: Reasoning Ability
Directions (Q. 141 – 142): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
P, Q, R, S and T are five friends going to watch a movie. Each of them reaches the cinema hall at different times. S does not reach either with P or with T but reaches before R. Q does not reach before. R along with P. T does not reach last but reach after only S.
141.     Who among the following reaches the cinema hall the last?
a) Q                 b) P                 c) R                 d) Both P and Q          e) None of these
142.     Which of the following combinations is true?
a) Q reaches after S.                           b) S reaches after only T.
c) R reaches after only S.                   d) Both a) and c)
e) None of these
143.     M is sister of F and E is brother of F. A is mother of F and C is daughter of B, who is father M. How many daughters does B have?
a) One      b) Two       c) Three       d) Can’t be determined              e) None of these
144.     In a certain code ENTER is written as 8 # 283 and GROUP is written as 435%©. How is RUNT written in that code?
a) #2%3       b) %3#2       c) 3%#2        d) 5%8@       e) None of these
145.     How many such pairs of letters are there in the word OBJECTIVE each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?
a) One            b) Two           c) Three         d) Four           e) More than four
Directions (Q. 146 – 151): Study the following information carefully and answer the given question:
Eight friends L, M, N, O, P, Q, R and S are sitting around a circular table facing the centre. There are three males and five females in the group. No two males are immediate neighbours of each other.
N sits third to the right of P, who is second to the right of his wife. Q is second to the right of her husband S, who is not an immediate neighbour of P’s wife. O is a male and R is not an immediate neighbour of P. M sits second to the right of L.
146.     Who among the following is P’s wife?
a) Q          b) O            c) R           d) M            e) None of these
147.     Who among the following sits exactly between P and R?
a) L           b) M           c) S           d) Q             e) None of these
148.     How many people sit between P and N when counted in ACW direction from N?
a) One      b) Two       c) Three      d) Four        e) None of these
149.     Which of following pairs represents the immediate neighbours of O?
a) M, N      b) R, P         c) R, Q         d) Q, S          e) None of these
150.     Which of the following is not true about O?
a) O is an immediate neighbour of P’s wife.
b) L sits second to the right of O
c) No male is an immediate neighbour of O.
d) All are true
e) None of these
151.     What is the position of L with respect to S?
a) Third to the right                b) Immediate left        c) Fifth to the right
d) Second to the left               e) None of these
Directions (Q. 152 – 157): In these questions, a relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions.
a) if only conclusion I is true.
b) if only conclusion II is true.
c) if either conclusion  I or II is true.
d) if neither conclusion I or II is true.
e) if both conclusions I and II are true.
(152 – 153):
Statements: M  P = Q , L, R  T  M, L = S
152.     Conclusions: I. S P              II. Q  S
153.     Conclusions: I. R Q            II. T  P
(154 – 155):
Statements:  D  P = L  K, E  H = I  K
154.     Conclusions: I. D  K            II. L  H
155.     Conclusions: I. P  H            II. E  L
(156 – 157):
Statements:  C  D  F = H  M  N  J
156.     Conclusions: I. F   N           II. N = F
157.     Conclusions: I. H  J             II. H  N
Directions (Q. 158 – 163): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
In a certain code language ‘there is heavy traffic’ is written as ‘ ga pa ta re’, ‘it is traffic time’ is written as ‘re do ma ga’, ‘it is for one hour’ is written as ‘ja la do sa re’, and ‘after one hour’ written as ‘ha la ja’.
158.     ‘traffic for one hour’ will be written as
a) ga sa la ja                            b) la ja re ha                c) ha do sa la
d) Can’t be determined          e) None of these
159.     What is the code for ‘hour’?
a) la          b) ha          c) ja            d) Either ‘la’ or ‘ja’       e) Can’t be determined
160.     What is the code for ‘time’?
a) do          b) re          c) ma          d) ta          e) None of these
161.     ‘re’ is the code for
a) there      b) is         c) heavy      d) it          e) None of these
162.  Which of the following is the code for ‘heavy’?
a) ma          b) re         c) ga            d) do        e) None of these
163.  ‘sa pa’ is the code for
a) for heavy                            b) heavy traffic                 c) traffic time
d) Can’t be determined          e) None of these
Directions (Q. 164 – 170): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
Seven friends H, I, J, K, L, M and N are sitting in a straight line facing south. All of them study in a different school, viz St Francis, Bal Bhavan, DAV, Bal Vidya, Saint Mary, Gyan Niketan and Gurukul but not necessarily in the same order.
I sits fourth, to the right of the person who studies in Gyan Niketan. Only one person sits between I and N, N studies in DAV. Either I or the one who studies in Gyan Niketan sits at the extreme end of the row. The person who studies in St Francis school is third to the left of K, who is not an immediate neighbour of N. Only one person sits between L and the one who studies in Bal Bhavan. H and J are immediate neighbour. H does not study in Gyan Niketan. The person who studies in Saint Mary sits third to the left one who studies in Gurukul.
164.     Who among the following studies in Bal Vidya school?
a) M                b) K                 c) L                 d) H                 e) None of these
165.     Who among the following is sitting at the extreme right end of the row?
a) J                  b) H                 c) M                d) I                  e) None of these
166.     Which of the following schools does H study in?
a) Gyan Niketan                     b) St Francis               c) Saint Mary
d) Can’t be determined          e) None of these
167.     Who among the following sits second to the right of J?
a) I                   b) H                 c) L                 d) N                 e) None of these
168.     Which of the following combinations is true?
a) J – DAV                  b) L – St Francis        c) M – Bal Vidya
d) All are true             e) None of these
169.     How many persons are there between N and K?
a) None                       b) One             c) Two             d) Three                      e) None of these
170.     Who among the following sit at the extreme ends of the row?
a) K and the one who studies in Gyan Niketan
b) I and the one who studies in Bal Vidya
c) H and M
d) The one who studies in Gyan Niketan and M
e) None of these
Directions (Q. 171 -175): In each question below are given two/three statements           followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

a) if only conclusion I follows
b) if only conclusion II follows.
c) if either conclusion I or II follows.
d) if neither conclusion I nor II follows.
e) if both conclusion I and II follows.
(171 – 172):
Statement:     Some boards are clocks.
All boards are boxes.
No box is a wall.
171.     Conclusions:   I. some boxes are clocks.
II. All clocks being boxes is possibility
172.     Conclusions:   I. Some clocks are not walls.
II. No wall is a box.
173.     Statements:    No cap is a pen.
Some pens are papers.
Conclusions:   I. Some papers are not caps.
II. Some pens are caps.
(174 – 175):
Statements:    All circles are centres.
No centre is a class.
All classes are rooms.
174.     Conclusions:   I. All centres which are circles are also classes.
II. Some rooms are not centres.
175.     Conclusions:   I. No circle is a class.
II. No class is a centre.
Directions) Q. 176 – 180): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.
Input:              Lender they all seven order 15 doctor 20 height 22 ground 30
Step I:             all lender they seven order 15 doctor 20 height 22 ground 30
Step II:           all they lender seven order 15 doctor 20 height 22 ground 30
Step III:          all they seven lender order 15 doctor 20 height 22 ground 30
Step IV:          all they seven lender doctor 20 order 15 height 22 ground 30
Step V:           all they seven lender doctor 20 ground 30 order 15 height 22
Step VI:          all they seven lender doctor 20 ground 30 height 22 order 15
Step VI is the last step of the above input as the desired arrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions appropriate step for the given input.
Input:  folded alter evening come open 70 after 54 finding 51 done 59
176.     Which word/number would be at the 6th position from the right in the last step?
a) evening       b) done            c) 54                d) 59                e) None of these
177.     How many steps will be required to complete the rearrangement?
a) seven          b) six               c) five             d) eight           e) None of these
178.     Which step number is the following output? “come alter folded evening after 54 open 70 finding 51 done 59”
a) Step III       b) Step IV      c) Step VI        d) Step II         e) None of these
179.     Which of the following represents the position of ‘70’ in Step IV?
a) 6th from the left                  b) 5th from the right                c) 9th from the left
c) third from the right            e) None of these
180.     If in step V ‘alter’ is related to ‘after’ and ‘evening’ is related to ‘done’ in a certain way, in the same way ‘54’ is related to which of the following?
a) 51                b) evening                   c) finding       d) 70         e) None of these
Directions (181 – 186): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
H, I, J, K, L, M and N are seven students going to participate in an easy-writing competition on different topics, viz Environment, Our Country, Net Banking, A College Function, Politics in India, The Unity of India and The Rate of Interest, but not necessarily in the same order. Only one participant writes an easy on one topic each day from Monday to Sunday.
I writes an essay on A College Function on Thursday and L writes an essay on Environment on Sunday. N writes on Net Banking but not on Thursday or Saturday. J writes on the next day of N. K writes on Monday but not on Our Country or Politics in India. H writes on The Rate of Interest on the next day on which the easy on The Unity of India is written. The essay on Our Country is not scheduled on Saturday.
181.     Who among the following writes an essay on Politics in India?
a) J                  b) N                 c) M                d) K                 e) None of these
182.     Which of the following combinations is true about K?
a) Friday - Politics in India                b) Monday - The Unity of India
c) Tuesday – Our Count                     d) Sunday – Net Banking
e) None of these
183.     H writes an essay on which of the following days?
a) Sunday                    b) Saturday                 c) Tuesday                  d) Wednesday
e) None of these
184.     N writes an essay on which of the following topics
a) Politics in India                  b) The Rate of Interest           c) Our Country
d) Net Banking                       e) None of these
185.     Who among the following writes an easy on Our Country?
a) M                b) K                 c) N                 d) J                  e) None of these
186.     J writes an essay on which of the following days?
a) Friday         b) Saturday                 c) Wednesday             d) Can’t be determined
e) None of these
Directions (Q. 187 – 190): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer.
a)         If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
b)         if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statements I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
c)         if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
d)         if the data in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
e)         if the data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question
187.     How many days did Mr Singh take to complete his work?
I.          His colleague Seema correctly remembers that Mr Singh took more than three days but less than seven days to complete his work.
II.        His colleague Anuj correctly remembers that Mr Singh took more than five days but less than ten day
188.     How is Z related to G?
I.          G is father of two children and husband of S, who is sister of Z.
II.        Z is son of P, who is brother of S. G, is husband of S.
189.     Is ‘SONG’ the word formed from these four letters?
I.          The word starts with S. There is only one letter between G and O.
II.        There is only one letter between O and G. S is on the immediate left of O.
190.     A, B, C, D and E are sitting around a circular table, facing the centre. Who is on the immediate left of C?
I.          A sits between B and E. C is on the immediate left of D, who is second to the left of A
II.        B is second to the right of C, who is between E and D. A is on the immediate left of E.
191.     Exim Bank has asked for a 50 per cent increase in the borrowing limit.
Which of the following may be a probable cause for the above demand by the Exim Bank?
a)         The commerce secretary has asked for its differential treatment from commercial banks.
b)         It is in demand in many neighbouring countries as well as some developing countries in Africa.
c)         Currently it cannot lend to large-value projects, especially in railways, roads and power sectors.
d)         None of these.
192.     There has been a continuing squeeze on household budgets.
Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?
a)         India’s leading department store chains have clocked double-digit, same-store sales.
b)         The consumer goods sector has created a new high.
c)         The salary increments have been low.
d)         Retailers are seeing better demand and an increase in profitability as well.
e)         None of these
193.     Statistical analyses revealed that while banking brands were distinct and unique in their own right, there were common codes that all banks are seen for. Banks, in general, are perceived to be reliable and helpful.
Which of the following is not in line with the Prime Minister’s statement?
a)         Reliability is a core expectation from all banking brands since banks lend money to people.
b)         perceptions of being helpful can be understood from the focus banks have given on projecting an image of being approachable and consumer- friendly.
c)         PSU banks at large are seen through the lens of heritage and benevolence.
d)         When we look at the private banks, being chic is their stand-out quality.
e)         None of these
194.     Stocks may have been surging over the past few months but the secondary residential market has been going the other way, according to anecdotal evidence and the data that’s available. Prices of tens of thousands of homes built by local builders and investors in the metros have crashed by as much as 20-30 per cent in the past one year, with their owners desperate to exit a market in which buyers seem to have completely disappeared.
Which of the following can be a part of possible fallout of the above situation?
a)         Real-estate brokers are left with a lot of time.
b)         The inventory of unsold houses has been diminishing.
c)         The central bank will try to clamp down on prices, putting pressure on mortgage rates.
d)         Income levels of people have been rising.
e)         None of these.
195.     A massive oversupply situation in markets such as Chennai, Hyderabad and Pune is pushing several hotel developers to convert their upcoming project into residential or commercial properties.
Which of the following statements substantiates the views expressed in the above statement?
a)         The projected average room revenue is of Rs. 16,000 a night.
b)         Hotel occupancies and room rates have gone down.
c)         The economy is expected to boom after the election.
d)         Both (a) and (b)
e)         Both (a) and (c)
196.     The country’s biggest passenger carrier by market share has announce discounts of up to 25 per cent for a family of four or more flying on its network on a single PNR or booking Number.
Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statement?
(An inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts.)
a)         Airlines are authorized to announce discounts.
b)         This airline has earned enough and is now in a position to offer discounts.
c)         The airlines are going through a lean season.
d)         There is not much competition among the airlines.
e)         None of these
197.     Online retailers are scaling up their offline presence.
Which of the following can be a probable cause(s) of the above phenomenon?
(A)      Only the evolved shopper is buying online; most of the market is offline.
(B)       Online retail accounts for just 0.4% of the overall retail market in India.
(C)       Nothing helps build customer trust like a physical store
a) Only (A)                                         b) Only (B)                 c) Only (C)
d) Only (A) and (B)                e) Only (A) and (C)
198.     Customers do not maintain minimum balance in ordinary savings bank accounts.
Which of the following can be a course(s) of action to tackle the situation?
(A)      Penal charges should be lived on such accounts.
(B)       Banks should limit services available on such accounts to those available to basic savings bank deposit accounts.
(C)       Banks should not take undue advantage of customer difficult or inattention.
a) Only (A)                             b) Only (B)                 c) Only (A) and (B)
d) Only (A) and (C)                e) All (A), (B), and (C)
199.     For the past two year, GDP has expanded by less than 5 per cent annually, down from an average of almost 9 per cent in the five years before 2008. That means fewer jobs for the millions of young Indians joining the workforce each year.
Which of the following substantially weakens the argument given in the above statement?
a)         India has all but stopped building new factories and machinery.
b)         The unemployment scenario stares the youth the face.
c)         A growth-oriented economy is primarily technology-based.
d)         GDP growth increases the per capita income of the country.
e)         None of these
200.     “We have no right to be surprised by a severe and imminent stock market crash. In fact, we must absolutely expect it.” – A hedge fund manager.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above statements?
(An assumption In something supposed or taken for granted.)
a)         The gigantic financial asset bubble could burst any day.
b)         The conditions are not favourable for the stock market.
c)         The new leader expects a landslide majority.

e)         None of these.

answer figures may not appear properly

(141-142):
S  R  Q = P
141. d
142. a
143. d;
We don’t know the gender of F.
144. c;

145. d;

(146-150):
146. c;             147. a              148. d              149. c              150. d              151. c
152. b;             M   P = Q    L …..(i)
R  T  M …..(ii)
L = S …..(iii)
Combining all these statements, we get
R  T  M  P = Q  L = S
Thus, Q  S is true. Hence conclusion II is true.
153. e;             R  T  M  P = Q  L = S
Thus, R  Q and T  P are true.
Hence, both conclusions I and II are true
(154-155):
D  P = L  K            … (i)
E  H = I  K             … (ii)
Combining all these statements, we get
154. d;             D  P = L  K  I = H  E
Thus, we can’t compare D and K.
Again, L  H, Hence (L  H) is not true
155. a;                         D  P = L  K  I = H  E
Thus, P  H is true. Hence conclusions I is true. Again, we can’t compare E and L.
Hence conclusion I is not true.
156. c;                         C  D  F = H  M  N  J
Thus, F  N means either F  N or F = N
Hence, either conclusion I or II is true.
157. b;             C  D  F = H  M  N J
Thus, we can’t compare H and J. Hence conclusion I not true. Again, H  N is true.

(158-163):
There is heavy traffic → ga pa ta re                      …………. (i)
It is traffic time → re do ma ga                            ………….. (ii)
It is for one hour → ja la do sa re                        ………….. (iii)
after one hour → ha la ja                                     …………. (iv)
From (i), (ii) and (iii), is → re                               …………. (v)
From (i), (ii) and (v), traffic → ga                        …………. (vi)
From (ii), (v) and (iii), is → re                             ………….. (vii)
From (i), (v) and (vi), three/heave → pa/ta          …………. (viii)
From (ii), (v), (vi) and (vii), time → ma               ………….. (ix)
From (iii), (v), (vii) and (iv), for → sa                   …………..(x)
From (iii) and (iv), one/hour → ja/la                    ………….. (xi)
From (iv) and (xi), after → ha                               …………. (xii)
158. a
159. d
160. c
161. b
162. e; Either ‘pa’ or ‘ta’
163. d
(164-170):      Remember they are facing south.
164. b;
165. e;  K
166. c
167. d
168. b
169. d
170. a
171. e; Some boards are clocks → conversion → Some clocks are boards (I) + All boards are
Boxes → conversion → Some boxes are boxes → conversion → Some boxes are clocks. Hence conclusion I follows. The possibility of II also exists in conclusion I. Hence, conclusion II also follows.
172. e; Some clocks are boxes (I) + No box is wall (E) = I + E =O = Some clocks are not walls. Hence conclusion I follows. No box is a wall → conversion → No wall is a box. Hence conclusion I follows.
173. a;             No cap is pen (E) + Some pens are papers (I) = E + I = O* = Some  papers are not caps, Hence, conclusion I does not follow. Again, No cap is a pen → conversion → No pen is a cap. Hence conclusion II does not follow.
174. b; Conclusion I does not follow because of the second statement. No centre is a class (E) + all classes are rooms (A) = E + A = O* = some rooms are not centres. Hence, conclusion II follows.
175. e; All circles are centres (E) = A + E = E = No circle is a class. Hence conclusion I follows. No centre is a class → conversion → No class is a centre. Hence, conclusion II follows.

(176-180):
The free words (those without numbers) are rearranged in increasing order of their length from left to right. After that the words followed by number are rearranged in alphabetical order, remaining attached with the numbers.
Input:              folded alter evening come open 70 after 54 finding 51 done 59
Step I:             come folded alter evening open 70 after 54 finding 51 done 59
Step II:           come alter folded evening open 70 after 54 finding 51 done 59
Step III:          come alter folded evening after 54 open 70 finding 51 done 59
Step IV:          come alter folded evening after 54 done 59 open 70 finding 51
Step V:           come alter folded evening after 54 done 59 finding 51 open 70
176. b              177. c              178. a              179. d              180. c
(181-186):
 Student Day Topic I Thursday A College Function L Sunday Environment N Friday Net Banking J Saturday Politics in India K Monday The Unity of India H Tuesday The  Rate of Interest M Wednesday Our Country

181. a              182. b              183. c              184. d              185. a              186. b
187. e;                         From I and II: Possible  days according to Seema: 4, 5 or 6 days
Possible days according to Anuj: 6, 7, 8 or 9 days
Thus, 6 is common in both statements. Hence, both are together sufficient to answer the question.
188. b;             From I:

There is no information about Z’s gender. Hence, I is not sufficient to answer the question.
From II:
Z is nephew of G. Hence, only II is sufficient to answer the question.
189. e;             From I: There are two possibilities:
(i) S  O  N  G              (ii) S  G  N  O
Thus I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
From II: There are three possibilities:
(iii) S O N G,                         (iv) N  G  S  O,           (v) G  S  O  N
Hence, II alone is not sufficient to answer the question
From both I and II, S  O  N  G
Hence, both are sufficient to answer the question.

190. b;             From I

First is not sufficient to answer the question
From II.

E is on the immediate left of C. Hence only II is sufficient to answer the question.
191. d;             If Exim Bank has to lend to large value projects, it needs more money. For this it needs to increase its borrowing limit.
192. e;             If there is a squeeze on household budgets, there will be negative sentiments in the market. But a, b and d reflect a contrary mood. As for c, it is a cause and not an effect of the given statement.
193. d;             Being “chic” has nothing to do with being “reliable” and “helpful”.
194. a;                         When there is little demand, the middlemen will be virtually out of job.
195. b;             Rates go down when there is excess of supply.
196. c;                         Learn season implies less of sales. This is when discounts are offered.
197. e;                         B is not a probable cause because it merely acquaints us with a statistical fact.
There is nothing in favour of “offline”. It may just be that online retail is in a nascent stage and more activity in this sector will increase the percentage.
198. c;             A course of action tells us “what should be done” while C tells us what should not be done.
199. c;             If technology brings about growth, there will be no correlation between growth and employment.
200. b;             As for a) and c), they are sort of restatements.