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CURRENT AFFAIRS OCTOBER 21 TO 31 2018 USEFUL FOR BANK, SSC, LIC IAS EXAMS



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OCTOBER 11 TO 20 

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Important Current Affairs 21st October 2018
Important Miscellaneous News (15-20 Oct 2018)
The 6th edition of India International Silk Fair was inaugurated in New Delhi on October 16, 2018.Man-animal conflict will now be considered as ‘State Declared Disaster’ in Uttar Pradesh.Virtual currency exchange ‘Unocoin’ has installed India’s first cryptocurrency ATM in Bengaluru.The Government of India will organise the ‘First National Summit on Invest in AYUSH’ on 4 November 2018.
Important Science & Tech News (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR) have developed ‘Oneer’ for disinfecting water
·       The European Space Agency launched a scientific mission named ‘BepiColombo’ to Mercury.
·       China successfully launched twin BeiDou-3 navigation satellites into space on 15 October 2018 to strengthen its satellite navigation network.
Imp Govt Policies & Schemes (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       The government of India has announced 100 crore rupee award scheme under Saubhagya scheme.
·       The government of India has launched the ‘Youth Road Safety Learners Licence’ programme on 15 October 2018.
·       Earth Sciences Minister Dr Harshvardhan unveiled an Air Quality early warning system for Delhi.
·       The government of India launched ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’ campaign on 16 October 2018.
Important India & World News (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       India and China have launched their first joint programme for Afghanistan to train its diplomats.
·       The sixth meeting of the UAE – India High-Level Joint Task Force on Investments (‘the Joint Task Force’) was held in Mumbai on 15 October 2018.
·       Defence Minister NirmalaSitharaman attended 12th ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM) and the 5th ADMM-Plus in Singapore on 19 and 20 October 2018.
Important Books & Authors (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       “Brief Answers to the Big Questions” written by Stephen Hawking was launched on 15 October 2018.
·       A new book was released on Maharana Pratap titled “Maharana Pratap: The Invincible Warrior” written by Rima Hooja.
·       “Indian Sports: Conversations and Reflections” written by Vijayan Bala was released on 18 October 2018.
Important National Affairs (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       IRCTC launched a chatbot named ‘Ask Disha’ which will answer users’ queries.
·       The Shahi litchi of North Bihar has got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
·       The North Central Railways (NCR) launched two apps – ‘NCR RASTA’ (Railway assets Summarised Tracking Application) and ‘Yatri RASTA’ (Railway Approach to Station Tracking Application) for its staff and passengers respectively.
Imp Business & Economy News (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       The RBI purchased government securities (g-secs) worth ₹120 billion under Open Market Operations.
·       Kreditech has got the license from RBI to operate as Non-Banking Financial Company for digital lending business and app-based financing.
·       RBI has released the guidelines for interoperability between Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs).RBI eased liquidity coverage ratio norms for banks.
Important Indexes & Reports (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       India has been ranked as the 58th most competitive economy on the World Economic Forum’s global competitiveness index for 2018.
·       According to the Rural Development Ministry survey, Kuligod in Karnataka is the India’s best-developed village.
·       According to Credit Suisse’s 2018 Global Wealth Report, wealth in India grew a modest 2.6% and wealth per adult stayed flat at US$ 7,020.
Important Days & Events (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       International Day of Rural Women is observed on 15 October every year.
·       RashtriyaMahilaKisanDiwas is observed on 15 October in India.
·       World Food Day is held annually on the 16th of October.
·       International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed every year on 17 October.
·       World Osteoporosis Day 2018 is observed on October 20.
Important Defence News (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       The Indian Air Force (IAF) has announced India’s first competition in the defence sector, the Mehar Baba Prize.
·       India and China will resume the annual joint Army exercise ‘Hand-in-Hand’ in December 2018 in China’s Chengdu region.
·       India and Japan will hold the joint military exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN-2018’ at Vairengte, Mizoram from 1 November to 14 November 2018.
Imp International News-2 (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       Lieutenant General Laura J. Richardson has become the first woman Commanding General of the United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM).
·       The world’s longest sea bridge ‘Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge’ will be opened on 24 October 2018.
·       China’s indigenously designed and built amphibious aircraft ‘AG600’ successfully carried out its first take-off and landing tests on 20 October 2018.
Imp International News-1 (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       The 6th RCEP Inter-sessional Ministerial Meeting (IMM) was held in Singapore.
·       Canada has become the second country to legalise possession and use of recreational marijuana.
·       Palestine will lead the ‘Group of 77 plus China’ at the United Nations.
·       China has successfully tested the world’s largest unmanned transport drone which can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes.
Important Sport News-2 (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       Akash Malik became the first Indian to win a silver medal in archery at the 2018 Youth Olympics.
·       The 2019 Military World Games will be held in China.
·       The organisers of Wimbledon have introduced a final set tie-breaker in all the events from 2019. A tiebreaker match will be played when the score reaches 12-12 in the final set.
Important Sport News-1 (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       Tennis player Leander Paes won the Santo Domingo Open trophy.
·       Tennis player Novak Djokovic won the Shanghai Masters title.
·       In Hockey, Great Britain won the 2018 Sultan of Johor Cup.
·       SurajPanwar won the silver medal in men’s 5000m race walk event in Youth Olympic Games 2018.
·       Praveen Chitravel won the bronze medal in triple jump at the Youth Olympics Games 2018.
Important Awards & Honours-2 (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       Suheil Tandon has won the International Olympic Committee’s Sport and Active Society Commission’s Grant Award.
·       Minal Patel Davis has been honoured with a Presidential award for her contribution towards combatting human trafficking in Houston, USA.
·       Kleinman Center for Energy Policy at the University of Pennsylvania awarded ‘Carnot Prize’ to Union Minister Piyush Goyal.
Important Awards & Honours-1 (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       Sikkim has won 2018 UN Food and Agriculture Organisation’s Future Policy for Gold Award.
·       Author MaryseConde won an alternative award formed in protest to the Nobel Literature Prize which got cancelled in 2018.
·       Author Anna Burns won the Man Booker Prize for her novel “Milkman”.
·       Mohammed Zahur Khayyam Hashmi has been named for 2018 Hridaynath Award for Lifetime Achievement.
Important Appointments (15-20 Oct 2018)
·       ShekharMande has been appointed as Director-General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.
·       Nimesh Shah has been elected as Chairman of Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI).
·       RBI has approved Sandeep Bakshi’s appointment as MD and CEO of the ICICI bank for three years.
·       World Steel Association has elected JSW Steel CMD Sajjan Jindal as its treasurer.

Important Current Affairs 22nd October 2018
Indian Carpet Expo in Varanasi inaugurated
Prime Minister NarendraModi Inaugurated 36th Indian Carpet Expo in Varanasi on 21 Octber 2018.The expo is being organised under the aegis of the Deen Dayal Hastkala Sankul – a trade facilitation centre for handicrafts – at Varanasi..The expo has become a world-famous international fair amongst the buyers of Handmade carpets, rugs and other floor coverings.
200 ‘Nirmal’ Ganga projects to be completed
Union Minister NitinGadkari said that the government intends to complete 200 projects for ghats and crematoria.The government is taking various measures to ensure ecological flow or the minimum quantity of water at different stretches of the Ganga.The government had in May 2015 approved Rs 20,000 crore under its ambitious ‘Namami Gange’.
#MeToo: SC declined urgent hearing of PIL
The Supreme Court declined urgent hearing on a PIL seeking the registration of FIRs based on allegations of sexual misconduct and assault levelled by women across various sectors,It is a part of what is being referred to as India’s #MeToo movement.#MeToo spread virally in October 2017 on social media in an attempt to demonstrate the widespread prevalence of sexual assault and harassment.
Nobel chemistry laureate Shimomura passed away
Japanese-born Marine biologist Osamu Shimomura, who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry, has died.Shimomura and two American scientists shared the 2008 Nobel prize for the discovery and development of a jellyfish protein that later contributed to cancer studies.In 1962, Shimomura isolated green fluorescent protein from jellyfish.
NASA names gamma-ray constellations
NASA scientists have devised a new set of 21 modern gamma-ray constellations and named them after fictional characters such as the Hulk and Godzilla.The constellations were devised to celebrate the completion of 10 years of operations of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.Fermi’s Large Area Telescope has been scanning the entire sky each day, mapping and measuring sources of gamma rays.
Paytm launched PayPay in Japan
Paytm has launched a payment service called ‘PayPay’ in Japan.PayPay is based on QR (quick-response) code technology.The payment service has been launched in association with SoftBank Corporation and Yahoo Japan Corporation.SoftBank Group is one of the largest investors in Paytm.PayPay Corporation was established in June 2018.
27th Fusion Energy Conference inaugurated
The 27th Fusion Energy Conference (FEC) was inaugurated in Gandhinagar, Gujarat on 22 October 2018.The six-day event is organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and hosted by the Department of Atomic Energy and Gandhinagar-based Institute of Plasma Research.FEC aims to provide a forum for the discussion of key physics and technology issues.
NITI Lecture Series on artificial intelligence
Prime Minister NarendraModi attended the fourth edition of the NITI Lecture Series focussed on ‘leveraging artificial intelligence for inclusive growth’ on 22 October 2018.The 2018 theme for the lecture series was ‘AI for All: Leveraging Artificial Intelligence for Inclusive Growth’.The lecture series is part of the National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence.
Hurricane Willa approaching towards Mexico
Hurricane Willa has grown rapidly into an ‘extremely dangerous’ near-Category 5 storm in the eastern Pacific and is moving towards Mexico’s western coast.The hurricane was recognised as ‘life-threatening’ by the US National Hurricane Center (NHC).It has maximum sustained winds of about 130 miles per hour (209 km).
Sujatha Gidla won Shakti Bhatt Prize
SujathaGidla has won the 2018 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize.She won the award for her book, ‘Ants Among Elephants: An Untouchable Family and the Making of Modern India’.The Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize is funded by the Shakti Bhatt Foundation.It was set up in 2008 in memory of writer Shakti.It carries a cash prize of Rs 2 lakh.
Global meet on maternal, child health
India will be hosting ‘The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health’ forum in December 2018.The meeting will be on issues related to maternal and child health.The forum will be hosted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health.This is the 2nd time India is hosting the forum — the first was in 2010.
Renaming of Allahabad approved by UP Governor
Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Ram Naik approved the renaming of Allahabad as Prayagraj on 20 October 2018.The name of the district has been approved by the Governor under section 6, subdivision 2 of the Uttar Pradesh Revenue Code, 2006.The proposal to rename the historic city of Allahabad as Prayagraj was approved by the Uttar Pradesh Cabinet on 16 October 2018.
Climate fund approved US$ 1 Billion
A UN-backed Green Climate Fund (GCF) has approved more than $1 billion for 19 new projects to help developing countries tackle climate change.The funding has been approved for the projects linked to geothermal energy in Indonesia, greener cities in Europe and West Asia, and protection for coastal communities in India. The GCF is based in the Incheon, South Korea.
Mumbai won Vijay Hazare Trophy 2018
Mumbai won their third Vijay Hazare Trophy title at Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bengaluru on 20 October 2018.Mumbai defeated Delhi by 4 wickets in the final.Mumbai last won the trophy way back in 2006-07.The Vijay Hazare Trophy is also known as the Ranji One Day Trophy and was started in 2002–03.
‘Wealth Hub’ launched by State Bank of India
State Bank of India (SBI) launched its wealth business services by opening ‘SBI Wealth Hub’ in Mangaluru, Karnataka.The wealth hub was inaugurated by SBI Chairman Rajnish Kumar.SBI is the first PSU bank in the country to introduce comprehensive wealth business services for its clients.The bank has also launched Wealth Business services for NRIs.
National award in Netaji’s name announced
Prime Minister Modi announced an annual award in the name of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose for police and paramilitary forces on 21 October 2018.The award will be given to police personnel who do excellent work in relief and rescue operations.The award will be announced on January 23, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s birthday.
4 Himalayan peaks named after Atal Bihari
Four unnamed Himalayan peaks near Gangotri glacier have been named after former Prime Minister AtalBihari Vajpayee.The peaks are located at 6,557, 6,566, 6,160 and 6,100 metres on the right flank of Gangotri glacier.Located near Sudarshan and Saifi peaks in Raktvan valley, the peaks have been named Atal-1, 2, 3 and 4.
First cruise service launched b/w Mumbai & Goa
India’s first luxury cruise ship service was launched between Mumbai and Goa on 21 October 2018.India’s first ever passenger cruise ship service is a joint venture between Mumbai Port Trust and Angriya Sea Eagle Pvt Ltd.The cruise ship Angriya has been named after first the Maratha Navy Admiral KanhojiAngre.The Cruise can accommodate 400 passengers along with 70 crew members.
Saina Nehwal won silver medal in Denmark Open
Indian badminton player Saina Nehwal won the silver medal in Denmark Open 2018 on 21 October 2018.She was defeated by Chinese Taipei’s Tai Tzu Ying in the final.SainaNehwal won the Denmark Open in 2012.According to the Badminton World Federation, the current ranking of Saina Nehwal is 10.
Special courts notified for benami cases
The Finance Ministry has issued the notification for setting up Sessions Courts in all states and union territories.The Session court will act as Special Courts for the trial of offences under the benami transaction law.Benami transaction refers to transactions made in a fictitious name, or the owner is not aware of the ownership of the property.

Important Current Affairs 23rd October 2018
Marc Marquez clinched fifth MotoGP title
Spain’s Marc Marquez clinched MotoGP world champion title for the fifth time with a victory in the Japanese MotoGP on 21 October 2018.Marquez is the youngest-ever rider to win five premier class titles.Marquez has joined Valentino Rossi, Mick Doohan and Giacomo Agostini as one of only four riders to have taken five or more premier-class World Championships.
Fali S. Nariman conferred National Award
Fali S. Nariman was conferred with Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence in Public Administration on 22 October 2018.He is a distinguished Indian Constitutional jurist and senior advocate to the Supreme Court of India.He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan (1991), Padma Vibhushan (2007) and Gruber Prize for Justice (2002).
Experts’ group to cut schoolbag weight formed
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) informed the Madras High Court that an Expert Group has been formed to formulate a draft policy on reducing the weight of school bags.MHRD had issued an order on 5 October 2018 to formulate a policy on school bags.Professor RanjanaArora of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is the convenor of the Expert Group.
Pakistan & Russia have begun military drills
Pakistan and Russia have begun annual joint military drills named ‘Druzhba-III’ in Pakistan on 22 October 2018.This is the third joint military drill between Pakistan and Russia under the bilateral training cooperation agreement.Russia and Pakistan have been holding the ‘Friendship’ drills since 2016.In October 2016, they held their first-ever joint military exercise in Pakistan.
Longest river bridge to be built in Assam
The government of India has announced to build a new bridge over the Brahmaputra river.The 19.3 km, the four-lane bridge will be built by 2026-27.It will run between Dhubri in Assam and Phulbari in Meghalaya.India’s longest river bridge at present, which is 9.15 km long, lies between Dhola and Sadiya in Assam.
No ban on fire crackers: Supreme Court
The Supreme Court has refused to impose a nationwide blanket ban on the sale of firecrackers.It said only ‘green firecrackers’ will be allowed to be sold.It also imposed timing restrictions on burning firecrackers on Diwali.The Supreme Court’s verdict came in response to a plea seeking a ban on the manufacturing and sale of firecrackers across the country to curb air pollution.
India’s TCS among top 10 firms
According to the U.S. Department of Labour, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is the only Indian company among top 10 firms to get foreign labour certification for the H-1B visas for the fiscal year 2018.London-headquartered Earnest and Young have emerged as the top employer to have received the certification.The H-1B visas are the most sought-after among Indian IT professionals.
CBDT released Direct Tax Statistics
Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has released statistics relating to direct taxation.There is a constant growth in the direct tax-GDP ratio over the last three years and the ratio for 2017-18 is 5.98%.There is a growth of more than 80% in the number of returns filed in the last four financial years.The number of persons filing the return of income has also increased by about 65%.
US will pull out of nuclear arms treaty
The US announced that it is pulling out of the ‘Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty’ with Russia.The treaty was signed in 1987.The treaty prohibits the US and Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying a ground-launched cruise missile with a range of about 480 to 5,470 kilometres.The treaty also offered a blanket of protection to the United States’ European allies.
India is world’s 2nd most underinsured country
According to Lloyd’s Underinsurance Report 2018, India is the second-most underinsured country in the world with an insurance gap of $27 billion.China has the biggest insurance gap ($76.4 billion) followed by India ($27 billion) and Indonesia ($14.6 billion).Insurance gap refers to the gap between the actual sum assured required versus that taken.
REC to launch global medium-term notes
Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) will launch its global medium-term notes programme at the Global Securities Market (GSM).GSM is a primary market platform for raising funds from global investors.GSM is an arm of the BSE’s international exchange India INX.India INX is the country’s first international exchange launched in January 2017
MobiKwik will sell gold on its app
MobiKwik will now allow customers to buy digital gold.MobiKwik users will be able to buy and sell 99.5% purity, 24-carat gold on the app starting at one rupee.It has partnered with SafeGold, a digital platform that allows customers to buy, sell and receive vaulted goldIt has created a separate category called ‘Gold’ on its app.
MoU signed between India and Myanmar
India and Myanmar signed the MoU for the appointment of a private operator for the operation and maintenance of Sittwe Port on 22 October 2018.The Sittwe port in Myanmar will connect India’s landlocked north-east region to the Bay of Bengal through Mizoram.It will also provide an alternate route to Kolkata.
‘Harit Diwali-Swasth Diwali’ campaign launched
Environment Ministry has launched ‘Harit Diwali-Swasth Diwali’ campaign on 22 October 2018.This campaign was initiated in 2017-18 wherein a large number of school children participated and took the pledge to minimize bursting of crackers.In 2018, the ‘Harit Diwali-Swasth Diwali’ campaign has been merged with “Green Good Deed” movement.
Sagar conference inaugurated in Goa
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated the ‘Sagar’ conference at Goa on 23 October 2018.It was organised by the Forum for Integrated National Security (FINS).The aim of the conference was to highlight the technological, economic and developmental opportunities with opening up of outer space.FINS is a Mumbai based think tank working on national security and strategy.
Bajrang Punia won silver medal in wrestling
BajrangPunia won silver medal in the 65 kg category of the World Wrestling Championship 2018 in Budapest on 22 October 2018.He was defeated by Japanese Takuto Otoguro in the final.BajrangPunia also won gold medal in wrestling at Commonwealth Games 2018 and Asian Games 2018.Sushil Kumar is the lone Indian to win a gold medal at the World Wrestling Championships in 2010.
Report on Cross Border Insolvency submitted
The Insolvency Law Committee (ILC) has recommended that India adopt the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Model Law of Cross Border Insolvency.The advantages of the model law are the precedence given to domestic proceedings and protection of public interest.ILC is chaired by Corporate Affairs Secretary Injeti Srinivas.
PNB Metlife launched ‘Khushi’ app
Life insurer PNB Metlife has unveiled an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered customer service app ‘Khushi’.The aim is to provide assistance to policyholders for their insurance-related queries.A policyholder can use the app to upload documents; download receipts and statements; get policy features; premium due details; get fund value and portfolio details; and update contact details.
India, Croatia signed two agreements
India and Croatia signed two agreements to strengthen cultural and diplomatic cooperation between the two countries on 22 October 2018.The agreements were signed and exchanged by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and her Croatian counterpart MarijaPejcinovicBuric.Buric is the first Croatian foreign minister to visit India after 17 years.
India,China signed security agreement
India and China have signed the first-ever agreement on security cooperation on 22 October 2018.The agreement will strengthen and consolidate assistance in counter-terrorism, organised crimes, drug control, human trafficking and exchange of information.The agreement was signed by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and China’s State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Zhao Kezhi.

Important Current Affairs 24th October 2018
RBI lifted ban on Fino Payments
Fino Payments Bank has been allowed to open new accounts by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).Fino Payments Bank had been unable to enrol new customers since the end of May 2018 after RBI found the bank to be non-compliant with the operational guidelines laid down by it.According to RBI’s guidelines for payments banks, a customer can make deposits of up to ₹1 lakh per account in a year.
STAPCOR – 2018 was inaugurated
Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan inaugurated the International Conference on Status and Protection of Coral Reefs (STAPCOR – 2018) at Bangaram coral Island in Lakshadweep on 22 October 2018.The theme of the conference is “Reef for Life”.The conference was organised Lakshadweep Administration with the technical support of the Zoological Survey of India
Govt permits import of pet coke
The government of India permitted imports of certain quantity of pet coke, used for fuel purpose, for anode making by the aluminium industry.The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) has allowed the import of 1.4 MT per annum pet coke for producing calcined pet coke.In general, import of pet coke for fuel purpose is prohibited.
M Nageshwar Rao appointed as CBI director
M NageshwarRao was appointed as the interim director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on 24 October 2018.M NageshwarRao, a 1986 batch Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of the Odisha cadre, was working as the Joint Director in the investigating agency.The decision came after the CBI Director, Alok Verma and Special Director, Rakesh Asthana went on leave.
Tezpur Univ professor won INSA Teachers Award
Tezpur University professor Ashis Mukherjee has been awarded the prestigious “Indian National Science Academy (INSA) Teachers Award (2018)”.He has been awarded for his consistent and high-level of teaching, and inspiring and mentoring students to take up careers in Science and Technology.The award is one of the highest recognition for science and technology teachers in the country.
NSE to launch copper large futures contract
National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) has got approval from Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to launch copper large futures contract with a trading unit of 25 tonne.The 25 tonne copper futures contract is one of the highest traded contracts.NSE aims to provide an onshore hedging platform to big Indian corporates, refiners and various users in the value chain.
Govind Mathur to be acting CJ of Allahabad HC
Justice GovindMathur has been appointed as the acting Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court following retirement of Chief Justice D B Bhosale.Justice Mathur initially practised in the Rajasthan High Court and later appointed as a judge of Rajasthan High Court.He was transferred to the Allahabad High Court in November, 2017.
PM Modi awarded Seoul Peace Prize 2018
Prime Minister NarendraModi has been awarded the Seoul Peace Prize 2018.He has been awarded for his contribution to high economic growth in India and world through ‘Modinomics’.The Seoul Peace Prize was established in 1990 to commemorate the success of the 24th Olympic Games held in Seoul, Republic of Korea.
45 Indian companies participate in SIAL Paris
Forty-five Indian companies are participating in the SIAL Paris exhibition – the largest international market place for food service professionals.SIAL Paris is the leading exhibition of food service products.SIAL Paris is held every two years, and is famous for culinary demonstrations by famous chefs every day.
Railways’ UTS app will be launched on 1 Nov
The railways ‘UTS mobile’ app for buying unreserved tickets online will be available nationwide from 1 November 2018.It was first launched in Mumbai because a large number of people travel in locals.After Mumbai, it was started in Delhi-Palwal and Chennai city.As of now railway has already implemented the scheme in 15 of its zones.
United Nations Day observed on 24 October
United Nations Day is observed every year on 24 October.United Nations day has been in observance since 1948.The day commemorates the anniversary of the UN Charter that came into force in 1945.With the ratification of UN Charter by the majority of its signatories, the UN officially came into being.
World Development Information Day: 24 October
The United Nations’ (UN) World Development Information Day is observed every year on October 24.The aim is to draw the attention of the world to development problems and the need to strengthen international cooperation to solve them.The General Assembly in 1972 established World Development Information Day.
‘Main Nahin Hum’ portal launched
Prime Minister NarendraModi launched the ‘Main Nahin Hum’ portal on 24 October 2018.The portal, which works on the theme ‘Self4Society’, will enable IT professionals and organisations to bring together their efforts towards social causes on one platform.The portal is expected to help catalyse greater collaboration towards the service of the weaker sections of society.
India, Iran, Afghanistan held meeting
India, Afghanistan and Iran held their first trilateral meeting on Chabahar port project on 23 October 2018 in Tehran.The Indian delegation was led by Secretary (Economic Relations) TS Tirumurti.The Afghan and Iran delegations were led by respective deputy ministers of Transport.The next meeting of the Coordination Council will be held in India in the first half of 2019.
Hry to introduce livestock veterinary scheme
The Haryana Government has decided to introduce the ‘Pashu Sanjeevni Sewa’ scheme on 23 October 2018.Under the scheme, free of cost health care services would be made available to livestock in the state through mobile veterinary clinics.The service will be first started in all the blocks of Jind, Yamunanagar and Nuh districts.
World’s oldest known shipwreck has been found
An ancient Greek trading ship dating back more than 2,400 years has been found virtually intact at the bottom of the Black Sea.The vessel is one of more than 60 shipwrecks identified by the Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project.Researchers used specialist remote deep-water camera systems to map the sea floor.
India has most outward migrants in 2017
 Asian Development Bank (ADB) released a report titled ‘Asian Economic Integration Report 2018’.According to the report, India had the most outward migrants in 2017 (17 million), followed by China (10 million) and Bangladesh (7.5 million).The report further said as many as one third of international migrants were from Asia in 2017.
India – Czech Joint Commission meeting
The eleventh session of India – Czech Republic Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation was held on 22 and 23 October 2018 at Prague.The Indian delegation was led by Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs and Food & Public Distribution, C. R. Chaudhary.Various issues like long-term study visa, strengthening of mutual Trade and investment relations were discussed.
Invest India won UN award
‘Invest India’ has won the UN Award for excellence in promoting investments in sustainable development.The awards are organised by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).Invest India is a non-profit venture of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).Deepak Bagla is the CEO of Invest India.
International honour for scientist
Agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan will receive the first ‘World Agriculture Prize’ on 26 October 2018.The award has been instituted by the Indian Council of Food and Agriculture (ICFA) with an aim to recognise individuals who have served humanity through agriculture.Prof. Swaminathan has been hailed by the United Nations Environment Programme as ‘The Father of Economic Ecology’.

Important Current Affairs 25th October 2018
Military exercise ‘Iron Magic 19’ begins
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the US on 21 October 2018 kicked off a two-week military exercise named ‘Iron Magic 19’.The exercise seeks to reinforce cooperation, joint actions and exchange of expertise in military areas.The last ‘Iron Magic’ military exercise was held in 2017.
European Parliament bans single-use plastics
The European Parliament has voted for a complete ban on a range of single-use plastics in an effort to tackle pollution in seas, fields and waterways.Items such as plastic straws, cotton swabs, disposable plastic plates and cutlery would be banned by 2021.There are also measures to ensure that 90% of plastic bottles are recycled by 2025.
Malayalam author won first JCB Prize 2018
Malayalam author Benyamin has bagged the inaugural ‘JCB Prize for literature’ for his book ‘Jasmine Days’.The book explores the lives of South Asians in the Middle East.Benyamin was awarded a cash prize of ₹25 lakh and a trophy.JCB Prize for Literature is an Indian literary award established in 2018 and the award is funded by the construction manufacturing group JCB.
IFFCO biggest cooperative in the world
Fertiliser major ‘IFFCO’ has been ranked as the biggest cooperative in the world by ‘Word Cooperative Monitor’ report 2018.The report has been published by the International Cooperative Alliance (ICA) and the European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises (Euricse).IFFCO has nearly 36,000 member co-operatives and a turnover of nearly USD 3 billion (FY 2017-18).
Virat Kohli becomes fastest to 10,000 ODI runs
India cricket captain Virat Kohli became the fastest batsman to reach 10,000 one-day international runs.Kohli made 10,000 ODI runs in 205 innings while Sachin Tendulkar took 259 innings.Kohli became the fifth Indian batsman and 13th ever to reach 10000 ODI runs.Sachin Tendulkar, SouravGanguly, Rahul Dravid and MS Dhoni have scored over 10,000 runs in ODIs.
Gogha- Dahej Ferry service ready to start
Gogha- Dahej Ro-Pax Ferry service will be inaugurated in Gujarat on 27 October 2018.The ferry service is a part of Sagarmala programme of the Ministry of Shipping.The ferry service has a carrying capacity of 100 vehicles and 500 passengers.The ferry will travel through the sea route by crossing the Gulf in Cambay.
Creation of FIDF approved by Union Cabinet
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for the creation of special  Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF).FIDF would provide concessional finance to State Governments / UTs and State entities, cooperatives, individuals and entrepreneurs etc.The credit from the fund will help generate over 9.40 lakh direct and indirect jobs for fishermen.
MoU amongst BRICS nations approved
The Union Cabinet has approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) among BRICS regarding cooperation in the social and labour sphere.The MoU was signed on 3 August 2018 during BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers (LEM) Meeting.In the MoU, the parties including India have agreed to cooperate and hold mutual events in the prominent areas viz. labour legislation and enforcement.
MoU on on Environmental Cooperation approved
The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed among the BRICS Nations on Environmental Cooperation.The MoU was signed during the 10th BRICS Summit in July 2018 in Johannesburg, South Africa.The MoU shall facilitate the exchange of experiences, best practices among the BRICS nations.
Appointment of Adjudicating Authority approved
The government of India approved setting up of Appellate Tribunal and Adjudicating Authority for speedy disposal of cases related to benami transactions.The Adjudicating Authority and Appellate Tribunal will be based in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. Appointment of the Adjudicating Authority would provide first stage review of administrative action under benami transactions act.
Cabinet nod to panel on SDGs
The Union Cabinet has approved the constitution of a High-Level Steering Committee for periodically reviewing and refining the National Indicator Framework (NIF) for monitoring of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).The committee will be chaired by Pravin Shrivastava, Chief Statistician of India. The committee would recommend measures to “mainstream” SDGs into ongoing national policies.
Extradition treaty with Malawi approved
The Union Cabinet has approved the signing and ratification of the Extradition Treaty between India and Malawi on 24 October 2018.The treaty would provide a legal framework for seeking extradition of terrorists, economic offenders and other criminals from and to Malawi. Malawi is a landlocked country in Africa. The capital of Malawi is Lilongwe and its currency is Malawian kwacha.
IAI signed missile defence deal with India
Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has signed a US$ 777 million defence contract with India.Under the contract, IAI will supply ‘Barak 8’ long-range surface-to-air defence missiles and missile defence systems for the Indian Navy. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) will be the main manufacturer for the project. The IAI is Israel’s largest aerospace and defence company.
GoM constituted by government of India
A Group of Ministers (GoM) has been constituted by the government of India to strengthen the legal and institutional frameworks to deal with and prevent sexual harassment at the workplace.The Group of Ministers will be chaired by the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. It will recommend action required for effective implementation of the existing provisions related to sexual harassment.
Punjab government banned sale of herbicide
The Punjab government has banned the sale of glyphosate.Glyphosate is a herbicide which is extensively used in the State to control a wide variety of weeds in almost all the crops. The chemical has been observed to be a Group 2A cancer-causing material. This chemical is also known for causing other health problems and has the potential to damage human DNA.
NSE Indices launched Nifty 500 Value 50 index
NSE Indices Limited launched a new index, ‘Nifty 500 Value 50’, on 24 October 2018.The index will track the performance of select ‘value’ companies based on price multiples and dividend yield. The index consists of 50 companies from its parent Nifty 500 index, selected based on their ‘value’ scores. NSE Indices is a group company of National Stock exchange (NSE).
Ban on BS-IV vehicles from 2020
The Supreme Court banned the sale and registration of motor vehicles conforming to the emission standard Bharat Stage-IV in the entire country from April 1, 2020.Bharat stage (BS) emission norms are standards instituted by the government to regulate output of air pollutants from motor vehicles. The BS IV norms have been enforced across the country since April 2017.
Five high courts got new Chief Justices-II
DebasisKar Gupta, a judge of the Calcutta High Court, has been appointed Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court.Justice AjjikuttiraSomaiahBopanna, a judge of the Karnataka High Court, has been appointed Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court. Justice NareshHarishchandraPatil, a judge of the Bombay High Court, has been appointed Chief Justice of Bombay High Court.
Five high courts got new Chief Justices-I
High courts of Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Calcutta, Gauhati and Bombay.got new Chief Justices on 24 October 2018.Justice Ramesh Rangnath, a judge of the Andhra Pradesh and Telangana High Court has been appointed Chief Justice of the Uttarakhand High Court. Vijai Kumar Bist, a judge of the Uttarakhand High Court, has been appointed Chief Justice of the Sikkim High Court.
Saurabh Kumar appointed Ambassador to Myanmar
Senior diplomat Saurabh Kumar has been appointed India’s ambassador to Myanmar.Saurabh Kumar, a 1989 batch Indian Foreign Service officer, is currently serving as the Indian envoy in Iran. Kumar will succeed Vikram Misri who has been serving as Indian envoy in Myanmar since August 31, 2016. Misri was appointed Indian Ambassador to China in September 2018.

Important Current Affairs 26th October 2018
Reliance Naval launched training ship
ICGS Varuna, an indigenously-designed training vessel built by Reliance Naval and Engineering Limited (RNEL) for the Indian Coast Guard, was launched on 24 October 2018.The vessel’s primary role is to impart sea training to cadets of Indian Coast Gaurd (ICG). The vessel is 105 meters long and has a capacity of accommodating 242 personnel.
India set to be third largest aviation market
According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), India will be the third largest aviation market globally, a year sooner than was earlier predicted.It is now expected to be among the top three countries by 2024 from its current seventh position. IATA said that air passenger numbers worldwide could double to 8.2 billion in 2037.
PM Modi on a two-day visit to Japan
Prime Minister NarendraModi will be on a two-day visit to Japan from 28 October 2018.The Prime Minister will attend the 13th India-Japan annual summit. He will also hold bilateral talks with Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. He will visit Yamanashi prefecture at the foothills of Mount Fuji and also address community function in Tokyo.
Vigilance Awareness Week 2018
Vigilance Awareness Week 2018 will be observed by the Central Vigilance Commission from 29 October to 3 November 2018.The theme for Vigilance Awareness Week 2018 is ‘Eradicate Corruption-Build a New India’. ‘Awareness Gram Sabhas’ are also organised for the dissemination of awareness in Gram Panchayats (in rural and semi-urban areas) to sensitise the rural citizens.
International Arya Mahasammelan inaugurated
The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the International Arya Mahasammelan on 25 October 2018 in Delhi.This is the 11th such international AryaMahasammelan since 2006. Issues such as prevention of superstition, modernisation, women empowerment, tribal welfare, and management of natural calamities will be discussed at the convention.
Belgium topped in latest FIFA rankings
According to the latest FIFA rankings, Belgium is the number one ranked football team in the world. France is on the second rank. 5 times FIFA World Cup winner, Germany got 14th rank. India was ranked 97th in the latest rankings. Tunisia (22nd) was the highest ranked African team. The latest FIFA rankings were released on 25 October 2018.
KIIFB to list masala bonds
The Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB) will list masala bonds in the London and Singapore Stock Exchanges.The bonds are being floated to mobilise resources for infrastructure projects in Kerala. KIIFB had obtained clearance from the Reserve Bank of India. The KIIFB expects an interest of 9+ or 9- for the rupee-denominated borrowings.
Satish appointed as CEO of Paytm Payments Bank
Paytm Payments Bank appointed Satish Kumar Gupta as Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of the digital bank.He was the Chief Product Officer at National Payments Corporation of India and State Bank of India. Paytm Payments Bank offers zero balance accounts and charges on digital transactions.
Govt. notified rules on granting citizenship
The Union Home Ministry has empowered the Collectors in seven states to accept online applications to grant citizenship to ‘minorities’ from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh living in India.Collectors in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi will grant citizenship and naturalisation certificates to the minorities.
Kaiga station’s Unit-1 created world record
The ‘Kaiga Generating Station’ has created a world record for the longest uninterrupted operation of units having Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs).Unit-1 of Kaiga Generating Station (KGS-1) completed 895 days of continuous operation. The earlier record for PHWRs was held by Unit-7 of Pickering Nuclear Generating Station at Ontario, Canada which operated continuously for 894 days.
Soyuz rocket successfully launched by Russia
On 25th October 2018, Russia successfully launched a Soyuz rocket for the first time since the failure of a similar rocket on 11th October 2018.Soyuz-2.1B rocket has successfully carried a satellite for the Russian military. It was the third launch of a Soyuz rocket from Russia’s northern Plesetsk launch pad in 2018.
PM Modi inaugurated the ‘Krishi Kumbh 2018’
Prime Minister NarendraModi inaugurated ‘Krishi Kumbha 2018-a mega farmers’ conclave in Lucknow on 26 October 2018.The aim of the conclave is to promote modern technique and diversification in agriculture that could help farmers to double their income. Israel and Japan are official partners of KrishiKumbh 2018. Haryana and Jharkhand are the partner states for Krishi Kumbha 2018.
NATO’s biggest peacetime drill launched
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s (NATO) biggest military exercise, ‘Trident Juncture 2018’, since the Cold War has started in Norway on 25 October 2018.The exercise brought together around 50,000 personnel from all 29 NATO allies, plus partners Finland and Sweden. The exercise will run till 7 November 2018 in central and eastern Norway, the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea.
Ethiopia appointed first female President
Ethiopia’s parliament has appointed the country’s first female President, Sahle-Work Zewde.Sahle-Work has been Ethiopia’s ambassador to France, Djibouti, Senegal, and the regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development. Just prior to her appointment as President, she was the UN’s top official at the African Union. As President she is expected to serve two six-year terms.
HRD Ministry launched two web portals
Minister of Human Resource Development Prakash Javadekar launched the web portal of two schemes on 25 October 2018.‘Impactful Policy Research in Social Sciences’ (IMPRESS) and ‘Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration’ (SPARC) were the two schemes of whose portal were launched. The objective of IMPRESS is to identify and fund research proposals in social sciences.
Sakharov prize awarded to filmmaker Sentsov
The European Parliament awarded the prestigious Sakharov human rights prize to jailed Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov on 25 October 2018.The Sakharov Prize was set up in 1988. It is awarded every year to individuals or organizations that have made an important contribution to the fight for human rights or democracy.
India and Bangladesh signed three agreements
India and Bangladesh signed three agreements on 25 October 2018.The agreement were signed for enhancing inland and coastal waterways connectivity between the two countries for trade and cruise movements. It includes the use Chattogram and Mongla Ports in Bangladesh for goods movement. They also signed a standard operating procedure (SOP) for movement of passenger and cruise services.
Pooja Danda won bronze medal in wrestling
Wrestler PoojaDhanda won a bronze medal at World Wrestling Championship 2018 in Budapest, Hungary.She won a silver medal at the 2018 Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast. Pooja is only the fourth Indian woman to win a World Championship medal. Prior to Pooja, only Alka Tomar (2006) and Geeta and Babita Phogat (2012) have won bronze medals for India at the World Championship.
‘Unnayan Banka’ won CAPAM award for 2018
‘Unnayan Banka’ has won the Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management’s (CAPAM) international innovation award for 2018.It is an online and offline education project started in Banka, Bihar. CAPAM is an organisation that promotes good governance and knowledge exchange amongst governments from Commonwealth countries.
Tagore awards for cultural harmony announced
‘Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony’ for the years 2014, 2015 and 2016 were announced on 25 October 2018.The awards were given to Manipuri dancer, Rajkumar Singhajit Singh (2014), Chhayanaut (a cultural organisation of Bangladesh) (2015) and sculptor, Ram VanjiSutar (2016). It carries an award prize of Rs 1 crore, a citation in a scroll and a plaque. The award jury was headed by PM Modi.

Important Current Affairs 27th October 2018
Meenakshi Chaudhary won 1st runner-up title
India’s MeenakshiChaudhary has been crowned the first runner-up of Miss Grand International 2018 at the sixth edition of the pageant held in Myanmar.Chaudhary was narrowly edged out by Paraguay’s Clara Sosa for the top honour. Sosa succeeds Miss Grand International 2017 Maria Jose Lora of Peru. She has been the winner of fbb Colors Femina Miss Grand India 2018 title earlier.
Sourav Kothari clinched World Billiards C’ship
India’s Sourav Kothari defeated Peter Gilchrist of Singapore 1134-944 to clinch the 2018 World Billiards Championship title at Leeds in the UK.The former national and Asian Billiards champion Kothari was pipped at the post for the coveted World Billiards crown on two occasions in the last two years.
IFFCO biggest Cooperative in the World: Report
Fertiliser major IFFCO announced that it has been ranked as the biggest cooperative in the world by ‘Word Cooperative Monitor’ report 2018.The International Cooperative Alliance (ICA) and the European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises (Euricse) publish the world cooperative monitor report. The report was based on the ratio of turnover over GDP per capita.
Roopam won World Health Summit Startup Award
Roopam Sharma, a 23-year old Indian scientist, won the World Health Summit Startup award, 2018.He won for his invention, Manovue – the world’s first intelligent personal assisting system for the visually impaired. He is the youngest person to be recognized as one of the top innovators under 35 by the MIT Tech Review in 2016.
Indigenously overhauled Su-30MKI given to IAF
The 11 Base Repair Depot (BRD) of the Indian Air Force in Maharashtra’s Nashik district handed over its first indigenously overhauled Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jet to the IAF.The ceremony was held at the Air Force Station Ojhar. The Sukhoi Su-30MKI is a twin-jet multi-role air superiority aircraft developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under licence by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL).
2nd Guwahati International Film Festival began
The second edition of the Guwahati International Film Festival (GIFF 2018) began in Assam.The week-long festival will witness the screening of more than 100 films from 50 countries. The theme of GIFF 2018 is: ‘VasudhaivaKutumbakam’. The focus region is the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) region. The opening film was ‘Bhoga Khiriki’ (Broken Window) by filmmaker Jahnu Barua.
World Day for Audiovisual Heritage
The 2018 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is celebrated on October 27.Its theme is “Your Story is Moving”.The General Conference of UNESCO approved the commemoration of a World Day for Audiovisual Heritage in 2005 as a mechanism to raise general awareness of the need to preserve and safeguard important audiovisual material for future generations.
Varun became ambassador of ARENA Channel
Maruti Suzuki India announced Bollywood Superstar Varun Dhawan as the brand ambassador for Maruti Suzuki ARENA channel.The youth icon will be the face of Maruti Suzuki’s new marketing campaign ‘A destination called you. A feeling called Maruti Suzuki ARENA.’ The Car Maker is working on the transformation of its retail network across India. Asma Jahangir won UN Human Rights Prize
Pakistan’s human rights activist and lawyer Asma Jahangir has been posthumously awarded the UN Prize along with three other winners.RebecaGyumi of Tanzania, Brazil’s first indigenous lawyer Joenia Wapichana and Ireland’s human rights organisation Front Line Defenders are the other winners of the prize. The Prize is an honorary award given for outstanding achievement in human rights.
Punjab signs MoUs with Israel
The Punjab government has signed four MoUs with Israeli institutions to address issues of farmers and depleting groundwater level in the state.The MoUs were signed in the presence of Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh. The MoUs will help boost cooperation between Punjab and Israel in areas such as water conservation as well as agricultural research and education.
RBI to inject Rs 40,000 crore in November
The Reserve Bank said it will inject Rs 40,000 crore into the system in November through the purchase of government securities.The central bank had already injected Rs 36,000 crore into the system in October. An open market operation (OMO) is an activity by a central bank to give (or take) liquidity in its currency to (or from) a bank or a group of banks.
WB approves funds for Bangladesh’s bridges
The World Bank has approved $425 million to improve road connections in Bangladesh.It will be done through the building, maintaining and improving rural bridges in a programme that will benefit two-thirds of the country’s people. The ‘Operation For Supporting Rural Bridges Programme’ will maintain 85,000 m of bridges and build another 20,000 m of new bridges.
Railways to build world’s highest railway line
Indian Railways is building the world’s highest rail lines that will connect Ladakh with Delhi.The location survey of the first phase is complete. The final location survey is expected to be completed in 30 months after which a detailed project report will be finalised. The national transporter plans to build a strategically-important Bilaspur-Manali- Leh line along the Indo-China border.
2nd Int. Conference On Primary Health Care
JP Nadda, Minister for Health and Family Welfare addressed the ‘Second Plenary Session of ‘2nd International Conference on Primary Health Care towards UHC & SDGs’, at Astana, Kazakhstan.The conference aims to renew the commitment to primary health care to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. MrNadda spoke on the theme “The Future of Primary Health Care”.
IDFC Bank to be renamed as IDFC First Bank
IDFC Bank proposed to change its name to ‘IDFC First Bank Ltd’ in the wake of its amalgamation with the non-banking financial company Capital First.The decision was taken during the meeting of the Board of Directors of IDFC Bank. The proposal now needs the approval of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
‘Experiencing North East’ festival begun
The ‘Experiencing North East’ festival depicting the uniqueness of North Eastern culture is being organised at India International Centre, Delhi from 27th-31st October 2018.The festival is a part of Destination North East series. It is being organised by the North Eastern Council (NEC), Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) in collaboration with India International Centre.
BEML received Top Challengers’ Award
Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), a Mini Ratna Public Sector Undertaking, under the Ministry of Defence, received the prestigious ‘Top Challengers Award 2018’.It won the prize for the excellent performance during the financial year 2017-18 and Best Seller in Crawler Equipment-Dozers and Rigid Dump Truck segment for mining sectors. The award is instituted by ASAAP Information Global Group.
Women of India National Organic Festival
The 5th edition of the ‘Women of India National Organic Festival’ was inaugurated at the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi.The Festival celebrates and promotes women entrepreneurs/producers and farmers in the organic field from across India.Festival will have producers and manufacturers of Organic Products from 26 Indian States.
24th edition of Technology Summit at New Delhi
India will host the 24th edition of Technology Summit with Italy as the partner country.The two-day summit will be inaugurated on 29th October 2018. This is the first time that Italy has been selected as a partner country for this prestigious event. The Summit is envisaged to serve as a wide-ranging knowledge-business partnership platform.
Mahinda Rajapaksa became new PM of Sri Lanka
Former President MahindaRajapakse was sworn in as the new Prime minister of Sri Lanka.He replaced RanilWickremesinghe. Mr. Rajapaksa was administered the oath by the President Maithripala Sirisena at his office in Colombo.

Important Current Affairs 28th October 2018
Important Miscellaneous News (22-27 Oct 2018)
The ‘Kaiga Generating Station’ has created a world record for the longest uninterrupted operation of units having Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs).An ancient Greek trading ship dating back more than 2,400 years has been found virtually intact at the bottom of the Black Sea. Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Ram Naik approved the renaming of Allahabad as Prayagraj on 20 October 2018.
Important Index & Reports (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       Fertiliser major IFFCO has been ranked as the biggest cooperative in the world by ‘Word Cooperative Monitor’ report 2018.
·       Asian Development Bank (ADB) released a report titled ‘Asian Economic Integration Report 2018’.
·       According to Lloyd’s Under insurance Report 2018, India is the second-most under insured country in the world with an insurance gap of $27 billion.
Important National Affairs-2 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       The 27th Fusion Energy Conference (FEC) was inaugurated in Gandhinagar, Gujarat on 22 October 2018.
·       The 36th Indian Carpet Expo was inaugurated in Varanasi on 21 October 2018.
·       India will host the 24th edition of Technology Summit on 29th October 2018.
·       Prime Minister NarendraModi inaugurated ‘Krishi Kumbha 2018’ in Lucknow on 26 October 2018.
Important National Affairs-1 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       India’s first luxury cruise ship service was launched between Mumbai and Goa on 21 October 2018.
·       Four unnamed Himalayan peaks near Gangotri glacier have been named after former Prime Minister AtalBihari Vajpayee.
·       The Supreme Court banned the sale and registration of motor vehicles conforming to the emission standard Bharat Stage-IV in the entire country from April 1, 2020.
Important Awards & Honours-3 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       The ‘Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony’ was given to Manipuri dancer, Rajkumar Singhajit Singh for 2014, Chhayanaut (a cultural organisation of Bangladesh) for 2015 and sculptor, Ram VanjiSutar for 2016.
·       Fali S. Nariman was conferred with 2018 Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence in Public Administration.
·       ‘Invest India’ has won the 2018 UN Award for excellence.
Important Awards & Honours-2 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       ‘Unnayan Banka’ won the Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management’s international innovation award for 2018.
·       Malayalam author Benyamin has bagged the ‘JCB Prize for literature’ for his book ‘Jasmine Days’.
·       Prime Minister NarendraModi has been awarded the Seoul Peace Prize 2018.
·       Agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan received the first ‘World Agriculture Prize’.
Important Awards & Honours-1 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       Roopam Sharma, a 23-year old Indian scientist, won the World Health Summit Startup award, 2018.
·       Bharat Earth Movers Limited received the ‘Top Challengers Award 2018’.
·       The European Parliament awarded the ‘Sakharov human rights prize’ to jailed Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov.
·       SujathaGidla has won the 2018 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize.
Important International News (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s (NATO) biggest military exercise, ‘Trident Juncture 2018’, has started in Norway on 25 October 2018.
·       The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the US on 21 October 2018 kicked off a two-week military exercise named ‘Iron Magic 19’.
·       Pakistan and Russia have begun annual joint military drills named ‘Druzhba-III’ in Pakistan on 22 October 2018.
Person in News-2 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       Ethiopia’s parliament has appointed the country’s first female President, Sahle-Work Zewde.
·       India cricket captain Virat Kohli became the fastest batsman to reach 10,000 one-day international runs.
·       Japanese-born Marine biologist Osamu Shimomura, who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry, passed away on 24 October 2018.
Person in News-1 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       Maruti Suzuki India announced Bollywood Superstar Varun Dhawan as the brand ambassador for Maruti Suzuki ARENA channel.
·       India’s MeenakshiChaudhary has been crowned the first runner-up of Miss Grand International 2018 at the sixth edition of the pageant held in Myanmar.
·       Former President MahindaRajapakse was sworn in as the new Prime minister of Sri Lanka.
Important Days & Events (22-28 Oct 2018)
·       The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is observed on October 27.
·       Vigilance Awareness Week 2018 will be observed by the Central Vigilance Commission from 29 October to 3 November 2018.
·       United Nations Day is observed every year on 24 October.
·       The United Nations’ (UN) World Development Information Day is observed every year on October 24.
Important Sports News (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       India’s Sourav Kothari won the 2018 World Billiards Championship title.
·       PoojaDhanda won the bronze medal at World Wrestling Championship 2018.
·       BajrangPunia won the silver medal at World Wrestling Championship 2018.
·       Mumbai cricket team won the 2018 Vijay Hazare Trophy title.
·       Badminton player SainaNehwal won the silver medal in Denmark Open 2018.
Important Appointments-2 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       Justice Debasis Kar Gupta has been appointed Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court.
·       Justice AjjikuttiraSomaiahBopanna has been appointed Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court.
·       Justice NareshHarishchandraPatil has been appointed Chief Justice of Bombay High Court.
·       M NageshwarRao was appointed as the interim Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
Important Appointments-1 (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       Paytm Payments Bank appointed Satish Kumar Gupta as Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer.
·       Senior diplomat Saurabh Kumar has been appointed India’s ambassador to Myanmar.
·       Justice Ramesh Rangnath has been appointed Chief Justice of the Uttarakhand High Court.
·       Justice Vijai Kumar Bist has been appointed Chief Justice of the Sikkim High Court.
Govt. Schemes & Policies (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       Environment Ministry has launched ‘Harit Diwali-Swasth Diwali’ campaign on 22 October 2018.
·       The Haryana Government launched ‘Pashu Sanjeevni Sewa’ scheme on 23 October 2018.
·       Prime Minister Modi launched the ‘Main Nahin Hum’ portal on 24 October 2018.
·       The railways ‘UTS mobile’ app for buying unreserved tickets online will be available nationwide from 1 November 2018.
Imp Business & Economy News (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       NSE Indices Limited launched a new index named ‘Nifty 500 Value 50’.
·       Life insurer PNB Metlife has launched an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered customer service app ‘Khushi’.
·       Paytm has launched a payment service called ‘PayPay’ in Japan.
·       State Bank of India (SBI) launched its wealth business services by opening ‘SBI Wealth Hub’ in Mangaluru, Karnataka.
Important MoU & Agreements (22-27 Oct 2018)
·       India and Myanmar signed the MoU for the appointment of a private operator for the operation and maintenance of Sittwe Port in Myanmar.
·       India and Croatia signed two agreements to strengthen the cultural and diplomatic cooperation between the two countries.
·       India and China have signed the first-ever agreement on security cooperation.

Important Current Affairs 29th October 2018
Justice Bopanna sworn in as CJ of Gauhati HC
Justice AjjikuttiraSomaiahBopanna was sworn in as the new Chief Justice of the Gauhati High Court on 29 October 2018.Assam Governor JagdishMukhi administered the oath of office to Justice Bopanna.Justice Bopanna was appointed as an additional judge of the Karnataka High Court in January 2006 and a permanent judge on March 1, 2007.
Arunachal, British Council signed MoU
The Arunachal Pradesh government signed a MoU with the British Council to strengthen educational and cultural cooperation.As per the MOU, as many as 50 faculty members from government higher education institutions will be trained by the British Council every year, starting from December. 50 students of higher and technical education institutes will be trained in English language skills.
Governors’ panel submits report
A committee of governors set up by President Ram Nath Kovind, submitted its report on doubling farm income on 26 October 2018.It recommended developing climate-resilient and input-efficient crop varieties. It has made 21 major recommendations for doubling the income of farmers. Uttar Pradesh Governor Ram Naik is the head of the panel.
Trials of ‘Train 18’ began
Train 18, the country’s first engine-less train, was unveiled on 29th October 2018.Train 18 will undergo short runs near Chennai’s Integral Coach Factory (ICF) for five days for testing its braking system, the on board air conditioning and other systems. The train can travel up to the speed at 160 kilometres per hour (kmph) as against 130 kmph of Shatabdi Express.
North East Olympic Games concluded
The 1st edition of ‘North East Olympic Games’ concluded in Imphal on 28th October 2018.Manipur secured the top spot in the medal tally followed by Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Athletes from the eight northeastern states competed in 12 different disciplines at the sporting event that began on October 24. The 2nd edition of North East Olympic Games will be held in Arunachal Pradesh in 2019.
Electoral bonds sale to begin from November 1
The sixth phase of sale of electoral bonds will take place from 1 November to 10 November 2018.State Bank of India (SBI) has been authorised to issue and encash electoral bonds through its 29 authorised branches. These bonds have a life of 15 days from the date of issue. Eligible political parties are allowed to encash electoral bonds only through their bank accounts.
1st UAE-made satellite launched from Japan
The United Arab Emirates’ first locally made satellite was launched from Japan on 29th October 2018.The ‘KhalifaSat Earth observation satellite’ was launched by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). UAE also aims to send its first two astronauts to the International Space Station in 2019.
SBI, Hitachi Payments form JV
State Bank of India (SBI) formed a Joint Venture (JV) with Hitachi Payment Services Pvt Ltd to create a digital payment network. Hitachi Payments will invest 26% in SBI Payment Services Pvt Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of SBI. The JV agreement is subject to requisite regulatory approvals. The JV will provide various payment options to customers and merchants
Roger Federer won Swiss Indoors
Roger Federer won Swiss Indoors title in Basel on 28th  October 2018.He defeated Marius Copil in the final. It is his 99th career title. The Swiss Indoors is a professional men’s tennis tournament played on indoor hard courts. Since 2009 it has been part of the World Tour 500 Series of the ATP Tour.
India donated 3 lakh Dollars for peacekeeping
The Indian government donated about US$ 300,000 for the ‘Pipeline to Peacekeeping Command Programme’.The programme will, over a period of three years, help develop the capacity of future commanders and managers to lead by example and raise awareness of UN standards. India is one of the largest troop-contributing countries to UN peacekeeping missions.
1st robotic dinosaurs gallery inaugurated
India’s first gallery on robotic dinosaurs was inaugurated on 27th October 2018 at the Pushpa Gujral Science City in Kapurthala, Punjab.The new gallery will display the story of birth and evolution of dinosaurs. A total of 7 moving dinosaurs, made from steel and silica gel with durable motors, have been added to the exhibition.
Khalin Joshi won Panasonic Open
Indian golfer Khalin Joshi clinched the Panasonic Open India title at the Delhi Golf Club on 28th October 2018.Joshi became the seventh Indian to win the Panasonic Open India. It was also his maiden Asian Tour title. With this success, Joshi joined the list of 25 Indians who have so far accounted for 87 international titles.
India & Pakistan declared joint winners
In Men’s Hockey, India and Pakistan were declared joint winners of the Asian Champions Trophy at Muscat in Oman on 28th October 2018.The tournament director declared both teams as winners after the match was called off due to heavy rain. Before this edition, both India and Pakistan had won the tournament twice each.
Ayhika Mukherjee won silver medal
Indian table tennis player Ayhika Mukherjee won the silver medal in the under-21 women’s singles category of the ITTF Challenge Belgium Open.She lost to Korea’s Youjin Kim in the final. In the semifinals, Ayhika had defeated Hong Kong’s Chengzhu Zhu to enter the finals.
Bolsonaro won Brazilian Presidency
Former army captain Jair Bolsonaro was elected President of Brazil on 28 October 2018.He defeated leftist opponent Fernando Haddad. Bolsonaro was declared the winner by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal after 94% of the votes were counted. Bolsonaro will take office on 1st January 2019.
India-Japan Summit to be held in Tokyo
Prime Minister NarendraModi participated in the Thirteenth India-Japan Bilateral Summit in Tokyo on 29 October 2018.The two sides will also be exploring ways of boosting defence and strategic partnership further. In the summit, the leaders of both nations will review the progress made since 2017 in various agreed areas and projects under implementation with Japanese assistance.
Michael Higgins re-elected as Irish President
Michael D Higgins has been re-elected as Irish President after receiving 56% of the country’s electoral vote.Businessman Peter Casey came second with 23.1% votes. The President is Ireland’s ‘first citizen’, but has limited power – the role is mainly symbolic and he or she cannot get involved in daily politics.
Upgradation of 17 Dornier Aircraft approved
The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) gave approval for the mid-life Upgrade of 17 Dornier Aircraft of Indian Coast Guard (ICG).The upgrades will be carried out by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The ICG has a fleet of Dornier aircraft which play a pivotal role in maritime surveillance.  DAC is chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
India Mobile Congress 2018 concluded
India Mobile Congress(IMC) 2018 concluded on 27 October 2018.The theme for IMC 2018 was ‘New Digital Horizons – Connect. Create. Innovate’. Delegations from 20 countries participated in the event, which saw more than 300 companies showcasing their latest and best technologies, products, services, and applications.
Sanjay Kumar Mishra appointed as ED chief
The government of India appointed Indian Revenue Service officer Sanjay Kumar Mishra as Director of Enforcement Directorate (ED).He has been given additional charge of the post of Director for a period of three months. The ED enforces two major laws in the country to check black money: The criminal Prevention of Money Laundering Act and the Foreign Exchange Management Act.

Important Current Affairs 30th October 2018
SC allowed States to fix 2 hour duration
The Supreme Court on 30th October 2018 modified its order fixing a slot of 8 pm to 10 pm for bursting firecrackers on Diwali.SC said that the timing will be changed in places such as Tamil Nadu and Puducherry but not exceed two hours a day. It also clarified that green crackers are mandatory only in the National Capital Region.
Supreme Court bans old vehicles in NCR
The Supreme Court has prohibited the plying of 15-year-old petrol and 10-year-old diesel vehicles in Delhi NCR due to the prevailing pollution situation.Such vehicles would be impounded if found on the roads in Delhi-NCR. SC directed that a list of 15-year-old petrol and 10-year-old diesel vehicles be published on the website of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
National Summit on Public Health Care begins
The 5th ‘National Summit on Good and Replicable Practices and Innovations in Public Health Care Systems in India’ began at Kaziranga in Assam on 30 October 2018.The summit was organised by the Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. The objective of the summit is to share and learn the good practices being implemented by states and organisations for the betterment of the health sector.
Justice Bist sworn in as Sikkim High Court CJ
Justice Vijai Kumar Bist was sworn in as the Chief Justice of Sikkim High Court on 30 October 2018.Governor Ganga Prasad administered the oath of office to Justice Vijai Kumar Bist. Bist was appointed as one of the judges in Uttarakhand High Court in November 2008.
WWF’s ‘Living Planet’ report released
World Wide Fund (WWF) has released a report titled ‘The Living Planet’.Australia’s east coast has been compared to the Amazon as a “deforestation front” in the new global report. The report said that global vertebrate populations are declining at a rate of 13.6% a decade. The global populations of vertebrate species have declined 60% since 1970.
First container movement on inland waterways
Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) transported container cargo belonging to food and beverage giant ‘PepsiCo’ from Kolkata to Varanasi (National Waterway-1).This would be India’s first container movement on the inland vessel. The vessel, called MV RN Tagore will take 9-10 days to reach Varanasi. National Waterway-1 runs from Haldia to Allahabad on river Ganga.
Urdu writer Qazi Abdussattar passed away
Professor QaziAbdussattar passed away on 29 October 2018.He was a noted Urdu writer and former head of Aligarh Muslim University’s Urdu department He was awarded Padma Shri in 1974. He was also the first recipient of Ghalib Academy Award in 1978. His most famous short story ‘Peetal Ka Ghanta’ drew acclaim in the Urdu literary world.
China-France launched oceanography satellite
China has launched an ‘Oceanography Satellite’ on 29th October 2018.The ‘China-France Oceanography Satellite’ (CFOSAT) is the first satellite jointly built by China and France. The satellite will help scientists to predict dangerous cyclones and climate change by monitoring ocean surface winds and waves.
India is Asia’s most investment savvy economy
Standard Chartered has released a new study titled ‘The Emerging Affluent Study 2018– Climbing the Prosperity Ladder’.India has emerged as the most investment-savvy economy in Asia. More than two-thirds of India’s affluent class prefer to use various investment products to achieve their financial goals and greater social mobility.
EWDS system launched by Odisha CM
Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched the Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) and the mass message system.EWDS was launched on the occasion of Odisha Disaster Preparedness Day, which is observed on 29th October 2018. The EWDS will warn the people residing along the coast in the state through the alert siren system from towers installed at 122 locations.
Toxic air killed over 1 lakh children in India
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has released a report titled ‘Air Pollution and Child Health: Prescribing Clean Air’.Over 1.25 lakh children in India below the age of five died in 2016 due to the impact of polluted air. The report said household air pollution from cooking and ambient air pollution caused more than 50% of acute lower respiratory infections in children under 5 years.
Re-appointment of Aditya Puri as MD approved
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) approved the re-appointment of Aditya Puri as Managing Director of the HDFC bank for another two years.AdityaPuri has been with the bank since 1994, making him the longest-serving head of any private bank in the country. Shareholders had already approved his appointment in 2015 for five years subject to the RBI’s approval.
New telecom policy notified by government
The government of India has notified the new telecom policy on 29th October 2018.It has renamed the Telecom Commission as the ‘Digital Communications Commission’. Under the new telecom policy, the government plans to optimally price spectrum, review levies such as license fees and spectrum usage charge. Among the chief aims of the policy is data security of the country.
Justice Naresh Patil sworn in as Bombay HC CJ
Justice NareshHarishchandraPatil was sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court on 29th October 2018.He was administered the oath of office by Maharashtra Governor C VidyasagarRao. Justice NareshPatil had been serving as Acting Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court since 12th August 2018.
India, Japan signed currency swap agreement
India and Japan signed a currency swap agreement worth $75 billion on 29th October 2018. A currency swap involves the exchange of interest and sometimes of principal in one currency for the same in another currency. Interest payments are exchanged at fixed dates through the life of the contract.
India’s largest Dry Dock to come up at Cochin
Union Minister NitinGadkari laid the foundation for India’s largest dry dock at Cochin Shipyard in Kerala on 30th October 2018.The dock will be able to build specialised and technologically advanced large vessels like LNG Carriers, drillships, jack-up rigs, large dredgers, and aircraft carriers for the Indian Navy. The project is expected to be completed by May 2021.
Conference on Cyber Security organised
Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) organised a conference on  Innovation in Cyberspace, Cyber Security – Challenges and Innovations on 29th October 2018.The conference focused on the current trends, need and future requirements of innovation in the field of cyber security. The conference brought the stakeholders working in the area to showcase their innovations.
India, Qatar to establish joint commission
India and Qatar decided to establish a Joint Commission (JC).The JC will be co-chaired by the ministers of external affairs and foreign affairs of the two countries. The JC will be tasked to strengthen the relations between the two countries particularly in the economic, commercial, cultural, scientific, technological, information technology and educational fields.
Mega Food park inaugurated in Gujarat
Union Minister for Food Processing Industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal inaugurated the first Mega Food Park in Gujarat on 29th October 2018.It is promoted by Gujarat Agro Infrastructure Mega Food Park Pvt. Ltd. The Park is located at Village Shah and Vasravi, District Surat, Gujarat. A 2nd Mega Food Park has been sanctioned in Mehsana District of Gujarat.
CSIR develops ‘Less Polluting Firecrackers’
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have developed less-polluting firecrackers.The crackers have been named as Safe Water Releaser (SWAS), Safe Minimal Aluminium (SAFAL) and Safe Thermite Cracker (STAR). It has a unique property of releasing water vapour and air as a dust suppressant and diluent for gaseous emissions.

Important Current Affairs 31st October 2018
NASA probe gets closest to the sun
NASA’s Parker Solar Probe, mankind’s first mission to ‘touch’ the sun, has set a new record for closest approach to the sun by a human-made object.Parker Solar Probe was launched on 12 August 2018. The previous record for closest solar approach was set by the German-American Helios 2 spacecraft in April 1976.
Foundation stone tech facility centre laid
Minister of DoNER, Dr Jitendra Singh laid the foundation stone of new Science Centre, the ‘Technology Facility Centre’ on 29 October 2018 in Jorhat, AssamThe facility will be established in the premises of the CSIR-North East Institute of Science & Technology (NEIST). The Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) will bear the cost of setting up of this new Science Centre.
Japan joined International Solar Alliance
Japan announced joining the International Solar Alliance (ISA) and submitted the instrument of ratification on 29th October 2018.As of now, there are 70 countries that have signed the ISA Framework Agreement (ISA FA) and 47 countries that have ratified it. Japan will be the 71st country to sign and 48th country to ratify the ISA FA.
WhatsApp, CII collaborate to train SMEs
WhatsApp has partnered with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) to train small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurs on using the messaging platform to connect with customers.WhatsApp and CII will work to enhance business communication for Indian SMEs through CII’s SME Technology Facilitation Centre. The centre was set up in November 2016.
‘Little India Gate’ inaugurated in Indonesia
‘Little India Gate’ was inaugurated in northern Indonesia on 27 October 2018.It recognises the contribution of the Indian community in the development of Medan city, Indonesia. The new structure was inaugurated jointly by India’s ambassador to Indonesia and Timor Leste Pradeep Kumar Rawat and Mayor of Medan H T Dzulmi. Medan city is the fourth largest city in Indonesia.
Mangaluru to host lit festival from Nov 3
‘Mangaluru Lit Fest 2018’, will be organised in Mangaluru from 3 November 2018 to 6 November 2018.The theme of the event is ‘The Idea of Bharat’. The Lit Fest aims to highlight the literary and cultural diversity of Mangaluru. The festival intends to provide a platform for intellectual deliberations for monologues, panel discussions, conversations and book reviews.
NASA’s Kepler mission has come to an end
NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has run out of fuel, and its mission has come to an end.The unmanned space telescope was launched in 2009. The unmanned space telescope revealed that billions of hidden planets are in space. The Kepler mission was named in honour of 17th-century German astronomer Johannes Kepler, who discovered the laws of planetary motion.
Web-based tool to monitor fake news
Scientists have developed a web-based tool to help monitor the prevalence of fake news on social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter.The tool uses a Platform Health Metric called the Iffy Quotient, which draws data from two external entities: NewsWhip and Media Bias/Fact Checker. NewsWhip, a social media engagement tracking firm, collects URLs of sites every day.
UP government to develop ‘food value chain’
The Uttar Pradesh government in assistance from Japanese government will develop ‘Food Value Chain’ in the state.The UP Cabinet presided over by UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath cleared a proposal in this regard. Under the agreement, in the first five years, Japanese companies will invest in agri-related and food-related industries.
Seychelles launched sovereign blue bond
The Republic of Seychelles has launched the world’s first sovereign blue bond.Sovereign blue bond is a financial instrument designed to support sustainable marine and fisheries projects. Proceeds from the bond will support the expansion of marine protected areas‚ improved governance of priority fisheries and the development of the Seychelles’ blue economy.
NIIF acquired IDFC Infrastructure Finance
The National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) of India had acquired IDFC Infrastructure Finance Limited (IDFC-IFL).IDFC-IFL is a non-banking finance company registered with the Reserve Bank of India as an infrastructure debt fund. The government had set up the NIIF in 2015 as an investment vehicle for funding greenfield, brownfield and stalled infrastructure projects.
RBI to inject Rs 12,000 cr liquidity
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will inject Rs 12,000 crore into the system through the purchase of Government securities (g-secs) on 1 November 2018.RBI has decided to conduct the purchase of the following g-secs under Open Market Operations (OMO). The RBI sells g-secs to take out liquidity from the system and buys back g-secs to infuse liquidity into the system.
Successful night trial of Agni-1 missile
A night trial of India’s indigenously developed nuclear-capable Agni-1 ballistic missile was successfully conducted on 30 October 2018 from a test range off Odisha coast.It has a strike range of 700 km. The missile can carry payloads up to 1000 kg. Agni-I missile has a specialised navigation system which ensures it reaches the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision.
Malala to be honoured by Harvard University
MalalaYousafzai will be honoured by Harvard University for her work promoting girls’ education.She will be conferred with the ‘2018 Gleitsman Award’ at a ceremony on 6th December 2018.The Gleitsman Award provides US$125,000 for activism that has improved quality of life around the world. MalalaYousafzai is the youngest person to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014.
Vice President Naidu on a three nation visit
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu on 31 October 2018 embarked on a three-nation visit to Botswana, Zimbabwe and Malawi.In Botswana, the Vice President will inaugurate the Global Expo Botswana 2018. The Capital of the following countries is Zimbabwe: Harare; Botswana: Gaborone and Malawi: Lilongwe.
Statue of Unity inaugurated
The Statue of Unity has been inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Gujarat on 31 October 2018.It is dedicated to India’s first Home Minister SardarVallabhbhai Patel. It is 182 meters tall and is located near the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada river. It was designed by the sculptor Ram V. Sutar. It was built by the by Larsen & Toubro Ltd.
19th Meeting of FSDC held
The Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) held a meeting in New Delhi on 30 October 2018.The meeting was presided over by Finance Minister ArunJaitley. It reviewed the progress in setting up a Computer Emergency Response Team in the financial sector under a statutory framework. The FSDC Sub-Committee is Chaired by the Governor of Reserve Bank of India.
INS Tarangini returns after Voyage
The sail training ship of Indian Navy ‘INS Tarangini’ returned to its naval base in Kochi on 30 October 2018 after a seven-month-long voyage.The voyage named ‘Lokayan 18’ was flagged off on 10 April 2018 from Kochi. It also participated in the culminating event of the ‘Three Festival Tall Ships Regatta’ at Bordeaux in France and the ‘Tall Ships Races Europe 2018’.
Netherlands will be the Partner Country
The Kingdom of Netherlands will be the Partner Country for the 25th DST – CII Technology Summit.The Summit will be organised in 2019. The first CII Technology Summit was organised in 1995 with an aim to facilitate global technology collaborations. CII became a partner with the Department of Science & Technology in organising these Summits since 2004.
Clean Air Week from 1st November 2018
A ‘Clean Air Week’ campaign would be organised from 01 to 05 November, 2018.It is being organised in collaboration with the Government of Delhi and the four major NCR cities to control the air pollution.For this, 52 teams have been formed to ensure compliance and safety and take quick action. Delhi will have 44 teams and the cities in NCR region shall have two teams each.

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