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REASONING -- HIGH LEVEL --USEFUL FOR BANK CLERKS/PO AND SSC

Reasoning
1.      Which of the following relates to FLOWER in the same way as RTERBN relates to SECTOR?
A) RWLGPF         B) FOFKUQ   C) EOFMXS   D) RWLEPD  E) RLEND

2.      Which pair of the letters in the word beautiful has the same relationship between its letters with respect to their positions in the English alphabet as the pair EA in that word has between its letters?
A) IB                     b) LF               c) IE                D) FL  E) TL

3.      Four of the following give have similar relationship and hence form a group.  Which one does not belong to that group?
A)    BROTHER : DORVEHT
B)    ENGLISH : GGNNSIJ
C)    ANOTHER : CONVEHT
D)    BETWEEN : DTEZEEP
E)     HUSBAND : JSUDNAF

4.      How many pairs of letters are three in the word SPONTANEOUS which have number of letters between them in the word one less than the number of letters between them in English alphabet?
A) Five                  B) One             C) Four                        D) Two                        E) Three

5.      If each of the vowels, i.e.A, E, I, O & U along with the 3rd letter to its right in the alphabet are taken out and arranged one after the other in the same order, followed by the remaining letters of the alphabet, which of the following will be the 5th letter to the left of the 19th letter from the left in the new arrangement?
A) G                                  B) H                            C) J                              D) W               E) None of these

Directions (Qs. 6 & 7): In a code language, any letter which is immediately after or before vowel in the English alphabet is substituted by that vowel and any vowel, i.e A, E, I, O and U is substituted by the letter immediately following that vowel in the English alphabet.
6.      How the word FEVERISH can be written in that code language?
A) EDVDRJSI                                          B) EFUFRHSI                                    C) EFUFRJSI
D) EDUFRJSI                                          E)None of these

7.      How can the word CONFEDERATION be written in that code language?
A)    CPOGFEDRBUTPO
B)    CPOEFEFRBUJPO
C)    CNOEFEFRBUHNO
D)    CONFFDERATION
E)     None of these

8.      Below are given six three-digit numbers.  The digits comprise of numeric and letters.  The letter indicates its serial order in the English alphabet.  What will be the middle digit of the 4th number when the numbers are arranged in the descending order after interchanging the numeric in each number without altering the place of the letter in the number?
19F, 2H9,  98B, D76, 7A6, 61E
A) 8                                   B) 9                             C) 6                             D) 7                             E) None of these

9.      In the sequence given below, the sum of the two digits which immediately precede the digit ‘4’ exceeds the sum of the two digits which immediately follow the digit 4 and sum of the two digits which immediately follow the digits 6 exceeds the sum of the two digits which immediately precede the digit 6.  How many such 4’s and 6’s together are there?
5 4 4 6 2 4 6 3 5 6 4 2 4 3 7 6 6 4 8 3
A) 4                                   B) 6                             C) 3                             D) 5                             E) None of these

10.  Four of the following five groups of letters are alike in some way while one is different.  Find out which one is different?
A) ISLOJ              B) LUOQM                C) AKDGB     D) FPILG        E) NXQTO

Directions (Qs.. 11- 15): Read the following information to answer these questions:
(i)                 A, B, C, D, E, F and G are seven members standing in a row (not necessarily in the same order) facing the north.
(ii)               C and B have as many members between them as G and C have.
(iii)             D, who is 3rd from the extreme left, is 3rd to the left of E.
(iv)             A & D and F & C are neighbours.

11.  Which of the following statements is false?
A)    A is 3rd to the left of F
B)    D is 4th to the left of E
C)    F is 3rd to the right of A
D)    B is 3rd to the right of C
E)     None of these

12.  which of the following statements is true?
A)    C and E are neighbours
B)    E is to the immediate left of F
C)    C is to the immediate left of D
D)    A is to the immediate left of D
E)     None of these

13.  Who is at the extreme right?
A)    Data inadequate
B)    G
C)    B
D)    E
E)     None of these

14.  which of the following gives two pairs of neighbours?
A)    A, C and D, C
B)    A, B and E, G
C)    D, C and E, F
D)    C, F and C, E
E)     None of these

15.  What is the position of F?
A)    Immediate to the right of E.
B)    Third to the left of G
C)    Immediate to the left of C
D)    5th to the right of B
E)     None of these
Directions (Qs. 16-20): Each of these questions consists of a question and two statements I and II.  You have to decide whether the data provided in the statement are sufficient to answer the given question.  Read both the statements and –

Give answer (A) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer (B) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer (C) if the data either in statement I or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer (D) if the data even in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer (E) if the data in both the statements I and II together are needed to answer the question.

16. What does ‘Ne’ stand for in the given code language?
I. ‘Na Ni Nok Ne’ means ‘I will tell you’ and ‘Ni Nok Ne Nam’ means ‘he will tell you’ in that code language.
II. ‘Ni Ne Mo Nam’ means ‘Will he call you’ and ‘Ne Mok Sac Ni’ means ‘how will you go’ in that code language.

17. Who among P, Q, R, S, T and U is the tallest?
I. P is taller than R and T but not as tall as U who is taller than Q and S.
II. R is the third in the height in the ascending order and not as tall as U, P and Q; Q being taller than P but not the tallest.

18. Who among A, B, C, D, E and F read the book last?
I. F, who gave the book to B after reading, was the third to read the same.
II. C, who read the book after A, was the third person to read the book before it reached E.

19. Who is paternal uncle of P?
I. P is brother of L who is daughter of Q who is sister of N who, is brother of S.
II. M is brother of K who is husband of L who is mother of G who is sister of P.

20. What is Sudin’s rank in a class of 44 students?
I. Ramesh, whose rank is 17th in the class, is ahead of Shyam by 6 ranks, Shyam being 7 ranks ahead of Sudin.
II. Suketu is 26 ranks ahead of Sudin and Shyamala is 6 ranks behind Sudin while Savita stands exactly in the middle of Shyamala and Suketu in ranks, her being 17.

Directions (Qs. 21-25): In each of these questions, there are given three statements followed by four conclusions I, II, III, & IV.  You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows form the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

21. Statements:          Some streets are roads.
Some roads are lanes. 
Some lanes are highways.
Conclusions:
I.                   Some roads are not streets.
II.                No highway is street.
III.             Some streets are not roads.
IV.             Some lanes are not roads.
A)    Only III follows
B)    Only IV and III follows
C)    Either I or III follows
D)    Both I and III follow
E)     None of these

22. Statements:          Some pencils are pens.
All pens are erasers.
All staplers are erasers.
Conclusions:
I.                   Some pens are not pencils.
II.                All erasers are pencils.
III.             Some staplers are pens.
IV.             Some staplers are pencils.
A)    Only I follows
B)    Only II follows
C)    Only III follows
D)    Only IV follows
E)     None of these

23. Statements:          Some tables are chairs.
No Cupboard is table. 
Some chairs are cupboards.
Conclusions:
I.                   Some chairs are not tables.
II.                All chairs are either tables or cupboards.
III.             Some chairs are both tables and cupboards.
IV.             All chairs are tables
A)    Only I and IV follow
B)    Only either II or III follows
C)    Only IV follows
D)    Either II or III and I follows
E)     None of these

24. Statements:          All birds are animals.
                            Some animals are humans. 
All humans are mammals.
Conclusions:
I.                   Some humans are not birds.
II.                Some birds are humans.
III.             Some animals are not mammals
IV.             All animals are mammals
A)    Only I and II follow
B)    Either III or IV follows
C)    Either I or II follows
D)    Either I or II and either III or IV follow.
E)     None of these

25. Statements:          Some leaves are fruits.
All branches are fruits. 
Some roots are branches.
Conclusions:
I.                   Some roots are fruits.
II.                Some branches are leaves.
III.             No leaves is branch.
IV.             Some leaves are roots.
A)    Either II or III and I follow
B)    Only I follows
C)    Only either II or III follows
D)    Only I and III follow
E)     None of these

26. In a class, Smita is 6th form the top and Harsha is 18th form the bottom.  Mangesh is 14 ranks below Smita and 15 ranks above Harsha.  How many students are there in the class?
A) 55                     B) 53               C) 52               D) Data inadequate                 E) None of these

27. In a certain code language, the word ‘NUMERICAL’ is written as ‘LMUIREACN’. How will the word ‘PUBLISHED’ be written in that language?
A) DUBSILEHP                          B) DBULISEHP                     C) DUBILSEHP        
D) DBUSILEHP                        E)None of these

28. If each alphabet is assigned a sequential numerical value in terms of odd numbers on the basis of their positions in the English alphabet. Viz A = 1, B = 3; C = 5 and so on.  What will be the value of the word ‘DESK’?
A ) 76                    B) 74               C) 64               D) 68               E) None of these

29. If every third letter from the following English alphabet is dropped; which letter will be the seventh to the right of the eleventh letter from your right?
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A)    V                                 B) U                            C) K                            D) I                              E) None of these

Directions (Qs. 30-35): Study the following information to answer these questions:
A number arrangement machine, when given an input of numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.   The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of rearrangement.
Input: 20 280 345 36 93 147 550
Step I: 550 280 345 36 93 147 25
Step II: 550 345 280 36 93 147 25
Step III: 550 345 280 147 93 36 25
This is the final arrangement and Step III is the last step for the given input

30. If ‘ 842 485 68 358 236 123 93’ is the second step of an input, which of the following steps will be
A) Fourth              B) Fifth                        C) Sixth           D) Cannot be determined        E) None of these

31. How many steps will be required to get the final output form the following input?
Input: 78 293 585 740 64 132 26
A)    4                                  B) 5                             C) 3                 D) 6                             E) None of these

32. What will be the third step of the following input?
Input:
113 18 48 225 462 175 288
A)        462 228 48 225 113 175 18
B)            462 288 255 175 113 48 18
C)            462 225 288 48 133 175 18
D)            462 288 225 48 113 175 18
E)             None of these

33. First step of an input is given below.  What will be the fourth step for the same input?
Step I:
498 175 292 96 79 387 158
A)    498 387 292 175 158 79 96
B)    498 387 292 175 96 158 79
C)    498 387 292 175 158 96 79
D)    498 387 292 175 79 158 96
E)     None of these

34. Step II for an input is given below.  What will be the first step for that input?
Step II:
595 438 28 142 38 65 289
A)    595 28 438 142 38 65 289
B)    595 438 142 28 38 65 289
C)    595 28 142 438 38 65 289
D)    Cannot be determined
E)     None of these

35. What will be the second step for the following input?
Input:
158 294 22 89 142 385 463
A)    463 385 294 22 89 142 158
B)    463 385 89 22 142 294 158
C)    463 385 22 89 142 158 294
D)    463 385 22 142 89 158 294
E)     None of these

1.      E): SECTOR
6th letter, 4th letter, 2nd letter, 1st letter-1, 3rd letter -1, 5th letter -1
RTERBN
Similarly, FLOWER       RWLEND

2.      C:
3.      D): 1st, 4th and 7th letters move +2 steps.  (2nd, 3rd) and (5th, 6th) letters interchange their positions as (3rd, 2nd) and (6th, 5th) respectively.

4.      A): (PONT), (NTANEOUS) (TANEO), (NEOUS), (US)
5.      A): A D E H I L O R U X B C F N O P Q R S T U V W X  Y Z
6.      C): A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Code for the above alphabet is as given below:
B A C E F E I J I K L M O P O Q R S  U V U W X Y Z
F E V E R I SH               E F U F R J SI
7.       B)
8.         D): The terms of the given series are 196, 289, 982, 476, 716, 615.  Writing in descending order, we get
982, 716, 615, 476, 289, 196

9.         A): 5 4 4 6 2 4 6 3 5 6 4 2 8 4 3 7 6 6 4 8 3
10.     B): Examine the pairs of letters (1st, 2nd) and (3rd, 4th).
11.     B): The sitting arrangement is
                G A D C F E B
12.     D)            13. C)              14. C)              15. E)

16.  D): Either ‘will’ or ‘you’
17.  C): U is the tallest
18.  E): The order in which A, B, C, D, E and F read the books is A C F B E D.
    D was the last to read.
19.  B): I          N is maternal uncle of P.
   II           M is paternal uncle of P.

20.  E): I          Sudin’s rank is 30.
   II.          Sudin’s rank is 27.
21.  E):
22.  A):
23.  E):
24.  E):
25.  A):
26.  C): Mangesh is 20th from the top.  Harsha is 35th form the top.
27. D): 1st letter           9th letter
  2nd letter 3rd letter
  4th letter 6th letter
  7th letter 8th letter

28. B): A = 1, B =3, C = 5, D 7, E = 9,…. K = 21, …., S = 37
    DESK = D + E + S + K = 7 + 9 + 37 + 21 = 74

29. A): A B D E G H J K M  N P Q S T V W Y Z

30. B): Step II: 842 485 68 358 236 123 93
    Step III:  842 485 358 68 236 123 93
    Step IV:           842 485 358 236 68 123 93
    Step V:  842 485 358 236 123 68 93
31. A: Input: 78 293 585 740 64 132 26
        Step I: 740 293 585 78 64 132 26
        Step II: 740 585 293 78 64 132 26
        Step III: 740 585 293 132 64 78 26
        Step IV: 740 585 293 132 78 64 26

32. D: Input: 113 18 48 225 462 175 288
     Step I: 462 18 48 225 113 175 288
     Step II: 462 288 48 225 113 175 18
     Step III: 462 288 225 48 113 175 18

33. C): 1st Step : 498 175 292 96 79 387 158
     2nd Step : 498 387 292 96 79 175 158
 3rd Step : 498 387 292 175 79 96 158
     4th Step: 463 387 292 175 158 96 79

34. D: 2nd Step: 595 438 28 142 38 65 289
35. E): Input: 158 294 22 89 142 385 463
    Step I: 463 294 22 89 142 385 158
    Step II: 463 385 22 89 142 294 158

36. E) : In the pairs of figures, (P0, P1), (P2, P3), (P4, P5), inner and outer figures become outer and inner respectively.

37. E): P0 P1: Top element is replaced.
P2 P3: Middle element is replaced.
P4 P5: Bottom element must be replaced.
Form P6 onwards, there is indication of repetition of the series, since P6 = P0.

38. D): figure rotate CW 45, 90, 135, 135, 90, 45 respectively.

39. C): One, two, three, four, five circles are being shaded in a set order ACW in P1, P2, P3, P4, P5 respectively

40. D) : 1. Rotation of 45 CW each time.
2. Middle element is replaced alternately by the element at one of the ends, in order.

41. A): Rotations at the diagonal elements are similar in other figures.

42. A): In P1, all the five elements in both the units are similar.  In other figures, one element is different.

43. C): In all other figures, all the elements have similar movements/rotations from unit I to unit II.  in P3, rotation of one element is different.

44. B): there are only four sets of lines in unit II to P2.

45. E): Examine the movement and the rotation of arc.

46. D): in other figures, one of the two diagonals contains similar elements.

47. A): All the three semi-circles have some common portion in figure I only.

48. E): Arrow and the tow inner units, all move in the same direction.

49. C): Bigger diagonal is pointing towards circles.


50. B): Diameter of the circle and the diagonal of the square, both should be parallel.


FEB2ANICSR13
REASONING -- HIGH LEVEL --USEFUL FOR BANK CLERKS/PO AND SSC Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 2:54:00 PM Rating: 5

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