstatement that is made for special effect and is not meant to be taken literally, eg I've invited millions of people to my party ,
hypercritical
adj. too critical, esp of small faults
hypnosis
n. state like deep sleep in which a person's actions may be controlled by another person
hypochondriac
n. person who suffers from hypochondria
hypocritical
adj. of hypocrisy or a hypocrite
hypothetical
adj. of or based on a hypothesis; not necessarily true or real ;
hysteria
n. wild uncontrollable emotion or excitement, with eg laughter, crying or screaming
habitat
n. natural environment of an animal or a plant; home
habituate
v. ~ sb/oneself to sth accustom sb/oneself to sth
hackles
n. long feathers on the neck of the domestic cock, etc or hairs on the neck of a dog
hackneyed
adj. used so often that it has become trite and dull
haggard
adj. looking tired and unhappy, esp from worry, lack of sleep, etc
haggle
v. ~ (over/about sth) argue (esp about the price, etc when agreeing upon the terms of a sale or other transaction)
hail
n. frozen rain falling in a shower
halcyon
adj. peaceful and happy
hale
adj. hale and `hearty (esp of an old person) strong and healthy
halfhearted

hallowed
set apart as sacred
hallucination
n. illusion of seeing or hearing sth when no such thing is actually present
halting
adj. slow and hesitant, as if lacking in confidence
hamper
n. large basket with a hinged lid, esp one containing food, wine, etc
handsome
adj. (of men) good-looking
hap
chance; luck
haphazard
adj. without plan or order; random
hapless
adj. unlucky; unfortunate
harangue
n. long, loud, serious and usu angry speech
harass
v. trouble and annoy continually
harbinger
n. ~ (rhet ) person or thing that announces or shows that sb/sth is coming
harbor
to give shelter or refuge to
hardy
adj. able to endure cold or difficult conditions; tough, robust
harping
[ harp: ] a large triangular plucked stringed instrument consisting of a soundboard connected to an upright pillar by means of a curved crossbar from which the strings extend downwards.
harrow
n. heavy frame with metal spikes or discs dragged over ploughed land to break up lumps of earth, cover seeds, etc
harrowing
[ harrow: ] any of various implements used to level the ground, stir the soil, break up clods, destroy weeds, etc., in soil
harry
v. annoy (sb) with repeated requests, questions, etc; harass
hatch
n. opening in a door, floor or ceiling
haughtiness
n. Pride; arrogance.
haunt
v. visit (a place) regularly
haven
n. place of safety or rest; refuge
havoc
n. widespread damage; great destruction
hazard
n. ~ (thing that can cause) danger; risk
hazardous
adj. dangerous; risky
hazy
adj. misty
headfirst
with the head foremost; headlong
headlong
adv, adj with the head first
headstrong
adj. obstinately determined to do things in one's own way without listening to others; self-willed ;
healthful
adj. good for the health
healthy
adj. having good health; well and able to resist disease
heckler
n.
hedonism
n. belief that pleasure should be the main aim in life
hedonist
n. believer in hedonism
heed
v. pay attention to (advice, etc); take notice of (sth)
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
hegemony
n. leadership, esp by one state in a group of states
heinous
adj. very wicked
helm
n. handle or wheel for moving the rudder of a ship or boat
hem
n. edge of a piece of cloth which has been turned under and sewn or fixed down
herald
n. person who made important announcements and carried messages from a ruler
herbivorous
adj. feeding on plants
herd
n. number of animals, esp cattle, feeding or staying together
hereafter
adv. (in legal documents, etc) from now on; following this ,
heresy
n. belief or opinion that is contrary to what is generally accepted, esp in religion
heretic
n. person who is guilty of heresy or who supports a heresy
hermetic
adj. tightly closed so that air cannot escape or enter; completely airtight ;
hermitage
n. place where a hermit or a group of hermits lives
herpetologist
one that a branch of zoology dealing with reptiles and amphibians
heterodox
adj. not conforming with accepted standards or beliefs
heterogeneous
adj. made up of different kinds; varied in composition
hew
v. chop or cut (sth/sb) with an axe, sword, etc
heyday
n. time of greatest success, prosperity, power, etc
hiatus
n. gap in a series or sequence, making it incomplete; break in continuity ;
hibernal
wintry
hibernate
v. spend the winter in a state like deep sleep
hide
v. prevent (sth/sb/oneself) from being seen; put or keep out of sight
hideous
adj. filling the mind with horror; very ugly; frightful
hierarchy
n. system with grades of authority or status from the lowest to the highest
hieroglyphic
adj. of or written in hieroglyphs
high-flown
adj. extravagantly grand and pretentious
hilarity
n. loud laughter; great amusement
hindmost
adj. furthest behind
hindrance
n. ~ thing or person that hinders
hindsight
n. wisdom about an event after it has occurred
hinterlands
[ hinterland: ] land lying behind something, esp. a coast or the shore of a river
hireling
n. person whose services may be hired
hirsute
adj. (esp of a man) covered with hair; hairy; shaggy
historic
adj. famous or important in history
historical
adj. concerning past events
histrionic
adj. very theatrical in manner; excessively dramatic; affected
hive
n. (also `beehive) box or other container for bees to live in
hoard
n. carefully collected and guarded store of money, food or other treasured objects
hoary
adj. (also hoar) (esp of hair) grey or white with age
hoax
n. mischievous trick played on sb for a joke
holocaust
n. large-scale destruction, esp by fire; great loss of human life
holster
n. leather case for a pistol, usu fixed to a belt or saddle .
homage
n. things said or done to show great respect; tribute to a person or his qualities (used esp with the vs shown)
homely
adj. (approv esp Brit) simple and plain
homeostasis
tendency of a system to maintain relative stability
homespun
adj. made of yarn spun at home
homily
n. long and boring talk from sb on the correct way to behave, etc
homogeneous
adj. formed of parts that are all of the same type
hone
n. stone used for sharpening the cutting edges of tools, etc
hoodwink
v. ~ sb deceive sb; trick sb
horde
n. very large group (esp of people); huge crowd; throng
horoscope
n. forecast of a person's future based on a diagram showing the relative positions of the planets, etc at a particular time, eg the time of his birth
hortatory
encouraging; exhortative
horticultural
adj. a horticultural show, society, expert
hostage
n. person held as a captive by one or more others who threaten to keep, harm or kill him unless certain demands are met
hostility
n. ~ being hostile (to sb/sth); antagonism; enmity
hothead
n. person who often acts too hastily or rashly; impetuous person ;
hovel
n. small house that is unfit to live in; very poor and squalid dwelling ;
hover
v. remain in the air in one place
hubbub
n. loud confused noise, eg of many voices; din ;
hubris
n. arrogant pride
hue
n. colour; variety or shade of colour
hull
n. body of a ship
humane
adj. having or showing sympathy, kindness and understanding
humanitarian
adj. concerned with improving the lives of mankind and reducing suffering, esp by social reform
humble
adj. (of a person or his words or actions) having or showing a low or modest opinion of one's own importance; not proud
humdrum
adj. lacking excitement or variety; dull; monotonous
humid
adj. containing moisture; damp
humility
n. humble attitude of mind; modesty
hummock
n. low hill or hump in the ground; hillock ;
humor
to soothe or content by indulgence
humus
n. rich dark organic material formed by the decay of dead leaves, etc and essential to the fertility of soil
hurl
v. throw violently; fling
hurtle
v. move violently, noisily or with great speed in the specified direction
husband
n. man to whom a woman is married
husbandry
n. farming
hut
n. small roughly-built house or shelter, usu made of wood or metal ,
hybrid
n. animal or plant that has parents of different species or varieties
hydrophobia
n. abnormal fear of water and of drinking, esp as a symptom of rabies in humans
hygiene
n. study and practice of cleanliness as a way of maintaining good health and preventing disease
hyperbole
n. exaggeratedstatement that is made for special effect and is not meant to be taken literally, eg I've invited millions of people to my party ,
hypercritical
adj. too critical, esp of small faults
hypnosis
n. state like deep sleep in which a person's actions may be controlled by another person
hypochondriac
n. person who suffers from hypochondria
hypocritical
adj. of hypocrisy or a hypocrite
hypothetical
adj. of or based on a hypothesis; not necessarily true or real ;
hysteria
n. wild uncontrollable emotion or excitement, with eg laughter, crying or screaming
jab
v. ~ (at sb/sth) (with sth); ~ sb/sth (with sth) poke or push at sb/sth roughly, usu with sth sharp or pointed
jabber
v. ~ talk rapidly in what seems to be a confused manner
jaded
adj. tired and lacking zest, usu after too much of sth
jargon
n. technical or specialized words used by a particular group of people and difficult for others to understand
jaundice
n. disease caused by an excess of bile in the blood which makes the skin and the whites of the eyes become abnormally yellow
jaundiced
adj. affected by jealousy, spite, etc; bitter
jaunt
n. short journey, made for pleasure
jaunty
adj. feeling or showing cheerfulness and self-confidence; sprightly
jeopardize
put in danger
jeopardy
n. in jeopardy in danger of harm, loss or destruction
jest
n. thing said or done to cause amusement; joke ;
jetsam
n. goods thrown overboard from a ship in distress to lighten it; such goods washed up ashore ;
jettison
v. throw or eject from a ship in distress, or from an aeroplane, a spacecraft, etc
jibe
to be in accord: AGREE
jingoism
n. extreme and unreasonable belief that one's own country is best, together with a warlike attitude towards other countries
jingoist
n. person who has such a belief
jocose
adj. humorous; playful ;
jocular
adj. meant as a joke; humorous
jocund
adj. merry; cheerful ;
jollity
n. state of being jolly
jostle
v. ~ push roughly against (sb), usu in a crowd
jovial
adj. very cheerful and good-humoured; merry
jubilation
n. great happiness, esp because of a success
judiciary
n. judges of a country collectively
judicious
adj. showing or havinggood sense
jug
n. (US pitcher) deep vessel, with a handle and a lip, for holding and pouring liquids
juggernaut
n. very large articulated lorry
jumble
to mix into a confused or disordered mass
juncture
n. at this juncture (fml ) at a particular, esp important, stage in a series of events
junket
n. sweet custard-like pudding made of milk curdled with rennet, and often sweetened and flavoured ,
junta
n. group, esp of military officers, who rule a country after taking power by force in a revolution
juridical
adj. of law or legal proceedings
jurisdiction
n. authority to carry out justice and to interpret and apply laws; right to exercise legal authority
jurisprudence
n. science or philosophy of law
juxtapose
v. place (people or things) side by side or very close together, esp to show a contrast
Barron GRE word list - k
kaleidoscope
n. toy consisting of a tube containing small loose pieces of coloured glass, etc and mirrors which reflect these to form changing patterns when the tube is turned
ken
n. beyond/outside one's ken not within one's range of knowledge
kernel
n. soft and usu edible part inside a nut or fruit stone .
killjoy
n. person who spoils the enjoymentof others
kindle
v. catch fire
kindred
n. family relationship
kinetic
adj. of or produced by movement
kismet
n. destiny; fate ;
kleptomaniac
n. person suffering from kleptomania ; . adj
knack
n. skill at performing some special task; ability
knave
n. = jack1 4
knavery
n. dishonesty; trickery ;
knead
v. press and stretch with the hands to form a firm smooth paste
kneel
v. =>Usage at dream dream. ~ (down) go down on one or both knees; rest on the knee(s)
knell
n. sound of a bell rung slowly after a death or at a funeral
knit
v. ~ sth (for sb) make (a garment or fabric) by forming wool, silk, etc yarn into connecting loops, either by hand (using long needles) or on a machine
knoll
n. small round hill or mound
knotty
adj. (of timber) full of knots
kudos
n. honour and glory; credit1(
abile
readily or continually undergoing chemical, physical, or biological change or breakdown:UNSTABLE
laborious
adj. needing much effort
labyrinth
n. complicated network of winding passages, paths, etc through which it is difficult to find one's way
lace
n. delicate fabric with an ornamental openwork design of threads
lacerate
v. injure by tearing
laceration
n. tearing of the flesh
lachrymose
adj. in the habit of weeping; tearful; mournful
lackadaisical
adj. lacking vigour and determination; unenthusiastic
lackluster
lacking brilliance or vitality ; lacking luster or shine
laconic
adj. using few words; terse
lag
v. ~ (behind sb/sth); ~ (behind) go too slow; fail to keep pace with others
laggard
n. person who lags behind
lagoon
n. salt-water lake separated from the open sea by sandbanks or coral reefs
laity
n. the laity all the members of a Church who are not ordained clergymen; laymen ;
lambaste
v. hit (sb) hard and repeatedly; thrash ;
lament
v. ~ (for/over sb/sth) feel or express great sorrow or regret for (sb/sth)
lampoon
n. piece of writing that attacks and ridicules a person, a book, an institution, etc
lance
n. weapon used for catching fish, etc with a long wooden shaft and a pointed steel head
lancet
n. sharp pointed two-edged surgical instrument used for opening abscesses, etc
languid
adj. lacking vigour or energy; slow-moving
languish
v. lack or lose vitality
languor
n. tiredness or laziness of mind and body; listlessness ;
lank
adj. straight and limp
lap
n. area formed by the upper part of a seated person's thighs
larceny
n. (instance of) theft of personal goods
larder
n. cupboard or small room used for storing food
largess
n. generous giving of money or gifts, esp to sb of lower rank or status
lascivious
adj. feeling, expressing or causing sexual desire
lassitude
n. tiredness of mind or body
latch
n. fastening for a gate or door, consisting of a bar that is lifted from its catch, groove, hole, etc by a lever
latent
adj. existing but not yet active, developed or visible
lateral
adj. of, at, from or towards the side
latitude
n. distance of a place north or south of the equator, measured in degrees .
laud
v. praise (sb/sth); glorify
laudable
adj. deserving praise; praiseworthy
laudatory
adj. expressing or giving praise
lavish
adj. ~ ~ (in doing sth) giving or producing generously or in large quantities
lax
adj. not sufficiently strict or severe; negligent
laxative
n, adj causing or helping the bowels to empty
layman
n. person who does not have an expert knowledge of a subject
leash
n. = lead
leaven
n. substance used to make dough rise before it is baked to make bread
leave-taking
n. act of saying goodbye
lechery
n. excessive interest in sexual pleasure
lectern
n. high sloping desk made to hold a lecturer's notes, a Bible in church, etc
leery
adj. ~ (infml ) wary; suspicious
leeway
n. amount of freedom to move, change, etc that is left to sb
legacy
n. money or property left to sb in a will
legato
adj. adv (to be played) in a smooth even manner
legend
n. story handed down from the past, esp one that may not be true
legerdemain
n. skilful performance of tricks using the hands; juggling; conjuring ;
legislature
n. body of people with the power to make and change laws
leniency
mercifulness as a consequence of being lenient or tolerant ; a disposition to yield to the wishes of someone
leonine
adj. of or like a lion
lethal
adj. causing or able to cause death
lethargic
adj. Hot weather makesme lethargic
levee
n. assembly of visitors, esp at a formal reception
levitate
v. rise and float in the air, esp by means of supernatural powers
levity
n. lack of proper seriousness or respect
levy
v. ~ sth (on sb) collect (a payment, etc) by authority or force; impose sth
lewd
adj. treating sexual matters in a vulgar or indecent way
lexicographer
n. person who compiles dictionaries
lexicon
n. dictionary, esp of an ancient language ,
liability
n. ~state of being liable
liaison
n. communicationand co-operation between units of an organization
libel
n. false written or printed statement that damages sb's reputation
libelous
defamatory; injurious to the good name of a person
libertine
n. man who lives an irresponsible and immoral life
libidinous
adj. having or showing strong sexual feelings; lustful ;
libido
n. (psychology ) emotional energy or urge, esp sexual
libretto
n. words that are sung and spoken in an opera or musical play
license
v. give a licence to
licentious
adj. disregardingthe rules of behaviour, esp in sexual matters
lien
n. ~ (on/upon sth) right to keep sb's property until a debt owed in connection with it (for repair, transport, etc) is paid ,
ligneous
adj. woody
lilliputian
adj. on a small scale; tiny
limber
adj. supple; flexible ;
limbo
n. in limbo in an intermediate or uncertain state; neglected
limn
portray; describe vividly
limp
adj. not stiff or firm
limpid
adj. clear; transparent
lineage
n. line of descent from an ancestor; ancestry
lineaments
n. features of the face, etc
linger
v. stay for a long time; be unwilling to leave
linguistic
adj. of language or linguistics
lionize
assign great social importance to
liquidate
v. pay or settle
list
n. series of names, items, figures, etc written or printed
listless
adj. having no energy, vitality or enthusiasm
litany
n. series of prayers to God for use in church services, spoken by a priest with set responses by the congregation
lithe
adj. bending or turning easily; supple
litigation
n. process of going to law
litotes
n. ironical understatement,esp using a negative to emphasize the contrary , It wasn't easy It was very difficult
litter
n. light rubbish (eg bits of paper, wrappings, bottles) left lying about, esp in a public place
livid
adj. of the colour of lead; bluish-grey
loath
adj. ~ to do sth unwilling; reluctant
loathe
v. feel great hatred or disgust for (sb/sth)
lode
n. vein of metal ore
loft
n. room or space directly under the roof of a house, used for storing things
lofty
adj. (of thoughts, aims, etc) noble; exalted
log
n. length of tree-trunk that has fallen or been cut down
loiter
v. ~ stand about idly
loll
v. ~ rest, sit or stand lazily, often while leaning against sth
longevity
n. long life
lookout
the act of keeping watch against danger, etc.
loom
n. machine for weaving cloth
lope
v. run fairly fast with long bounding strides
lopsided
adj. with one side lower, smaller, etc than the other; unevenly balanced
loquacious
adj. fondof talking; talkative ;
lot
n. the `lot, all the `lot, the whole `lot the whole number or amount (of sb/sth)
lottery
n. way of raising money by selling numbered tickets and giving prizes to the holders of numbers selected at random
lounge
v. sit or stand in a lazy way, esp leaning against sth; loll
lout
n. clumsy vulgar man or youth with bad manners
low
adj. not high or tall; not extending far upwards
lubricate
v. put oil or grease on or in so that it moves easily
lucid
adj. clearly expressed; easy to understand
lucrative
adj. producing much money; profitable
lucre
n. profit or money-making, as a motive for doing sth
ludicrous
adj. causing laughter; ridiculous; absurd
lugubrious
adj. dismal; mournful
lull
v. ~ sb/sth (to sth) make (a person or an animal) quiet or less active; soothe sb/sth
lumber
n. unwanted pieces of furniture, etc that are stored away or take up space
lumen
a unit of luminous flux equal to the light emitted in a unit solid angle by a uniform point source of one candle intensity
luminary
n. person who inspires or influences others
luminous
adj. giving out light; bright
lunar
adj. of the moon
lunatic
n. insane person
lurid
adj. having bright glaring colours or combinations of colour
lurk
v. be or stay hidden, esp when waiting to attack
luscious
adj. rich and sweet in taste or smell
lush
adj. growing thickly and strongly; luxuriant
lust
n. ~ (for sb) strong sexual desire
luster
shine; gloss
lustrous
adj. having lustre
luxuriant
adj. growing thickly and strongly; lush
luxuriate
v. ~ in sth take great pleasure in sth; enjoy sth as a luxury
macabre
adj. connected with death, and thus causing fear; gruesome
mace
n. large heavy club formerly used as a weapon, usu having a head with metal spikes ,
macerate
v. (cause sth to) become soft or break up by soaking
Machiavellian
adj. cunning and deceitful in gaining what one wants; showing such cunning or deceit
machinations
[ machination: ] an intrigue, plot, or scheme
maculated
make dirty or spotty; also used metaphorically ; spot, stain, or pollute
madrigal
n. songfor several voices, usu without instrumental accompaniment,on the themes of love and/or nature 16,
maelstrom
n. great whirlpool
magisterial
adj. having or showing authority
magistrate
n. official who acts as a judge in the lowest courts; Justice of the Peace
magnanimity
n. being magnanimous
magnate
n. wealthy and powerful landowner or industrialist
magniloquent
adj. (of words, speech) pompous-sounding ,
magnitude
n. (usu large) size
maim
v. wound or injure so that part of the body cannot be used
makeshift
n, adj used temporarily until sth better is available
maladroit
adj. not clever or skilful; clumsy; bungling
malady
n. disease; illness
malaise
n. general feeling of illness, without clear signs of a particular disease
malapropism
ncomical confusion of a word with another, similar-sounding,word which has a quite different meaning, eg `an ingenuousmachine for peeling potatoes'
malapropos
of an inappropriate or misapplied nature or kind
malcontent
n, adj discontented and rebellious
malediction
n. prayer that sb or sth may be destroyed, hurt, etc; curse ;
malefactor
n. wrongdoer; criminal
maleficient

malevolent
adj. ~ wishing to do evil or cause harm to others; spiteful
malfeasance
a wrongful act that the actor had no right to do; improper professional conduct
malicious
adj. intended to harm others
malign
v. say unpleasant or untrue things about
malignant
adj. feeling or showing great desire to harm others; malevolent
malingerer
n. person who malingers
malleable
adj. that can be beaten or pressed into different shapes easily
malodorous
adj. smelling unpleasant
mammal
n. any of the class of animals that give birth to live offspring and feed their young on milk from the breast
mammoth
n. large hairy type of elephant, now extinct
manacle
n. one of a pair of chains or metal bands for binding the hands or feet; fetter ;
mandate
n. ~ (to do sth) authority given to a party, trade union, etc by the people who support it
mandatory
adj. required by law; compulsory
maneuver
= manoeuvre
mange
n. skin disease of hairy animals, caused by a parasite
mangle
v. damage greatly, (almost) beyond recognition; mutilate
mangy
adj. suffering from mange
maniacal
adj. violently mad
manifest
adj. ~ (fml ) clear and obvious
manifestation
outward demonstration; indication
manifesto
n. (publication containing a) public declaration by a political party, ruler, etc of principles and policy
manifold
adj. of many types; many and various
manipulate
v. control or handle with skill
mannered
adj. having an unnatural style of speaking, writing, etc; affected
mannerism
n. peculiar habit of behaviour, speech, etc
mantle
n. loose sleeveless cloak
manumit
v. (fml ) (formerly) free (a slave)
mar
v. damage (sth); spoil
maraud
a sudden short attack ; search for plunder
margin
n. blank space round the written or printed matter on a page
marginal
adj. of or in a margin
marital
adj. of ahusband or wife; of marriage
maritime
adj. of the sea, sailing or shipping
marked
adj. clear; noticeable; easily seen
maroon
adj. n brownish red
marred
[ mar: ] vt. to cause harm to; spoil or impair
marrow
n. soft fatty substance that fills the hollow parts of human and animal bones
marshal
n. officer of high rank
marsupial
n, adj of the class of mammals which includes the kangaroo, the female of which has a pouch on its body to hold its young
martial
adj. of or associated with war
martinet
n. person who imposes strict discipline and demands obedience to orders
martyr
n. person who is killed or made to suffer greatly because of his beliefs
mash
n. grain, bran, etc cooked in water until soft, used as food for animals
masochist
n.
mason
n. person who builds in or works with stone
masquerade
n. false show; pretence
mass
n. celebration of Christ's Last Supper, esp in the Roman Catholic Church
masticate
v. chew (food)
mat
n. piece of material, made of straw, rushes, fibre, etc, used to cover part of a floor
materialism
n. 1obsession with material possessions,bodily comforts, etc while neglecting spiritual values
maternal
adj. of or like a mother
matriarch
n. female head of a family or tribe
matriculate
v. be admitted or admit as a student to a university
matrimony
n. state of being married; marriage
matrix
n. mould into which molten metal, liquid, etc is poured to form shapes for eg printer's type, gramophone records, etc
maudlin
adj. foolishly or tearfully sentimental or self-pitying, esp when drunk ,
maul
v. ~ sb/sth (about) handle sb/sth roughly or brutally
mausoleum
n. large, finely built tomb
mauve
adj. n pale purple colour
maverick
n. unbranded calf
mawkish
adj. sentimental in a feeble or sickly way
maxim
n. saying that expresses a general truth or rule of conduct, eg `Waste not, want not' ,
mayhem
n. violent disorder or confusion; havoc
meager
deficient in quality or quantity
mealymouthed
hesitant to state facts or opinions simply and directly as from e.g. timidity or hypocrisy
meander
v. follow a winding course, flowing slowly
meddlesome
adj. fond of or in the habit of meddling
mediate
v. ~ act as a peacemaker or go-between for two or more people, groups, etc who disagree
mediocre
adj. not very good; second-rate
meditation
n. deep thought, esp about spiritual matters
medium
n. (pl usu media) means by which sth is expressed or communicated
medley
n. piece of music made up of passages from other musical works
meek
adj. humble and obedient; submissive
megalomania
n. form of madness in which a person has an exaggerated view of his own importance, power, etc
melancholy
n. deep sadness which lasts for some time; depression ;
melee
n. confusedstruggle; confused crowd of people
mellifluous
adj. sweet-sounding; (almost) musical
memento
n. thing given, bought, etc and kept as a reminder (of a person, a place or an event)
memoir
n. written record of events, usu based on personal knowledge
memorial
n. ~ monument, plaque, ceremony, etc that reminds people of an event or a person
memorialize
commemorate
menace
n. threatening quality, tone, feeling, etc
menagerie
n. collection of wild animals in captivity, esp in a travelling circus or for exhibition
mendacious
adj. untruthful; lying
mendicant
n, adj (person) getting a living by begging
menial
adj. (of work) suitable to be done by servants; unskilled
mentor
n. experienced and trusted adviser of an inexperienced person
mercantile
adj. of trade and commerce; of merchants ;
mercenary
adj. interested only in making money, etc; done from this motive
mercurial
adj. (of people or their moods, etc) often changing
meretricious
adj. apparently attractive but in fact valueless
merger
n. joining together (esp two commercial companies)
merit
n. quality of deserving praise or reward; worth; excellence
mesmerize
hypnotize
metallurgical
[ metallurgy: ] the scientific study of the extraction, refining, alloying, and fabrication of metals and of their structure and properties
metamorphosis
n. (fml) change of form or nature, eg by natural growth or development
metaphor
n. use of a word or phrase to indicate sth different from (though related in some way to) the literal meaning, as in `I'll make him eat his words' or `She has a heart of stone' I'll make him eat his wordsShe has a heart of stone
metaphysical
adj. of metaphysics
mete
v. mete sth out (to sb) (fml ) give or administer (punishment, rewards, etc)
meteoric
adj. of meteors
meter
n. device that measures the volume of gas, water, etc passing through it, time passing, electrical current, distance, etc
methodical
adj. done in an orderly, logical way
meticulous
adj. ~ giving or showing great precision and care; very attentive to detail
metrical
adj. of or composed in verse, not prose
metropolis
n. chief city of a region or country; capital
mettle
n. quality of endurance or courage, esp in people or horses
miasma
n. (fml ) unhealthy or unpleasant mist, etc
microcosm
n. thing or being regarded as representing the universe, or mankind, on a small scale; miniature representation
migrant
n, adj person or animal who migrates
migratory
adj. having or of the habit of migrating
milieu
n. (usu sing ) social surroundings; environment
militant
adj. using force or strong pressure, or supporting their use, to achieve one's aims
militate
v. ~ against sth (of evidence, facts, etc) have great force or influence to prevent sth
militia
n. force of civilians who are trained as soldiers and reinforce the regular army in the internal defence of the country in an emergency
millennium
n. period of 1000 years
millinery
n. (trimmings for) women's hats
mime
n. (in the theatre, etc) use of only facial expressions and gestures to tell a story
mimicry
n. mimicking
minatory
adj. threatening
mincing
adj. affected
mingle
v. ~ with sth/~ (together) form a mixture with sth; combine
miniature
n. very small detailed painting, usu of a person
minion
n. (derog or joc ) subordinate or assistant, esp one who tries to win favour by obeying a superior slavishly
minuscule
adj. very small; tiny ;
minute
n. one sixtieth part of an hour, equal to 60 seconds , 60
minutiae
n. very small or unimportant details
mirage
n. optical illusion caused by hot air conditions, esp that of a sheet of water seeming to appear in the desert or on a hot road
mire
n. swampy ground or bog; soft deep mud
mirth
n. merriment orhappiness; laughter
misadventure
n. (piece of) bad luck; misfortune
misanthrope
a person who hates or distrusts mankind
misapprehension
n. under a misappre`hension not understanding correctly
miscellaneous
adj. of various kinds
miscellany
n. ~ varied collection of items
mischance
n. (piece of) bad luck
mischief
n. behaviour that is annoying or does slight damage, but is not malicious (used esp as in the expressions shown)
misconduct
n. (esp law ) improper behaviour, esp of a sexual or professional kind
misconstrue
v. get a wrong idea of or misinterpret (sb's words, acts, etc)
miscreant
n. villain; wrongdoer ;
misdemeanor
a crime less serious than a felony
miserly
adj. like a miser; mean or selfish
misgivings
[ misgiving: ] a feeling of uncertainty, apprehension, or doub
mishap
n. unlucky accident(usu not serious)
misnomer
n. wrong use of a name, word or description
misogamy
hatred of marriage
misogynist
n. person who hates women
missile
n. object or weapon that is thrown or fired at a target
missive
n. letter, esp a long or official one
mite
n. very small or modest contribution or offering
mitigate
v. make (sth) less severe, violent or painful; moderate
mnemonic
adj. of or designed to help the memory
mobile
adj. that can move or be moved easily and quickly from place to place
mock
v. ~ makefun of (sb/sth), esp by mimicking him/it contemptuously; ridicule
mode
n. ~ (fml ) way or manner in which sth is done
modicum
n. ~ small or moderate amount of sth
modish
adj. fashionable
modulate
v. vary the strength, volume or pitch of
modulation
toning down; changing from one key to another
mogul
n. very rich, important or influential person
molecule
n. smallest unit into which a substance can be divided without a change in its chemical nature
mollify
v. lessen the anger of (sb); make calmer; soothe
mollycoddle
v. treat (sb) with too much kindness and protection; pamper
molt
the act or process of sheding hair, feathers, shell, horns, or an outer layer periodically; specifically :ECDYSIS
molten
adj. melted or made liquid by heating to a very high temperature
momentous
adj. very important; serious
momentum
n. force that increases the rate of development of a process; impetus
monarchy
n. system of government by a monarch
monastic
adj. of or relating to monks or monasteries
monetary
adj. of money or currency
mongrel
n. dog of mixed breed
monochromatic
having or consisting of one color or hue
monochrome
adj. having or using images in black, white and shades of grey; black and white
monogram
n. two or more letterscombined in one design and marked on handkerchiefs, notepaper, etc ,
monograph
n. detailed scholarly study of one subject
monolithic
adj. consisting of one or more monoliths
monotheism
n. belief that there is only one God
monotony
n. state of being monotonous; lack of variety that causes weariness and boredom
monumental
adj. of, related to or serving as a monument
moodiness
n.
moratorium
n. ~ (on sth) temporary stopping of an activity, esp by official agreement
morbid
adj. having or showing an interest in gloomy or unpleasant things, esp disease or death
mordant
adj. very sarcastic; biting
mores
n. customs or conventions considered typical of or essential to a group or communtiy
morgue
n. building in which dead bodies are kept before being buried or cremated; mortuary ;
moribund
adj. at the point of death; about to come to an end
morose
adj. very unhappy, bad-tempered and silent; sullen
mortar
n. mixture of lime or cement, sand and water, used to hold bricks, stones, etc together in building
mortician
n. =undertaker
mortify
v. cause (sb) to be very ashamed or embarrassed
mosaic
n. picture or pattern made by placing together small pieces of glass, stone, etc of different colours
mote
n. small particle, usu of dust; speck ;
motif
n. decorative design or pattern
motility
ability to move spontaneously and independently
motley
adj. of many different types of people or things
mottled
adj. marked with patches of different colours without a regular pattern
motto
n. short sentence or phrase chosen and used as a guide or rule of behaviour or as an expression of the aims or ideals of a family, a country, an institution, etc
mountebank
n. person who tries to cheat others by clever talk; swindler
muddle
v. ~ sth (up) put sth into disorder; mix sth up
muggy
adj. (of weather) oppressively warm and damp
mulct
defraud a person of something; fine
multifarious
adj. of many different kinds; having great variety
multiform
having many forms
multilingual
adj. speaking or using many languages
multiplicity
n. ~ of sth large number or great variety of things
mundane
adj. ordinary and typically unexciting
munificent
adj. extremely generous; (of sth given) large in amount or splendid in quality
mural
n. painting done on a wall
murky
adj. unpleasantly dark; gloomy
murmur
n. low continuous indistinct sound
muse
n. the Muses the nine goddesses, daughters of Zeus or Jupiter, who protected and encouraged poetry, music, dancing, history and other branches of art and literature ,
musky
adj. (smelling) like musk
muster
n. assembly or gathering of people or things, esp for review or inspection
musty
adj. smelling or tasting stale, mouldy and damp
mutable
adj. liable to change; likely to change ;
mutablility

mute
adj. silent; making no sound
muted
(of a sound or colour) softened
mutilate
v. injure, damage or disfigure by breaking, tearing or cutting off a necessary part
mutinous
adj. guilty of mutiny; refusing to obey; rebellious
mutter
v. ~ (to sb) (about sth) speak or say (sth) in a low voice that is hard to hear
myopic
adj. short-sighted
myriad
n. extremely large number
mystic
adj. of hidden meaning or spiritual power, esp in religion
nadir
n. point in the heavens directly beneath an observer
narcissist
[ narcissism: ] an exceptional interest in or admiration for oneself, esp. one's physical appearance
narrative
n. spoken or written account of events; story
nascent
adj. beginning to exist; not yet well developed
natal
pertaining to birth
natation
swimming
natty
adj. (infml ) (often derog ) smart and tidy; neat
nausea
n. feeling of sickness or disgust
nauseate
v. make feel nausea
nauseous
adj. causing nausea; disgusting ;
nautical
adj. of ships, sailors or navigation
navigable
adj. suitable for ships, boats, etc to sail on
nebula
n. light or dark patch in the night sky caused by a cluster of very distant stars or a cloud of dust or gas
nebulous
adj. cloudlike; hazy ;
necromancy
n. art or practice of communicating by magic with the dead in order to learn about the future
nectar
n. sweet liquid produced by flowers and collected by bees for making honey
nefarious
adj. wicked; unlawful
negate
v. deny or disprove the existence of (sb/sth)
negation
n. action of denying
negligence
n. lack of proper care or attention; carelessness
negligible
adj. of little importance or size; not worth considering
nemesis
n. (usu sing) (fml) deserved and unavoidable punishment for wrong doing
neologism
n. newly-invented word
neophyte
n. person recently converted to some belief or religion
nepotism
n. practice among people with power or influence of favouring their own relatives, esp by giving them jobs
nether
adj. lower
nettle
n. common wild plant with hairs on its leaves that sting and redden the skin when touched
nexus
n. (fml ) connected group or series; bond or connection
nib
n. metal point of a pen
nicety
n. accuracy; precision
niggardly
adj. mean; stingy
niggle
v. ~ give too much time and attention to unimportant details; criticize in a petty way
nihilism
n. total rejection of all religious and moral beliefs
nihilist
n. believer in nihilism
nimble
adj. able to move quickly and neatly; agile
nip
v. press (sth) hard (eg between the finger and thumb, or the teeth, or with the claws as a crab does); pinch
nirvana
n. state of perfect bliss in which the individual becomes absorbed into the supreme spirit
nocturnal
adj. of or in the night; done or happening in the night
noisome
adj. offensive; disgusting; stinking
nomadic
adj. of nomads; wandering
nomenclature
n. system of naming, esp in a particular branch of science
nominal
adj. existing, etc in name only; not real or actual
nonchalance
indifference; lack of interest
noncommittal
neutral; unpledged; undecided
nondescript
n, adj without a distinctive character and so not easily classified
nonentity
n. person without any special qualities or achievements; unimportant person
nonplus
v. surprise or puzzle (sb) greatly
nonsense
n. meaningless words
noose
n. loop in one end of a rope, with a knot that allows the loop to be tightened as the other end of the rope is pulled
nostalgia
n. sentimental longing for things that are past
nostrum
n. medicine falsely recommended as effective; quack remedy ;
notable
adj. deserving to be noticed; remarkable
notch
n. ~ V-shaped cut in an edge or surface V
notoriety
n. fame for being bad in some way
nourish
v. keep alive and well with food
nourishment
n. food
nova
n. (astronomy) star that suddenly becomes much brighter for a short period
novelty
n. quality of being novel; newness; strangeness
novice
n. person who is new and inexperienced in a job, situation, etc; beginner
noxious
adj. harmful; poisonous
nuance
n. subtle difference in meaning, colour, feeling, etc
nubile
adj. old enough to marry
nugatory
adj. worthless; pointless; not valid
nullify
v. make (an agreement, etc) lose its legal force
numismatist
n. expert in numismatics; collector of coins and medals ;
nuptial
adj. of marriage or of a wedding
nurse
n. person, usu female, trained to help a doctor to look after the sick or injured
nurture
v. care for and educate
nutrient
n, adj (substance) serving as or providing nourishment, esp for plants or animals
nutrition
n. nourishment; food
nutritious
adj. of (high) value as food; nourishing


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WORD LIST --BANK PO/CLERKS/SSC -- D TO N Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 7:28:00 AM Rating: 5

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