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Important Words from the Article 23 May

1.Word: Spurt (बह निकलना/ फुहार)
Pronunciation: spurt/स्पर्ट
Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
a. gush out in a sudden and forceful stream. [Verb]
b. a sudden gushing stream. [Noun]
Synonyms: gush, stream, spout, squirt
Antonyms: drip, dribble
Usage in a sentence: He cut his finger, and blood spurted over the sliced potatoes.

2.Word: Bullish (आशावान)
Pronunciation: boo l-ish/ बुलिश
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: aggressively confident and self-assertive.
Synonyms: optimistic, hopeful, upbeat, cheerful
Antonyms: pessimistic
Usage in a sentence: He is bullish about the prospects of his business.

3.Word: Haggle (मोल-भाव करना)
Pronunciation: hag-uh l/ हैगल
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: dispute or bargain persistently, especially over the cost of something.
Synonyms: bargain, negotiate, deal, barter
Antonyms: concur, agree
Usage in a sentence: In many countries, you have to haggle before you buy anything.

4.Word: Circumspect (एहतियाती)
Pronunciation: sur-kuhm-spekt/ सर्कम्स्पेक्ट
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: wary and unwilling to take risks.
Synonyms: cautious, wary, careful
Antonyms: unguarded, incautious, careless
Usage in a sentence: The governor was usually circumspect when dealing with the media.

5.Word: Verdict (निर्णय)
Pronunciation: vur-dikt/ वर्डिक्ट
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
Synonyms: decision, sentence, judgement
Antonyms: accusation, suggestion
Usage in a sentence: In the case of an adverse verdict, the company could stand to lose millions.

6.Word: Prosaic (गद्यवत)
Pronunciation: proh-zey-ik/ प्रोज़ेइक
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: having or using the style or diction of prose as opposed to poetry; lacking imaginativeness or originality.
Synonyms: unimaginative, uninspired, mundane, dull
Antonyms: imaginative, inspired, interesting
Usage in a sentence: Reports are commonly prosaic, dull, pompous and patronising and written with selfish disregard for the reader.

7.Word: Flounder (तड़पना)
Pronunciation: floun-der/ फ्लाउन्डर
Part of Speech: Verb
a. struggle or stagger clumsily in mud or water.
b. struggle mentally; show or feel great confusion.
Synonyms: stumble, blunder, stagger, fumble
Antonyms: flourish, prosper
Usage in a sentence: She floundered, not knowing what to say.

8.Word: Trajectory (प्रक्षेपपथ)
Pronunciation: truh-jek-tuh-ree/ट्रजेक्टरी
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.
Synonyms: course, track, route, path
Antonyms: off track, off route
Usage in a sentence: The decision was certain to affect the trajectory of French politics for some time to come.

9.Word: Discretionary (विवेकगत)
Pronunciation: dih-skresh-uh-ner-ee/ डिस्क्रेशनेरी
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: available for use at the discretion of the user.
Synonyms: optional, elective, voluntary
Antonyms: compulsory, obligatory
Usage in a sentence: The company used to give discretionary bonus payments.

10.Word: Outlier (ग़ैर)
Pronunciation: out-lahy-er/ आउट्लाइअर
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a person or thing situated away or detached from the main body or system.
Synonyms: aberration
Antonyms: inlier
Usage in a sentence: The method can be used to filtrate the outlier data and discover clusters of arbitrary shape.


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