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Important Current Affairs 11th October 2018
‘Olly’ made Hockey World Cup mascot
Turtle ‘Olly’ has been declared as the official mascot for the Odisha Men’s Hockey World Cup.Hockey World Cup is scheduled to be held at the Kalinga Stadium, Bhubaneswar from November 28 to December 16, 2018.‘Olly’ represents the endangered Olive Ridley sea turtles.Olly was also the mascot for Asian Athletics Championships held in 2017.
INS & Aircraft reach for IND-INDO CORPAT
Indian Naval Ship (INS) Kulish and an Indian Dornier (naval maritime time patrol aircraft) from Andaman and Nicobar command entered Belawan harbour, IndonesiaINS Kulish and Indian Dornier will attend the 32nd edition of ‘India – Indonesia coordinated patrol’ (IND-INDO CORPAT).IND-INDO CORPAT began on 11 October 2018 and will end on 27 October 2018.
Pravin appointed as Chief Statistician
The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has appointed Pravin Srivastava as Chief Statistician of India, and Secretary of the Statistics Ministry.Before this, he worked as additional director general in the national accounts division of the Statistics Ministry.Pravin Srivastava is the 1983-batch Indian Statistical Service officer.
‘Bioelectronic medicine’ which repair nerves        
Researchers at Washington University have developed the first bioelectronic medicine.The medicine is an implantable, biodegradable wireless device that speeds nerve regeneration and improves the healing of a damaged nerve.The device provides therapy and treatment over a clinically relevant period of time and directly at the site where it’s needed.
Nirmala on a 3-day visit to France
Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman began a three-day visit to France on 11 October 2018.Ms Sitharaman will hold wide-ranging talks with her French counterpart Florence Parly on ways to deepen strategic cooperation between the two countries.Ms Sitharaman will also take stock of progress in the supply of 36 Rafale jets by Dassault to the Indian Air Force under a Rs. 58,000 crore deal.
Sundar Singh won silver in javelin throw
Indian javelin thrower Sundar Singh Gurjar won a silver medal in the men’s F46 category of the Asian Para Games in Jakarta, Indonesia.The F46 category of disability covers upper limb deficiency, impaired muscle power or impaired range of movement.Gurjar won the silver medal with an effort of 61.33m in his fifth attempt.
32nd conference of WUWM inaugurated
Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Purushottam Rupala inaugurated the 32nd world conference of ‘World Union of Wholesale Markets’ (WUWM).The Conference was held at Gurugram, Haryana on 11 October 2018.The theme of the conference is  ‘The Wholesale Markets in the Digital Era: Challenges and Opportunities’.
Sunil Bhaskaran to head AirAsia India
Sunil Bhaskaran has been appointed as the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of low-cost carrier AirAsia India with effect from November 15, 2018.The AirAsia airline is jointly owned by Tata Sons and Air Asia Bhd.Mr Bhaskaran is currently vice-president, Corporate Services at Tata Steel.AirAsia India has a market share of less than 5% and a fleet of 19 aircraft.
RBI board gets two new directors
The government has appointed Sachin Chaturvedi to the central board of the Reserve Bank of India.Revathy Iyer, a former Indian Audit and Accounts Services officer, was also nominated to the RBI board.Both are appointed for a period of four years with effect from September 19, 2018.With these appointments, RBI will now have 18 members on its central board.
International Day of the Girl Child:11 October
International Day of the Girl is observed on 11 October 2018.The day aims to highlight and address the needs and challenges girls face while promoting girls’ empowerment and the fulfilment of their human rights.The theme for 2018 is ‘With Her: A Skilled Girl Force’.October 11, 2012, was the first International Day of the Girl Child.
Sushma Swaraj to attend SCO meeting
External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj participated in the 17th Council of Heads of Government (CHG) meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.The meeting was held in Tajikistan on 11 October 2018.This is the second CHG meeting since India became a full member of SCO in June 2017.In 2017, CHG meeting was held in Sochi, Russia.
Online Assurances Monitoring System inagurated
Minister of State (MoS) for Parliamentary Affairs Vijay Goel inaugurated the Online Assurances Monitoring System (OAMS).OAMS has been developed by the Parliamentary Affairs Ministry.This system has made the information regarding assurances given on the floor of the Houses of Parliament paperless and available in digital format.
Cabinet approved the merger of NCVT & NSDA
The Union Cabinet has approved the merger of the regulatory institutions in the skills space – National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA).The new merged will be named as National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET).NCVET will regulate the functioning of entities engaged in vocational education and training.
IWAI launched Ro-Ro service to Majuli Island
Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) started Roll on-Roll off (Ro-Ro) facility in collaboration with the Government of Assam for Majuli Island.IWAI has procured a new vessel ‘MV Bhupen Hazarika’ for the new Ro-Ro service.Majuli is one of the biggest riverine islands in the world located on river Brahmaputra in Assam.
Cabinet approves MoC between India and Finland
The government approved an agreement between India and Finland on cooperation in environment protection in both the countries.The agreement is expected to bring in the latest technologies and best practices suited for bringing about better environment protection.The areas of cooperation also includes air and water pollution prevention and purification, remediation of contaminated soils.
Goa Maritime Symposium – 2018
The Indian Navy will host the ‘Goa Maritime Symposium’ on 16 October 2018.The event is a follow-on to the maiden Goa Maritime Conclave held in 2017.The theme for the one day symposium is “Building Stronger Maritime Partnerships in Indian Ocean Region”.The focus of the symposium is on capacity building among Indian Ocean Region navies to tackle emerging maritime threats,
MoU between India and Lebanon approved
The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Lebanon for cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors.The MoU will promote understanding of best Agricultural practices in the two countries.The MoU will also help in better productivity at farmer fields as well as improved global market.
Tushar Mehta is the new Solicitor General
The Government of India has appointed Tushar Mehta as the Solicitor General of India.At present, Tushar Mehta holds the charge of Additional Solicitor General.He will remain in office till 30th of June, 2020 or till further orders.Solicitor General of India is the second highest ranking law officer of the government.
Saurabh Chaudhary won gold in 10m air pistol      
Indian shooter Saurabh Chaudhary clinched the gold medal in the 10m air pistol event at the Youth Olympic Games on 10 October 2018.Saurabh also won gold medal in the Asian Games and Junior ISSF World Championship.This is India’s third gold medal in Buenos Aires and the fourth medal overall for the shooting contingent.
Govt sets ‘minimum river flows’ for the Ganga
The government of India had notified the minimum ‘environmental flows’ for Ganga river.Environmental flows are the acceptable flow regimes that are required to maintain a river in the desired environmental state or predetermined state.The upper stretches of the Ganga would have to maintain 20% of the monthly average flow between November and March.

Important Current Affairs 12th October 2018
Centre approved land pooling policy for Delhi
The government of India has approved a land pooling policy for Delhi.The policy was approved by the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) under the chairmanship of Lt Governor Anil Baijal in September 2018.Under the policy, agencies will develop infrastructures like roads, schools, hospitals, community centres and stadia on part of the pooled land
Over 900 prisoners get special remission
As part of the commemoration of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, over 900 prisoners have been released in the first phase of the Government’s scheme for grant of special remission to specific categories of prisoners.The decision was taken by the Union Cabinet on July 18, 2018.The prisoners will be released in three phases- October 2, 2018, April 6, 2019, and October 2, 2019.
Silver Jubilee celebrations of NHRC began
Silver Jubilee celebrations of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) began on 12 October 2018.The Commission will organize a ‘Human Rights Mela’ and ‘Human Rights Street Theatre Festival’.NHRC is an autonomous public body responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights.Retired Justice HL Dattu is the Chairperson of NHRC.
Govt hiked import duty on electronic items
The government has increased basic customs duty on electronic and telecom equipment to 20% from the current 10%.The items that will face customs duty hike include smartwatches, optical transport equipment and voice over internet protocol equipment.The hike will come into effect on 12 October 2018.Restricting imports is a part of the government’s strategy to arrest the rupee’s fall.
World Arthritis Day observed on October 12
World Arthritis Day is observed on the 12th of October every year.The theme of World Arthritis Day 2018 is “It’s in your hands, take action”.World Arthritis Day was launched by the Arthritis Foundation.The objective of the day is to spread awareness about arthritis, and how it affects the lives of those that suffer with it.
India suffered economic loss due to disasters
The report titled ‘Economic Losses, Poverty and Disasters 1998-2017’ was released by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.According to the report, India suffered a $79.5 billion economic loss due to climate-related disasters in the last 20 years.The greatest economic losses have been experienced by the US at $944.8 billion, followed by China, Japan, India and Puerto Rico.
WB to provide $195 million to Nepal
The World Bank (WB) has announced that it will provide around US$195 million concessional loans to Nepal.The loan amount will be used by Nepal to reform the country’s financial and energy sectors.An agreement to this effect was reached during the ongoing annual meeting of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) at Bali in Indonesia.
Arun Kumar appointed as Bhilai Steel Plant CEO
Arun Kumar Rath took charge as the new CEO of Bhilai Steel plant on 11 October 2018.He succeeds M Ravi who was removed from the post on October 10 after the fire accident at Bhilai Steel Plant.Rath was earlier the CEO of Durgapur Steel Plant.Anirban Dasgupta, CEO of SAIL’s IISCO Steel Plant at Burnpur, takes additional charge of Durgapur Plant.
Centre for 4th Industrial Revolution launched
The World Economic Forum launched its new Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in India.The centre would be based in Maharashtra.It has selected drones, artificial intelligence and blockchain as the first three project areas.The WEF has also entered into partnerships with the Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh governments for the new initiative
Amway hires Milind Pant as first global CEO
Direct selling company Amway has announced Milind Pant as its Chief Executive Officer.Mr. Pant will report directly to Amway’s Board of Directors effective January 2, 2019.Amway has been co-led by Van Andel who has served as Amway Chairman since 1995 and Doug DeVos who has served as Amway’s president since 2002.
BoB CEO P.S. Jayakumar gets one-year extension
The government extended the tenure of Bank of Baroda Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer P.S. Jayakumar by one year.Before joining Bank of Baroda, Jayakumar founded VBHC Value Homes Pvt. Ltd along with Jaithirth Rao and worked with Citigroup bank.Jayakumar is a chartered accountant by qualification.
21% Indian children are under-weight: GHI
According to the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2018, at least one in five Indian children under the age of five are wasted, which means they have extremely low weight for their height, reflecting acute under-nutrition.Overall, India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries in the Index.GHI is a peer-reviewed publication released annually by ‘Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide.
Punjab govt released 3 apps
Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh launched three mobile apps aimed at checking crop residue burning.The apps also aim to create awareness about the effects of crop residue burning on the environment and human health.The three Android mobile applications have been developed by Punjab Remote Sensing Centre (PRSC).The three apps are i-Khet Machine, e-PEHaL and e-Prevent.
Sushil Modi released book ‘Lalu Leela’
Bihar deputy chief minister Sushil Kumar Modi has come out with a nearly 200-page book titled “Lalu Leela”.The book documents “benami” land deals allegedly involving the RJD national president, Lalu Prasad Yadav and his family members.The preface has been penned by another Union minister, Ravi Shankar Prasad.
‘Save Ganga’ crusader Agarwal dead
GD Agarwal who devoted his life to the cause of saving river Ganga, died on 11 October 2018.Agarwal was on a fast-unto-death for the last 111 days.He was a former professor at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur.In 2012, he formally renounced the world and adopted the name Swami Gyanswaroop Sanand.
Malaysia abolishes capital punishment
Malaysia’s cabinet has agreed to abolish the death penalty and halt pending executions.Capital punishment in Malaysia is currently mandatory for murder, kidnapping, possession of firearms and drug trafficking, among other crimes.In April 2017, human rights group Amnesty International ranked Malaysia 10th in the use of the death penalty.
Govt package for footwear and leather sector
The Central Government has approved a special package for employment generation in leather and footwear sector.The package involves implementation of Central Sector Scheme – Indian Footwear, Leather & Accessories Development Programme (IFLADP) with an approved expenditure of Rs. 2600 Crore for 2017-20.The scheme aims at development of infrastructure for the leather sector.
Space centre to be set up at Jammu University
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) signed a MoU with the Central University of Jammu (CUJ) in Jammu for setting up of the Satish Dhawan Center for Space Science in the University.The centre will take care of the emerging geospatial and space technology requirements for the development of the region.Apart from this, the disaster management centre will also be set up.
World Bank’s Human Capital Index released
The World Bank released a Human Capital Index (HCI) as part of the World Development Report 2019.The broader theme of the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 is “The Changing Nature of Work”.India is ranked at 115.The report almost reiterated that Indian children are not learning enough in schools.
AIM & IBM India design Internship Programme
NITI Aayog and IBM India announced a first-of-its-kind internship programme for students selected by Atal Innovation Mission (AIM).The Atal Innovation Mission conducted the Atal Tinkering Marathon in 2017.The students will be equipped with the skills in areas like artificial intelligence, Internet-of-Things, cybersecurity, cloud computing and blockchain.

Important Current Affairs 13th October 2018
Hurricane Leslie heading to Portugal, Spain
Hurricane Leslie is heading toward Portugal and Spain.The Category 1 storm was about 910 km southwest of Lisbon, Portugal, and about 320 km northwest of Madeira, the U.S. National Hurricane Center in Miami said.Leslie is moving northeast at 36 mph and it has maximum sustained winds of 80 mph.The storm is expected to pass north of Madeira.
Archer Harvinder Singh clinched gold
Archer Harvinder Singh notched up the men’s individual recurve gold, while track-and-field athletes added a silver and a bronze to India’s tally in the Asian Para-Games in Jakarta.Harvinder defeated China’s Zhao Lixue 6-0 in the W2/ST category final to claim the top honours and take India’s gold tally to seven.Monu Ghangas claimed the silver in the men’s discus throw F11 category.
PM Modi to visit Japan for India-Japan Summit
Modi will visit Japan on 28-29 of this month for the 13th India-Japan Annual Summit.This will be the fifth Annual Summit meeting between Modi and the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and their twelfth meeting overall since 2014.Prime Minister’s visit will reaffirm the traditional bonds of friendship between the two countries and strengthen their multifaceted cooperation in diverse fields
Saurabh clinched gold in 10-m air pistol
Pistol shooter Saurabh Chaudhary bagged the Gold Medal in the 10-metre air pistol event in the ongoing Youth Olympic Games in Argentina.In Buenos Aires, the 16-year old blew the field away in the final as he finished a massive Seven and a half points ahead of his closest rival.It is India’s 3rd gold in the history of Youth Olympic Games and all 3 have come in this edition in Buenos Aires.
Deepa clinched bronze in Asian Para Games
At the Asian Para Games in Jakarta, Rio Paralympics medallist Deepa Malik bagged her second medal as she clinched a bronze in the women’s F51/52/53 discus throw event.Deepa produced her best effort in her fourth attempt, a 9.67 metre to claim the third spot.Elnaz Darabian of Iran took home the gold and set a new Asian record with her best throw of 10.71 meters.
ICC launched women’s T20I ranking
In the newly launched ICC global Women’s T20I Team Rankings, India is placed fifth while three-time champions Australia topped the 46-team table.The ICC’s move to launch the women’s T20I rankings follows its decision earlier this year to award international status to all T20 matches.An ICC release in Dubai said all women’s T20 matches between members have international status.
5 gold for India on penultimate day
India grabbed 5 gold medals on the penultimate day of the Asian Para Games at Jakarta.K Jennitha Anto clinched the gold in women’s individual rapid P1 chess event while Kishan Gangolli got the better of Majid Bagheri in the men’s individual event to claim the top spot.In para-badminton, Parul Parmar notched up a victory over Wandee Kamtam to win the gold medal in the women’s singles event.
Cyclone Luban in Oman
Oman has closed schools and ports in the southern part of the country while Yemen’s local authorities prepared health facilities ahead of cyclone Luban.Luban is currently a category one cyclone, which is likely to develop into a Category 2 cyclone within the next 48 hours.\ Luban is travelling northwest, and cloud bands of the cyclone are currently 327 kilometres away from the coast of Oman.
International Day for Disaster Reduction
The International Day for Disaster Reduction was started in 1989, after a call by the United Nations General Assembly for a day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction.It is held every year on 13 October.The 2018 theme continues as part of the “Sendai Seven” campaign, centred on the seven targets of the Sendai Framework.
India-Azerbaijan signed protocol
The 5th meeting of India-Azerbaijan Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade and Economic, Science and Technology Cooperation (IA-IGC) was held on 11-12 October 2018 in New Delhi.Both sides agreed to take measures to enhance trade relations and expand business relations.Novruz Mammadov is the PM of Azerbaijan.
Online portal for grant of IEM and IL
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion has developed a new online portal for facilitating the filing of online applications for IEM and Industrial Licence (IL) under Arms Act as well as Industries (Development & Regulation)[I(D&R)] Act, 1951 at https://services.dipp.gov.in.This portal will be available for public with effect from 16th October 2018 for filing application.
Word Egg day celebrated
The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries organized “World Egg Day” on 12 October.A booklet on poultry entrepreneurs’ success stories was released.International Egg Commission has declared the second Friday of October every year as World Egg Day.This is a unique opportunity to help raise awareness of the nutritional benefits of eggs.
13th convention of CIC inaugurated
Shri Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 13th Convention of the Central Information Commission in New Delhi.The Convention will deliberate on three specific subjects – Data privacy and Right to Information, Amendment in the RTI Act and Implementation of the RTI Act.The Central Information Commission set up under the Right to Information Act is the authorised body, established in 2005.
SBI signed MoU with Nepal’s NBI
State Bank of India has signed an MoU with Kathmandu-based National Banking Institute (NBI) for the development of human resources of the latter.Under the MoU, the strategic training unit of SBI will impart education, training and development to facilitate transformation of NBI’s HR department.SBI signed the three-year MoU with NBI to establish a mutually beneficial strategic alliance.
India remains polio-free: UNICEF, WHO
The UNICEF and the WHO reiterated India’s status as a polio-free country.This came after some oral polio vaccine vials were found contaminated with the type-2 polio virus last month.India has a high routine immunisation coverage and so the risk of children getting vaccine-derived polio virus was “minimal”, said the two global organisations in a joint statement.
India’s biggest Zika outbreak in Jaipur
Fifty cases of Zika have been confirmed in Jaipur in India’s biggest outbreak of the disease with 11 pregnant women among them.The mosquito-borne virus puts the unborn child at risk of microcephaly, a birth defect where the baby’s head is smaller than normal.The symptoms include high fever, rash, joint and muscle pain, headache and conjunctivitis.
First IIIC Opened in Bengaluru
The country’s first India-Israel Innovation Centre (IIIC), an entrepreneurial technology hub, was launched in Bengaluru.The IIIC is a significant step towards facilitating penetration of Israeli companies in India.It aims to forge local partnerships and joint ventures between companies from the two countries.It will provide an ecosystem to support entrepreneurship.
NSE signed a pact with Uttarakhand
Leading stock exchange NSE has signed a pact with the Uttarakhand government to provide access to capital to MSMEs.This which will fuel the growth of such entities in the state.The bourse will play an active role in nurturing the SMEs and start-ups by increasing awareness.NSE’s SME Platform has currently 182 companies listed, which together raised over Rs 2,850 crore.
India elected to UNHRC
India has been elected to the United Nations’ Human Rights Council with the highest vote among all candidates.It secured 188 votes in the Asia-Pacific category for a period of three years beginning January 1, 2019.In the Asia Pacific category, India got 188 votes followed by Fiji with 187 and Bangladesh 178 votes.
Legendary musician Annapurna Devi passed away
Legendary musician Annapurna Devi has passed away in Mumbai. She was 91.Annapurna Devi was an Indian surbahar player of Hindustani classical music and she was the daughter and disciple of Allauddin Khan.She was married to sitar maestro Ravi Shankar.

Important Current Affairs 14th October 2018
Important sports News (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       Tushar Mane won the silver medal in the men’s 10m air rifle in Youth Olympic Games on 7 October 2018.
·       India’s Keerthana Pandian has won the girls’ title in the IBSF World Under-16 Snooker Championships.
·       In 2022, Senegal will host the fourth summer youth Olympic games.
·       Turtle ‘Olly’ has been declared as the official mascot for the Odisha Men’s Hockey World Cup.
Important India & World news (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       India has been elected to the United Nations’ Human Rights Council with the highest vote among all candidates.
·       India’s first India-Israel Innovation Centre (IIIC), an entrepreneurial technology hub, was launched in Bengaluru.
Important Govt & schemes (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       The government has decided to cover damages to crops in wild animal attacks under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna in select districts on an experimental basis.
·       Union Ministry of Skill and Development and Entrepreneurship has launched ‘Closing the Skill Gap Task Force’ in India.
·       The Ministry of External Affairs launched ‘India for Humanity’ initiative.
MoUs & Agreements (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       The Union Cabinet has approved the MoU signed between India and Romania in the field of tourism.
·       The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of a MoU between India and Lebanon for cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors.
·       The government approved an agreement between India and Finland on cooperation in environment protection in both countries.
Important Awards & Honours (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       The 2018 Nobel prize for economics has been awarded to William Nordhaus and Paul Romer of the United States for their work on sustainable growth.
·       The Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) has won the ‘ISSA Good Practice Award’ at the “Regional Social Security Forum for Asia and the Pacific” held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
National affairs-II (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       The Government of India has reconstituted the Supreme Court-empowered Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA).
·       Goa International Film Festival (GIFF) from 20th to 28th of November 2018 will have Jharkhand as a partner state.
·       The government has set up a Strategic Policy Group (SPG) to assist the National Security Council.
National Affairs-I (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       The government of India had notified the minimum ‘environmental flows’ for Ganga river.
·       Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) started Roll on-Roll off (Ro-Ro) facility in collaboration with the Government of Assam for Majuli Island.
·       The World Economic Forum launched its new Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Maharashtra.
Important Appointments-II (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       Direct selling company Amway has appointed Milind Pant as its Chief Executive Officer.
·       Arun Kumar Rath took charge as the new CEO of Bhilai Steel plant on 11 October 2018.
·       The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has appointed Pravin Srivastava as Chief Statistician of India, and Secretary of the Statistics Ministry.
Important Appointments-I (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       The Government of India has appointed Tushar Mehta as the Solicitor General of India.
·       The government has appointed Sachin Chaturvedi and Revathy Iyer to the central board of the Reserve Bank of India.
·       Sunil Bhaskaran has been appointed as the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of low-cost carrier AirAsia India.
Important Indexes and Reports (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       Oxfam International’s ‘Commitment to Reducing Inequality (CRI) Index’ ranked India 147th among 157 countries.
·       According to the 2018 Henley Passport Index, The Japanese passport is now the strongest in the world.
·       The World Bank released a Human Capital Index (HCI) as part of the World Development Report 2019.
Imp Business & Economy (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       SEBI permitted foreign entities having actual exposure to Indian commodity markets to participate in the commodity derivative segment.
·       NSE has signed a pact with the Uttarakhand government to provide access to capital to MSMEs.
·       State Bank of India will triple its target of buying standard loans from Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) to up to ₹45,000 crore in FY19.
Important Day & Events (8-13 Oct 2018)
·       World Post Day is celebrated every year on 9 October.
·       World Mental Health Day 2018 is observed on 10 October across the world.
·       International Day of the Girl is observed on 11 October 2018.
·       World Arthritis Day is observed on the 12 October every year.
·       The “World Egg Day” is observed on 12 October.
·       The International Day for Disaster Reduction is observed on 13 October.

Important Current Affairs 15th October 2018
EC launched ‘C-vigil’ app
The Election Commission of India is introducing the unique internet based mobile app C-vigil in the upcoming assembly polls.The ‘C-vigil stands for citizens vigil’ and will be operationalized for the first time as a pilot project.The C-Vigil mobile application gives the common man the opportunity to click pictures and take videos of violations and send it to concerned election officers.
Air Quality Warning System launched in Delhi
Earth Sciences Minister Dr Harshvardhan unveiled an Air Quality early warning system for Delhi region, in New Delhi.The system will help combat air pollution in Delhi by getting information 2-5 days in advance.The system has been developed by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting and India Meteorological Department.
India men, women hockey teams won silver medal
India men’s and women’s team won silver medals each in the Hockey competition at the Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires, Argentina.Men’s hockey team was defeated by Malaysia and Women’s hockey team was defeated by Argentina.India are 10th in the medals tally with Russia leading the way (43) ahead of Hungary (21) and China (25).
WPI inflation rises to 5.13% in September
Wholesale inflation based on the wholesale price index (WPI) stood at 5.13% in September 2018 as compared to 4.53% in August 2018.WPI increased mainly due to the rise in the cost of petrol and diesel.Food articles witnessed hardening of prices with deflation at 0.21% in September as against 4.04% in August.The WPI is published by the Economic Adviser, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas: 15 Oct
Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas is observed on 15 October in India.The day is being celebrated to increase the active participation of women in agriculture.In 2016, the Ministry of Agriculture had decided to observe 15th October as Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas.The Ministry will discuss the challenges that women farmers face in crop cultivation, animal husbandry, dairying and fisheries.
International Day of Rural Women on 15 Oct
International Day of Rural Women is observed on 15 October every year.The day recognizes rural women’s importance in enhancing agricultural and rural development worldwide.The theme for the year 2018 is “Sustainable infrastructure, services and social protection for gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls”.
Great Britain won Sultan Johar Cup
In Hockey, Great Britain won the 2018 Sultan of Johor Cup in Johar Bahru, Malaysia.Great Britain defeated India in the final.India settled for the silver medal at the eighth Sultan of Johor Cup U-18 hockey tournament.The other teams in the tournament were Japan, Australia, Malaysia and New Zealand.
Novak Djokovic won Shanghai Masters title
Tennis player Novak Djokovic won the Shanghai Masters title on 14 October 2018.Novak Djokovic defeated Croatia’s Borna Coric in the final match.Djokovic has won all four Shanghai finals he has s contested in his career (2012, 2013, 2015 and 2018).He previously shared the record of winning three Shanghai titles with Andy Murray.
IRCTC launched AI chatbot ‘Ask Disha’
The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) launched a chatbot, Ask Disha.It is aimed at facilitating accessibility by answering users’ queries pertaining to various services offered by IRCTC.Ask Disha- is powered by artificial intelligence (AI).The Ask Disha chatbot has been developed by IRCTC and CoRover Private Limited.
Conde won alternative Nobel
Maryse Conde won an alternative award formed in protest to the Nobel Literature Prize which got cancelled in 2018.Maryse Condé won the New Academy prize in literature.The New Academy was founded by more than 100 Swedish writers, artists and journalists.Condé is the author of some 20 novels, including Desirada, Segu and Crossing the Mangrove
Indian Navy acquired DSRVs          
Indian Navy has inducted its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRVs)It is deployed to rescue the drowned or disaster-struck submarines at high sea.At present, the US, China, Russia and a few other countries have the capabilities to deploy DSRVs.The second DSRV is expected to be inducted at Visakhapatnam in 2019.
International Silk Fair to begin on 16 Oct
6th edition of India International Silk Fair (IISF) will be inaugurated in New Delhi on October 16, 2018.At the event, 108 exhibitors of silk and blended silk will display their products.The fair is organised by the Indian Silk Export Promotion Council.India is the second largest producer of silk in the world.
6th RCEP Ministerial Meeting in Singapore
The 6th RCEP Inter-sessional Ministerial Meeting (IMM) was held in Singapore on 12-13 October, 2018.The Ministers from 16 RCEP countries discussed a modern, comprehensive and mutually beneficial economic partnership agreement among ASEAN and ASEAN’s FTA partners.Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between ASEAN countries.
Emergency action plan to be implemented
An emergency action plan called the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) will be implemented from 15 October 2018 to combat air pollution in Delhi.Stringent actions will be implemented based on air quality.If the air quality lies in moderate to poor category — measures like stopping garbage burning in landfills and other places would be implemented.
Leander Paes won Santo Domingo Open trophy
Tennis player Leander Paes won the Santo Domingo Open trophy with partner Miguel Angel Reyyes-Varela on 14 October 2018.Paes, who is ranked 69, added 110 ranking points to his tally and shared a prize purse of $7750 with his partner.Paes also ended runner-up at Chicago, Dallas on the ATP Challenger circuit.
India and China to train Afghan diplomats
India and China have launched their first joint programme for Afghanistan to train its diplomats.An understanding to launch a joint programme in Afghanistan was reached during an informal summit between India and China in April 2018.10 Afghan Diplomats will be travelling to India for the 1st India-China joint training programme for Afghan diplomats.
Sikkim won ‘100% Organic State’ UN Award
Sikkim has won 2018 UN Food and Agriculture Organisation’s Future Policy for Gold Award.The award was given for its achievement in becoming the world’s first totally organic agriculture state.Sikkim was declared fully organic state in 2016 after phasing out chemical fertilisers and pesticides
46th edition of IHGF-Delhi Fair Autumn-2018
Minister of State for Textiles Ajay Tamta inaugurated the 46th edition of world’s largest IHGF-Delhi Fair at India Expo Centre and Mart at Greater Noida on 14 October 2018.The fair, IHGF is held biannually and is organised by Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts.The fair will remain open till 18th October, 2018.
Shekhar Mande is CSIR Director-General
Shekhar Mande has been appointed as Director-General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.Dr Mande, a biologist, is the director of the National Centre for Cell Sciences, Pune.He has worked at the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad.Mande is a recipient of the SS Bhatnagar Prize, most prestigious science honour in the country, in 2005.
India and Sri Lanka sign two MoU
India and Sri Lanka signed two Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for construction of 1200 houses through 50 model villages, using Indian grant assistance of 60 crore Srilankan rupees.The project will target low income landless and homeless beneficiaries.As per the new MoUs, 600 houses each will be constructed in the Southern and Northern Provinces of Sri Lanka.

Important Current Affairs 16th October 2018
Nimesh Shah elected as AMFI Chairman
Nimesh Shah, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund, has been elected as Chairman of Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI).Shah was elected as Chairman on October 12 and replaced A Balasubramanian who took over as AMFI Chairman in October 2016.Kailash Kulkarni, CEO, L&T Mutual Fund, will continue to remain Vice-Chairman of AMFI.
Korean War memorial to be built in Delhi
A Korean War memorial will be built in New Delhi to commemorate India’s role in the war which ended in 1953.The idea to build the memorial was proposed by the Korean War Veterans Association in India.As of now, there are Korean War memorials in about 20 countries around the world which had played a significant role in the war.
Prema won social entrepreneurship award
Prema Gopalan, founder of Swayam Shikshan Prayog (SSP), was awarded the 8th Social Entrepreneur of the Year award, 2018.She was awarded for her work in promoting women’s entrepreneurship at the grassroots and ensuring rural livelihood.The award was jointly founded by Jubilant Bhartia Foundation and Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship in 2010.
China launched two more satellites
China successfully launched twin BeiDou-3 navigation satellites into space on 15 October 2018 to strengthen its satellite navigation network.The satellites were launched from a Long March-3B carrier rocket.The launch was the 287th mission of the Long March rocket series.The BeiDou system started serving China in 2000 and the Asia-Pacific region in 2012.
Suraj won silver medal at Youth Olympics
Suraj Panwar won a silver medal in men’s 5000m race walk event in the ongoing Youth Olympic Games at Buenos Aires in Argentina.Patin Oscar of Equador won the gold medal and Puerto Rico’s Jan Moreu won the bronze medal.This is India’s first athletics medal in this edition and third overall.
Bharosa women’s centre inaugurated
‘Bharosa’, a 24-hour state-of-the-art centre to support women and children who are victims of violence and in distress, was inaugurated in Hyderabad Police on 16 October 2018 in Hyderabad.The centre would help these women along with dealing in POCSO cases.The centre is run by all women staff and provides counselling to women who face sexual assault or sexual abuse.
Nokia appoints Alia Bhatt as brand ambassador
Alia Bhatt has been appointed as the new brand ambassador for Nokia phones in India.In early 2018 Nokia had appointed Parineeti Chopra as the face of its mobile phones.As part of the partnership, a print campaign with Alia Bhatt has been initiated already to mark the festive season.HMD Global designs and sells phones under the Nokia brand.
RBI approved appointment of ICICI Bank MD, CEO
Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has approved Sandeep Bakshi’s appointment as Managing Director and CEO of the ICICI bank for three years.Sandeep Bakshi was the Chief Operating Officer (COO) of ICICI Bank.He was also the MD and CEO of ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company.Sandeep Bakshi was appointed as CEO after the resignation of Chanda Kochhar.
West Bengal govt. extends food security
The West Bengal government has ensured food security to more than 8.5 crore people of the State under the ‘Khadya Sathi’ scheme.As per this scheme, people would get rice and wheat at Rs 2 per kg.The Khadya Sathi Scheme was launched on January 27, 2016.Special assistance is also being given to the people of Jangalmahal and Hill areas besides Aila-affected areas and farmers of Singur.
World Food Day observed on 16 October
World Food Day is held annually on the 16th of October.This day is dedicated to tackle the problem of global hunger.The theme for the year 2018 is “Our Actions Are Our Future”.Every year World Food Day is celebrated in the honour of the founding date of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).FAO was launched by the United Nations in the year 1945.
IIT-Bombay topped QS ranking
Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) in Mumbai has topped the first QS ranking of India’s higher education institutes.IIT Mumbai was followed by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru and IIT Madras.According to the QS World University Rankings released earlier in 2018, IISc was ranked the best institution.
H M Pernal gets Vishwa Konkani book award
‘Beeg Ani Beegath’, a collection of short stories in Konkani by well-known writer, journalist and critic H M Pernal has bagged the prestigious ‘Vimala V Pai Vishwa’ Konkani best book award for the year 2018.Konkani poet Sharathchandra Shenoy won the Vishwa Konkani best poetry award for his book ‘Idam Na Mama’.Each award carries a purse of Rs one lakh each, a certificate, memento and shawl.
UAE – India meeting on Investments
The sixth meeting of the UAE – India High-Level Joint Task Force on Investments (‘the Joint Task Force’) was held in Mumbai on 15 October 2018.India will soon set up a special UAE desk to facilitate investments and resolve any business issues between the two nations.The meeting was also attended by Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince’s Court, Sheikh Hamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen died
Paul Allen, who co-founded Microsoft, has died aged 65 from complications of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.Allen was a philanthropist and also the owner of the NBA’s Portland Trail Blazers, the NFL’s Seattle Seahawks and had a stake in Seattle’s Sounders soccer team.Allen also founded Stratolaunch Systems, which built the world’s largest plane designed as a colossal rocket-launching aircraft.
Hawking’s final book launched
“Brief Answers to the Big Questions” written by Stephen Hawking was launched on 15 October 2018.The book tackles issues from the existence of God to the potential for time travel.The book has been completed by the theoretical physicist’s family and academic colleagues, with material drawn from his vast personal archive.
Kreditech got NBFC licence
Kreditech has been licensed by the RBI to operate as Non Banking Financial Company (NBFC) for digital lending business and app-based financing.Kreditech will offer individualised direct-to-consumer loans as well as its Lending-as-a-Service Solution for vendors.Kreditech is a Germany-based digital lender and has operations in Russia, Poland, Spain and India.
RBI to buy $120 bn G-Secs under OMO
The Reserve Bank India (RBI) has announced that it will purchase government securities (g-secs) worth $120 billion under Open Market Operations (OMO).The purchases will be done on on 17 October 2018 through multi-security auction using the multiple price method.The RBI sells g-secs to take out liquidity from the system and buys back g-secs to infuse liquidity into the system.
Andaman’s Restricted Area Permit relaxed
Foreign tourists can now visit Andaman and Nicobar Islands without any restrictions.The step was taken to boost the foreign tourist arrivals in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.The Ministry of Home Affairs had removed 29 inhabited Islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands under the Foreigners (Restricted Area) Order, 1963 from Restricted Area Permit (RAP) Regime till 31 December 2022.
‘Youth Learner Licence’ programme launched
The government of India launched the ‘Youth Road Safety Learners Licence’ programme in New Delhi on 15 October 2018.The aim is to bring a formal and structured training program for young, first-time drivers as they apply for learner’s license.The programme is an initiative to be run in collaboration with Diageo India and the Institute of Road Traffic Education.
Award scheme launched under ‘Saubhagya’
Government has announced 100 crore rupee award scheme under Saubhagya scheme.Awards would be provided for achieving 100% household electrification at DISCOM/Power Department level of the States.Saubhagya was launched in September 2017 to achieve the goal of universal household electrification in the country by 31st March 2019.

Important Current Affairs 17th October 2018
Cannabis became legal in Canada
Canada has become the second country to legalise possession and use of recreational marijuana.Medical marijuana has been legal in Canada since 2001.Uruguay was the first country to legalise marijuana, in 2013.For buying marijuana, consumers must be at least 18 years old, and the production, distribution or sale of cannabis products is an offence for minors.
No time bar for crimes under POCSO Act
Survivors of child sexual abuse can file a police complaint after they become adults.The government clarified that there is no time bar on reporting such crimes.The victims can report the cases through POCSO e-Box.The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), Act 2012, came into force in November 2012.
POCSO Act is a gender-neutral act.
NITI Aayog launched guidelines for PPP in NCDNITI Aayog launched the model guidelines for Public – Private partnership in Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) on 17 October 2018.As per the guidelines, the private partner will invest in upgrading, building and deploying human resources.They will be responsible for operational management and service delivery.All service in NCD care facility will be offered by a single entity.
Suheil Tandon won IOC Grant award
Suheil Tandon has won the International Olympic Committee’s Sport and Active Society Commission’s Grant Award.The award has been given for his contribution to the development of sports.The award ceremony was held at Buenos Aires, Argentina.Suheil is the founder of Pro Sport Development (PSD) and Executive Director of Martha Farrell Foundation.
Advisory panel set up for rebuilding Kerala
An advisory committee headed by Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan has been set up for implementation of various projects for rebuilding the flood-ravaged state.The first meeting of the committee would be held on 22 October 2018.The Chief Minister also launched a portal for crowd funding to mobilise funds for rebuilding and rehabilitating the people affected by the flood in the state.
India, China to sign agreement on security
India and China will sign an internal security cooperation agreement on 22 October 2018.The proposed pact is expected to cover areas of intelligence sharing, exchange programme, sharing of best practices, cooperation in disaster mitigation.This will be the first such agreement between the authorities of India and China which look after internal security of the respective countries.
Govt launches ‘Swastha Bharat Yatra’ campaign
The government launched a national campaign ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’ on the occasion of World Food Day on 16 October 2018.The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is leading this campaign to create consumer awareness about eating safe and nutritious food for becoming healthy.Under the campaign, cycle rally is being organised to sensitise people about eating safe food.
BSNL partnered Nokia for private 4G service
BSNL has partnered with telecom gear maker Nokia to offer businesses private 4G services.The first project under the partnership has been deployed at Nokia’s Chennai plant using 4G connection from BSNL’s network.Nokia also signed a pact with BSNL to implement the next level of industrial automation —Industry 4.0 – leveraging 4G LTE technology.
Praveen won bronze in Men’s Triple Jump
Praveen Chitravel won the bronze medal in triple jump at the Youth Olympics 2018 Games in Buenos Aires, Argentina.Cuba’s Alejandro Diaz won the gold medal and silver medal went to Emmeanuel of Nigeria.Chitravel is the 2nd individual from India to bag a medal in athletics.Suraj Panwar had won India’s first athletics medal as he bagged a silver in the men’s 5,000m race walk.
Anna Burns won Man Booker Prize
Author Anna Burns won the Man Booker Prize for her novel “Milkman”.She has become the first Northern Irish writer and the first woman since 2013 to win the Man Booker Prize.Milkman, set in an unnamed city in Northern Ireland during the Troubles, is a coming-of-age story about a young girl’s affair with a married man.
Vice President to attend ‘Asia Europe Meeting’
Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu left for Brussels in Belgium on 17 October 2018.He will lead the Indian delegation at the 12th Asia Europe Meeting (ASEM) Summit.The theme of 2018 ASEM Summit is “Global Partners for Global Challenges”.The event is the highest platform for dialogue and cooperation between Asia and Europe in the areas of trade, investment, security and tourism.
Palestinians to lead developing country bloc
The Palestinians will lead the biggest bloc of developing countries at the United Nations.On 16 October 2018, the General Assembly voted to grant Palestine temporary rights to act as chair of the ‘Group of 77 plus China’.A resolution drafted by Egypt was adopted by a vote of 146 to 3 with 15 abstentions.
Festival of Fulpati celebrated in Nepal
The festival of ‘Fulpati’ was celebrated in various parts of Nepal on 17 October 2018.Fulpati is observed on the seventh day of Dashain festival.Dashain is the biggest festival of Nepal and it began on first day of Navratri.The tradition started during the period of King Prithvi Narayan Shah.
India ranked 58th WEF’s competitive Index
India has been ranked as the 58th most competitive economy on the World Economic Forum’s global competitiveness index for 2018.US is at the top spot and is followed by Singapore and Germany.As per the report, India leads the region in all other areas of competitiveness except for health, education and skills.India’s greatest competitive advantages include its market size and innovation.
Khayyam named for Hridaynath Award
Mohammed Zahur Khayyam Hashmi has been named for 2018 Hridaynath Award for Lifetime Achievement.The Award has been instituted by the Hridayesh Arts and carries a cash prize of Rs 100,000 and a memento.He is famously known as ‘Khayyam’ and is a composer, lyricist and writer.The other past recipients of the awards are Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, Amitabh Bachchan.
India, Tanzania signed two MoUs
India and Tanzania signed two Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 16 October 2018.The agreements were signed following India-Tanzania 9th Session of Joint Commission.One MoU is between Foreign Service Institute of India and Centre for Foreign Relation, Tanzania.The other is between National Research Development Corporation and Tanzania Industrial Research and Development Corporation.
Int Day for the Eradication of Poverty
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed every year on 17 October.The theme for 2018 is “Coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity”.The aim is to promote people’s awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and destitution worldwide, particularly in developing countries.
IAF to hold competition for drones technology
The Indian Air Force (IAF) has announced India’s first competition in the defence sector, the Mehar Baba Prize.The IAF is holding a competition for participants to build a swarm of 50 drones.The IAF will pick up to three winners, each of whom will get Rs. 10 lakh in prize money.The Mehar Baba Prize has been named after Commodore Mehar Singh, DSO MVC, who was often called Mehar Baba.
A government app to rope in volunteers
Professionals keen on doing volunteer work will be provided a platform by the government through an app.The app named ‘#Self4Society’ has been developed by MyGov.The app will have incentives, gamification and intra and inter-company competitions, and social networking.Initially this will be aimed at IT companies.
RBI issued guidelines for PPIs
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released the guidelines for interoperability between Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs).This will allow users of payment wallets to transfer money from one wallet to another.Interoperability across PPIs shall be enabled through Unified Payments Interface (UPI).RBI also allowed PPIs to issue cards using authorised card networks such as Mastercard, Visa.

Important Current Affairs 18th October 2018
US announced fresh sanctions on Iran
The United States Treasury has announced fresh sanctions on Iran, targeting banks and investment companies.The new sanctions focused on Bank Mellat and Mehr Eqtesad Bank.The US is also imposing sanctions on Iran Tractor Manufacturing Company, Steel Company and others linked to investment, commodities and engineering.
India’s 1st tunnel railway station in HP
For the first time in India, a railway station will be built inside a tunnel at a height of 3,000 metres, on the strategic Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line in Himachal Pradesh.The Keylong station in Himachal Pradesh will be the first on the railway network to be inside a tunnel.Keylong is the administrative centre of Lahaul and Spiti district.
India’s first cryptocurrency ATM launched
Virtual currency exchange ‘Unocoin’ has installed a currency deposit and dispensing ATM in Bengaluru.It allows its customers to deposit and withdraw a minimum amount of Rs 1000 from the platform.A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions
National meet to promote investment in AYUSH
The Government of India will organise the ‘First National Summit on Invest in AYUSH’ on 4 November 2018.The aim is to encourage various public sector undertakings and private firms to invest in AYUSH.The event is jointly organised by NITI Aayog and Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
Par panel to examine functioning of EPFO
A parliamentary panel will examine the functioning of Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO).The panel will be headed by BJP MP Kirit Somaiya.It will also review the implementation of labour laws, social security and welfare scheme for workers.It will also look into the working conditions and welfare of mine workers, and review the working of Directorate General of Mines Safety.
Largest structure of universe discovered
A team of scientists at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) have sited the most massive structure in the early universe known to date.The astronomers found this galaxy named Hyperion using Visible Multi-Object Spectrograph.The spectrograph is hosted by the Chile-based Very Large Telescope.Hyperion’s mass is estimated to be a million billion times that of Sun.
A new book on Maharana Pratap released
A new book on Maharana Pratap titled ‘In Maharana Pratap: The Invincible Warrior’ has been released.The author of the book is Rima Hooja and is a leading historian of RajasthanThe new book on Maharana Pratap examines the life of the great Rajput warrior and also revisits the famous battle of Haldighati with the Mughals.
Sri Lanka constituted a committee
Sri Lanka has set up a committee to formulate a strategy to help Sri Lankan businesses invest more into the Indian market.The ‘Break Into India Strategy Committee’ has been appointed by the Sri Lanka’s Ministry of Development strategies and International trade.The committee is mandated with preparing an interim report and a market entry strategy before the end of 2018.
Data breach in India second highest after US
According to a report by digital security firm Gemalto, Data breach incidences in India were the 2nd highest globally on account of compromise in the Aadhaar database.The United States is the most popular target for attacks, representing more than 57% of global breaches.According to the Breach Level Index, 945 data breaches led to 4.5 billion data records being compromised worldwide.
Putin, al-Sisi signed co-operation treaty
Russian President Vladimir Putin and the President of Egypt Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi have signed a strategic co-operation treaty.The treaty, designed to increase trade, military and other ties, was signed on 17 October 2018 in Sochi, Russia.A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was also signed on strategic political consultations was signed between the two countries’ foreign ministries.
‘Statue of Unity’ to be unveiled on 31st Oct
The ‘Statue of Unity’ dedicated to the ‘Iron Man of India’ Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is all set to be unveiled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 31st October 2018.‘Statue of Unity’ is the world’s tallest statue.It is situated at Sadhu Bet island on Narmada River in Gujarat.The foundation stone of this project was laid on 31st October 2013.
Man-animal conflict a State Declared Disaster
Uttar Pradesh government has announced that the man-animal conflict will now be considered a ‘State Declared Disaster’.This will bring such incidents under the ambit of the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF).In cases of human death due to man-animal conflict, relief of Rs 5 lakh would be given to the family of deceased.Uttar Pradesh has 23 wildlife sanctuaries across 27 districts.
Akash Malik won Archery silver medal
Akash Malik became the first Indian to win a silver medal in archery at the 2018 Youth Olympics.Akash finished second in the men’s recurve category after losing to USA’s Trenton Cowles.India ended their Youth Olympics campaign in the 16th spot with 13 medals (three gold, nine silver and one bronze).India stood in the 14th position in the rankings.
Arundhati joined Reliance Industries board
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) appointed former State Bank of India (SBI) chairman Arundhati Bhattacharya as an independent additional director of the company.Arundhati Bhattacharya has been appointed for a period of five years commencing from 17 October 2018.She was the was the first woman chairman of SBI.
Kerala set to become first smoke-free State
Kerala is set to become the first smoke-free State in the country with public sector oil companies eyeing 100% LPG penetration.The target has almost been achieved in most villages, mofussil towns and cities in the State.With three bottling plants at Kochi, Kozhikode, and Kollam, LPG is being brought to 49.79 lakh customers through 308 distributors.
US Army gets first woman chief
Lieutenant General Laura J. Richardson has become the first woman Commanding General of the United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM).FORSCOM is based out of Fort Bragg in North Carolina, USA.Richardson has been serving the US forces since 1986.She will succeed General Robert B. Abrams, who will be moving on to command U.S. Forces Korea.
Kuligod is the best developed village
According to the Rural Development Ministry survey, Kuligod in Karnataka’s Belagavi district is the country’s best-developed village.Telangana and Madhya Pradesh have five and four panchayats in the top 10 ranks respectively.The Ministry has done a gap analysis of more than 3.5 lakh villages.The survey also shows only 21% of villages having a community waste disposal system.
China tests world’s largest unmanned drone
China has successfully tested the world’s largest unmanned transport drone which can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes.A large commercial drone ‘Feihong-98 (FH-98)’ was developed and modified by China Academy of Aerospace Electronics Technology.It was adapted from the prototype of the Shifei Y5B, a China-developed transport plane.
Shahi litchi of North Bihar gets GI tag
The Shahi litchi of North Bihar has got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.It is the fourth product from the state after Jardalu mango, Katarni rice and Magahi paan to have got the GI tag.Shahi Litchi is mainly cultivated in Muzaffarpur, Samastipur, Vaishali, East Champaran and Begusarai and some parts of adjoining areas in agro-climatic areas of the Bihar.
India, China set to resume military drill
India and China will resume the annual joint Army exercise ‘Hand-in-Hand’ in December 2018 in China’s Chengdu region.The scope of the exercise is to understand transnational terrorism and evolve joint drills for the conduct of counter-terrorism operations.The last ‘Hand-in-Hand’ exercise took place in Pune in 2016.The Indian side would be represented by the 11 Sikh Light regiment.

Important Current Affairs 19th October 2018
6th meeting of NDMA held
Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the sixth meeting of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) at New Delhi on 18 October 2018.NDMA is an agency of the Ministry of Home AffairsNDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India in may 30 2005.The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairperson of NDMA.
Hry to form GST Appellate Tribunal
Haryana Government has decided to constitute State Bench of Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal in Hisar for speedy settlement of matters related to Goods and Services Tax (GST).The State Government would soon send its request to the Central Government.Central GST Act, 2017 provides that the Central Government would constitute an Appellate Tribunal known as GST Tribunal.
Festival to promote organic farming
The Women and Child Development Ministry will organise the fifth edition of the ‘Women of India Organic Festival’ in Delhi.It will be held from 26 October 2018 to 4 November 2018.The move aims to empower women to boost organic culture and promote women organic farmers and entrepreneurs.Women entrepreneurs would be coming together from across the country with their organic products
Anti-dumping duty on China steel products
India has imposed anti-dumping duties of up to US$ 185.51 per tonne for five years on certain varieties of Chinese steel.This will guard domestic manufacturers from cheap imports from China.The revenue department imposed the duty based on recommendations of the Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR).
Arshdeep won 2018 Wildlife Photographer award
Arshdeep Singh is among the winners of the 2018 Wildlife Photographer of the Year award in the 10-years-and-under category.He won the award for his ‘Pipe Owls’ photograph.The Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition is organised by the Britain’s Natural History Museum.Arshdeep recently won the Junior Asian Wildlife Photographer of the Year award.
China to launch three artificial moons
China will launch three artificial moons in space in 2022.The artificial or man-made moon is a satellite carrying a huge space mirror, which can reflect the sun light to the Earth.The man-made moon is expected to be put on an orbit within 500 km from the Earth.Man-made moon is especially useful in civil area.
Breakthrough Prize winners announced
The winners of the 2019 Breakthrough Prize were announced on 17 October 2018.Nine researchers were awarded a total of $22 million for their innovations in mathematics, fundamental physics and the life sciences.The Breakthrough Prize is sponsored by Sergey Brin, Priscilla Chan and Mark Zuckerberg, Ma Huateng, Yuri and Julia Milner, and Anne Wojcicki.
Indian household wealth grows modest 2.6%
According to Credit Suisse Research Institute’s 2018 Global Wealth Report, wealth in India grew a modest 2.6% and wealth per adult stayed flat at US$ 7,020.By mid-2018, there were an estimated 3.43 lakh millionaires in India and 3,400 ultra high net worth individuals.Among major countries, India has one of the highest proportion of female billionaires at 18.6%.
RBI eased liquidity coverage ratio norms
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) permitted banks to use government securities equal to the incremental credit disbursed to NBFCs for meeting liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) requirements.The move will provide liquidity to Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) and Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs).The RBI eased the single borrower exposure limits for NBFCs not in the infrastructure segment.
Registered valuers to value insolvent assets
Valuation of assets under insolvency will only be done by valuers registered with the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) from 1 February 2019.As on date, India has eight Registered Valuer Organisation and 162 registered valuers.The IBBI conducts valuation examinations for all three asset classes – land and building, plant and machinery, and securities or financial assets.
PM Modi to inagurate Police Memorial & Museum
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the refurbished National Police Memorial and museum in Delhi on 21 October 2018.The museum will show the history, artefacts, uniform and gear of central and state police forces.The museum project is being steered by the Intelligence Bureau (IB) in coordination with the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs).
Assam celebrated Kati Bihu festival
Assam’s third Bihu festival, known as Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu, was celebrated across the state on 18 October 2018.The other two Bihu festivals are the Rongali and Bohagi Bihu.The festival is held at this time of the year since the granaries of the farmers usually remain empty and therefore it is known as Kongali (poor) Bihu.
Vijayan Bala released his new book
‘Indian Sports: Conversations and Reflections’ written by Vijayan Bala was released on 18 October 2018.The book is a compilation of interviews of eminent sportspersons he has conducted since 1971.He has earlier published a book called ‘Indian Test Cricket back in 1974’.In 2016, he authored a second book “The Complete Indian Sports Quiz”.
Sitharaman to attend ADMM and ADMM-Plus
Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will attend 12th ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM) and the 5th ADMM-Plus in Singapore on 19 and 20 October 2018.The ADMM and ADMM-Plus serve as key Ministerial-level platforms in the regional security architecture, promoting strategic dialogue and practical cooperation between ASEAN and its partners.
India is a full dialogue partner of the ASEAN.
Two apps launched by North Central RailwaysThe North Central Railways (NCR) launched two apps – ‘NCR RASTA’ (Railway assets Summarised Tracking Application) and ‘Yatri RASTA’ (Railway Approach to Station Tracking Application).The ‘NCR RASTA’ app is for the use of railway officers and staff and has the exact mapping of all railway assets.The ‘Yatri RASTA’ app will allow the general public to locate the railway stations easily.
BepiColombo mission launched by ESA
The European Space Agency (ESA) will be launching a scientific mission to Mercury on 20 October 2018.The mission is known as BepiColombo.The mission is being led by ESA with cooperation from the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).The BepiColombo spacecraft will measure the composition and magnetic field of Mercury.It will take approximately seven years to arrive at Mercury.
Conclave on Capital Goods in Steel Sector
Ministry of Steel will organise a Conclave on “Capital goods in Steel sector: Manufacture in India” in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, on 23 October 2018.The conclave is an initiative to promote domestic capacity and capability building and manufacturing of capital goods in the steel sector.It is being organized with the support of MECON and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
Narayan Dutt Tiwari passed away
Former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Narayan Dutt Tiwari, passed away in New Delhi on 18 October 2018.He served thrice as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and once Chief Minister of Uttarakhand.He also served as Union Minister for External Affairs, Finance, Petroleum and Commerce and Industry.He also served as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh.
Oneer system developed by CSIR
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR) have developed a technology for disinfecting water.The technology has been named ‘Oneer’.It is useful for continuous treatment of water and eliminates all disease causing pathogens such as virus, bacteria etc.The technology can be used both at domestic and community level.
Indo-Japan Joint Exercise: Dharma Guardian
India and Japan will hold the first-ever joint military exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN-2018’.The exercise will be held at Counter Insurgency Warfare School, Vairengte, Mizoram from 1 November to 14 November 2018.The Indian contingent will be represented by 6/1 Gorkha Rifles.Japanese contingent will be represented by 32 Infantry Regiment of the Japanese Ground Self Defence Force.

Important Current Affairs 20th October 2018
RBI opposes the idea of PRB
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has opposed a proposal to set up a separate and independent regulator for the payments industry.An inter-ministerial committee was set up by the Department of Economic Affairs to finalise amendments to the Payment & Settlement Systems (PSS) Act, 2007.The committee has proposed the establishment of an independent Payments Regulatory Board (PRB).
GSI to organise an exhibition of rocks, minerals
The Geological Survey of India (GSI) will organise a two-day exhibition ‘Bhusampada 2018’ of rocks, minerals and fossils from 22 October 2018.Various scientific instruments being used in surveys, mineral exploration, remote sensing, earthquake geology will be displayed at the exhibition.The event will provide a suitable platform for students to interact with geo-scientists.
Modi, Wickremesinghe held talks in Delhi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi held talks with his Sri Lankan counterpart Ranil Wickremesinghe on 20 October 2018.They discussed a range of issues related to bilateral ties, including the progress of India-assisted development projects in the island nation.Wickremesinghe is on a three-day visit to India for boosting ties in a range of areas, including trade, investment and maritime security.
Wildlife Photographer of the Year announced
Dutch photographer Marsel van Oosten has won the prestigious Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2018 title.The award was won for clicking a portrait of two endangered blue face monkeys in a remote Chinese forest.The international competition is organised by London’s Natural History Museum.
Punjab extends 50% reservation for women
The Punjab Cabinet decided to extend the enhanced 50% reservation for women in the matter of rotation for the office of the panchayat sarpanch to the office of the chairperson of panchayat samitis and zila parishads.The state government had enhanced reservation for women in these bodies from 33% to 50% in 2017.The cabinet has now approved amendments to the Punjab Panchayati Raj Act, 1994.
Prez Kovind to inaugurate Peace Conference
President Ram Nath Kovind will inaugurate a three-day ‘Vishwa Shanti Ahimsa Sammelan’ (peace conference) in Nashik district of Maharashtra on October 22, 2018.‘Vishwa Shanti Ahimsa Sammelan’ is organised by Bhagwan Rishabhdev Murti Nirmaan Samiti.President Kovind will also present the first international ‘Bhagwan Rishabhdev Award’ to Teerthanker Mahaveer University.
Sajaan Jindal elected as treasurer
World Steel Association (worldsteel) has elected JSW Steel CMD Sajjan Jindal as its treasurer.The association has also appointed Tata Steel MD TV Narendran and ArcelorMittal Chief L N Mittal as its members.The new officers are elected for a one-year period.World Steel Association is the international trade body for the iron and steel industry.Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium
WDC meet in Mumbai from Oct. 22
The World Diamond Council (WDC) will hold its 14th annual general meeting in Mumbai on October 22 -23,2018.The meeting will be hosted by The Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council.The focus will be on reforming the Kimberley Process and WDC System of Warranties.Kimberley Process was established in 2000 to prevent ‘conflict diamonds’ from entering the mainstream rough diamond market.
73.9% Indians are holders of H-1B visa
The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) released a report titled – ‘H-1B petitions by gender and country of the birth fiscal year 2018’Nearly three out of every four H-1B visa holders as of October 5 are Indian citizens.There were as many as 419,637 foreign nationals working in the U.S. on H-1B visas.Indians account for 73.9% of the total H-1B visa holders in the U.S.
World Osteoporosis Day observed on 20 October
World Osteoporosis Day 2018 is observed on October 20.The day is meant to raise awareness about osteoporosis, a condition which causes the bones to become weak and brittle.World Osteoporosis Day 2018 calls for global action in order to improve bone health and prevent fractures caused by osteoporosis.The day is organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF).
Wimbledon to introduce final-set tiebreaks
The organisers of Wimbledon have introduced a final set tie-breaker in all the events in the championship.A tiebreaker match will be played when the score reaches 12-12 in the final set.The first player or team to score seven points, with an advantage of two or more points, will be declared the winner.The new method will be applicable from 2019 Wimbledon Championship to all the events.
IFC launched $1 billion masala bond programme
International Finance Corporation (IFC) has launched a $1 billion masala bond programme to fund its investment activities in India.The first tranche of $100 million under the programme was issued on London Stock Exchange.Masala bonds are rupee-denominated borrowings issued overseas.IFC is a member of the World Bank Group.
2019 Military World Games in China
The 2019 Military World Games will be held in China.It will for the first time include badminton, tennis, table tennis and men’s gymnastics.The Military World Games is a multi-sport event for the armed forces being organised by the International Military Sports Council every four years since 1995.India hosted the games in 2007.
Minal Patel awarded at White House
Minal Patel Davis has been honoured with a Presidential award by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.She has been awarded for her extraordinary contribution towards combatting human trafficking in Houston.She is the Special Advisor on Human Trafficking to Houston Mayor.She is a past speaker at the United Nations World Humanitarian Summit.
Amphibious plane completed maiden flight test
China’s indigenously designed and built amphibious aircraft ‘AG600’ successfully carried out its first take-off and landing tests on 10 October 2018.The aircraft has been developed and built by Aviation Industry Corporation of China.The aircraft code-named ‘Kunlong’ was piloted by four crew members.It will be mainly used for maritime rescue, fighting forest fires and marine monitoring.
India, Japan, U.S. plan joint air exercise
India, Japan and the U.S. are set to elevate the bilateral ‘Cope India’ air exercise to a trilateral format.The three countries already conduct naval war games under the expanded Malabar naval exercise.The U.S. had proposed a trilateral air exercise between India, Japan and the U.S.Cope India was first conducted in 2004.
World’s longest bridge to be opened on 24 Oct
The world’s longest sea bridge ‘Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge’ will be opened on 24 October 2018.The 55-kilometre-long bridge is situated in the Lingdingyang waters of the Pearl River Estuary.The bridge connects the cities of Hong Kong, Macau and Zhuhai across the South China Sea.The construction of the bridge begun in December 2009.
China & ASEAN will hold joint naval exercises
China and Southeast Asian Nations will hold their first joint maritime exercises from 22 October 2018.The navies of China and ASEAN countries will hold ‘ASEAN-China Maritime Exercise’ in the South China Sea.The exercise with China’s navy will include operations like maritime safety, medical evacuation, and search and rescue procedures.
Druk Nyamrup to form new govt in Bhutan
The Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa (DNT) will form the new government in Bhutan.The party has won 30 seats in 47 member National Assembly.DNT President Dr Lotay Tshering won from South Thimphu constituency and he is set to form the new government.This is the first time in Bhutan’s decade-old parliamentary democracy that a new party has been chosen to form the government.
Piyush Goyal received Carnot prize
Kleinman Center for Energy Policy at the University of Pennsylvania awarded 4th annual Carnot Prize to Union Minister Piyush Goyal.Carnot Prize is the Kleinman Center’s annual recognition of distinguished contributions to energy policy through scholarship or practice.Carnot Prize is named after French physicist Nicolas Sadi Carnot.

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