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Test-I: Reasoning Ability

1. L is the daughter of K. L is married to D. B is son of D. T is married to B. How is D related to T?
a) Father-in-law          b) Mother-in-law        c) Cannot be determined
d) Father                     e) Mother

Directions (Q. 2-7): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
B, C, D, E, F, G, H and I are seated in a straight line facing north but not necessarily in the same order. Only four people sit between B and I. B sits at one of the extreme ends of the line. G sits second to the right of I. E sits third to the left of H. H is not an immediate neighbour of G. D and F are immediate neighbours. Neither D nor F is an immediate neighbour of H. D does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.

2. Who amongst the following sits exactly in the middle of the person who sits third from the left and the person who sits fourth from the right?
a) H                 2) E                 c) D                 d) G                 e) C

3. What is the position of H with respect to G?
a) Third to the right                b) Second to the right             c) Fifth to the right
d) Fourth to the left                e) Second to the left

4. If all the given people are made to sit in alphabetical order from left to right, the positions of how many of them will remain unchanged?
a) Three          b) None           c) Two             d) One                         e) Four

5. Which of the following is true with respect to E as per the given seating arrangement?
a) E sits on the immediate left of G.
b) Both I and H are immediate neighbours of E.
c) Only two people sit on the right of E.
d) None of the given options is true.
e) Only one person sits between E and B.

6. Which of the following represents the person seated at the extreme left end of the line?
a) C                 b) B                 c) H                 d) I                  e) F

7. How many persons are seated between D and G?
a) Three          b) Two            c) None           d) Four            e) One

Directions (Q. 8-13): Study the given in formation and answer the given questions.
Eight people - K, L, M, N, W, X, Y and Z - are sitting around a circular table facing the centre, with equal distance between each other but not necessarily in the same order. K is an immediate neighbour of W and Z, M sits third to the right of W. L is an immediate neighbour of W. Only two persons sit between L and X. Y sits on the immediate right of N.

8. Which of the following pairs represents the immediate neighbours of M?
a) X, Y            b) Z, Y            c) X, W           d) Z, X            e) N, W

9. What will come in place of question mark (?) in the following series based on the given arrangement?
NX      ZK      LY       XM      ?
a) ZK               b) WL             c) ZY               d) KL              e) KW

10. Who amongst the following sits second to the right of M?
a) N                 b) K                 c) Z                 d) X                 e) Y

11. Which of the following statements is true as per the given arrangement?
a) None of the given options is true
b) M sits on the immediate left of N.
c) X is an immediate neighbour of Z.
d) N sits second to the right of X.
e) L sits second to the right of K.

12. How many people sit between X and W as per the given arrangement?
a) Three          b) More than three      c) None           d) One             e) Two

13. Based on the given arrangement, four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so from a group. Which of the following does not belong to that group?
a) N, L             b) M, N           c) Y, Z             d) L, K            e) K, M

14. If each vowel in the word DOMAINS is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series and each consonant is changed to the previous letter in the English alphabetical series and then all alphabets in the word thus formed are arranged in alphabetical order (from left to right), which of the following will be third from the right end of the new arrangement thus formed?
a) J                  b) C                 c) P                  d) M                e) B

15. Which of the following will come in place of question mark (?) in the following series as per English alphabetical order?
AC       BE       CG       ?          EK
a) DF               b) DG              c) DJ               d) CF               e) DI

Directions (Q. 15-18): The given questions are based on the five three-digit numbers given below.
527                  749                  456                  188                  863

16. The sums of all the three digits of which of the following two numbers are exactly the same?
a) 527 and 749            b) 749 and 188            c) 863 and456             d) 863 and 188
e) 527 and 188
17. Which of the following is the second digit of the third lowest number?
a) 6                  b) 2                  c) 4                  d) 8                  e) 5

18. If 2 is subtracted from the last digit of each of these numbers and 1 is added to the first digit of each of these numbers, which of the following will be the third digit of the second lowest number thus formed?
a) 6                  b) 1                  c) 5                  d) 4                  e) 7

Directions (Q. 19-23): In each question, a relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statements and select the appropriate answer:

19.       Statement:     C < O > M > P = T > S
Conclusions:   I. S < O           II. T < C
a) Either conclusion I or II is true                  b) Both conclusions I and II are true
c) Neither conclusion I nor II is true              d) Only conclusion I is true
e) Only conclusion II is true

20.       Statements:    S < T > O = R; T < V
Conclusions:   I. R < S            II. T > R
a) Either conclusion I or II is true                  b) Both conclusions I and II are true
c) Only conclusion I is true                            d) Only conclusion II is true
e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true

21.       Statement:     Z = M < T > F > U
Conclusions:   I. Z < F            II. U < M
a) Only conclusion I is true                            b) Both conclusions I and II are true
c) Only conclusion II is true                           d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true

22.       Statements:    S < T > O = R; T < V
Conclusions:   I. V > S           II. R < V
a) Either conclusion I or II is true                  b) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
c) Only conclusion II is true                           d) Only conclusion I is true
e) Both conclusions I and II are true
23.       Statement:     M < A < L = V < B > T
Conclusions:   I. B > A           II. T < M
a) Only conclusion I is true                            b) Only conclusion II is true
c) Both conclusions I and II are true              d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true

24. In a certain code, ‘DEVOTE’ is coded as ‘GBYLWB’ and ‘MOSTLY’ is coded as ‘PLVQOV‘. How will TENURE be coded in the same code?
a) RUBWBQ               b) WBQRUB              c) WHQXUH              d) XUHWHQ
e) WQBURB
Directions (Q. 25-29): In each question two statements followed by two conclusions numbered land II have been given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

25.       Statements:    All suns are moons,
Some suns are planets.
Conclusions:   I. All moons are suns.
II. At least some moons are planets.
a) Neither conclusion I nor II is true                          b) Both conclusions I and II are true
c) Only conclusion II is true                                       d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Only conclusion I is true

26.       Statements:    All dancers are artists.
No artist is a racer.
Conclusions:   I. No dancer is a racer.
II. At least some dancers are racers.
a) Either conclusion I or II is true                              b) Only conclusion I is true
c) Neither conclusion I nor II is true                          d) Only conclusion II is true
e) Both conclusions I and II are true

27.       Statements:    Some rails are trains.
Some rails are locals.
Conclusions:   I. At least some trains are locals.
II. No train is a local.
a) Neither conclusion I nor II is true                          b) Only conclusion II is true
c) Only conclusion I is true                                        d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Both conclusions I and II are true

28.       Statements:    Some jars are cans.
No can is a box.
Conclusions:   I. No jar is a box.
II. Some jars are boxes.
a) Either conclusion I or II is true                              2) Only conclusion II is true
c) Neither conclusion I nor II is true                          d) Both conclusions I and II are true
e) Only conclusion I is true

29.       Statements:    All solutions are problems.
All questions are solutions.
Conclusions:   I. No question is a problem.
II. All questions are problems.
a) Neither conclusion I nor II is true                          b) Both conclusions I and II are true
c) Only conclusion II is true                                       d) Only conclusion I is true
e) Either conclusion I or II is true

Directions (Q. 30-34): Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the given questions.
B S * 4 M @ K % 9 + A L \$ R 3 U 5 H & # Z V 2 Ω W 7 Q X 6 € F G £
30. If all the symbols are dropped from the arrangement then which will be the twelfth element from the right end of the given arrangement?
a) 5                  b) R                 c) U                 d) H                 e) A

31. Which of the following is fourteenth to the left of the nineteenth element from the left end of the given arrangement?
a) 6                  b) M                c) 4                  d) X                 e) @

32. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the given arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?
a) R3H5          b) S*@M        c) X€FQ          d) #zΩ2           e) %9LA

33. How many such numbers are there in the given arrangement each of which is immediately followed by a letter and also immediately preceded by a symbol?
a) One                         b) None           c) Two             d) Three          e) More than three

34. What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following series based on the given arrangement?
BS*     4@K    9L\$      U#Z     ?
a) 7FG             b) WXF           c) W€F            d) WΩG          e) Ω6F

Directions (Q. 35-39): Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions.
In a certain code language, ‘go to the park’, is written as ‘et ge ud hu’, ‘park full of children’ is written as ‘bo ud dr cx’, ‘the play of children’ is written as ‘dr hu cx kl’ and ‘to play full time’ is written as ‘sy et bo kl’. (All the codes are two-letter codes.)

35. Which of the following possibly means ‘study time’ in the given code language?
a) pa et            b) sy kl            c) sy pa           d) dr et                        e) sy bo

36.' What does ‘kl’ stand for in the given code language?
a) play             b) None of the given options              c) to                 d) go                e) full

37. In the given code language, what does ‘cx' stand for?
a) Either ‘of’ or ‘children’     b) park            c) play                         d) full
e) Either ‘play’ or ‘park’

38. In the given code language, what is the code for ‘park’?
a) et                 b) dr                c) ge                d) bo                e) ud

39. What is the code for ‘the’ in the given code language?
a) hu                b) cx                c) dr                d) et                 e) ge
40. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word ‘BANGLE‘, each of which has as many letters between them in the word (in both forward and backward directions) as they have between them in the English alphabetical series?

a) More than three      b) Two            c) One             d) Three          e) None

1. a; Hence D is father-in-law of T.

(2 - 7): 2. b;
3. b;
4. c;     After arrangement There are two persons – E and H.

5. a;

6. e;

7. b;

(8 - 13); 8. d;

9. e; Skip one to move to the next group.

10. a;

11. a;

12. a;

13. c; All others have only one person between them.

14. d;   Given word: DOMAINS
After interchanges the new word formed: CPLBJMR
Again on arranging in alphabetical order, we get BCJLMPR
Thus, third letter from the right end is M.
15. e; 16. d;   The sum of the digits of the number 527 = 5 + 2 + 7 = 14
Similarly,        749 à 7 + 4 + 9 = 20
456 à 4 + 5 + 6 = 15
188 à 1 + 8 + 8 = 17
863 à 8 + 6 + 3 = 17
Hence the sums of the digits of the number 188 and 863 are equal.

17. b;   Given five-digit numbers: 527           749      456      188      863
Thus, the third lowest number is 527,
and, the second digit of the number is 2.

18. d; The numbers will be formed as follows. Thus, the second lowest number is 554.
So, the third digit of the second lowest
number is 4.

19. d;   Given statements:
C < O > M > P = T > S
Thus, O > S or S < O is true. Hence I (S < O) is true. But we can‘t compare T and C. Hence II (T < C) is not true.

20. d;   Given statements:
S < T > O = R             … (i)
T < V                           … (ii)
From (i), we get T > R is true. Hence II is true.
Again, we can‘t compare R and S. Hence I (R < S) is not true.

21. e;   Given statements:
Z = M < T > F > U
Thus, we can’t compare Z and F. Hence I (Z < F) is not true.
Again, we can‘t compare M and U. Hence II (U < M) is not true.

22. e;   Given statements:
S < T > O = R             … (i)
T < V                           … (ii)
From (i) and (ii), we get V > T > O = R
Thus, V > R or R < V is true. Hence II (R < V) is true.
Again, from (i) and (ii), we get S < T < V
Thus S < V or V > S is true. Hence I (V > S) is true.

23. a;   Given statement:
M < A < L = V < B > T
Thus, we can’t compare M and T.
Hence II (T < M) is not true.
Now, A < B or B > A is true. Hence I (B > A) is true.

24. b; As, Similarly, So, 25. c;   All suns are moons (A) à conversion à Some moons are suns (I). Hence I does not follow. Again, Some suns are planets (I) à conversion à Some planets are suns (I) + All suns are moons (A) = I + A = I = Some planets are moons à conversion à Some moons are planets (I), Hence conclusion II follows.

26. b;   All dancers are artists (A) + No artist is a racer (I) = A + E = E = No dancer is a racer (E). Hence conclusion I follows. But conclusion II does not follow.

27. d;   Some rails are locals (I) à conversion à Some locals are rails (I) + Some rails are trains (I) = I + I = No conclusion. But conclusion I and II make a complementary pair (I-E). Hence either conclusion I or II follows.

28. a;   Some jars are cans (I) + No can is a box (E) = I + E = O = Some jars are not boxes.
But conclusions I and II make a complementary pair (I-E). Thus, either conclusion I or II is true.

29. c;   All questions are solutions (A) + All solutions are problems (A) = A + A = A = All questions are problems (A). Hence conclusion II is true. But I does not follow.

30. a;   The new series will be
B S 4 M K 9 A L R 3 U 5 H Z V 2 W 7 Q X 6 F G
Thus, twelfth from the right end is 5.

31. b;   Fourteen to the left of the nineteenth from the left = (19-14 =) 5th from the left. Hence 5th from the left is M.

32. c; 33. a;   *4M

34. c;   The first letter moves +3, +5, +7, +9… places forward. The second and third letter move +4, +6, +8, +10… places forward
(35-39):
go to the park à et ge ud hu … (i)
park full of children à bo ud dr cx … (ii)
the play of children à dr hu cx kl … (iii)
to play full time à sy et bo kl … (iv)
From (i) and (ii), park à ud … (v)
From (i) and (iii), the à hu … (vi)
From (i) and (iv), to à et ... (vii)
From (ii) and (iv), full à bo … (viii)
From (iii) and (iv), play à kl … (ix)
From (i), (v), (vi) and (vii), go à ge … (x)
From (iv), (vii), (viii) and (ix), time à sy … (xi)
From (ii) and (iii), of/children à dr/cx … (xii)

35. c;               36. a;               37. a;               38. e;               39. a;

40. a; 