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ENGLISH -- 20-12-12


            Directions (Q. 1-10): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered.  There numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one which fits the blank appropriately.  Find out the appropriate words in each case.

            Do women    01  leadership differently from what men do?   And if so, will feminine leadership  02  where  03 leadership does not?  A recent study suggests somewhat paradoxically that female managers 04  their male 05  even when the personal characteristics of both are very 06.   Of the two schools of thought , the structuralist theory argues that men and women do not receive the same treatment in the workplace and that stamping out 07  bias would stamp out the observed 08.  In contrast, the socialization theory contends that men and women experience work differently because men see work as more 09 to their lives.  These 10 explanations apart, today business appears to be undergoing a feminisation of leadership.

01.        1. exercise        2. undertake      3. authorize       4. empower      
02.        1. affect                        2. succeed        3. compete        4. progress       
03.        1. traditional      2. charismatic    3. masculine      4. benevolent    
04.        1. outlive           2. outcast          3. outwork         4.  outdo
05.        1. employees     2. subordinates  3. managers      4. counterparts 
06.        1. minimal         2. distinct          3. unique           4. similar          
07.        1. employment   2. culture           3. gender           4. class            
08.        1. variations      2. discriminations3.resemblances            4. distortions    
09         . needy             2. desperate      3. preliminary     4.  central
10.        1. contradictory  2. corresponding            3.discriminating 4. analogical     

Directions (Qs. 11 to 15) : In these questions, a part of the sentence is underlined.  Below each sentence, three possible substitutions are given for the underlined part.  If one of them (1), (2) or (3) is better than the underlined part, indicate your response against the corresponding letter (1), (2) or (3).  If none of the substitution improves the sentence, indicate (4) as your response. Thus, a ‘No improvement’ response is signified by the letter (4).
11.          On  July 14, 1789, an armed mob seized the Bastille, a royal prison in Paris that came to symbolize the oppressive nature of the Bourbon rulers.
1. Was come to symbolize    2.  Has come to symbolize   3. Had come to symbolize
4. No improvement
12.              Please turn off the volume of the radio, so that it is not quite so loud.
1. Out      2. Down     3. In      4. No improvement
13.              His access to the throne was a turning point in our history.
1. Acquisition of   2. Acceptance of    3. Accession to     4. No improvement.
14.  They were then asked to write a short account of what they have seen.
1. Were seen   2. Had been seen   3. Had seen   4. No improvement
15.              The printing press is one of man’s cleverest invention.
1. Cleverest inventions   2. Clever invention   3. Cleverer invention
4. No improvement
            Directions (Q. 16-20):  In each of the following questions, there is a passage followed by a question.  Read the passage carefully and then answer the question that follows:
16.        The 26-day-long nationwide strike of university and college teachers was called off on Saturday evening after a settlement between the government and the teachers’ representatives.   The government assured the representatives that no punitive action will be taken against those who took part in the strike.
The paragraph best supports the statement that
1.         The teachers had called an inordinately lengthy strike.
2.         The government was very polite in dealing with the striking teachers
3. There was some sort of an understanding arrived at between the teachers and the government.
4. The government had intended to punish the teachers for their strike.
            .Q. 17.  Almost two-thirds of U.S. medical schools now teach alternative therapies, including chiropractic, acupuncture, herbal remedies, and mind-body medicine, a survey found.  It also found that 75 of the 117 responding schools offered elective courses in alternative medicine or included those topics in required courses.
The paragraph best supports the statement that
1.         The US is on the verge of adopting an alternative medicinal system.
2.         Surveys such as these are eye-openers to the changing society of our times.
3.         Alternative medicinal systems are more effective than the usual medicinal system, for them to be adopted in a country like the US.
4.         Schools in the US have brought about a change in medical courses, by incorporating them in their syllabi.

Qn.18.  According to the American Express Global Shopping Monitor for 1998, Indians will feature as the highest spenders among those traveling abroad this year.  They will be spending largely on electronics—the highest among all nationalities.   Further, unlike, the British or the Brazilians—among 13 nationalities covered in the just released survey—Indians won’t do anything so un-businesslike like lazing on the beach, but will do some determined sightseeing in their leisure time.
The paragraph best supports the statement that
1.         The British and the Brazilians do not spend much abroad.
2.         Indians do not waste their time in leisure activities abroad.
3.         Indians are very businesslike when they are abroad.
4.         Sightseeing on a foreign travel is not a leisurely activity.
Qn.19.  A majority of today’s youngsters feel they are in control of their lives and are confident about their future.  They seem to understand well that in today’s competitive world one should learn to stand on one’s own two feet.
The paragraph best supports the statement that
1.         Today’s youngsters are more farsighted than their ancestors about their present and future.
2.         There is a need to be competitive in today’s world.
3.         Youngsters are the torch-bearers of the society.
4.         Standing on one’s feet is very important today.
Qn.20.  Consumption of adulterated mustard oil in Delhi has led to over 40 deaths due to dropsy in the past few days.  This has eventually led the Delhi government to ban the sale of mustard oil in all forms in the capital.  Similar orders to ban the sale of mustard oil have also been issued in other states as well.
The paragraph best supports the statement that

1.         Dropsy is a deadly disease.
2.         Adulterated mustard oil is a cause for dropsy.
3.         Dropsy has spread to other states apart from Delhi.
4.         The Delhi government has banned the sale of adulterated mustard oil in all forms due to the outbreak of dropsy.

            Directions (Q.21 to 35): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.  Certain words/phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
            In modern times Abraham Lincoln stands as the model of a compassionate statesman.  He showed this quality not only in striving for the emancipation of the American blacks but in the dignity with which he conducted the American Civil War.

            Lincoln did not fancy himself as a liberator.  He though it would be better for all if emancipation was a gradual process spread over many years.  He proposed compensation for slave-owners in US bonds and grants for the rehabilitation of blanks – ‘colonization’ as he called it.  But fate was to deem otherwise.  The haste, with which the South wanted to break away from the Union with the North, compelled him to move faster than he expected.    Perhaps more than most men of his time he had thought through the issue of slavery.  ‘We must free the slaves’, he said, ‘or be ourselves subdued’.   Before reading his first draft of the Proclamation of Emancipation, he told his colleagues, ‘In giving freedom to the slaves, we assured freedom to the free’.

            On September 22, 1862, Lincoln set his hand on the Proclamation of Emancipation declaring that on the first day of January 1863, all persons held as slaves within any State ‘shall be then, and forever free’.

            Lincoln’s revulsion for slavery let him without any moral indignation or passion against the slave-owners.  The guilt of the slave-owners, he felt, should be shared by the whole country—the North and the South, for it seemed to him that everyone in the nation was an accomplice in perpetuating that system.  To have whipped up any hatred against slave-owners would, to him, have been an act of malice.

            ‘I shall do nothing in malice’, he wrote, ‘what I deal with is too vast for malicious dealing’.   As the Civil War was coming to a successful conclusion, a Northerner demanded of Lincoln: ‘Mr. President, how are you going to treat the Southerners when the war is over’?.  Lincoln replied: ‘As if they never went to war’.

            When the news came of the victory of the Northern against the Confederate forces, someone suggested that the head of the Confederation Administration, Jefferson Davies, really ought to be hanged.  ‘Judge not, that he be not judged’, Lincoln replied.  As to the demand for the prosecution of rebels, Lincoln replied:  ‘We must extinguish our resentments if we expect harmony and union’.  This was his last recorded utterance.

Qn.21.  The sentence ‘In giving freedom … to the free’ (last sentence of Para 2) means
1.         by freeing slaves, we are honouring the concept of freedom.
2.         by freeing slaves, we are safeguarding our own interest.
3.         if we give freedom to the slaves, they will serve us better.
4.         if we do not give freedom to the slaves, they will free themselves.
Qn.,22. What came in Lincoln’s way of carrying out emancipation as a gradual process?
1.         The haste of the South to break away from the Union with the North.
2.         The inadequate compensation given to slave-owners.
3.         His own over-enthusiasm to complete the process fast.
4.         His proposition to give grant for the rehabilitation of slaves.

Qn23.   Which of the following makes Abraham Lincoln a compassionate statesman?
1.         His hesitation in striving for emancipation of American blacks.
2.         His indifference in conducting the American Civil War.
3.         His efforts to force the American blacks from slavery.
4.         None of these.
Qn.24.  The term ‘colonization’ as used in the passage means
1.         making separate dwelling arrangement for slave-owners.
2.         rehabilitation arrangements made for slave-owners.
3.         efforts made by American blacks to free themselves.
4.         None of these.
Qn.25   The incidents in the passage prove that Lincoln was
1.         not a firm administrator.
2.         afraid of the majority of slaves.
3.         unduly concerned for the safety of the rebels.
4.         a sympathetic and kind-hearted statesman.
5.         unreasonably in favour of slaves.
Qn.26.  The author of the passage seems to be
1.         a staunch and biased critic of Abraham Lincoln.
2.         an advocate of the system of slavery.
3.         an opponent of the system of slavery.
4.         impressed with Lincoln’s good qualities.
Qn.27.  According to Lincoln, the culprits of the system of slavery were
1.         the slave-owners alone.      2. the slaves alone.    3. both the slaves and the slave-owners.
4.         all the people in the country.   .
Qn.28.  Which of the following statements is TRUE in the context of the passage?
1.         Lincoln hailed the demand of hanging Jefferson Davies.
2.         Lincoln turned down the demand of the prosecution of  rebels.
3.         Lincoln wondered how mere compassion could lead to harmony.
4.         The Civil War was fought by the Northerners and Southerners against the enemies.
Qn.29.  Lincoln didn’t have any hatred for the slave-owners because
1.         they were in a vast majority.
2.         they all belonged to upper caste.
3.         they would have treated him with malice.
4.         they were not guilty at all.                      
Qn.30.  Lincoln’s reply to the Northerner’s questions  regarding the treatment of the Southerners proves that
1.         the Southerners were wicked in their dealings.
2.         Lincoln did not have revengeful attitude towards the Southerners.
3.         the  Northerners were in favour of the Southerners.
4.         Lincoln did not like the Southerners’ act of breaking away from the Union with the North.

            Directions (Q.31-33):  Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word or group of words given in bold as used in the passage. 
1.         aggravating       2. pioneering      3. criticizing.      4.  continuing.
1.         drowned                        2. conquered     3. overwhelmed 4. submerged   
1.         disgust              2.avenge                       3. apathy           4. feelings
Directions (Q.34-35) Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word or group of words given in bold as used in the passage.
1.         unscrupulous     2. dynamic        3. rapid             4. enthusiastic  
1.         unlawful              2. untrustworthy  3. indecisive 4. unsympathetic
            Directions (Q.36-40): In each of the following sentences there are two blank spaces.  Below each sentence there are five pairs of words denoted by numbers (1), (2), (3), and (4).  Find out which pair of words can be filled up in the sentence in the same sequence to make the sentence meaningfully complete.
Qn. 36. Workers in earlier days were ________ because of which the industries _________ a lot.
 1. honest, lost  2. rich, flourished                       3. autocrats, developed
4. inefficient, suffered.                           
Qn.37.  The speaker’s __________over his subject was seen through his__________ discourse.
1.  mastery, fluent          2.efficiency, thorough     3.lethargy, dull
4. grip, boring               
Qn.38.  The judge ____________him because he was found _________ on the basis of the evidence.
1. acquitted, criminal      2. praised, guilty                        3. sentenced, innocent
4.. pardoned, innocent.
Qn.39. The other servants had to ______________ since Ramu alone _______________ all the food.
1. leave, prepared                      2. eat, cooked               3. wait, spoiled
4.  starve, consumed.
Qn.40.  If you do not _______ all your monthly expenses would ________ your income.
1. spend, gain                2. save, outwit               3. economise, exceed
4. think, swallow                       
            Directions (Q.41-50):  Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it.   The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence.  The number of that part is the answer.  .  (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any)
41.        The principles of equal justice(1)/for all is one of(2)/the cornerstones of our(3)/democratic way of life.(4)/.
42.        The Trust has succeeded(1)/admirably in raise(2)/money for(3)/its future programmes.(4)/.
43.        Honesty, integrity and being intelligent)1)/are the qualities which(2)/we look for when (3)/ we interview applicants.(4)/.
44.        In order to save petrol, (1)/motorists must have to (2)/ be very cautious(3)/while driving along the highways.(4)/).
45.        If the by-stander had not been(1)/familiar with first-aid techniques,(2)/the driver which had met(3)/ with the accident would have died. (4)/.
46.        Not one of the children (1)/ nor the subsequent fire (2)/ was able to dampen (3)/ the spirit of the residents. (4)/ .
47.        ‘Neither the earthquake(1)/ nor the subsequent fire (2)/ was able to dampen (3)/ the spirit of the residents.  (4)/.
48.        The customer scarcely had (1)/enough money to pay(2)/ to the cashier(3)/ at the cash counter.(4)/ .
49.        The apparently obvious solutions (1)/to most of his problems(2)/ were overlook by(3)/ many of his friends.(4)/ .
50.        By arresting the local criminals(1)/ and encouraging good people,(2)/we can end(3)/hostilities of that area. (4)/.


 Qn.No.  Ans      Q.No.    Ans      Q.         Ans      Q.         Ans      Q.         Ans

01.        1          02         2          03         3          04         4          05         4
06         4          07         3          08         2          09         4          10         1
11         3          12         2          13         3          14         3          15         1
16         3          17         4          18         3          19         1          20         4
21         1          22         1          23         4          24         4          25         4
26         4          27         4          28         2          29         4          30         2
31         4          32         2          33         1          34         3          35         4
36         4          37         1          38         4          39         4          40         3
41         1          42         2          43         1          44         2          45         3
46         2          47         3          48         2          49         3          50         4

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