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Directions: (Q: 51 - 58): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it:
With elections on in many parts of India, much is being said about the importance of democracy and how it brings growth and prosperity. particularly, there is strong criticism of incumbent governments in UP and Punjab by the opposition on the ground that they have been only ‘partly democratic’ during their regime, resulting in slow economic growth in these states. However, it remains, to be explored if democracy is correlated with economic growth and general prosperity.

In a study published in The American, it was demonstrated that a country does not require democratic government for economic success. The study borrowed from the work of Kenneth Arrow, 1972 Nobel laureate, who said that a government is an institution that makes decisions for citizens who may have different preferences. In other words, the function of the government is to decide where to allocate state resources for betterment of its citizens, and this function can be performed effectively by a democratically elected government or even a dictator.

The aforementioned study used Freedom House’s measure, to rate the level of political freedom of the world’s nations, using a reliable and valid psychometric scale. The study compared the economic growth of countries that were both politically and economically free (fully-free nations) to countries that were economically free but were politically repressed (politically-repressed nations). The results of the study were surprising.
Between 1991 and 2005, the countries that were economically free but politically repressed grew at 6.28% annually. Comparatively, the countries that were both economically and politically free grew at 2.62%. In other words, dictatorial regimes make better economic decisions for citizens that democratic ones.

The view promulgated in this study only examined the overall economic growth of countries, not the welfare of citizens. Consequently, it would be interesting to examine how politically repressed nations fared on the welfare of the citizens.

One of the best available indicators of welfare and prosperity of citizens of a country is the Human Development Index (HDI). This writer compared the average HDI of “totally-free” nations with the HDI of nations that are ‘partly free’ and ‘totally unfree’ using the Freedom House measure. The result of the analysis was contrary to the American study. The average HDI of ‘politically-repressed nations’ is much lower compared to ‘free-nations’. In other words, on average politically-repressed nations have low human development. Further examinations also showed that the average HDI for ‘partly-free nations’ was even lower than the ‘unfree’ countries.

If these results were to be viewed in conjunction with the results of the study published in The American, one can infer that democratic governments of the world may not bring rapid economic success but at least bring greater human development. However, it would be better to be ‘totally repressed’ than ‘partly free’. In other words, on average, a comparison between ‘partly free’ and ‘totally unfree’ countries would tell us that it is better to be “totally unfree than partly free’ both from an economics and human development perspective. The results somewhat concur with ‘conflict theorists’ who argue that a partial democracy, characterized by low level of political rights and civil liberties for the general public, thwarts economic growth, particularly in less developed countries. Furthermore, conflict theorists contend that partial democracy enables small societal groups to make bigger demands on the state for particularistic gains that are detrimental to overall growth and prosperity.

51.       Which of the following is the view about the governments, as published in The American?
            (A) There is no need of a democratic government in a country for its economic success.
            (B) It is the function of the govt to allocate state resources for the welfare of its citizens.
            (C) The allocation of state resources can be done in the most effective way only by a democratically elected government.
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)     c) Only (C)     d) Only (A) and (B)
            e) Only (B) and (C)

52.       Which of the following can be inferred from the given passage?
            (A) The growth rate of politically repressed but economically free countries was much better than that of politically as well economically free ones.
            (B) As per a study published in The American, a dictatorial regime makes better economic decisions for its citizens than democratic ones.
            (C) The study examines both economic growth of a country and welfare of its citizens.
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (A) and (B)
            d) Only (A) and (C)    e) Only (B) and (C)

53.       Which of the following is correct in the context of the passage?
            (A) Human Development Index is an indicator of welfare and prosperity of citizens of a country.
            (B) According to Freedom House measure, the politically repressed nations, on average, have better human development
            (C) The average HDI of politically repressed nations, according to Freedom House measure, is much lower compared to free nations.
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (C)
            d) Only (A) and (B)    e) Only (A) and (C)

54.       Which of the following can be inferred about HDI?
            a) It indicates welfare of the citizens of a country
            b) It indicates the prosperity of the citizens of a country.
            c) The HDI showed different results when the result of The American study was compared with the result obtained by using the Freedom House measure.
            d) Politically free nations showed better human development
            e) All the above are correct

55.       Which of the following is not correct in the context of the passage?
            a) The study published in The American is based on the work of Kenneth Arrow, who was awarded Nobel Prize in 172.
            b) The above mentioned study used Freedom House’s measure to rate the level of politician freedom of the nations.
            c) The study compared the economic growth of the countries that were, fully or partly, economically or politically free.
            d) Politically repressed but economically free nations showed better growth.
            e) All the above are correct

56.       Which of the following is definitely true as mentioned in the passage?
            a) It is better to be totally free than totally unfree.
            b) It is better to be totally unfree than partially free.
            c) It is better to be totally unfree than totally free
            d) It is better to be totally free if not partially free
            e) None of these

57.       What charges have been leveled by the opposition against the incumbent government in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab?
            (A) Their government has been only partly democratic during their regime.
            (B) The economic growth has remained slow during this regime.
            (C) The govt has acquired name and fame despite slow economic growth.
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only B                    c) Both (A) and (B)
            d) All the above                      e) None of these

58.       What, according to ‘conflict theorists’, is/are the characteristics of a nation which has partial democracy?
            (A) The general public enjoy little civil liberties and political rights.
            (B) Because of the absence of politically interference, there is rapid economic growth in those nations.
            (C) The small societal groups post bigger demands on the state and this is detrimental to the prosperity and growth of the state
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (A) and (B)
            d) Only (A) and (C)                e) All the above

Directions (Q. 59-65): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it

If you enjoy reading Dickens or Jane Austen for pleasure, don’t even bother picking up Revolution 2020. Chetan Bhagat is not for you. He is for all those who stopping reading English the moment they stepped out of school. You will learn nothing from this book. For it is not meant to teach you anything. Neither English nor Literature. And certainly not anything about life as it ought to be lived.

Then why do millions of young people read Bhagat, follow him on Twitter? Why does Time Magazine rate him among the 100 most influential people in the world? Why does Fast Company, one of my favourite magazines, list him among the 100 most creative people in business? The answer is actually very simple. Bhagat has successfully deconstructed the idea of literature, and demystified it as well. In the great tradition of Indian pulp fiction, yes, Gulshan Nanda would have loved him.

Some years ago, I wrote about a charming anthology of Tamil pulp fiction translated into English and published by, one of India’s most innovative publishing houses out of Chennai. The book did so well that they brought out a second volume which they asked me to inaugurate at the next Kala Ghoda festival. That too was a huge success. Not because it was great literature but because it pushed back the boundaries of fiction as we know it and brought many more readers into the fold.

This is exactly what Chetan Bhagat is doing. You could well conclude that he is desecrating literature as we know it. Or you could simply sit back and have fun reading what he writes with such amazing conviction and commercial success. You can also marvel at the kind of readership he is bringing to Indian fiction in English. No, these are no longer of literature like you and I. these are real people looking for a quick, fun read that does not test your intelligence but artfully tells you a story that you can easily identify with.

59        Why does the author of the passage forbid you from picking the book written by Chetan Bhagat?
            (A) Because he is not such a writer as can entertain you as much as Dickens or Jane Austen can do, if you have a real liking for English literature.
            (B) because he is engaged is desecrating literature
            (C) Because he cannot give anything through his writings that can add value to your life.
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (C)
            d) All the above                      e) None of these

60.       What can be said about the writer of the passage?
            (A) The writer of the passage wants to avenge on Chetan Bhagat
            (B) The writer of the passage is very conservative and mean-minded and the views expressed by him show his narrow mindedness
            (C) The writer is presenting a true picture of Bhagat’s writings and is worth appreciation
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (C)
            d) Only (A) and (B)    e) All the above

61.       Despite severe criticism, why is the popularity of Chetan Bhagat increasing day by day?
            (A) Because he has simplified the way of expression in his books
            (B) His books are liked mostly by young people
            (C) Bhagat has modified the idea of literature, demystified it
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (C)
            d) Only (A) and (B)    e) All the above

62.       What were the reasons for the huge success of the anthology of Tamil pulp fiction?
            a) It was a great book on English literature
            b) It was written in poetic form
            c) It escapes from the hard realities of life.
            d) It did not follow the hard-and fast rules of fiction writing          
            e) All the above

63.       Which of the following books by Chetan Bhagat is being referred to by the writer?
            a) Five Point Someone                       b) Two States  c) One Night @ a Call Centre
            d) Fast Company                    e) Revolution 2020

64.       What can be said about the readers of Chetan Bhagat?
            (A) They like fun reading rather than serious one
            (B) They are not mature people; most of them are vagabonds and truants
            (C) They are real people who learn a lot even from fun-making material
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (C)
            d) Only (A) and (B)    e) Only (A) and (C)

65.       Which of the following is correct in the context of the passage?
            (A) Chetan Bhagat is a romantic novelist
            (B) The writings of Chetan Bhagat teach lessons for betterment in one’s life.
            (C) The novels by Chetan Bhagat depict the story of the hard realities of life.
            a) Only (A)                 b) Only (B)                 c) Only (C)
            d) All (A), (B) and (C)           e) None of these

Directions (66-75): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is ‘5’. (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any)

66.       When I reached the office, 1) / I became astonished to find 2) / that more than one workers were 3) / absent from duty. 4) / No error 5)

67.       The manager may 1) / use his direction 2) / to interrupt and 3) / apply a policy 4) / No error 5)

68.       Objectives can be said 1) / to the desired future 2) / position that the management 3) / would like to reach . 4) / No error 5)

69        To be concise, most of the people 1) / in the world failed due to fear of 2) / failure and initial hesitation 3) / and thus quitted the battle half way. 4) / No error 5)

70        But although much 1) / is done, there 2) / is still a very 3) / great deal to do 4) / No error 5)

71.       If you blow the trumpet 1) / on someone, you 2) / make him suddenly 3) / stop doing something illegal 4) / No error 5)

72.       Having received fatal wounds 1) / when Bhishma fell on the ground, 2) / every pore of his body 3) / was pierced by arrows 4) / No error 5)

73.       Surely, the personality of the individual 1) / through whom people derive some benefit 2) / receives adoration and his 3) / fame is scattered abroad 4) / No error 5)

74.       This article on corruption 1) / was published in 2) / the last issue of the 3) / Times of India 4) / No error 5)
75.       Everybody knows that 1) / Nirad C Choudhury 2) / had a good 3) / command on English 4) / No error 5)

Directions (Q. 76-80): Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below:

(A) At present, thirteen projects are under way.
(B) The projects under the JNNURM are subcategorized as Basic Services for Urban Poor and Urban Infrastructure and Governance.
(C) The urban infrastructure sub-mission focuses on water supply, sanitation, and solid waste management
(D) Under the ADDA, one solid waste management has been approved by the central government
(E)  The basic services sub-mission-I focuses on housing
(F)  The purpose of the project is to provide more than 25,500 dwelling units for the rehabilitation of slums

76.       Which of the following sentences will come ‘FIRST’ after rearrangement?
            a) A                 b) B                 c) C                 d) D                 e) E

77.       Which of the following sentences will come ‘SECOND’ after rearrangement?
            a) A                 b) B                 c) C                 d) E                 e) F

78.       Which of the following sentences will ‘THIRD’ after rearrangement?
            a) B                 b) C                 c) E                 d) D                 e) A

79.       Which of the following sentences will come ‘FIFTH’ after rearrangement?
            a) C                 b) A                 c) B                 d) E                 e) F

80.       Which of the following sentences will come ‘LAST’ after rearrangement?
            a) A                 b) B                 c) D                 d) F                 e) E

Directions (Q: 81-85): In each question below, one or two sentences or parts of sentences are given with two blank spaces between them. From the three parts/sentences denoted by (A), (B) and (C) given below each, find out which two can fill up the blanks in proper sequence, ie the order in which these are given in the answer options to make the sentence / group of sentences meaningfully complete.

81.       In giving donation, (___________), (_______________). Hence, donor should be punished for giving donation.
            (A) the receiver is not the real culprit
            (B) it is the donor who is the real culprit
            (C) but the receiver is free from guilt
            a) Both (A) and (B)                b) Both (A) and (C)    c) Both (B) and (C)
            d) Both (C) and (B)                e) Either (A), (B) or (A) and (C)

82.       The organizing function (______________) (______________) and defining the inter-relationship
between these roles.
            (A) includes the designing of roles to be filled by suitably skilled people
            (B) is not so important
            (C) leads to the creation of an organisation structure which
            a) Both (A) and (B)    b) Both (A) and (C)    c) Both (C) and (A)
            d) Both (B) and (C)    e) Either (B) and (C) or (A) and (B)

83.       Formal training plays (___________) (__________)
            (A) but equally important is the experience gained by handling assignments independently
            (B) an important part in equipping subordinates with skills that help them rise in the organisation
            (C) gives them a chance to prove their abilities
            a) Both (A) and (B)    b) Both (B) and (A)    c) Both (A) and (C)
            d) Both (B) and (C)    e) Either (A) and (B) or (A) and (C)

84.       Even a very important person has to bear the  brunt of public. The chairman of (____________) (_____________)
            (A) Wipro, one of the richest persons of the country, was criticized and insulted by a shareholder agent
            (B) any company deserves insult
            (C) and the CEO of Infosys Technologies was thrown out of a train somewhere in Europe
            a) Both (A) and (B)    b) Both (B) and (C)    c) Both (C) and (B)
            d) Both (A) and (C)    e) Either (A) and (C) or (C) and (A)

85.       After you achieve success (___________) (_____________)
            (A) you can discover another goal and mission
            (B) if you further want to continue your journey of success
            (C) but before making another move it is important to integrate all your sources to continue your journey of success
            a) Both (A) and (C)                b) Either (A) and (C) or (C) and (A)
            c) Both (B) and (C)                d) Both (C) and (B)
            e) Both (B) and (A)

Directions (Q.86-90): In each of these questions, two sentences (I) and (II) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words 1), 2), 3), 4) and 5) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence. The number of that word is the answer.

86.       I. The game was already in _________ when we took our seats.
            II. The diaries are a mixture of confession, work in __________ and observations.
            a) apex                        b) middle        c) progress      d) hand                        e) favour

87.       I. I am about to ___________ knowledge to you that you will never be able to forget
            II. She managed to _________ great elegance to the unpretentious dress she was wearing.
            a) give             b) export         c) depart          d) impart         e) provide

88.       I. He will be attending next week’s Bihar Ratna Awards in __________ anticipation
            II. A __________ child refuses to eat and asks only for beverages
            a) strong          b) weak                       c) feverish       d) extra                       e) mere

89.       I. She made history come _________ with tales from her own memories
            II. He was certain that Amar would be eaten _________ by the hundred criminals in the jail.
            a) alive                        b) true             c) along                       d) only            e) dead

90.       I. They will first send in trained nurses to _________ the needs of the individual situation.
            II. The market situation is difficult to __________
            a) examine      b) access         c) see               d) study                       e) evaluate

Directions (Q. 91-100): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.

The Supreme Court’s decision was based on the CBI report which (91) said “no (92) was (93) in the crime”. (94), the CBI’s (95) report, filed on December 29, 2010, had stated that “sufficient evidence is not available to prove the (96) U/s 302/201 IPC against accused Dr Rajesh Talwar beyond reasonable doubt”
All the evidence that the CBI has (97) against the parents is (98) at best be it the fact that there was no theft or force entry in the house, or that the scene of the crime was heavily dressed up or that Rajesh (99) to identify Hemraj’s body when it was (100).

91.       a) unilaterally             b) bilaterally               c) unequivocally
            d) blatantly                 e) formally

92.       a) external                   b) outsider                  c) guest
            d) host                         e) one

93.       a) engaged                  b) exercised                c) involved
            d) abetted                    e) busy

94.       a) Fortunately             b) Probably                 c) Basically
            d) Ironically                e) Formally
95.       a) final                                    b) closure                    c) post mortem
d) business                  e) last
96.       a) guilt                                    b) hypothesis              c) offence
            d) defence                   e) case
97.       a) leveled                    b) made                       c) marshaled
            d) accused                   e) put
98.       a) circumstantial        b) evident                    c) not
            d) acceptable              e) functional
99.       a) accepted                  b) honoured                c) refused
            d) wanted                    e) expected
100.     a) found                      b) discovered              c) invented
            d) obliged                   e) known


51.d    52.c    53.e    54.e    55.e    56.b    57.c    58.d    59.c    60.e

61.e    62.d    63.e    64.a    65.e    66.c    67.b    68.b    69.d    70.b

71.a    72.d    73.d    74.c    75.d    76.b    77.d    78.e    79.a    80.c

81.a    82.c    83.b    84.d    85.a    86.c    87.d    88.c    89.a    90.e

91.c    92.b    93.c    94.d    95.b    96.c    97.c    98.a    99.c    100.b


66.       c; Replace ‘workers were’ with ‘worker was’ because ‘more than one’ takes singular noun and singular verb
67.       b; Replace ‘direction’ with ‘discretion’
68.       b; ‘to be the’
69.       Replace ‘quitted’ with ‘quit’
70.       b; Replace ‘is done’ with ‘is being done’
71.       a; Replace ‘trumpet’ with ‘whistle’
72.       d; Replace ‘by’ with ‘with’
73.       d; Replace ‘scattered’ with spread
74.       c; Replace ‘last’ with ‘latest’
75.       d; Replace ‘on’ with ‘over’


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