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Freedom Fighters of Tamilnadu - Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar

                         Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar

Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar was born to Chinnasami Subramanya Iyer and Lakhsmiammaal as “Subbayya” on December 11, 1881 within the Tamilnadu village of Ettayapuram. He was educated at a local highschool known as “The M.D.T. Hindu College” in Tirunelveli. From a really young age he learnt music and at eleventh, he learnt songs. it absolutely was here that he was bestowed the title of “Bharathi” (one blessed by Saraswati, the god of learning).

Bharathi lost his mother at the age of five and his father at the age of sixteen. He was remarked by his dictator father who needed him to learn English, surpass in arithmetic, become an engineer and lead a comfortable life. However, Bharathi was given to day dreaming and will not consider his studies. In 1897, maybe to instill a way of responsibility in him, his father had the fourteen year old Bharathi, married to his seven year younger cousin, Chellamal.During his stay in Benares (also referred to as Kashi and Varanasi), Bharathi was exposed to Hindu spirituality and nationalism. This broadened his outlook and he learned Sanskrit, Hindi and English. additionally, he modified his outward look. He additionally grew a beard and wore a turban.

Soon, Bharathi saw on the far side the social taboos and superstitions of orthodox South. In December 1905, he attended the All India Congress session command in Benaras. On his journey back home, he met Sister Nivedita, swami Vivekananda’s non secular girl. From her arose another of Bharathi’s unorthodoxy, his stand to recognise the privileges of women. The freeing of girls exercised Bharathi’s mind greatly. He pictured the ‘new woman’ as an emanation of shakti, a willing better half of man to make a brand new earth through co-operative endeavour.

During this era, Bharathi understood the necessity to be well-informed of the world outside and took interest within the world of journalism and also the print media of the West. Bharathi joined as Assistant Editor of the Swadeshamitran, a Tamil daily in 1904. By April 1907, he started editing the Tamil weekly India and also the English newspaper Bala Bharatham with M.P.T. Acharya. These newspapers were conjointly a method of expressing Bharathi’s creativeness, that began to peak throughout this era. Bharathi began to publish his poems frequently in these editions. From hymns to nationalistic writings, from contemplations on the connection between God and Man to songs on the Russian and French revolutions, Bharathi’s subjects were numerous.

Bharathi participated within the historic Surat Congress in 1907, that concentrated the divisions among the Indian National Congress between the militant wing led by Tilak and Aurobindo and also the moderate wing. Bharathi supported Tilak and Aurobindo at the side of V. O. Chidambaram Pillai and Kanchi Varathaachariyar. Tilak openly supported armed resistance against British. In 1908, he gave proof within the case that had been instituted by British against V.O. Chidambaram Pillai. within the same year, the owner of the journal India was in remission in Madras. faced with the prospect of arrest, Bharathi escaped to Pondicherry that was underneath French rule. From there he altered and printed the weekly journal India, Vijaya, a Tamil daily, Bala Bharatha, an English monthly, and Suryothayam, a local weekly of Pondicherry. British tried to suppress Bharathi’s output by stopping remittances and letters to the papers. Each and Vijaya were banned in British India in 1909.

He was badly affected by the imprisonments and by 1920, when a General Amnesty Order finally removed restrictions on his movements, Bharathi was already struggling. He was struck by an elephant at Parthasarathy temple, Triplicane, Chennai, whom he used to feed regularly.Although he survived the incident, a few months later his health deteriorated and he died on September 11, 1921 early morning around 1 am. Though Bharathi was a people’s poet and a great nationalist, outstanding freedom fighter and social visionary, it is a recorded sad fact that there were only 14 people to attend his funeral.he delivered his last speech at Karungalpalayam Library in Erode, which was about the topic Man is Immortal.

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