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1. All of the following are examples of real security and privacy risks EXCEPT:
A. hackers.
B. spam.
C. viruses.
D. identity theft.

2. A process known as ____________ is used by large retailers to study trends.
A. data mining
B. data selection
D. data conversion

3. ____________terminals (formerly known as cash registers) are often connected to complex inventory and sales computer systems.
A. Data
B. Point-of-sale (POS)
C. Sales
D. Query

4. A (n) ____________ system is a small, wireless handheld computer that scans an item’s tag and pulls up the current price (and any special offers) as you shop.

C. inventory
D. data mining

5. The ability to recover and read deleted or damaged files from a criminal’s computer is an example of a law enforcement specialty called:
A. robotics.
B. simulation.
C. computer forensics.
D. animation.

6. Which of the following is NOT one of the four major data processing functions of a computer?
A. gathering data
B. processing data into information
C. analyzing the data or information
D. storing the data or information

7. ____________ tags, when placed on an animal, can be used to record and track in a database all of the animal’s movements.

8. Surgeons can perform delicate operations by manipulating devices through computers instead of manually. This technology is known as:
A. robotics.
B. computer forensics.
C. simulation.
D. forecasting.

9. Technology no longer protected by copyright, available to everyone, is considered to be:
A. proprietary.
B. open.
C. experimental.
D. in the public domain.

10. ____________ is the study of molecules and structures whose size ranges from 1 to 100 nanometers.
A. Nanoscience
B. Microelectrodes
C. Computer forensics
D. Artificial intelligence

11. ____________ is the science that attempts to produce machines that display the same type of intelligence that humans do.
A. Nanoscience
B. Nanotechnology
C. Simulation
D. Artificial intelligence (AI)

12. ____________ is data that has been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion.
A. A process
B. Software
C. Storage
D. Information

13. The name for the way that computers manipulate data into information is called:
A. programming.
B. processing.
C. storing.
D. organizing.

14. Computers gather data, which means that they allow users to ____________ data.
A. present
B. input
C. output
D. store

15. After a picture has been taken with a digital camera and processed appropriately, the actual print of the picture is considered:
A. data.
B. output.
C. input.
D. the process.

16. Computers use the ____________ language to process data.
A. processing
B. kilobyte
C. binary
D. representational

17. Computers process data into information by working exclusively with:
A. multimedia.
B. words.
C. characters.
D. numbers.

18. In the binary language each letter of the alphabet, each number and each special character is made up of a unique combination of:
A. eight bytes.
B. eight kilobytes.
C. eight characters.
D. eight bits.

19. The term bit is short form of :
A. megabyte.
B. binary language.
C. binary digit.
D. binary number.

20. A string of eight 0s and 1s is called a:
A. megabyte.
B. byte.
C. kilobyte.
D. gigabyte.

21. A ____________ is approximately one billion bytes.
A. kilobyte
B. bit
C. gigabyte
D. megabyte

22. A ____________ is approximately a million bytes.
A. gigabyte
B. kilobyte
C. megabyte
D. terabyte

23. ____________ is any part of the computer that you can physically touch.
A. Hardware
B. A device
C. A peripheral
D. An application

24. The components that process data are located in the:
A. input devices.
B. output devices.
C. system unit.
D. storage component.

25. All of the following are examples of input devices EXCEPT a:
A. scanner.
B. mouse.
C. keyboard.
D. printer.

26. Which of the following is an example of an input device?
A. scanner
B. speaker
D. printer

27. All of the following are examples of storage devices EXCEPT:
A. hard disk drives.
B. printers.
C. floppy disk drives.
D. CD drives.

28. The ____________, also called the “brains” of the computer, is responsible for processing data.
A. motherboard
B. memory
D. central processing unit (CPU)

29. The CPU and memory are located on the:
A. expansion board.
B. motherboard.
C. storage device.
D. output device.

30. Word processing, spreadsheet, and photo-editing are examples of:
A. application software.
B. system software.
C. operating system software.
D. platform software.

31. ____________ is a set of computer programs used on a computer to help perform tasks.
A. An instruction
B. Software
C. Memory
D. A processor

32. System software is the set of programs that enables your computer’s hardware devices and ____________ software to work together.
A. management
B. processing
C. utility
D. application

33. The PC (personal computer) and the Apple Macintosh are examples of two different:
A. platforms.
B. applications.
C. programs.
D. storage devices.

34. Apple Macintoshes (Macs) and PCs use different ____________ to process data and different operating systems.
A. languages
B. methods
D. storage devices

35. Servers are computers that provide resources to other computers connected to a:
A. network.
B. mainframe.
C. supercomputer.
D. client.

36. Smaller and less expensive PC-based servers are replacing ____________ in many businesses.
A. supercomputers
B. clients
C. laptops
D. mainframes

37. ____________ are specially designed computers that perform complex calculations extremely rapidly.
A. Servers
B. Supercomputers
C. Laptops
D. Mainframes

38. DSL is an example of a(n) ____________ connection.
A. network
B. wireless
C. slow
D. broadband

39. The difference between people with access to computers and the Internet and those without this access is known as the:
A. digital divide.
B. Internet divide.
C. Web divide.
D. broadband divide.

40. ____________ is the science revolving around the use of nanostructures to build devices on an extremely small scale.
A. Nanotechnology
B. Micro-technology
C. Computer forensics
D. Artificial intelligence

41. Which of the following is the correct order of the four major functions of a computer?
A. Process an Output an Input a Storage
B. Input an Output Process a Storage
C. Process an Storage an Input a Output
D. Input a Process a Output a Storage

42. ____________ bits equal one byte.
A. Eight
B. Two
C. One thousand
D. One million

43. The binary language consists of ____________ digit(s).
A. 8
B. 2
C. 1,000
D. 1

44. A byte can hold one ____________ of data.
A. bit
B. binary digit
C. character
D. kilobyte

45. ____________ controls the way in which the computer system functions and provides a means by which users can interact with the computer.
A. The platform
B. The operating system
C. Application software
D. The motherboard

46. The operating system is the most common type of ____________ software.
A. communication
B. application
C. system
D. word-processing software

47. ____________ are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices, such as your car or your electronic thermostat.
A. Servers
B. Embedded computers
C. Robotic computers
D. Mainframes

48. The steps and tasks needed to process data, such as responses to questions or clicking an icon, are called:
A. instructions.
B. the operating system.
C. application software.
D. the system unit.
Answer: A
49. The two broad categories of software are:
A. word processing and spreadsheet.
B. transaction and application.
C. Windows and Mac OS.
D. system and application.

50. The metal or plastic case that holds all the physical parts of the computer is the:
A. system unit.
C. mainframe.
D. platform.

51. UNIVAC is
a. Universal Automatic Computer
b. Universal Array Computer
c. Unique Automatic Computer
d. Unvalued Automatic Computer
52. CD-ROM stands for
a. Compactable Read Only Memory
b. Compact Data Read Only Memory
c. Compactable Disk Read Only Memory
d. Compact Disk Read Only Memory
53. ALU is
a. Arithmetic Logic Unit
b. Array Logic Unit
c. Application Logic Unit
d. None of above
54. VGA is
a. Video Graphics Array
b. Visual Graphics Array
c. Volatile Graphics Array
d. Video Graphics Adapter

55. IBM 1401 is
a. First Generation Computer
b. Second Generation Computer
c. Third Generation Computer
d. Fourth Generation Computer

56. MSI stands for
a. Medium Scale Integrated Circuits
b. Medium System Integrated Circuits
c. Medium Scale Intelligent Circuit
d. Medium System Intelligent Circuit

57. The capacity of 3.5 inch floppy disk is
a. 1.40 MB
b. 1.44 GB
c. 1.40 GB
d. 1.44 MB

58. The first computer introduced in Nepal was
a. IBM 1400
b. IBM 1401
c. IBM 1402
d. IBM1402
59. WAN stands for
a. Wap Area Network
b. Wide Area Network
c. Wide Array Net
d. Wireless Area Network

60. MICR stands for
a. Magnetic Ink Character Reader
b. Magnetic Ink Code Reader
c. Magnetic Ink Cases Reader
d. None

61. EBCDIC stands for
a. Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
b. Extended Bit Code Decimal Interchange Code
c. Extended Bit Case Decimal Interchange Code
d. Extended Binary Case Decimal Interchange Code

62. BCD is
a. Binary Coded Decimal
b. Bit Coded Decimal
c. Binary Coded Digit
d. Bit Coded Digit

63. ASCII stands for
a. American Stable Code for International Interchange
b. American Standard Case for Institutional Interchange
c. American Standard Code for Information Interchange
d. American Standard Code for Interchange Information

64. Which of the following is first generation of computer
b. IBM-1401
c. CDC-1604
d. ICL-2900

65. Chief component of first generation computer was
a. Transistors
b. Vacuum Tubes and Valves
c. Integrated Circuits
d. None of above

66. FORTRAN is
a. File Translation
b. Format Translation
c. Formula Translation
d. Floppy Translation

67. EEPROM stand for
a. Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
b. Easily Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
c. Electronic Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
d. None of the above

68. Second Generation computers were developed during
a. 1949 to 1955
b. 1956 to 1965
c. 1965 to 1970
d. 1970 to 1990
69. The computer size was very large in
a. First Generation
b. Second Generation
c. Third Generation
d. Fourth Generation

70. Microprocessors as switching devices are for which generation computers
a. First Generation
b. Second Generation
c. Third Generation
d. Fourth Generation

71. Which generation of computer is still under development
a. Fourth Generation
b. Fifth Generation
c. Sixth Generation
d. Seventh Generation

72. Artificial Intelligence is associated with which generation?
a. First Generation
b. Second Generation
c. Fifth Generation
d. Sixth Generation
73. Which operation is not performed by computer
a. Inputting
b. Processing
c. Controlling
d. Understanding
74. Fifth generation computer is also known as
a. Knowledge information processing system
b. Very large scale integration (VLSI)
c. Both of above
d. None of above

75. Central Processing Unit is combination of
a. Control and storage
b. Control and output unit
c. Arithmetic logic and input unit
d. Arithmetic logic and control unit
76. The brain of any computer system is
a. Control Unit
b. Arithmetic Logic Unit
c. Central Processing Unit
d. Storage Unit
77. Pick the one that is used for logical operations or comparisons such as less than equal to or greater than.
a. Arithmetic and Logic Unit
b. Control Unit
c. Both of above
d. None of above

78. Analog computer works on the supply of
a. Continuous electrical pulses
b. Electrical pulses but not continuous
c. Magnetic strength
d. None of the above

79. Digital devices are
a. Digital Clock
b. Automobile speed meter
c. Clock with a dial and two hands
d. All of them

80. The computer that process both analog and digital is called
a. Analog computer
b. Digital computer
c. Hybrid
d. Mainframe computer

81. To navigate to a new web page for which you know the URL, type that URL in the browser's ........ and press Enter.
(1) Address bar
(2) Domain bar
(3) Address button
(4) Name button
(5) None of these

82. The CPU, also called the .... when talking about PCs, does the vast majority of the processing for a computer.
(1) Maicroprocessor
(2) RAM
(3) Memory system
(4) Microprocessor
(5) None of these
83. A computer's type, processor, and operating system define its ........ .
(1) brand
(2) size
(3) platform
(4) speed
(5) None of these
84. A kiosk
(1) is data organized and presented in a manner that has additional value beyond the value of the data itself
(2) combines microscopic electronic components on a single integrated circuit that processes bits according to software instructions
(3) is a computer station that provides the public with specific and useful information and services
(4) describes a computer's type, processor, and operating system
(5) None of the above
85. The part of the CPU that accesses and decodes programme instructions, and coordinates the flow of data among various system components is the
(1) ALU
(2) control unit
(3) megahertz
(4) motherboard
(5) None of these
86. Computer programs are written in a high level programming language, however, the human-readable version of a program is called
(1) cache
(2) instruction set
(3) source code
(4) word size
(5) None of these
87. What is the difference between a CD-ROM and a CD-RW ?
(1) They are the same-just two different terms used by different manufacturers
(2) A CD-ROM can be written to and a CD-RW cannot
(3) A CD-RW can be written to, but a CD-ROM can only be read from
(4) A CD-ROM holds more information than a CD-RW
(5) None of the above
88. What is the term for how words will appear on a page?
(1) Text formatting
(2) Character formatting
(3) Point size
(4) Typeface
(5) None of these
89. The process of a computer receiving information from a server on the Internet is known as
(1) pulling
(2) pushing
(3) downloading
(4) transferring
(5) None of these
90. When sending an e-mail, the .... line describes the contents of the message.
(1) subject
(2) to
(3) contents
(4) cc
(5) None of these
91. All the deleted files go to
(1) Recycle bin
\(2) Task bar
(3) Tool bar
(4) My Computer
(5) None of these
92. You organize files by storing them in
(1) archives
(2) folders
(3) indexes
(4) lists
(5) None of these
93. A website address in a unique name that identifies a specific ...... on the web.
(1) web browser
 (2) website
(3) PDA
(4) link
(5) None of these
94. ........... are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices, such as your car or your electronic thermostat.
(1) Servers
(2) Embedded computers
(3) Robotic computers
(4) Mainframes
(5) None of these
95. Which of the following places the common data elements in order from smallest to largest ?
(1) Character, file, record, field, database
(2) Character, record, field, file, database
(3) Character, field, record, file, database
(4) Bit, byte, character, record, field, file, database
(5) None of the above
96. Which of the following, statements is false concerning file names ?
(1) Files may share the same name or the same extension but not both
(2) Every file in the same folder must have a unique name
(3) File extension is another name for file type
(4) The file extension comes before the dot (.) followed by the files
(5) None of the above
97. A disk's content that is recorded at the time of manufacture and that cannot be changed or erased by the user is
(1) memory-only
(2) write-only
(3) read-only
(4) run-only
(5) None of these
98. Distributed processing involves
(1) solving computer component problems from a different computer
(2) solving computing problems by breaking them into smaller parts that are separately processed by different computers
(3) allowing users to share files on a network
(4) allowing users to access network resources away from the office
(5) None of the above
99. The operating system determines the manner in which all of the following occurs except
(1) user creation of a document
(2) user interaction with the processor (
 (3) printer output
(4) data displayed on the monitor
(5) None of the above
100. Office LANs that are spread geographically apart on a large scale can be connected using a corporate
(1) CAN
(2) LAN
 (3) DAN
(4) WAN
(5) TAN

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