Test-II: Reasoning Ability

Directions (Q. 31-35): Study the information carefully and answer the given question.
A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around a circular area at equal distances from their neighbours but not necessarily in the same order. Some of the people are facing the centre while some of them are facing outward (i.e. in a direction opposite the centre).
NOTE: Same direction means if one person is facing the centre then the other also faces the centre and vice versa.
Opposite direction means that if one person is facing the centre then the other is facing outward and vice versa.
D sits third to the right of B. E sits second to the left of B. The immediate neighbours of B face the same direction (i.e. if one neighbour faces the centre the other neighbour also faces the centre and vice versa). C sits second to the left of E. E faces the centre. F sits third to the right of C. G sits second to the left of H. H is not an immediate neighbour of B. G faces the same direction as D. The immediate neighbours of E face opposite directions (i.e. if one neighbour faces the centre the other neighbour faces outside and vice versa). The immediate neighbours of F face opposite directions (i.e. if one neighbour faces the centre the other neighbour faces outward and vice versa.)
31.       How many people in the given arrangement face the centre?
a) Two             b) Three          c) One             d) Four            e) Five
32.       Which of the following is True regarding A as per the given seating arrangement?
a) H sits second to the left of A.
b) A faces outward.
c) Only two people sit between A and B.
d) C is one of the immediate neighbours of A.
e) Only three people sit between A and G.
33.       Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given seating arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
a) F                  b) H                 c) B                 d) G                 e) D
34.       What is E's position with respect to H?
a) Third to the left                  b) On the immediate left        c) On the immediate right
d) Second to the right             e) Third to the right
35.       Who sits second to the left of G?
a) H                 b) A                 c) B                 d) Other than those given as options
e) F
Directions (Q. 36-40): Study the given information carefully to answer the given questions.
A, B, C, D, K, L and M live on seven different floors of a building but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost floor of the building is numbered one, the one above that is numbered two and so on till the topmost floor is numbered seven. Each one of them also likes a different game, namely Snooker, Badminton, Chess, Ludo, Cricket, Hockey and Polo (but not necessarily in the same order.)
Only three persons live between B and K. B lives on one of the floors above K. K does not live on the lowermost floor. Only one person lives between B and the one who likes Chess. The one who likes Polo lives on one of the even-numbered floors above the one who likes Chess. Only two persons live between M and the one who likes Chess. The one who likes Snooker lives immediately above M. A lives immediately above L. A does not like Chess.
The one who likes Ludo lives on one of the odd-numbered floors below L. M does not like Ludo. D lives on one of the floors above C. Only one person lives between the one who likes Cricket and the one who likes Hockey. D does not like Cricket. M does not like Badminton.
36.       Which of the following games does B like?
a) Snooker                  b) Ludo           c) Polo            d) Badminton              e) Chess
37.       Who among the following lives on the floor numbered?
a) The one who likes Hockey                         b) The one who likes Chess
c) A                 d) L                 e) B
38.       Which of the following statements is TRUE with respect to the given arrangement?
a) Only two persons live between K and M.
b) The one who likes Hockey lives immediately above K
c) C likes Chess.
d) C lives on an even-numbered floor.
e) None of the given options is true
39.       If all the persons are made to sit in alphabetical order from top to bottom, the positions of how many people will remain unchanged?
a) None           b) Three          c) Two             d) One                         e) Four
40.       Which of the following combinations is True with respect to the given arrangement?
a) Polo-C        b) Ludo- B      c) Cricket-K    d) Chess-L      e) Snooker-A
41.       A person starts walking from his office towards a party hall. He walks For 30m towards East. He takes a 90° right turn and walks for 15m. He again takes a 90° right turn and walks for another 20m. He then walks for 25m after taking a 90° left turn. Turning 90° towards his right he walks for 10m to reach the party hall. How far and in which direction is the party hall from his office?
a) 40m towards west             b) 40m towards south             c) 45m towards south
d) 45m towards north             e) 40m towards north
Directions (Q. 42-46): In each question, two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II have been given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with the commonly facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
42.       Statements:    Some wins are trophies.
Some trophies are cups.
No cup is a prize.
Conclusions:   I. At least some cups are wins.
II. All prizes being trophies is a possibility.
a) Both conclusions I and II are true              b) Only conclusion II is true
c) Only conclusion I is true                            d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
43.       Statements:    No layer is a coat.
All coats are deposits.
All deposits are sheets.
Conclusions:   I. All coats are sheets.
II. All deposits can never be layers.
a) Both conclusion I and II are true                b) Only conclusion II is true
c) Neither conclusion I nor II is true              d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Only conclusion I is true
44.       Statements:    Some flats are apartments.
No apartment is a hall.
Some halls are rooms.
Conclusions:   I. At least some rooms are flats.
II. No apartment is a room.
a) Both conclusion I and II are true
b) Either conclusion I or II is true
c) Only conclusion II is true
d) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
e) Only conclusion I is true
45.       Statements:    Some wins are trophies.
Some trophies are cups.
No cup is a prize.
Conclusions:   I. No trophy is a prize.
II. No prize is a win.
a) Only conclusion I is true
b) Only conclusion II is true
c) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
d) Both conclusion I and II are true
e) Either conclusion I or II is true
46.       Statements:    Some codes are secrets.
All secrets are puzzles.
Conclusions:   I. All secrets being codes is a possibility.
II. At least some puzzles are codes.
a) Both conclusion I and II are true
b) Only conclusion II is true
c) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Only conclusion I is true
47.       Point A is 40m to the north of point B. Point C is 20m to the west of point A. Point D is 30m to the south of point C. Point E is exactly midway between points D and F in such a manner that Point D, E and F form a horizontal straight line of 40m. Point F is to the east of point D. Point G is 30m to the north of point F. How far and in which direction is point G from point A?
a) 30m towards west              b) 40m towards north             c) 20m towards west
d) 20m towards east               e) 30m towards east
Directions (Q. 48-52): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statements and select the appropriate answer.
48.       Statements:    L = P < W < V < K > Q;         B < L;              K = M
Conclusions:   I. B < V           II. M > P
a) Only conclusion I is true                            b) Only conclusion II is true
c) Either conclusion I or II is true                  d) Both conclusion I and II are true
e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
49.       Statements:    L = P < W < V < K > Q;         B < L;              K = M
Conclusion:    I. L > Q           II. W = M
a) Either conclusion I or II is true                  b) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
c) Only conclusion I is true                            d) Only conclusion II is true
e) Both conclusion I and II are true
50.       Statements:    R < U = B < S;            B < X
Conclusions:   I. X > R           II. X = R
a) Both conclusion I and II are true                b) Either conclusion I or II is true
c) Only conclusion I is true                            d) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
e) Only conclusion II is true
51.       Statements:    C > U < S < T = O > D > Y;               Z = O < P
Conclusion:    I. U > D           II. S < P
a) Neither conclusion I nor II is true              b) Both conclusion I and II are true
c) Only conclusion I is true                            d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Only conclusion II is true
52.       Statements:    C > U < S < T = O > D > Y;               Z = O < P
Conclusion:    I. Z > Y           II. C < O
a) Only conclusion I is true                            b) Both conclusion I and II are true
c) Only conclusion II is true                           d) Either conclusion I or II is true
e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
Directions (Q. 53-55): Study the following information and answer the given questions.
·       J is sister of T. T is married to D. D is father of R.
·       M is son of H. T is mother-in-law of H.
·       D has only one son and no daughter.
·       J is married to B. L is daughter of B.
53.       How is L related to T?
a) Niece          b) Sister          c) Cannot be determined        d) Daughter     e) Mother
54.       How is M related to D?
a) Nephew       b) Uncle          c) Brother       d) Son             e) Grandson
55.       How is J related to R?
a) Sister          b) Aunt            c) Mother-in-law        d) Mother
e) Cannot be determined
Directions (Q. 56-60): Study the given information carefully to answer the given questions.
In a certain code language ‘efforts required in teaching’ is written as ‘dp kj te hy’, ‘teaching kids is tough’ is written as ‘dp op cs mb’, ‘kids heart is huge’ is written as ‘cs re mb gr’ and ‘task required huge efforts’ is written as ‘hy kj re ba’ (All codes are two letter codes only.)
56.       In the given code language, what does the code 'kj' stand for?
a) in                 b) either ‘required’ or 'efforts'                       c) either 'huge' or ‘kids’
d) task             e) huge
57.       What is the code for ‘teaching' in the given code language?
a) hy                b) te                 c) op                d) Other than those given as options
e) kj
58.       What is the code for ‘kids’ in the given code language?
a) either 'mb' or ‘cs’                                       b) either ‘op' or ‘gr’               c) dp
d) Other than those given as options             e) re
59.       What will be the code for ‘in task’ in the given code language?
a) te hy                        b) dp kj           c) ba kj            d) ba te
e) Other than those given as options
60.       What may be the possible code for ‘quite tough heart’ in the given code language?
a) uc ba re       b) gr uc re       c) op uc gr       d) op kj hy      e) op gr kj
Directions (Q. 61-65): Study the following information to answer the given questions.
Eight friends E, F, G, H, L, M, N and O are seated in a straight line, facing north, but not necessarily in the same order
·       O sits at the extreme right end of the line. Only four people sit between O and G.
·       Both F and M are immediate neighbours of G.
·       Only two people sit between M and L. L is not an immediate neighbour of O.
·       H sits second to the left of E.
61.       What is the position of L with respect to G?
a) Third to the right                b) On the immediate left                    c) Second to the right
d) Fourth to the right              e) Second to the left
62.       Based on the given arrangement, which of the following is true with respect to N?
a) Only three persons sit between N and O.
b) None of the given options is true
c) Only one person sits to the right of N.
d) E sits on the immediate right of N.
e) Both L and F are immediate neighbours of N.
63.       Who among the following represents the person seated at the extreme left end of the line?
a) E                 b) N                 c) L                 d) F                 e) H
64.       How many persons are seated between O and E?
a) Two             b) Three          c) None           d) Four                        e) One
65.       Who among the following sit exactly between M and L?

a) E, N             b) F, O             c) F, G             d) E, G            e) H, N

ANSWERS  -- picture may not appear properly

(31-35): 31. e)
32. b)
33. b) H faces outside
34. b)
35. a)
(36-40): 36. d)
37. a)
38. b)
39. c) After arranging all the persons in alphabetical order from top to bottom: Hence there are only two persons – D and K – whose positions remain unchanged from the original position.
40. d)

41. b) AF = 15 + 25 = 40m (AF = BC + DE)
Hence party hall is 40m towards south.
42. b;   Some wins are trophies (I) + Some trophies are cups (I) = I + I = No conclusion. Hence conclusion I does not follow. Again, some trophies are cups (I) + No cup is a prize (E) = I + E = 0 = Some trophies are not prizes. But the possibility in II exists. Hence conclusion II follows.
43. a;   All coats are deposits (A) + All deposits are sheets (A) = A + A = A = All coats are sheets. Hence conclusion l follows. No layer is a coat (E) + All coats are deposits (A) = E + A = O* = Some deposits are not layers (O*). Hence conclusion II follows.
44. d;   No apartment is a hall (E) + Some halls are rooms (I) = E + I = O* = Some rooms are not apartments. Hence conclusion II does not follow. Now, Some flats are apartments (I) + No apartment is a hall (E) = I + E = O = Some flats are not halls (O) + Some halls are rooms (I) = O + I = No conclusion. Hence conclusion I does not follow.
45. c;   Some trophies are cups (I) + No cup is a prize (E) = I + E = O = Some trophies are not prizes. Hence conclusion I does not follow. Again, Some wins are trophies (I) + Some trophies are not prizes (O) = I + O = No conclusion. Hence conclusion II does not follow.
46. a;   Some codes are secrets (I) à conversion à Some secrets are codes (I). Thus, the possibility in I exists. Hence conclusion I follows. Again, Some codes are secrets (I) + All secrets are puzzles (A) = l + A = I = Some codes are puzzles (I) à conversion à Some puzzles are codes. Hence conclusion II follows.
47. d; AG = EF = 20m
Hence point G is 20m towards east from point A.
48. d;   Given statements:
L = P < W < V < K > Q          … (i)
B < L                                       … (ii)
K = M                                     … (iii)
Combining (i) and (ii), we get
B < L = P < W < V < K > Q
Thus, B < V is true.
Again, combining (i) and (iii), we get
L = P < W < V < K = M
Thus, P < M or M > P is true. Hence conclusion II is true.
49. b;   Given statements:
L = P < W < V < K > Q          … (i)
B < L                                       … (ii)
K = M                                     … (iii)
Combining (i), (ii) and (iii), we get
B < L = P < W < V < K = M
Thus, W < M is true. Hence II (W = M) is not true.
Again, from (i), L = P < W < V < K > Q
We can’t compare L and Q. Hence I (L > Q) is not true.
50. b;   Given statements:
R < U = B < S             … (i)
B < X                          … (ii)
Combining (i) and (ii), we get
R < U = B < S
Thus, R < X or X > R is true.
It means either X > R or X = R is true.
Hence either conclusion I or II is true.
51. e;   C > U < S < T = O > D > Y                … (i)
Z = O < P                                            … (ii)
Combining (i) and (ii), we get
C > U < S < T = O < P
Thus, S < P is true. Hence conclusion II is true.
Again C > U < S < T = O = Z > D
We cant compare U and D. Hence I (U > D) is not true.
52. a;   C > U < S < T = O > D > Y                … (i)
Z = O < P                                            … (ii)
Combining (i) and (ii), we get
C > U < S < T = O = Z > D > Y
Thus, Z > Y is true. Hence I is true. Again we cant compare C and O. Hence II (C < O) is not true.
53. a;
54. e;
55. b;
(56-60):
efforts required in teaching dp kj te hy    … (i)
teaching kids is tough dp op cs mb          … (ii)
kids heart is huge cs re mb gr                  … (iii)
task required huge efforts hy kj re ba      … (iv)
From (i) and (ii),
teaching dp                                   … (v)
From (ii) and (iii),
is/kids cs/mb                                 … (vi)
From (iii) and (iv),
huge re                                          … (vii)
From (i) and (iv),
efforts/required kj/hy                   … (viii)
From (i), (v) and (viii),
in te                                               … (ix)
From (ii), (v) and (vi),
tough op                                        … (x)
From (iii), (vi) and (vii),
hert gr                                           … (xi)
From (iv), (vii) and (viii),
task ba                                           … (xii)
56. b;
57. d                58. a                59. d                60. c
(61-65): 61. e                62. d                63. c                64. c                65. c