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WORD LIST --S TO W

saboteur
n. person who commits sabotage
saccharine
adj. very sweet; too sweet
sacrilegious
desecrating; profane
sacrosanct
adj. considered too important to be changed, argued about, etc
sadistic
adj. of or showing sadism
saga
n. long story of heroic deeds, esp of Icelandic or Norwegian heroes ,
sagacious
adj. showing wisdom and good judgement
sage
n. very wise man
salacious
adj. (of speech, books, pictures, etc) treating sexual activity, nudity, etc in an obscene way; indecent; lewd ,
salient
adj. most noticeable or important; main
saline
adj. containing salt; salty
sallow
adj. (of a person's skin or complexion) yellowish
salubrious
adj. (esp of the climate) health-giving
salutary
adj. having a good effect
salvage
n. rescue of a damaged ship or its cargo; rescue of property from damage caused by fire, floods, etc
sanctimonious
adj. showing that one feels morally better than other people
sanction
n. permission or approval for an action, a change, etc
sanctuary
n. sacred place, eg a church, temple or mosque ,
sanguinary
adj. with much bloodshed; bloody
sanguine
adj. ~ (about sth/that...) hopeful; optimistic
sap
n. liquid in a plant that carries food to all its parts
sarcasm
n. bitter, esp ironic, remarks intended to wound sb's feelings
sardonic
adj. expressing scorn, usu in a grimly humorous way; mocking
sartorial
adj. of (usu men's) clothes or a way of dressing
sate
satisfy to the full; cloy
satellite
n. natural body in space orbiting round a larger body, esp a planet
satiate
v. provide (sb) with so much of sth that he wants no more
satire
n. attacking foolish or wicked behaviour by making fun of it, often by using sarcasm and parody
satirical
adj. containing or using satire
saturate
v. ~ sth make sth very wet; soak sth
saturnine
adj. (of a person or his appearance) gloomy
satyr
n. god of the woods, half man and half goat
saunter
v. walk in a leisurely way; stroll
savant
n. person of great learning
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality
savory
n. herb of the mint family used in cooking
scabbard
n. cover for the blade of a sword, dagger or bayonet; sheath .
scad
a great quantity
scaffold
n. frame made of long metal tubes put up next to a building so that builders, painters, etc can work on it, or to support a platform
scale
n. any of the thin overlapping plates of hard material covering the skin of many fish and reptiles
scanty
adj. small in size or amount; hardly large enough
scapegoat
n. person who is blamed or punished for the wrongdoing of sb else
scavenge
v. ~ (of an animal or a bird) search for decaying flesh as food; use decaying flesh for food
scenario
n. written outline of a film, play, etc with details of the scenes and plot
schematic
adj. in the form of a diagram or chart
scheme
n. ~ plan for doing or organizing sth
schism
n. strong disagreement, esp in a religious organization over doctrine, in which one group stops recognizing the authority of the other
scholarly
adj. showing the learning, care and attention typical of a scholar
scintilla
n. not a scintilla of sth (fml ) not the slightest amount of sth
scintillate
v. give off sparks; sparkle
scion
n. young member of a family, esp a noble one ,
scoff
v. I, Ipr] ~ speak contemptuously (about or to sb/sth); jeer or mock
scorch
v. burn or discolour (a surface) by dry heat
score
n. number of points, goals, etc made by a player or team in a game, or gained in a competition, etc
scotch
adj. of Scottish people
scourge
n. whip for flogging people
scowl
n. bad-tempered or angry look on the face
scrap
n. C] small, usu unwanted, piece; fragment
scrappy
adj. made up of bits and pieces; not well organized; not complete
scraps
[ scrap: ] a small piece of something larger; fragment
screech
v. I, Ipr, Ip, Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] ~ (out) (at sb) give a harsh high-pitched cry; call out (sth) in such a way
scrimmage
n. confused struggle or fight; tussle
scruple
n. feeling that prevents one from doing or allowing sth that one thinks may be wrong
scrupulous
adj. extremely careful and thorough; paying great attention to details
scrutinize
examine closely and critically
scuffle
n. confused struggle between people who are close together
scurrilous
adj. abusive and insulting, esp in a crude or obscene way
scurry
v. run with short quick steps
scurvy
n. disease of the blood caused by a lack of vitamin C in the diet
scuttle
v. run with short quick steps
seamy
adj. unattractive andsordid
sear
v. scorch or burn (a surface)
season
n. part of the year distinguished according to its particular type of weather, esp one of the four traditional periods into which the year is divided, ie spring, summer, autumn and winter
seasonable
adj. suitable for the time of year
seasonal
adj. happening during a particular season; varying with the seasons
seasoned
[ season: ] one of the four equal periods into which the year is divided by the equinoxes and solstices, resulting from the apparent movement of the sun north and south of the equator during the course of the earth's orbit around it.
secession
n. ~ (fml ) (instance of) seceding
seclusion
n. secluding or being secluded
secrete
v. (of an organ) produce (a substance, usu liquid) either as waste material or for use within the body
sect
n. group of people who share (esp religious) beliefs or opinions which differ from those of most people
sectarian
adj. of a sect or sects
secular
adj. not concerned with spiritual or religious affairs; worldly
sedate
adj. calm and dignified; composed
sedative
n. drug or medicine that sedates
sedentary
adj. done sitting down
sedition
n. words or actions intended to make people rebel against the authority of the State
seduce
v. tempt to have sexual intercourse
sedulous
adj. showing much hard work, steady effort or care
seedy
adj. shabby-looking; disreputable
seemly
/ adj (dated or fml ) proper and suitable by the standards of polite society
seep
v. ~ through into sth/out (of sth) (of liquids) flow slowly and in small quantities through a substance
seethe
v. bubble and froth as if boiling
seine
net for catching fish
seismic
adj. of earthquakes
selective
adj. using or based on selection
self-indulgence
n.
self-righteous
adj. showing in a smug way that one believes that what one does, thinks, etc is right
semblance
n. ~ of sth appearance of being sth; likeness to sth
seminal
adj. of seed or semen
seminary
n. college for training priests or rabbis
senility
n. state of being senile
sensitization
[ sensitize: ] to make or become sensitive
sensual
= adj of, suggesting, enjoying or giving physical (often sexual) pleasure
sensuous
adj. affecting, noticed by or giving pleasure to the senses
sententious
adj. expressing pompous moral judgements
sentient
adj. capable of perceiving or feeling things
sentimental
adj. of or concerning the emotions, rather than the reason
sentinel
n. sentry
septic
adj. caused by or causing infection with harmful bacteria
sepulcher
[ sepulchre: ] a burial vault, tomb, or grave
sequester
v. ~ sb/oneself (from sth) keep sb/oneself away or apart from other people; seclude
sere
being dried and withered
serendipity
n. making pleasant and unexpected discoveries entirely by chance
serenity
the quality or state of being shining bright and steady
serpentine
adj. twisting and curving like a snake
serrated
adj. having notches on the edge like a saw; having a toothed edge
servile
adj. too ready to obey others; lacking independence
servitude
n. condition of being forced to work for others and having no freedom
sever
v. ~ sth (from sth) divide or break or separate sth by cutting
severance
n. cutting or being cut; discontinuation
severity
n. quality of being severe
sextant
n. instrument used for measuring the altitude of the sun, eg in order to determine the position of one's ship ,
shack
n. roughly built shed, hut or house
shackle
n. either of a pair of metal rings linked by a chain, used for fastening a prisoner's wrists or ankles together
shade
n. ~ (place where there is) comparative darkness and often coolness caused by sth blocking direct light or heat, esp of the sun
sham
v. pretend (sth); feign
shambles
n. scene of complete disorder; muddle; mess
Shangri-la
a remote or imaginary utopia
shard
n. broken piece of pottery, glass, etc
shaving
[ shave: ] [also intr] to remove (the beard, hair, etc.) from (the face, head, or body) by scraping the skin with a razor
sheaf
n. bundle of stalks of corn, barley, etc tied together after reaping
shear
v. cut the wool off (a sheep) with shears
sheathe
v. put (sth) into a sheath
shed
n. one-storey building used for storing things, sheltering animals, vehicles, etc or as a workshop
sheer
adj. complete; thorough; utter
sherbet
refreshing drink of weak sweet fruit-juice
shift
v. ~ (sth/sb/oneself) (from.../to...); ~ (sth/sb/oneself) (about/around) (cause sth/sb/oneself to) change or move from one position or direction to another
shimmer
v. shine with a soft light that seems to waver
shirk
v. avoid doing (work, one's duty, etc) through laziness, cowardice, etc
shoddy
adj. of poor quality or badly made
shoot
v. ~ (sth) (at sb/sth); ~ sth (from sth); ~ sth (off) fire (a gun or some other weapon); fire (a bullet, an arrow, etc) at sb/sth
shove
v. push roughly
shrew
n. small mouse-like animal that feeds on insects
shrewd
adj. having or showing good judgement and common sense; astute
shrivel
v. ~ (sth) (up) (cause sth to) shrink and wrinkle from heat, cold or dryness
shudder
v. ~ (with sth) shiver violently with cold, fear, etc; tremble
shuffle
v. walk without lifting the feet completely clear of the ground
shun
v. keep away from (sth/sb); avoid
shunt
v. move (a railway locomotive, wagons, etc) from one track to another
shyster
n. unscrupulous and dishonest person, esp a lawyer
sibling
n. any one of two or more people with the same parents; brother or sister
sibylline
adj. spoken by or characteristic of a sibyl; mysteriously prophetic
sidereal
adj. of the stars or measured by them
sidetrack
to distract or be distracted from a main subject or topic
sift
v. put (sth) through a sieve
significant
adj. having a meaning, esp one that is immediately obvious
silt
n. sand, mud, etc carried by flowing water and left at the mouth of a river, in a harbour, etc
simian
adj. n (of or like a) monkey or ape
simile
n. comparison of one thing with another, eg `as brave as a lion', `a face like a mask'
simper
v. smile in a foolish, affected way
simplistic
adj. making difficult problems, issues, ideas, etcseem much simpler than they really are; over-simplifying
simulate
v. pretend to have or feel
sinecure
n. position that requires no work or responsibility, but gives the holder prestige or money
sinewy
adj. having strong sinews; tough; muscular
singular
adj. of the form used when speaking about one person or thing
sinister
adj. suggesting evil, or that sth bad may happen
sinuous
adj. having many curves and twists; winding
siren
n. device that makes a long loud sound as a signal or warning
skeptic
= sceptic
skiff
n. small light boat for rowing or sculling, usu by one person ,
skim
v. remove cream, scum, etc from the surface of (a liquid)
skimp
v. ~ use or provide less than enough of (what is needed)
skinflint
n. miser
skirmish
n. fight between small groups of soldiers, ships, etc, esp one that is not planned
skittish
adj. lively and playful; difficult to control
skulduggery
n. deception and planning of evil acts; trickery
skulk
v. hide or move around as if one is ashamed or trying to hide, esp when one is planning sth bad
slack
adj. not tight or tense; loose
slacken
v. become slack
slag
n. waste matter that remains after metal has been extracted from ore by smelting
slake
v. satisfy
slander
n. false statement intended to damage sb's reputation
slap
v. strike (sb/sth) with the palm of the hand or with sth flat; smack
slapdash
adj. adv in a careless and hasty way
slaughter
n. the killing of animals, esp for food
slavish
adj. lacking in independence or originality
sleazy
adj. (infml ) (esp of a place) dirty and not respectable; sordid
sledge
n. vehicle with long narrow strips of wood, metal, etc instead of wheels, for travelling over ice and snow
sleek
adj. smooth and glossy
sleeper
n. person who sleeps in the specified way
sleigh
n. sledge, esp one drawn by a horse
sleight
n. ,sleight of `hand great skill in using the hands in performing conjuring tricks, etc
slew
pt of slay
slick
adj. done smoothly and efficiently, apparently without effort
slight
adj. not serious or important; small
slink
v. move as if one feels guilty or ashamed, or does not want to be seen
slipshod
adj. not done or not doing things carefully; careless
slither
v. slide or slip unsteadily
sloth
n. laziness; idleness ;
slough
n. swamp; marsh ;
slovenly
adj. careless, untidy, dirty, etc in appearance, dress or habits
sluggard
n. lazy slow-moving person
sluggish
adj. slow-moving; not alert or lively; lethargic
sluice
n. sliding gate or other device for controlling the flow of water out of or into a canal, lake, lock, etc
slur
v. run (sounds, words) into each other so that they are indistinct
sly
adj. (often derog ) acting or done in a secret, often cunning and deceitful, way
smart
adj. bright and new-looking; well-dressed; neat
smattering
n. ~ slight knowledge, esp of a language
smear
v. ~ sth on/over sth/sb; ~ sth/sb with sth spread a greasy or sticky substance, eg paint, on sth/sb
smelt
v. heat and melt in order to obtain the metal it contains
smirk
n. silly or self-satisfied smile
smolder
= smoulder
smother
v. die from lack of air, or from not being able to breathe; suffocate
smudge
n. dirty or blurred mark, oftencaused by rubbing
smug
adj. (usu derog ) too pleased with or proud of oneself, one's achievements, etc; self-satisfied
sneak
v. ~ (to sb) (Brit infml derog , ) (used esp by children ) tell an adult about the faults, wrongdoings, etc of another child
snicker
v. laugh in a suppressed, esp unpleasant, way; snigger
snip
v. ~ (at) sth cut sth sharply (esp with scissors or shears) in short quick strokes
snivel
v. (derog ) cry and sniff in a miserable, usu self-pitying, way
snub
v. treat (sb) coldly, rudely or with contempt, esp by paying no attention (to him)
snuffle
v. make sniffing noises
soar
v. go up high in the air quickly
sober
adj. with one's actions and thoughts not affected by alcohol
sobriety
n. quality or state of being sober
sodden
adj. soaked through; very wet
sojourn
v. stay (with sb) in a place for a time
solace
n. (thing that gives) comfort or relief (from pain, trouble, distress, etc)
solder
n. soft mixture of metals used, when melted, for joining harder metals, wires, etc together
solecism
n. mistake in the use of language, esp one that shows sb to be foreign or of low social class ,
solemnity
n. state or quality of being solemn; seriousness
solicit
v. ~ (for sth); ~ (sth) (from sb) (fml ) ask (sb) for (eg money, help, votes) earnestly; try to obtain (sth)
solicitor
n. lawyer who prepares legal documents (eg for the sale of land or buildings), advises clients on legal matters, and speaks for them in the lower courts
solicitous
adj. ~ (fml ) very concerned and anxious about (sb's welfare, comfort, etc)
soliloquy
n. speaking one's thoughts aloud, esp in a play when a character does this without another character being present on stage
solitude
n. being alone without companions; solitary state
solstice
n. either of the two times of the year at which the sun is furthest North or South of the equator
soluble
adj. ~ that can be dissolved
solvent
adj. having enough money to pay one's debts; not in debt
somatic
pertaining to the body; physical
somber
of a dismal or depressing character:MELANCHOLY
somnambulist
n. person who does this; sleep-walker ;
somnolent
adj. almost asleep; sleepy; drowsy
sonic
adj. relating to sound, sound-waves or the speed of sound
sonnet
n. type of poem containing 14 lines, each of 10 syllables, and with a formal pattern of rhymes
sonorous
adj. having a full deep sound
soothsayer
n. fortune-teller; prophet
sophist
n. person who uses clever but false arguments intended to deceive
sophisticated
adj. having or showing much worldly experience and knowledge of fashionable life
sophistication
n. quality of being sophisticated
sophistry
n. use of sophisms
sophomoric
conceited and overconfident of knowledge but poorly informed and immature
soporific
n, adj causing sleep
sordid
adj. (of conditions, places, etc) dirty and unpleasant; squalid
sound
adj. in good condition; not hurt, diseased, injured or damaged
sour
adj. having a sharp taste (like that of vinegar, a lemon or unripe fruit)
sovereign
adj. (of power) without limit; highest
sovereignty
n. independent sovereign power
sow
n. fully grown female pig .
spangle
n. tiny piece of shining metal or plastic used for decoration on a dress, etc, esp in large numbers
spare
adj. in addition to what is usu needed or used; kept in reserve for use when needed
sparse
adj. not dense, thick or crowded; thinly scattered
Spartan
adj. (of conditions) simple and harsh; without luxury or comforts
spasmodic
adj. occurring or done at irregular intervals (usu for short periods at a time); not continuous or regular
spat
pt, pp of spit1
spate
n. sudden fast rush
spatial
adj. of, concerning or existing in space
spatula
n. tool with a wide flat blunt blade used for mixing and spreading, esp in cooking and painting
spawn
n. eggs of fish, shellfish and frogs, toads, etc
specious
adj. seeming rightor true but actually wrong or false
speck
n. very small spot or stain; tiny particle
spectral
adj. of or like a spectre(1)
spectrum
n. (usu sing ) image of a band of colours as seen in a rainbow (and usu described as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet), formed by a ray of light that has passed through a prism
speechless
adj. unable to speak, esp because of strong feeling
spendthrift
n. person who spends money extravagantly and wastefully
sphinx-like

spin
v. ~ sth (round) make sth turn round and round rapidly
splice
v. join (two ends of rope) by weaving the strands of one into the strands of the other
spoilsport
(informal)
spontaneity
impulsiveness; absence of premeditation
spoof
n. ~ (of/on sth) humorous imitation or parody
spoonerism
n. result of changing round, esp accidentally, the initial sounds of two or more words when speaking, eg well-boiled icicle for well-oiled bicycle well-oiled bicycle well-boiled icicle
sporadic
adj. happening or seen only occasionally or in a few places; occurring irregularly
sportive
adj. playful
sprightly
adj. lively and full of energy
sprout
v. ~ (from sth) begin to grow or appear; put out leaves, shoots, etc
spruce
adj. tidy and clean in appearance; smart ;
spry
adj. lively and active
spurious
adj. not genuine or authentic; false or fake
spurn
v. reject or refuse scornfully or contemptuously
squabble
v. ~ (about/over sth) quarrel noisily (as children do), esp over unimportant matters
squalid
adj. very dirty and unpleasant (esp because of neglect or poverty)
squalor
n. squalid state
squander
v. ~ sth waste (time, money, etc); use sth wastefully
squash
v. press or squeeze (sb/sth) flat or into a pulp; crush
squat
v. ~ (down) (of people) sit on one's heels or on the ground with the knees drawn up under or close to the body; crouch
squeamish
adj. having a delicate stomach and easily made sick
squelch
v. make a sucking sound as when feet are lifted from thick sticky mud
staccato
adj. adv (to be played) with each successive note short, clear anddetached; not smooth(ly)
stagnant
adj. not flowing and therefore dirty and smelling unpleasant; still and stale
staid
adj. (of people, their appearance, behaviour, tastes, etc) serious, dull and old-fashioned; conservative
stalemate
n. position of the pieces in the game of chess in which the player whose move it is cannot move without putting his king in check
stalwart
adj. (of a person) strong and sturdy
stamina
n. ability to endure much physical or mental strain; long-lasting energy and resilience; staying-power
stammer
v. speak with sudden pauses and a tendency to repeat rapidly the same sound or syllable (because of a speech defect or from fear, excitement, etc)
stamp
v. ~ sth put (one's foot) down heavily on (the ground, etc); flatten (sth) by doing this
stampede
n. sudden rush of frightened animals
stanch
v. stop the flow of (esp blood)
standstill
n. halt; stop
stanza
n. group of lines forming a unit in some types of poem; verse of poetry
start
n. beginning of a journey, an activity, a plan, a race, etc; process or act of starting
stately
adj. dignified; imposing; grand
static
adj. not moving or changing; stationary
statute
n. law passed by Parliament or a similar law-making body and written down formally
statutory
adjfixed, done or required by statute
steadfast
adj. ~ (fml usu approv , ) firm and not changing or yielding; constant
stealth
n. acting or behaving in a quiet or secret way
steep
adj. (of a slope, stairs, etc) rising or falling sharply, not gradually
stellar
adj. of a star or stars
stem
n. main central part of a plant, bush or tree coming up from the roots, from which the leaves or flowers grow
stench
n. very unpleasant smell
stentorian
adj. (of a voice) loud and powerful
stereotype
n. image,idea, character, etc that has become fixed or standardizedin a conventional form without individuality
sterile
adj. not producing or not able to produce seeds, young or children
stickler
n. ~ for sth person who thinks that a certain goal is very important and tries to make other people aim at it
stifle
v. feel or make unable to breathe (easily) because of lack of fresh air; suffocate
stigma
n. mark of shame or disgrace; shameful feeling or reputation
stilted
adj. (of a manner of talking, writing, behaving, etc) stiff and unnatural; artificial
stink
v. (infml ) ~ (of sth) have a very unpleasant and offensive smell
stint
v. ~ on sth; ~ sb/oneself (usu in negative sentences ) restrict, limit sb/oneself to a small amount of (esp food)
stipend
n. official income (esp of a clergyman); salary ;
stipple
v. paint, draw or engrave in small dots (not in lines, etc)
stipulate
v. state (sth) clearly and firmly as a requirement
stock
n. store of goods available for sale, distribution or use, in a shop, warehouse, etc
stockade
n. line or wall of strong upright posts, built as a defence
stodgy
adj. (infml derog , ) (of food) heavy, solid and difficult to digest
stoic
n. person who has great self-control and who endures pain, discomfort or misfortune without complaining or showing signs of feeling it ,
stoke
v. ~ sth (with sth) put (coal or some other fuel) on the fire of a furnace, an engine, etc
stolid
adj. (of a person) not easily excited; showing little or no emotion or interest
stoop
v. ~ (down) bend forward and down
stout
adj. strong and thick
straggle
v. grow or spread in an irregular or untidy manner
strangle
v. kill by squeezing or gripping the throat tightly; throttle
stratagem
n. trick, plan or scheme to deceive sb (esp an enemy)
stratified
[ stratify: ] to form or be formed in layers or strata
stratum
n. any of a series of horizontal layers, esp of rock in the earth's crust
strew
v. ~ A (on/over B); ~ B with A scatter sth (over a surface); cover (a surface) with scattered things; sprinkle
striated
adj. marked with stripes, lines or furrows
stricture
n. (fml ) severe criticism or condemnation
strident
adj. loud and harsh; shrill
stringent
adj. that must be obeyed; strict or severe
strut
n. rod or bar placed in a framework to strengthen and brace it
studied
adj. carefully considered; intentional; deliberate
studious
adj. spending a lot of time studying
stultify
v. (fml ) cause (sth) to be ineffective or seem absurd; negate
stumble
v. ~ strike one's foot against sth and almost fall
stump
n. part of a tree left in the ground after the rest has fallen or been cut down
stun
v. make (a person or an animal) unconscious by a blow, esp to the head
stupefy
make numb; stun; amaze
stupor
n. condition of being dazed or nearly unconscious caused by shock, drugs, alcohol, etc
sturdy
adj. strong and solid
stygian
adj. very dark; gloomy
stymie
n. situation on the green in which an opponent's ball is between one's own ball and the hole
suavity
[ suave: ]
subaltern
n. any officer in the army below the rank of captain
subdue
v. bring under control by force; defeat
subjective
adj. existing in the mind and not produced by things outside the mind
subjugate
v. gain controlof (a country, etc); subdue; conquer ;
sublimate
v. express (instinctual urges, esp sexual ones) in more socially acceptable ways
sublime
adj. of the greatest, most admirable kind; causing awe and reverence
subliminal
adj. being perceivedor affecting the mind without one being aware of it
submerge
v. go under the surface of a liquid, the sea, etc
submissive
adj. willing to yield to the authority of others; obedient
subordinate
adj. ~ (to sb) lower in rank or position
suborn
v. use bribery or some other means to persuade (sb) to do sth illegal, esp tell lies in a court of law
subpoena
n. written order requiring a person to appear in a lawcourt
subsequent
adj. later; following
subservient
adj. ~ (often derog ) giving too much respect, obedience, etc; submissive
subside
v. sink to a lower or to the normal level
subsidiary
adj. 1~ connected to but smaller, of less importance,etc than sth else; subordinate
subsidy
n. money paid, esp by a government, to help an industry, to support the arts, to keep prices down, etc
subsistence
n. subsisting
substantial
adj. large in amount; considerable
substantiate
v. give facts to support (a claim, statement, etc); prove
substantive
adj. genuine or actual; real
subsume
v. ~ sth (fml ) include sth in a particular group, class, etc or under a rule
subterfuge
n. trick or excuse, esp one used to avoid difficulties, blame, failure, etc
subtlety
n. quality of being subtle
subversive
adj. ~ trying or likely to weaken or destroy a political system, an accepted belief, etc
succinct
adj. expressedbriefly and clearly; concise
succor
to go to the aid of:RELIEVE
succulent
adj. (of fruit and meat) juicy and delicious
succumb
v. ~ (fml ) stop resisting (temptation, illness, attack, etc); yield
suckle
v. feed with milk from the breast or udder
suffocate
v. die as a result of not being able to breathe
suffragist
advocate of voting rights (for women)
suffuse
v. ~ sth (esp of colour or moisture) spread all over sth
suitor
n. man courting a woman
sullen
adj. silent, bad-tempered and gloomy
sully
v. (fml or rhet usu fig , ) make (sth) dirty; stain; ruin or destroy (sb's reputation, etc)
sultry
adj. (of the weather, air, etc) oppressively hot and humid
summation
n. summing-up; summary
sumptuous
adj. looking expensive and splendid
sunder
v. ~ sth/sb (fml or rhet ) separate sth/sb, esp by force or for ever
sundry
adj. various
superannuated
adj. old and barely fit for work or use
supercilious
adj. thinking or showing that one thinks one is better than other people; arrogant and disdainful
supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
superficial
adj. of or on the surface only
superfluous
adj. more than is needed or wanted
superimpose
v. ~ sth put sth on top of sth else, esp so that what is underneath can still be seen, heard, etc
supernumerary
adj. in excess of the normal number; extra
supersede
v. take the place of be introduced so as to be used instead of (sth/sb)
supine
adj. lying flat on the back,face upwards
supplant
v. take the place of (sb/sth); replace
supple
adj. bent or bending easily; not stiff; flexible
suppliant
n, adj (person) asking humbly for sth
supplicant
n. person who supplicates; suppliant
supplicate
v. ~ sth (fml ) ask (sb) humbly or pleadingly for sth
supposition
n. supposing
supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
suppress
v. put an end to (sth), esp by force; crush
surfeit
n. ~ (of sth) too much of sth, esp of food and drink
surge
v. move forward in or like waves
surly
adj. bad-tempered and unfriendly
surmise
v. suppose (sth) without having evidence that makes it certain; guess
surmount
v. deal with (a difficulty, etc); overcome
surpass
v. ~ sb/sth (in sth) (fml ) do or be better than sb/sth; exceed sb/sth
surreptitious
adj. done or acting secretly or stealthily
surrogate
n. ~ (fml ) person or thing that acts or is used instead of another; substitute
surveillance
n. careful watch kept on sb suspected of doing wrong
susceptible
adj. ~ to sth easily influenced or harmed by sth
suspend
v. ~ sth (fml ) hang sth up
suspense
n. feeling of tenseness, worry, etc about what may happen
sustain
v. bear (weight) without breaking or falling
sustenance
n. food and drink; nourishment
suture
n. stitch or stitches made in sewing up a wound, esp following an operation ,
swagger
v. walk or behave in a proud or boastful way
swamp
n. soft wet land; marsh ;
swarm
n. large number of insects, birds, etc moving around together, esp bees following a queen bee
swarthy
adj. dark or dark-skinned
swathe
n. strip of grass or other plants cut by a mower, scythe, etc
sway
v. move or lean slowly from side to side
swear
v. ~ (at sb/sth) use rude or blasphemous words in anger, surprise, etc; curse
swear-word
n. rude or blasphemous word
swell
v. ~(to sth); ~ (sth) (up) (with sth) (cause sth to) becomelarger or bulge outwards, eg because of pressure from inside
swelter
v. be uncomfortably hot; suffer from the heat
swerve
v. change direction suddenly
swill
v. ~ sth (out/down) (esp Brit) rinse or flush sth by pouring large amounts of water, etc into, over or through it
swindler
n. person who swindles
swipe
v. (infml ) ~ (at) sth/sb (try to) hit sth/sb with a swinging or reckless blow
sybarite
n. person who is very fond of luxury and comfort
sycophant
n. person who tries to gain people's favour by insincerely flattering them and always agreeing with them
syllogism
n. form of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn from two statements, eg All men must die; I am a man; therefore I must die
sylvan
=> silvan
symbiosis
n. relationship between two species, organisms,etc that live close together and depend on each other in various ways
symmetry
n. exact match in size and shape between the two halves of sth
synchronous
similary timed; simultaneous with
synoptic
adj. of or forming a synopsis
synthesis
n. combining of separate parts, elements, etc to form a complex whole
synthetic
adj. made by synthesis(
tablet
n. slab or panel with words cut or written on it, esp one fixed to a wall as a memorial ,
tacit
adj. understoodwithout being put into words; implied
taciturn
adj. saying very little; uncommunicative ;
tact
n. skill at not offending people or at gaining goodwill by saying or doing the right thing
tactful
adj. having or showing tact
tactile
adj. of or using the sense of touch
taint
n. trace of some bad quality or decay or infection
takeoff

talisman
n. object that is thought to bring good luck, eg a ring or locket
talon
n. claw, esp of a bird of prey
tan
v. convert (animal skin) into leather by treating it with tannic acid, etc
tangential
peripheral; only slightly connected; digressing
tangible
adj. that can be perceived by touch
tanner
n. person who tans skins to make leather
tantalize
to tease or torment by or as if by presenting something desirable to the view but continually keeping it out of reach
tantamount
adj. ~ to sth equal in effect to sth; as good as sth
tantrum
n. outburst of bad temper, esp in a child
taper
n. length of wax-covered thread like a very thin candle burned to give light or to light other candles, etc
tarantula
n. any of several types of large spider, many of them hairy and some of them poisonous ,
tardy
adj. (fml ) slow to act, move or happen
tarnish
v. lose its brightness by being exposed to air or damp
tarry
v. (arch or rhet ) delay in coming to or going from a place; linger
tart
adj. sharp-tasting; acid
tatter
to make or become ragged or worn to shreds
taunt
v. ~ sb try to provoke sb with scornful or critical remarks; jeer at sb
taut
adj. tightly stretched; not slack
tautological
tautologous / tR
tawdry
adj. showy or gaudy but without real value
tawny
adj. brownish-yellow
taxonomist
one who study the general principles of scientific classification
tedium
n. tediousness; boredom
teetotalism
the principle or practice of complete abstinence from alcoholic drinks
temerity
n. audacity; rashness
temper
n. state of the mind as regards anger or calmness
temperament
n. person's nature as it affects the way he thinks, feels and behaves
temperate
adj. behaving with temperance(1); showing self-control
tempestuous
adj. stormy; violently agitated; turbulent
tempo
n. speed or rhythm of a piece of music
temporal
adj. of worldly affairs, ie not spiritual; secular
temporize
avoid committing oneself; gain time
tenacious
adj. sticking or clinging firmly together or to an object
tenacity
firmness; persistency; adhesiveness
tenancy
use of land or buildings as a tenant(1)
tenant
n. person who pays rent to a landlord for the use of a room, a building, land, etc
tend
v. take care of or look after
tendentious
adj. (of a speech, a piece of writing, etc) aimed at helping a cause; not impartial
tender
adj. easily damaged or hurt; delicate
tenet
n. principle; belief; doctrine
tensile
adj. of tension
tension
n. state or degree of stretching or being stretched
tentative
adj. done, said, etc to test sth; hesitant or exploratory; not definite or decisive
tenuous
adj. thin; slender
tenure
n. holding of office or land or other property, etc ,
tepid
adj. lukewarm
terminal
adj. of the last stage in a fatal disease
terminate
v. come to an end or bring (sth) to an end
termination
n. point at which or way in which sth ends
terminology
n. technical terms of a particular subject
terminus
n. station at the end of a railway line
terrestrial
adj. of or living on land
terse
adj. using few words; concise; curt
tertiary
adj. third in order, rank, importance, etc; next after secondary
tessellated
adj. made from small flat pieces of stone of various colours arranged in a pattern
testator
n. person who has made a will4(4)
testy
adj. easily annoyed; irritable
tether
n. rope or chain by which an animal is fastened while it is grazing
thematic
adj. of or related to a theme
theocracy
n. system of government by priests or a priestly class in which the laws of the State are believed to be the laws of God
theoretical
adj. concerned with the theory of a subject
therapeutic
adj. of the art of healing or the curing of disease
thermal
adj. ofheat
thesis
n. statement or theory put forward and supported by arguments
thespian
adj. of acting or the theatre
thrall
slave; bondage
thrash
v. beat with a stick or whip, esp as a punishment
threadbare
adj. worn thin; shabby
threat
n. expression of one's intention to punish or harm sb, esp if he does not obey
thresh
v. beat out or separate from husks of wheat, etc using a machine or (esp formerly) an implement held in the hand
thrifty
adj. showing thrift; economical ;
thrive
v. ~ (on sth) grow or develop well and vigorously; prosper
throb
v. ~ (with sth) (of the heart, pulse, etc) beat, esp faster or stronger thanusual
throes
n. severe pains
throng
n. crowded mass of people or things
throttle
v. seize by the throat and stop him breathing; choke; strangle
thwart
v. prevent doing what he intends; oppose (a plan, etc) successfully
tickle
v. touch or stroke lightly, esp at sensitive parts, so as to cause a slight tingling sensation, often with twitching movements and laughter
tightwad
excessively frugal person; miser
tiller
n. person who tills
tiltable

timbre
n. characteristicquality of sound produced by a particular voice or instrument
timid
adj. easily frightened; shy
timidity
timidness ns
timorous
adj. timid
tinge
v. ~ sth colour sth slightly
tint
n. shade or variety of a colour
tipple
v. be in the habit of drinking alcoholic drinks, esp too often or too much
tirade
n. long angry speech of criticism or accusation
titanic
adj. gigantic; immense
tithe
n. one tenth of the annual produce of a farm, etc formerly paid as a tax to support the clergy and the church
titillate
v. stimulate or excite (sb), esp sexually
title
n. name of a book, poem, picture, etc ,
titter
n. short nervous laugh
titular
adj. having a certain title(
toady
n. person who flatters another or treats him with excessive respect in the hope of gain or advantage
toga
n. loose outer garment worn by men in ancient Rome
toil
v. ~ away (at/over sth) work long or hard
token
n. sign, symbol or evidence of sth
toll
n. money paid for the use of a road, bridge, harbour, etc ,
tome
n. large heavy book, esp a scholarly or serious one ,
tonic
n. medicine that gives strength or energy, taken after illness or when tired
tonsure
n. shaving the top or all of the head of a person about to become a priest ormonk
topography
n. features of a place or district, esp the position of its rivers, mountains, roads, buildings, etc
topple
v. ~ (over) be unsteady and fall
torpedo
n. tube-shaped explosive underwater missile launched against ships by submarines, aircraft or surface ships
torpor
n. torpid condition
torque
n. twisting force causing rotation in machinery
torrent
n. violently rushing stream of water, lava, etc
torrid
adj. very hot and dry
torso
n. main part of the human body, not including the head, arms and legs; trunk
tortuous
adj. full of twists and turns
toss
v. ~ sth (to sb) throw sth lightly or carelessly or easily
totem
n. natural object, esp an animal, considered by N American Indians as the emblem of a clan or family
totter
v. walk or move unsteadily; stagger
touching
adj. arousing pity or sympathy
touchstone
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion
touchy
adj. easily offended
tout
v. ~ try to get people to buy (one's goods or services), esp in an annoyingly insistent way
toxic
adj. poisonous
tract
n. large stretch or area of land
tractable
adj. easily guided, handled or controlled; docile ;
traduce
v. saydamaging untrue things about (sb/sth); slander or defame;
trajectory
n. curved path of sth that has been fired, hit or thrown into the air, eg a missile
tramp
v. walk with heavy or noisy steps
trample
v. ~ sth/sb (down) tread heavily on sth/sb so as to cause damage or destruction
trance
n. sleep-like state, caused eg by being hypnotized
tranquillity
n. tranquil condition
transcend
v. be or go beyond the range of (human experience, belief, powers of description, etc)
transcendent
adj. extremely great; supreme
transcendental
adjgoing beyond the limits of humanknowledge, experience or reason, esp in a mystical or religious way
transcribe
v. ~ sth copy sth in writing
transgression
n. transgressing
transient
adj. lasting for only a short time; brief; fleeting
transition
n. ~ (to sth) (instance of) changing from one state or condition to another
transitory
adj. lasting for only a short time; transient
translucent
adj. allowinglight to pass through but not transparent
transmute
v. ~sth change sth (into sth completely different)
transparent
adj. allowinglight to pass through so that objects behind can be seen clearly
transpire
v. (of an event, a secret, etc) become known
transport
v. ~ sth/sb (to...) take sth/sb from one place to another in a vehicle
transpose
v. cause to change places
trappings
n. outward signs of prestige, wealth, etc
traumatic
adj. of or causing trauma
travail
n. painful effort
traverse
v. travel, lie or extendacross
travesty
n. ~ absurd imitation of or inferior substitute for sth
tread
v. ~ (on, etc sth/sb) set one's foot down; walk or step
treasure
n. gold, silver, jewels, etc
treatise
n. ~ long written work dealing systematically with one subject
trek
n. long hard journey, esp on foot
tremor
n. slight shaking or trembling
tremulous
adj. tremblingfrom nervousness or weakness
trenchant
adj. strongly and effectively expressed; penetrating
trepidation
n. great worry or fear about sth unpleasant that may happen
tribulation
n. (sad event, accident, illness, etc that causes) great trouble or suffering
tribunal
n. group of officials with the authority to settle certain types of dispute
tribune
Any champion of the rights and liberties of the people: often used as the name for a newspaper.
tribute
n. action, statement or gift that is meant to show one's respect or admiration
trickle
v. flow in a thin stream
trickster
n. person who tricks or cheats people; swindler ;
trident
n. spear with three points
trifle
n. thing, question or activity that has little value or importance
trifling
adj. unimportant; trivial
trigger
n. lever that releases a spring, esp so as to fire a gun
trilogy
n. group of three related works, esp three novels or operas
trim
v. make (sth) neat or smooth by cutting away irregular parts
trinket
n. small ornament, piece of jewellery, etc of little value
trite
adj. not new or original, because often used; hackneyed; commonplace ,
trivia
n. unimportant things, details or pieces of information
troth
n. (idm ) plight one's troth
trough
n. long narrow open box for animals to feed or drink from
truculence
agressiveness; ferocity
truism
n. statement that is obviouslytrue, esp one that does not say anything important, eg Nothing lasts for ever ,
truncate
v. shorten by cutting off the top or end
trunk
n. main stem of a tree, from which the branches grow .
tryst
meeting
tumid
adj. (of parts of the body) swollen
tumult
n. disturbance or confusion, esp of a large mass of people
tundra
n. vast flat treeless Arctic regions of Europe, Asia and N America where the subsoil is permanently frozen
turbid
adj. (of liquids) opaque or muddy; not clear
turbulence
n. unrest or disturbance
tureen
n. deep dish with a lid from which soup, vegetables, etc are served at table
turgid
adj. (of language, style, etc) pompous and difficult to follow; boring
turmoil
n. great disturbance, agitation or confusion
turncoat
n. person who changes from one side, party, etc to another
turpitude
n. state or quality of being wicked; depravity ;
tutelage
n. protection of and authority over a person, country, etc; guardianship
tutelary
adj. acting as a guardian or protector
tycoon
n. wealthy and powerful businessman or industrialist; magnate
typhoon
n. violent tropical hurricane that occurs in the western Pacific
tyranny
n. cruel, unjust or oppressive use of power or authority
tyro
beginner; novice
ubiquitous
adj. (seeming to be) present everywhere or in several places at the same time
ulcer
n. open sore containing poisonous matter on the outside of the body or on the surface of an internal organ
ulterior
adj. beyond what is obvious or admitted
ultimate
adj. beyond which no other exists or is possible; last or final
ultimatum
n. final demand or statement of terms to be accepted without discussion, eg one sent to a foreign government and threatening war if the conditions are not accepted
umbrage
n. give `umbrage; take `umbrage (at sth) (fml or joc ) (make sb) feel offended or slighted
unaccountable
adj. that cannot be explained or accounted for
unanimity
n. complete agreement or unity
unassailable
adj. that cannot be attacked or conquered
unassuaged

unassuming
adj. not drawing attention to oneself or to one's merits or rank; modest
unbridled
adj. not controlled or checked
uncanny
adj. unnatural
unceremonious
adj. without proper formality or dignity
unconscionable
adj. unreasonable or excessive
uncouth
adj. rough, awkward or ill-mannered; not refined ,
unction
n. action of anointing with oil as a religious rite
unctuous
adj. insincerelyearnest or flattering, esp in an oily way
undergird
strengthen the base of
underhand
adj. done or doing things in a sly or secret way; deceitful
undermine
v. make a hollow or tunnel beneath (sth); weaken at the base
underscore
v. = underline
understate
v. state or express in a very controlled way
undertaker
n. person whose business is to prepare the dead for burial or cremation and arrange funerals
undulate
v. have a wave-like movement or appearance
undulating
[ undulate: ] to move or cause to move in waves or as if in waves
unearth
v. ~ sth uncover or obtain sth from the ground by digging
unearthly
adj. supernatural or mysterious or frightening
unequivocal
adj. having only one possible meaning; clear and unmistakeable
unerringly
adv.
unexceptionable
adj. that cannot be criticized; entirely satisfactory
unfaltering
steadfast
unfeigned
adj. not pretended; genuine or sincere
unfetter
to release from fetters, bonds, etc.
unfledged
immature
unfrock
v. dismiss from the priesthood
ungainly
adj. clumsy or awkward; not graceful
unguent
ointment
uniformity
sameness; consistency; monotony
unilateral
adj. done by or affecting one person, group, country, etc and not another; one-sided
unimpeachable
adj. that cannot be doubted or questioned; trustworthy
uninhibited
unrepressed
unintimating

unique
adj. being the only one of its type
unison
n. in unison (with sb/sth) sounding or singing together the same musical note (or the same note in different octaves)
universal
adj. of, belonging to, affecting or done by all people or things in the world or in a particular group
unkempt
adj. not kept tidy; looking dishevelled or neglected
unmitigated
adj. having no accompanying advantages whatever; complete; absolute
unobtrusive
adj. not too obvious or easily noticeable; not drawing attention to itself or himself; discreet
unprecedented
adj. without precedent; never having happened, been done or been known before
unprepossessing
adj. not attractive or appealing in appearance
unravel
v. (cause sth woven, knotted or tangled to) separate into strands
unregenerate
unrepentant; unreformed
unrequited
adj. (esp of love) not returned or rewarded
unruly
adj. not easy to control or discipline; disorderly
unsavory
distasteful; morally offensive
unscathed
adj. not injured or hurt; unharmed
unseemly
adj. (of behaviour,etc) not proper or seemly; unbecoming
unsightly
adj. not pleasant to look at; ugly
unsullied

untenable
adj. that cannot be defended
untoward
adj. inconvenient or unfortunate; awkward
unwarranted
adj. unjustified or unauthorized
unwieldy
adj. awkward to move or control because of its shape, size or weight
unwitting
adj. not knowing or aware
unwonted
adj. not customary or usual
upbraid
v. ~ sb (dated or fml ) scold or reproach sb
upright
adj. in a vertical position; erect
uproar
n. noise and excitement or anger; tumult
uproarious
adj. very noisy or high-spirited
upshot
n. the ~ the final result or outcome
urbane
adj. having or showing refined manners, smooth elegance and sophistication
urchin
n. (esp dated ) mischievous or naughty child, esp a boy
urge
v. drive forcibly or hurry in a certain direction
urgent
adj. needing immediate attention, action or decision
ursine
bearlike; pertaining to a bear
usage
n. manner of using sth; treatment
usurp
v. take (sb's power, right, position) wrongfully or by force
usury
n. (lending of money at) excessively high interest
utopia
n. imaginary place or state of things in which everything is perfect
uxorious
adj. excessively fond of one's wife
vacillate
v. ~ (fml usu derog , ) keep changing one's mind; move backwards and forwards between two emotions
vacuous
adj. showing or suggesting absence of thought or intelligence; inane
vagabond
n. wanderer or vagrant, esp an idle or dishonest one
vagary
n. strange,unusual or capricious change; whim
vagrant
n. person without a settled home or regular work; tramp
vain
adj. having too high an opinion of one's looks, abilities, etc; conceited ;
vainglorious
adj. full of vainglory; conceited and boastful ;
valediction
n. (words used in) saying farewell, esp on serious occasions
valedictory
adj. serving as or accompanying a farewell
valid
adj. legally effective because made or done with the correct formalities
validate
v. make legally valid; ratify
valor
bravery
vampire
n. reanimated corpsebelieved by some to leave its grave at night and suck the blood of living people
vanguard
n. the vanguard leading part of an advancing army or fleet
vantage
n. position,etc that gives sb superiority or advantage
vapid
adj. dull or uninteresting
vaporize
to convert (as by the application of heat or by spraying) into vapor
variegate
To mark with different shades or colors.
variegated
adj. marked irregularlywith differently coloured patches, streaks, spots, etc
varnish
n. hard shiny transparent coating applied to the surface of esp woodwork or metalwork
vassal
n. man promising to fight for and be loyal to a king or lord in return for the right to hold land
vaunted
[ vaunt: ] vt. to describe, praise, or display (one's success, possessions, etc.) boastfully
veer
v. (esp of a vehicle) change direction or course
vegetate
v. live a dull life with little activity or interest
vehement
adj. showing or caused by strong feeling; passionate
velocity
n. (usu of inanimate things ) speed, esp in a given direction
venal
adj. ready to accept money for doing sth dishonest
vendetta
n. hereditary feud between families in which murders are committed in revenge for previous murders
vendor
n. person who sells food or other small items from a stall in the open air
veneer
n. decorative wood or plastic glued to the surface of cheaper wood (for furniture, etc) ,
venerable
adj. deserving respect because of age, character, associations, etc
venerate
v. respect (sb/sth) deeply; regard as sacred
venial
adj. not serious; excusable
venison
n. flesh of a deer used as meat
venom
n. poisonous fluid of certain snakes, scorpions, etc, injected by a bite or sting
vent
n. opening that allows air, gas, liquid, etc to pass out of or into a confined space ,
ventilate
v. cause air to enter and move freely through
ventral
adj. of or on the abdomen
ventriloquist
n. person skilled in this
venture
n. project or undertaking,esp a commercial one where there is a risk of failure
venturesome
adj. (of people) ready to take risks; daring
venue
n. place where people agree to meet, esp for a sports contest or match
veracious
adj. (of a person) truthful
veracity
n. truthfulness; truth
verbalize
put into words
verbatim
adj. adv exactly as spoken or written; word for word
verbiage
n. (use of) too many words, or unnecessarily difficult words,to express an idea, etc
verbose
adj. using or containing more words than are needed
verdant
adj. (of grass, vegetation, fields, etc) fresh and green
verdigris
n. greenish-blue substance that forms on copper, brass and bronze surfaces
verge
n. = soft shoulder (soft)
verisimilar
having the appearance of truth probable
verisimilitude
n. appearance or semblance ofbeing true or real
veritable
adj. rightly named or called; real
verity
n. truth (of a statement, etc)
vernacular
n. language or dialect spoken in a particular country or region, as compared with a formal or written language
vernal
adj. of, in or appropriate to the season of spring
versatile
adj. turning easily or readily from one subject, skill or occupation to another
vertebrate
n, adj having a backbone
vertex
n. (fml) highest point or top; apex
vertigo
n. feeling of losing one's balance, caused esp by looking down from a great height; dizziness
verve
n. enthusiasm, spirit or vigour, esp in artistic or literary work
vestige
n. small remaining part of what once existed; trace
veto
n. constitutional right to reject or forbid a legislative proposal or action
vex
v. anger or annoy (sb), esp with trivial matters
viable
adj. sound and workable; feasible
viand
food
vibrant
adj. vibrating strongly; resonant
vicar
n. clergyman in charge of a parish where tithes formerly belonged to another person or an institution
vicarious
adj. felt or experienced indirectly, by sharing imaginatively in the feelings, activities, etc of another person
vicissitude
n. (fml ) change in one's circumstances,esp for the worse
victuals
n. food and drink; provisions ;
vie
v. ~ with sb (for sth/to do sth); ~ for sth (fml ) compete keenly with sb (for sth); rival sb for sth
vigil
n. staying awake, esp at night, to keep watch or to pray
vigilance
watchfulness
vigilant
adj. looking out for possible danger, trouble, etc; watchful or alert
vigilante
n. member of a self-appointed group of people who try to prevent crime and disorder in a community
vignette
n. illustration, esp on the title-page of a book, but not in a definite border
vigor
active bodily or mental strength or force
vile
adj. extremely disgusting
vilify
v. (fml ) say evil or insulting things about (sb); slander
vindicate
v. clear (sb/sth) of blame or suspicion
vindictive
adj. having or showing a desire for revenge; unforgiving
vintner
n. wine-merchant
violate
v. break or be contrary to
viper
n. any of various types of poisonous snake found in Africa, Asia and Europe ,
virile
adj. (of men) having procreative power; sexually potent
virtual
adj. being or acting as what is described, but not accepted as such in name or officially
virtue
n. moral goodness or excellence
virtuoso
n. person who is exceptionally skilled in the techniques of a fine art, esp playing a musical instrument or singing
virulent
adj. extremely harmful or deadly
virus
n. simple organism, smaller than bacteria, and causing infectious disease
visage
n. person'sface
visceral
adj. of the viscera
viscid
adhesive; gluey
viscous
adj. not pouringeasily; thick and sticky
vise
tool for holding work in place
vision
n. power of seeing; sight
visionary
adj. having or showing foresight or wisdom
vital
adj. connected with or essential to life
vitiate
v. weaken or spoil the quality or efficiency of (sth)
vitreous
adj. having a glass-like texture or finish
vitriolic
adj. savagely and bitterlyhostile
vituperative
adj. vituperative debate, criticism, etc
vivacious
adj. (esp of a woman) lively or high-spirited
vivid
adj. strong and bright; intense
vivisection
n. practice of performing surgical experiments on live animals for scientific research
vixen
n. female fox
vociferous
adj. loudor noisy; expressing one's views forcibly and insistently
vogue
n. ~ current or prevailing fashion
volatile
adj. changing rapidly into vapour
volition
n. act of using one's will in choosing, making a decision, etc
volley
n. simultaneous throwing or firing of a number of stones, bullets, etc
voluble
adj. (of a person) speaking a lot; talkative
voluminous
adj. (of clothing etc) using much material; loose-fitting or ample
voluptuous
adj. giving a feeling of luxury or sensual pleasure
voodoo
n. form of religion based on belief in witchcraft and magical rites, practised by blacks in the W Indies, esp in Haiti ,
voracious
adj. very greedy in eating; ravenous
vortex
n. whirling mass of water, air, etc, as in a whirlpool or whirlwind
vouch
v. ~ for sb/sth take responsibility for or express confidence in (a person, his behaviour, etc); guarantee
vouchsafe
v. ~ sth (dated or fml ) grant sth (to sb) as a gift or privilege
voyeur
n. person who gets pleasure from watching in secret others undressing or engaging in sexual activities
vulgar
adj. lacking in good taste or refinement
vulnerable
adj. ~ that can be hurt, wounded or injured
vulpine
adj. of or like a fox
vulture
n. large bird, usu with head and neck almost bare of feathers, that lives on the flesh of dead animals
vying
pres p of vie
withhold
v. (fml )~ sth (from sb/sth) (fml ) refuse to give sth; keep sth back
withstand
v. (often fml ) endure (sth) without giving in, collapsing, wearing out, etc; resist
witless
adj. unintelligent or foolish; out of one's mind
witticism
n. witty remark
wizardry
n. practice of magic
wizened
adj. having a dried-up wrinkled skin; shrivelled
woe
n. great sorrow or distress
woeful
adj. full of woe; sad
wont
adj. ~ to do sth in the habit of doing sth; accustomed to doing sth
worldly
adj. of (the affairs of) the world, esp the pursuit of pleasure or material gain; not spiritual
wrangle
n. ~ (about/over sth) noisy or angry argument or dispute (with sb) (about sth)
wrath
n. extreme anger
wreak
v. ~ sth (on sb) carry out (revenge or vengeance) on sb; inflict sth
wrench
v. ~ sth off (sth); ~ sb/sth away twist or pull sb/sth violently away from sth
wrest
v. ~ sth from sb take sth away from sb violently
wretch
n. very unfortunate or miserable person
wring
v. ~ sth (out) twist and squeeze sth in order to remove liquid from it
wrinkle
n. small fold or line in the skin, esp one of those on the face that are caused by age
writ
n. formal legal written order to do or not to do sth, issued by a court of law or a person in authority
writhe
v. twist or roll about, esp because of great pain
wrongheaded

wry
adj. (of a person's face, features, etc) twisted into an expression of disappointment, disgust or mockery
WORD LIST --S TO W Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 6:10:00 PM Rating: 5

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