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SBI Associates PO - Advanced Reasoning


ADVANCED REASONING ONE

Directions(Q. 1-5): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘Strong” arguments and ‘weak’ arguments insofar as they relate to the question. ‘strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question:
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument. Give answer 1, if only argument I is ‘strong’; give answer 2, if only argument II is ‘strong’; give answer 3, if either I or II is ‘strong’; give answer 4, if neither I or II is ‘strong’; and give answer 5, if both I and II are ‘strong’.
1. Statement: Should post-poll alliances be allowed?
Arguments: I. Yes, it is the only way out of a hung parliament.
II. No, it is a fraud upon voters who have voted them as opposed groups.
2. Statement: Should the government invest in infrastructure?
Arguments: I. Yes, it is the backbone of the economy.
II. No, it would be assuming too big a role.
3. Statement: Should bomb disposal squads be given co-operation by the public?
Arguments: I. Yes, they are necessary to rescue peoples lives.
II. No, they are a nuisance to day-today life.
4. Statement: Should there be re-polling at stations where there has been booth-capturing?
Arguments: I. Yes, what else do you think?
II. No, it is a waste of resources.
5. Statement: Should the knowledge of computers be made essential for employment in offices?
Arguments: I. Yes, computers are state-of-the art devices.
II. No, works in office are yet to get fully computerized.
Directions (Q. 6-10.): an arrangement machine, when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is the illustration of the input and the steps of arrangement:
Input: Delhi police moved the high court in September.
Step I : court Delhi Police moved the high in September
Step II : court Delhi high Police moved the in September
Step III : court Delhi high in Police moved the September
Step IV : court Delhi high in moved Police the September
Step V : court Delhi high In moved Police September the
6. Input: The supreme Court ordered banning of professional donors.
What will be the 3rd step?
  1. banning the Supreme Court ordered or professional donors.
  2. banning Court donors the Supreme ordered of professional
  3. banning donors the Supreme Court ordered of professional
  4. banning Court the Supreme ordered of professional donors
  5. None of these
7. Which will be the last step for the following input?
Input:Till now the country does not have policy
1. Step III. 2. Step IV. 3. Step V. 4. Step VI. 5. None of these.
8.Input: he will help to bring the forces together.
For the above input which step will be the following?
Bring forces he help will to the together
1.Step II. 2. Step III. 3. Step IV. 4. Step V. 5. None of these.
9.Below are given four inputs 1, 2, 3 and 4. Which of them will b arranged the fastest? If more than one input can be arranged in the same number of steps, your answer will be 5.
  1. Fractionisation is the best method to stop wastage.
  2. The assembly polls have been swept this year
  3. Voluntary blood donation will have to be encouraged.
  4. By the time operation is performed.
10. What will be the fourth step of the following input?
Input:
  1. a he is no more communist now
  2. a communist he is no more now
  3. a communist he is more no now
  4. There will be no fourth step.
  5. None of these



Qs. 11-17. These questions are based on the following letter/number/symbol arrangement.
Study it carefully and answer the questions.
H T 6 # E 7 $ K I L % 3 P @ 2 A J ↑ R U 4 �� V D
11. How many such symbols are there in the above arrangement, each of which is immediately preceded by a number and also immediately followed by a vowel?
(1) None
(2) One
(3) Two
(4) Three
(5) More than three
12. Which element is fifth to the right of
thirteenth from the right end?
(1) F (2) ↑ (3) 1 (4) K (5) None of these
13. What will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following series based on the above arrangement?
T#6 7K$ L3% ?
(1) @2A (2) A@2 (3) P2@ (4) 2P@ (5) None of these
14. Which element is third to the left of tenth from the left end?
(1) K (2) 3 (3) P (4) $ (5) None of these
15. How many such letters are there in the given arrangement each of which is immediately preceded by a symbol but not immediately followed by a number?
(1) None (2) One (3) Two (4) Three (5) More than three
16. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the given arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?
(1) KL$ (2) P23 (3) 2J@ (4) L3I (5) 4D��
17. If all the numbers are removed from the given arrangement which element will be ninth from the left end?
(1) % (2) L (3) P (4) I (5) None of these

Qs. 18-25. In each question below are four statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the four given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the four
statements disregarding commonly known facts. Give
answer:
(1) if only conclusion I follows.
(2) if only conclusion II follows.
(3) if either I or II follows.
(4) if neither I nor II follows.
(5) if both I and II follow.
Statements:
18. Some schools are Colleges.
Some Colleges are Universities.
All Universities are Institutes.
All Institutes are Classes.
Conclusions:
I. Some Colleges are Classes.
II. All Universities are Classes.
Statements:
19. Some umbrellas are raincoats.
All raincoats are shirts.
No shirt is a blazer.
Some blazers are suits.
Conclusions:
I. Some shirts are umbrellas.
II. Some suits are raincoats.
Statements:
20. Some computers are boards.
Some boards are chalks.
All chalks are bulbs.
No bulb is tube-light.
Conclusions:
I. Some bulbs are computers.
II. No chalk is a tubelight.
Statements:
21. All doors are floors.
Some floors are tiles.
All ties are paints.
Some paints are stones.
Conclusions:
I. Some floors are paints.
II. Some doors are tiles.
Statements:
22. Some leaves are petals.
Some petals are flowers.
All flowers are fruits.
Some fruits are nuts.
Conclusions:
I. Some nuts are flowers.
II. No nut is flower.
Statements:
23. All pictures are paintings.
All paintings are photographs.
Some photographs are designs.
Some designs are movies.
Conclusions:
I. Some paintings are designs.
II. Some photographs are movies.
Statements:
24. Some tablets are capsules.
All capsules are syrups.
Some syrups are medicines.
All medicines are powders.
Conclusions:
I. Some syrups are powders.
II. Some syrups are tablets.
Statements:
25. Some rooms are flats.
All flats are buildings.
Some buildings are bungalows.
All bungalows are apartments.
Conclusions:
I. Some flats are bungalows.
II. Some apartments are buildings.

Qs. 26-30. Study the following information carefully to answer these questions.
Ashwini, Priya, Sudha, Rani, Meeta, Geeta and Mukta are sitting around a circle facing the centre. Ashwini is third to the left of Mukta and to the immediate right of Rani. Priya is second to the left of Geeta who is not an immediate neighbour of Meeta.
26. Who is the immediate right of Priya?
(1) Meeta (2) Sudha (3) Mukta (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these
27. Who is second to the left of Rani?
(1) Ashwini (2) Meeta (3) Priya (4) Sudha (5) None of these
28. Which of the following pairs of persons has the first person sitting to the immediate left of second person?
(1) Rani-Meeta (2) Ashwini-Geeta (3) Sudha-Priya (4) Geeta-Sudha (5) None of these
29. Which of the following groups has the first person sitting between the other two?
(1) Meeta-Ashwini-Geeta
(2) Sudha-Rani-Geeta
(3) Mukta-Priya-Rani
(4) Mukta-Priya-Sudha
(5) None of these
30. Which of the following is the correct position of Rani with respect of Mukta?
(I) Third to the right
(II) Third to the left
(III) Fourth to the left
(IV) Fourth to the right
(1) (I) only (2) (II) only (3) Both (I) and (II) (4) Both (II) and (IV)
(5) Both (I) and (III)

Qs. 31-37. In each of these questions a group of letters is given followed by four combinations of digits and symbols numbered (1), (2), (3) and (4). The letters are to be coded by the digits/symbols as per the scheme and conditions given below. Serial number of the combination that correctly represents the letter group is your answer. If none of the combinations is correct your answer is (5) i.e. ‘None of these’ .
LETTERS : T L F A R N I G H K E M D U
Digit/Symbol Code : 3 9 % $ 2 4 6 1 5 # @ 7 8
Conditions:
(i) If the first letter is a vowel and the last letter is a consonant both are to be coded as the code for vowel.
(ii) If the first as well as the last letter is a consonant both are to be coded as ©.
(iii) If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel their codes are to be swapped.
31. GTAFKU
(1) 63$%58 (2) 63$%56 (3) 83$%58 (4) 83$%56
(5) None of these
32. EHMDRA
(1) #1@72$ (2) SL@72# (3) #1@72# (4) $1@72$
(5) None of these
33. ITDELM
(1) 37#9@ (2) @37#9@ (3) 37#9 (4) @37#9
(5) None of these
34. FHKERD
(1) %15#27 (2) ©15#2© (3) %15#2% (4) 715#2%
(5) None of these
35. AHERFU
(1)$1#2%$ (2)81#2%8 (3) 81#2%$ (4) $1%2#8
(5) None of these
36. NMTARI
(1) 4@3$2 (2) @3$24 (3) @3$2 (4) ©@3$2©
(5) None of these
37. HTKILF
(1) 1359% (2) %359% (3) ©359© (4) 13591
(5) None of these

Qs. 38-42. The symbols @, #, $, % and © are used with different meanings as follows:
A @ B’ means ‘A is smaller than B’.
A # B’ means ‘A is not smaller than B’.
A $ B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor greater
than B’.
A % B’ means ‘A is greater than B’.
A © B’ means ‘A is not greater than B’.

In each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. Give Answer:
(1) if only Conclusion I is true.
(2) if only Conclusion II is true.
(3) if either Conclusion I or Conclusion II is true.
(4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
(5) if both Conclusions I and II are true.
Statements:
38. F # H, H % K, K $ R, R © M
Conclusions:
I. F % R
II. F # M
Statements:
39. L @ D, D © P, P # V, V % G
Conclusions:
I. P % L
II. G @ P
Statements:
40. E % W, W © Q, Q $ T T @ H
Conclusions:
I. H # W
II. H # E
Statements:
41. J © T, T @ H, H % I, I $ L
Conclusions:
I. L © H
II. J © I
Statements:
42. R @ Q, Q % P, P © V, V # M
Conclusions:
I. R @ P
II. R # P

Qs. 43-45. Study the following information carefully and answer these questions:
P × Q’ means ‘P is wife of Q’.
P ÷ Q’ means ‘P is father of Q’.
P + Q’ means ‘P is son of Q’.
P – Q’ means ‘P is sister of Q’.
43. In H + I ÷ L, how is L related to H?
(1) Brother (2) Sister (3) Cousin (4) Brother or Sister
(5) None of these
44. Which of the following represents ‘S is mother of T’?
(1) S × M ÷ H – T (2) S × M + H – T (3) M × S ÷ H – T
(4) M × S ÷ H + T (5) None of these
45. In J – F + R × B, how is R related to J?
(1) Father (2) Mother (3) Paternal Aunt (4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these

Qs. 46-50. Study the following information carefully to answer these questions.
A, B, C, D, E, F & G are members of a sports club and have liking for different games viz Carrom, Table Tennis, Badminton, Bridge, Hockey, Football and Lawn Tennis but not necessary in the same order. Each one of them has a liking for different musical instrument viz.,Sitar, Guitar, Harmonium, Flute, Tabla, Banjo and Santoor not necessarily in the same order.

B likes Carrom and Banjo. E likes to play Bridge but not Harmonium or Tabla. The one which plays Hockey plays Sitar. F plays Guitar but not Table Tennis or Lawn Tennis. A plays Badminton and Flute. The one who plays Lawn Tennis does not play Tabla. C plays Harmonium and G plays Hockey.

46. Who plays Santoor?
(1) D (2) A (3) E (4) D or E (5) None of these
47. D plays which game?
(1) Table Tennis (2) Lawn Tennis (3) Foot Ball (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these
48. Which of the following combinations of gameperson-musical instrument is definitely correct?
(1) Badminton—B—Flute
(2) Table Tennis—E—Santoor
(3) Lawn Tennis—D—Tabla
(4) Table Tennis—C—Tabla
(5) None of these
49. Who plays Football?
(1) C (2) D (3) G (4) F (5) None of these
50. Who plays Table Tennis?
(1) C (2) F (3) D (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these

Qs. 51-60. Following are the criteria for selection of officers in an organisation.
The candidate must:
(i) have passed HSC examination in first class with at least 60% marks.
(ii) have passed graduation degree in any discipline with at least 55% marks.
(iii) have completed a certificate/diploma/degree course in Computer Science.
(iv) be not less than 21 years and not more than 30 years of age as on 1.7.2008.

If a candidate satisfies all the above-mentioned criteria except:
(a) at (ii) above but is a post-graduate, case may be referred to the Executive Director (ED).
(b) at (iii) above but has studied Computer Science as one of subjects of curriculum, case may be referred to the Vice President (VP).
In each of the questions below, information of one candidate is given. You have to take one of the following five decisions based on the information provided and the criteria and conditions given above. You are not to assume anything other than the information provided in each question. All these cases are given to you as on
1.7.2008. You have to indicate your decision by marking answers to each question as follows:
Mark answer
(1) if the case is to be referred to Executive Head.
(2) if the case is to be referred to Vice President.
(3) if the candidate is to be selected.
(4) if the information is inadequate to take a decision.
(5) if the candidate is not to be selected.
51. Ashutosh, is a Commerce graduate passed in first class with 67% marks. He had secured 73% marks in HSC. He has studied Computer Science as one of the subjects at HSC. His date of birth is 22.9.1982.
52. Rajni has passed BMS degree examination in second class with 58% marks and HSC in first class with 65% marks. She has completed a diploma in Computer Science. She has completed 25 years of age in November 2007.
53. Raj Grover has passed HSC exam in first class with 89% marks. Thereafter he did a 6 months certificate course in Computer Science and presently is pursuing final year of engineering degree examination. His date of birth is 28.12.1980.
54. Shamika Gupta is a Science graduate passed in 2006 with 47% at the age of 22 years. She had scored 64% marks in HSC. She has also passed M.Sc. with 58% marks. She has done a certificate course in computers.
55. Jasmine is a postgraduate in Computer Science passed in first class with 62% marks. She had scored 81% marks in HSC. Her date of birth is 17.6.1979.
56. Shyamala is a B.A. passed in first class with 63% marks. She had passed HSC examination in first class with 69% marks. She has also completed a certificate course in Computer Science with a ‘A’ grade. Her date of birth is 23.9.1984.
57. Anubhav Gokhale, is a B.Sc. with Computer Science passed in second class with 58% marks. He had passed HSC in first class with 76% marks. He has completed 25 years of age in December 2007.
58. Manish Chaudhary passed HSC examination in first class with 83% marks and B.Com. in second class with 57% marks. He has completed a computer certificate course very recently. His date of birth is 26.4.1982.
59. Harish Vora passed HSC examination in 2003 with 85% marks and B.Sc. Degree examination in 2006 with 69% marks. He has studied Computer Science as one of the subjects at B.Sc. His date of birth is 17.9.84.
60. Vandana Bhave is B.Com graduate passed in second class with 56% marks. She had passed HSC in second class with 59% marks. She has also completed a Computer diploma with 56% marks. Her date of birth is 11.5.1982.

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ANSWERS – REASONING ONE
1. (5) 2. (1) 3. (1). 4. (4) 5. (2) 6. (2) 7. (5) 8. (2) 9. (5) 10. (4)
11. (2) 12. (5) 13. (5) 14. (4) 15. (4) 16. (5) 17. (1) 18. (5) 19.(1) 20. (2)
21.(1) 22. (3) 23.(4) 24. (5) 25. (2) 26. (3) 27. (5) 28. (4) 29. (2) 30. (5)
31. (4) 32. (1) 33. (3) 34. (2) 35. (5) 36. (2) 37. (3) 38. (1) 39. (5) 40. (4)
41. (4) 42. (3) 43. (4) 44. (1) 45. (2) 46. (3) 47. (1) 48. (5) 49. (4) 50. (3)
51. (2) 52. (3) 53. (1) 54. (4) 55. (4) 56. (3) 57. (2) 58. (3) 59. (2) 60. (5)
*************************************
EXPLANATORY ANSWERS—REASONING ONE

1. 5; I is strong because a hung parliament must be got rid of for the benefit of the nation. II is also strong because elections carry the mandate of voters. If they are cheated, the very purpose of elections is lost.
2. 1; I is strong because economy can flourish only when its backbone is strong. II is weak because it does not cite any substantial reason. What does “too big a role mean”?
3. 1; I is strong because the security of people’s lives should be given utmost priority. II is not strong because something is being dismissed summarily as “nuisance” without going into its reasons.
4. 4; I is not strong because it is a stupid argument. In fact. No reason is being given at all. II is not strong because “wastage of resources” cannot be arrived at absolutely; it must be seen in a context.
5. 2; I is not strong: the reason for the desirability of something is not its ‘newness”, but its use. II is strong because it tells us that such a compulsion is not going to benefit us in any big way.
6-10: the logic of the machine is very simple. Words are arranged in the alphabetical order, one at a time.
6. 2 ;
7.5; See how the words will get arranged: Step I – country; Step II – does; Step III – have; Step IV – not; Step V – now; Step Vi – policy; Step VII – the. This would leave till automatically arranged. So Step VII would be the last step.
8.2; Input: he will help to bring the forces together
Step I : bring he will help to the forces together
Step II: bring forces he will help to the together
Step III: bring forces he help will to the together
9. 5; For (1): step I – best; II – method; III – stop. Three steps.
For (2): Step I – assembly; II – been; III – have; IV – polls. More than three steps. So leave it.
For (3)Step I – be; II blood: III – donation; IV – have. Again, more than three. So no use going further.
For (4): Step I – is; II – operation ; III – performed. And the sentence gets arranged.
Since both I and 4 are arranged in only three steps, we can’t determine the input exactly.
43. (4) H is son of I and I is father of L.
44. (1) S is wife of M; M is father of H and H is sister of Q.
45. (2) J is wife of F; F is son of R and R is wife of B.
Q 46.-50.
Members A B C D E F G
Game : Badm. Carrom Lawn T T.T. Bridge Foot B. Hockey
Instrument: Flute Banjo Harmo Tabla Santoor Guitar Sitar
46. (3) 47. (1) 48. (5) 49. (4) 50. (3)
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SBI Associates PO - Advanced Reasoning Reviewed by sambasivan srinivasan on 2:19:00 AM Rating: 5

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

excellent website. Post more about non-verbal reasoning.

Sambasivan.S said...

thanks for your comments. re. non verbal let me try.

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