Great Leaders of India during Independence - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Introduction: Gandhiji was one in all the best Indian of all time. He's known as the “Father of the Indian Nation”. His original name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was given the title of “Mahatma“, which means “Great Soul“, people also call him “Bapu” dearly.
Early life: The birth of Mahatma Gandhi took place on 2nd day of October in 1869 at Porbandar (Gujarat). His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was a noble and pious man. Mr. Karamchand was the chief Dewan of the State of Rajkot. His mother, Putlibai, was a simple and religious lady. In his early age, Gandhiji was deeply influenced by the religious and pious behavior of her mother. Gandhiji received his early education and training from such pious parents. He grew up to be deeply religious, truthful, honest, and fearless from his terribly childhood. He was married to Kasturba Gandhi in 1983. The marriage took place according to traditional custom.As a child, he was an excellent student. He completed his matriculation examination in 1887. After a brief study, he traveled to England to study barrister-in-law. In 1991, he became a barrister and came back to home country.
South Africa: At the age of 24, Mahatma Gandhi visited South Africa as a lawyer. He had spent twenty-one years at South Africa from 1893 to 1914. As a professional, he was primarily utilized by Indians staying at South Africa. He found that Indians and other dark skinned people were the oppressed section of the society. He himself faced discrimination on many occasions. He was once disallowed to travel on superior and thrown out of the train. He was moved by the poor condition of Indians and decided to fight against the injustice. In 1894, he shaped the Indian Natal Congress to fight for the civil rights of the Indian community in South Africa.While at South Africa, he fought for the civil rights and privileges of the Indians living in South Africa. Throughout his struggle, he educated people to fight for his or her rights through non-violence. Hence, he created his mark as a good politician in South Africa.
India: He came back to India in 1915. Later, he was the president of Indian National Congress. He protested against the misrule of British Government. He had been related to many national movements throughout India’s struggle for independence like Non-cooperation Movement in 1920, Satyagraha, Quit India Movement in 1942, etc. On many occasions, he was sent to prison. There was wide participation of girls within the freedom movements led by Gandhi.Non-cooperation was his nice weapon. The Non-cooperation Movement as a non-violent protest against the utilization of British made product by Indians. It was a movement of the lots of India.Salt Satyagraha or Dandi March was a protest against the tax regime of British in India. Gandhiji made salt at Dandi while not paying the salt tax. The Civil Disobedience Movement movement got support of several people.
In 1942, Gandhi raised the ‘Quit India’ motto. Gandhiji asked British Government to “Quit India”. The Quit India Movement was the most powerful movement launched by Gandhi to finish British rule India. He gave the renowned motto of “Do or die” for the liberty of motherland.
Principles: He followed the principles of non-violence, truth and peace throughout his life. He guided his fellow citizens to struggle for freedom, not by using weapons, however by following Ahimsa (non-violence), peace (Shanti) and truth (Sayta). He proven that Ahimsa (non-violence) is a lot of powerful than the sword. He adopted the principles of Satyagraha within the Indian Independence movements.
Gandhian era in Indian History: His remained the foremost powerful leader of India’s freedom movement throughout the amount from 1919 to 1948 and so the period is termed the ‘Gandhian Era’in Indian history.
Importance: He's a widely known world personality. He shook off British imperialism. British were compelled to quit India. He secured freedom for our country following the principles of truth and non-violence. He was, thus, a sainted leader. Finally, India won its independence on 15th day of August in 1947.
Gandhi Jayanti: In India, Gandhi Jayanti is widely known every-year on the day of his birth-anniversary. It's a national holiday, the world celebrates 2nd October as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Death: Unfortunately, the great saint was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30th January, 1948.
Conclusion: Therefore, Mahatma Gandhi was both a saint and a practical leader of his compatriots. He was a simple, pure, unselfish and religious person. He did most of his personal jobs of his own. He fought for the liberty of India through non-violent and peaceful ways. He tried hard to lift the distressed sections of the society. He fought against illiteracy. He dreamt of providing mass employment through Charka and khaddar. He always felt for the poor and untouchables people. He needed to get rid of untouchability from Indian society.
The life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi were so wonderful that people round the world still pay respect to him. we will always remember his in our hearts.
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