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REASONING -- CLERICAL LEVEL

Test – I: Reasoning Ability
Directions (Q. 1-6): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
Eight people A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around a circular table.  Each of them belongs to a different state, viz Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana, UP, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Kerala, but not necessarily in the same order.

E is third to the left of G.  The one who belongs to Rajasthan is on the immediate right of E, who is not form Delhi.  B is fourth to the right of H.  Neither B nor H is an immediate neighbour of E.  F belongs to UP and is third to the right of the person who comes from Rajasthan.  The person who belongs to Himachal Pradesh is second to the left of the person who comes from UP.  The person who comes from Bihar is second to the left of E.  A belongs to Haryana and sits exactly between F and H.  The person who comes from Uttarakhand is second to the right of the person who comes from Haryana.  C is third to the left of F.

1.      The person who sits between C and D belongs to which of the following states?
A)    Delhi   B) Uttarakhand            C) Rajasthan    D) Kerala                    E) None of these

2.      Who comes from Himachal Pradesh?
A)    A                                 B) B                            C) C                            D) D                E) None of these

3.      H comes from which of the following states?
A)    Bihar               B) UP              C) Delhi                      D) Haryana     E) None of these

4.      Which of the following statements is true about B?
A)    B is second to the right of F.
B)    B is on the immediate left of H.
C)    B comes from Himachal Pradesh.
D)    All are true
E)     None of these

5.      Who comes from Delhi?
A)    D                                 B) B                            C) E                             D) G                E) None of these

6.      Which of the following combinations is correct?
A)    D – UP                                                            B) E- Delhi                  C) F – Himachal Pradesh       
D) A – Rajasthan                                       E) D – Uttarakhand

Directions (Q. 7-11): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.  The following is an illustration of the input and its rearrangement.
Input:  33 cent group 50 but 10 way 63 sun 69
Step I:             69 33 cent group 50 10 way 63 sun but
Step II:            69 63 33 group 50 10 way sun cent but
Step III:          69 63 50 33 10 way sun group cent but
Step III is the last step of the above input.  As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out for each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input: 81 vital 13 leap plunge 24 fall 78 19 arid glib 90 dusty
7.      Which step number is the following output?
90 81 78 24 vital 13 plunge 19 leap glib fall dusty arid
A)    Step II              B) Step IV       C) Step III       D) Step V        E) There is no such step

8.      Which of the following represents the position of ‘19’ in Step V?
A)    Fifth from the right                  B) Third form the left  C) Eight from the left 
D) Ninth from the right                 E) None of these

9.      Which word/number would be at the 5th position from the left in Step IV?
A)    Leap                B) 13               C) plunge                    D) 19   E) None of these

10.  Which step would be the last but one?
A)    V                                 B) VI               C) IV               D) VII E) None of these

11.  How many elements (words or numbers) are there between ‘24’ and ‘fall’ in the last step?
A)    Three               B) Four                        C) Five                        D) Six  E) None of these

Directions (Q.12-17): In each question below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II.  you have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.  Give answer
A)    If only conclusion I follows.
B)    If only conclusion II follows.
C)    If either conclusion I or II follows
D)    If neither conclusion I nor II follows.
E)     If both conclusion I and II follows.

(12-13):
Statements:          Some doors are handles.
All handles are threads.
Some threads are windows.

12.  Conclusions:         I. Some doors are threads.
II. Some handles are windows.

13.  Conclusions:         I. All handles being windows is a possibility.
II. All windows being doors is a possibility.

(14-15):
Statements:           Some states are villages.
No village is a forest.
All forests are towns.

14.  Conclusions:         I. Some villages are definitely not towns.
II. Some forests are not states.

15.  Conclusions:         I. Some forests being villages is a possibility.
II. Some towns are forests.

(16-17):
Statements:           All milk is butter.
All butter is curd.
No curd is milkshake.

16.  Conclusions:         I. At least some butter is milkshake.
II. Some milkshakes are definitely not curd.

17.  Conclusions:         I. All curd being milk is a possibility
II. All butter being milkshakes is a possibility

Directions (Q. 18-23): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
A committee has nine members A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and I and it is divided into three groups, viz Play group, Entertainment group and Food group – with three members in each group.  There are certain conditions for the formation of the groups.

Only three members will be selected in each group.  One person cannot be selected for more than one group.  A is in the Play group.  H is in the Entertainment group.  C and D are in the same group but not in the group of I.  A and B are not in the same group.  E is not in the same group as I but is in the Food group.  F is in the group in which either H or B or both of them are present.  I and H are not in the same group.  F is neither with E nor with I.
18.  C and D are in which of the following groups?
A)    Play group
B)    Entertainment group
C)    Food group
D)    Both Play and Food group
E)     Can’t be determined

19.  Which of the following statements is true about G?
A)    G is in the play group with H.
B)    G is in the Food group with A.
C)    G is in the Play group with C and D.
D)    Can’t be determined
E)     None of these

20.  Which of the following members represents the Food group?
A)    ECD                B) AHG                      C) CDI                        D) HBF                       E) None of these

21.  F is associated with which of the following groups?
A)    Play group
B)    Food group
C)    Both Play and Food group
D)    Entertainment group
E)     Can’t be determined

22.  A can he grouped with who among the following?
A)    GH                  B) IG               C) CD             D) CH             E)None of these

23.  Which of the following combinations is true?
A)    Play group – ABF
B)    Food group – ECB     
C)    Entertainment group – HFB
D)    Food group – AIG
E)     None of these

24.  Which of the following expressions is true if the given expression is true?
G ≥H = I > J≤ K < L
A)    J > H               B) G > K                     C) L > I                       D) J < H                      E) None of these

25.  What will come in place of question mark (?) to make the expression T > G as well as Q ≥ P, definitely true?
G ≤ S < P ? R = T ≤ Q
A)    <                                  B) Either ≤ or =                       C) ≥                 D) >                 E) None of these

26.  Which of the following symbols should be placed in the blank spaces respectively in the given expression to make D = W and C ≤ V definitely false?
A)    ≥, = ,≥, ≥         B) <, ≤ , =, <               C) ≤ , =, =, =   D) ≥ , =, =, =   E) None of these

Directions(Q.27-31): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it.  You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer  the question.  Read both the statements and give answer
A)    If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data is statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
B)    If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
C)    If the data in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
D)    If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
E)     If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

27.  In a school, five different subjects, viz Sanskrit, Maths, English, Hindi and GA, are taught in five different periods on a day, starting from 10 am and ending at 3 pm.  Each class has a duration of 1 hour each.  Does the class of Sanskrit start 12 noon?
I.                   Three subjects are taught between Maths and English.  Hindi is taught just before GA.
II.                Two subjects are taught between English and Hindi.  Hindi is taught before English.

28.  In which year was R born?
I.                   R’s brother, who was born in 1964, is 35 years younger than his mother.
II.                R is 5 years younger than his mother.

29.  What is the code for ‘sky’ in a code language?
I.                   In the code language ‘sky is clear’ is written as ‘de ra fa’.
II.                In the same code language ‘make it clear’ is written as ‘de ga lo’.

30.  P, Q, R and S are sitting in a straight line facing north.  Who is next to P?
I.                   None of them sits on the left of P and on the right of Q, while only one person sits between R and Q.
II.                P does not sit next, to S, who does not sit on the extreme right.

31.  Do X, Y and Z stand in the same line?
I.                   P is 3 km towards north of Q.  R is 7 km towards west of P.  X is 3 km towards north of P.  Y is 3 km towards east of Z, who is towards east of X.
II.                X is 5 km towards of P.  Y is 2 km towards east of X.  Q is 4 km towards east of Y.

Directions (Q.32-35): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
Eight friends J, K, H, L, M, N, O and P are sitting in a straight line and facing north.  There are three males and five females in the group of friends.  No two males are immediate neighbours of each other.

P sits second to the right of his wife.  N sits third to the right of P.  J is at the end of the row and second to the right of her husband H, who is not an immediate neighbor of P’s wife.  K is not an immediate neighbor of P.  M is second to the right of her husband L.
32.  Who among the following is sitting between two males on the immediate left and right?
A)    P                      B) O                C) H                D) N                E) None of these

33.  Who among the following is wife of P?
A)    N                     B) K                C) M    D) P                 E) None of these

34.  How many females sit between J and N?
A)    None   B) Two            C) Three          D) Four           E) None of these

35.  Who among the following sits at one of the ends of the row?
A)    M                     B) N                C) O                D) L                E) P

Direction(Q.36-40): Read the following information in the question and answer them.
36.  Recently India has recognized the sovereign rights of the Arctic countries.  India has also recognized the law of the sea set up the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and honoured the local people, culture, and traditions of the Arctic States.
Which of the following has been assumed in the given statement? (An assumption is something that is not directly stated but supposed or taken for granted from the given fact.)
A)     India respects the sovereignty of a state.
B)    India has keen interest in the Arctic region as it is full of biodiversity
C)    India was forced by the developed countries of the world to be recognized by the Arctic states.
D)    India wants to set up a permanent base in the Arctic region so that it can perform scientific research there.
E)     None of these

37.  People of India are quite angry with the rising prices of oil-four times in last one month.  On the other hand the government is giving its own explanation for the rising oil prices.
What could be the main reason behind the hike in the oil price?
A)    Continuous devaluation of the Indian Rupee
B)    Government is spending more money on the imports.
C)    Rising prices of crude oil in the international market.
D)    Rising demand of dollars in the international market.
E)     None of these

38.  For the last two years India has been facing continuous increases in inflations, and despite all the efforts made by the Central Government and the RBI, inflation is still not under full control, due to which the government is facing the threat that it will lose the 2014 Lok Sabha Elections.
What is the main reason behind the govt being apprehensive about losing the 2014 Lok Sabha Elections?
1)      Rising corruption in India
2)      Excess supply of money in the market
3)      Decrease in the supply of commodities
4)      Government is unable to control inflation.
A)      Only 1           B) Only 1) and 2)        C) Only 4)       D) Only 3)       E) Only 2)

39.  The threat of Naxalism is increasing day by day.  Despite all efforts the situation has not improved in the last decade.  Rather it has increased in the last few years due to the local support of the people in the area.  They don’t have any hope from the government and are bound to support the Naxals.
What course of action should the Government of India take to overcome the problem?
1)      There should be social and economic development in the Naxal areas.
2)      The Army should be ordered to launch a deadly operation to kill the Naxals.
3)      Employment should be provided to the local people of that area.
4)      Powerful countries like USA should be urged for help in such matter.
A)    Only 1)                  B) Only 2)       C) Only 4)       D) Only 1) and 3)        E) All of these

40.  The Supreme Court in July 2013 struck down a particular provision of the Representation of People’s Act as unconstitutional and gave a landmark judgement that MPs and MLAs will face immediate disqualification from holding the membership of the Parliament and state legislature if they are convicted in criminal cases and get punishment of two years or above.
Which of the following is the main conclusion that can be drawn from the given passage?
A)    The Supreme Court wants to show its power to the Government of India.
B)    The Supreme Court wants to clean the political system of the country.
C)    The Supreme Court wants to correct the provisions of the Representation of People’s Act.
D)    The Supreme Court being the guardian of the constitution wants to protect the Constitution of India.
E)     None of these

Answers
(1-6):
(Kerala)
E
(Rajasthan) C                                    D (Uttarakhand)

(Himachal Pradesh) B                                     H (Bihar)

 (Delhi) G                                        A(Haryana)
 


F
   (UP)

1.                  D         2. B                 3. A                 4. C                 5. D                 6. E
(7-11):
The machine rearranges the numbers and words in such a way that the numbers are rearranged in descending order from left to right and the words are arranged in alphabetical order from right to left in each step.
Input: 81 vital 13 leap plunge 24 fall 78 19 arid glib 90 dusty
Step I: 90 81 vital 13 leap plunge 24 fall 78 19 glib dusty arid
Step II: 90 81 78 vital 13 leap plunge 24 19 glib fall dusty arid
Step III: 90 81 78 24 vital 13 plunge 19 leap glib fall dusty arid
Step IV: 90 81 78 24 19 vital 13 plunge leap glib fall dusty arid
Step V: 90 81 78 24 19 13 vital plunge leap glib fall dusty arid

7.C      8. D                 9. D                 10. C   11. D

12. A; Some doors are handles (I) + All handles are threads (A) = I + A = I = Some doors are threads.  Hence, conclusion I follows.
Again, All handles are threads (A) + Some threads are windows (I) = A + I = No conclusion.  Hence, conclusion II does not follow.

13. E; There are no negative statements.  So, the possibilities exist.  Hence, both conclusions I and II follows.

14. D; No village is a forest (E) + All forests are towns (A) = E + A = O* = Some towns are not villages.  Hence, conclusion I does not follow.
Again, Some states are villages (I) + No village is a forest (E) = I + E = O = Some states are not forests.  Hence, conclusion II does not follow.

15. B; No village is a forest     conversion  No forest is a village.  Hence, conclusion I does not follow.
Again, All forests are towns                conversion       Some towns are forests.  Hence, conclusion II follows.

16. B; All butter is curd (A) + No curd is milkshake (E) = A + E = E = No butter is milkshake.  Hence, conclusion I does not follow. 
Again, No curd is milkshake               conversion       No milkshake is curd.  Hence, conclusion II follows.

17. A; All milk is butter (A) + All butter is curd (A) = A + A = a = All milk is curd.  So, the possibility in I exist.  Hence, conclusion I follows.
Again, All butter is curd (A) + No curd is milkshake (E) = A + E = E = No butter is milkshake.  Hence, conclusion II does not follow.

(18 – 23):
Personal

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Group
Food
Play
Entertainment
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
Now, we get
Group
Persons
Play
AIG
Food
ECD
Entertainment
HFB


18. C   19. E    20. A   21. D   22. B   23. C

24. D; Given statement:
G ≥ H = I > J ≤ K < L
thus, we can’t compare G and K or L and I.  hence, options B) and C) do not follow.
Again, H > J or J < H is true.
Hence, option A) does not follow.  But option D) follows.

25. B; Option A) G≤ S < P < R = T≤ Q
Thus, T > G is true.  But P < Q or Q > P.
Hence, does not follow.
Option B) G ≤ S < P ≤ R = T ≤ Q
Hence, G < T is true and P ≤ Q or Q ≥ P is true.
Again, G ≤ S < P = R = T ≤ Q
Hence, G < T and P ≤ Q or Q ≥ P are true.
Hence, option B) follows.
Option C) G ≤ S < P ≥ R = T ≤ Q
Hence, we can’t compare T and G or P and Q.
Hence, option C) does not follow.
Option D) G ≤ S < P > R = T ≤ Q
We can’t compare T and G or P and Q.  hence, D) does not follow.

26. B; Check options one by one.
Option A) V ≥ W = X ≥ C ≥ D
This leads to W ≥ D and V≥ C or C ≤V.
Hence A) does not follow.
Option B) V < W≤ X = C < D
This leads to W < D and V < C or C > V.
Hence B) follows
Option C) V≤ W = X = C =D
This lead to W = D and V < C or C > V .
hence C) does not follow.
Option D) V ≥ W = X = C = D
This leads to V≥ C or C ≤ V and D = .W
Hence, D) does not follow.

27. A; From I. The possibilities are:
M H G S E      …(a)
M S H G E      …(b)
E H G S M      …(c)
E S H G M      …(d)
12 noon class implies the subject taught in the third period.  In no case is S at the third position.  Thus, Sanskrit class does not start at 12 noon.  Hence, I alone is sufficient.
From II. H __ E …(a)
_ H _ _ E …(b)
In either case S may or may not be at the third position.  Hence, II alone is not sufficient.

28. E; From both, R’s brother is 35 years younger than his mother.  And R is 5 years younger than his mother.  So R is 35 – 25 - = 10 years older than his brother.  So, 1964 – 10 = 1954 is the year in which R was born.

29. D; From I. sky is clear de ra fa
From II. make it clear de ga lo
From both, we can’t find the code for’ sky’

30. A; From I.  P R S Q

31. A; From I.
                                                                                                N
X                     Z                      Y                       W                                S
                          3 km                                                                                      S

Hence, X, Y and Z stand in the same straight line.  I alone is sufficient.
From II. There is no information about Z.  hence, II alone is not sufficient.

(32- 35):
L (+)    M(- L wife)
 


             K     P(+)  O(-)  H(+)  N(-)   J
(-P ‘s wife)              (- H’S wife)

32. B   33. B   34. A   35. D

36. A; it is this respect for sovereignty of a state that has led India to recognize the rights of the Arctic countries.

37. E; Nothing has been said about the factual cause of price rise of oil.

38. C; Due to continuous increase in inflation government is facing problems, and losing public support.  That is why the govt has become apprehensive of losing the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.

39. D; This is how the govt can win local support.

40. B; In fact, this may well be the summary of the long sentence
REASONING -- CLERICAL LEVEL Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 1:43:00 PM Rating: 5

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