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Adjectives an Introduction

  • Kinds of adjectivesAn adjective describes a noun or a pronoun.
    Kinds of adjectives :
    1. Adjectives of Quality :These adjectives are used to describe the nature of a noun. They give an idea about the characteristics of the noun by answering the question ‘what kind’.

    2. Adjectives of QuantityThese adjectives help to show the amount or the approximate amount of the noun or pronoun. These adjectives do not provide exact numbers; rather they tell us the amount of the noun in relative or whole terms.All, Half, Many, Few, Little, No, Enough, Great etc.

    3. Adjectives of Number:These adjectives are used to show the number of nouns and their place in an order.

    4. Demonstrative Adjectives :These adjectives are used to point out or indicate a particular noun or pronoun using the adjectives – This, That, These and Those.

    5. Interrogative Adjectives :These adjectives are used to ask questions about nouns or in relation to nouns, they are – Where, What, Which and Whose.
  • Degrees of AdjectivesThere are three degrees of adjectives.
    1. Positive Adjective
    2. Comparative Adjective
    3. Superlative Adjective

    Some Examples :
    9Beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
    10Horriblemore horriblemost horrible
    Rule 1 :While making comparisons between two things the comparative degree is used and not the superlative degree.Example :She is not the richest of the two sisters.(Incorrect)
    She is the richer of the two sisters. (Correct)

    Rule 2 :If an adjective is to be used between “as………as” and “so……….as” the adjective should be in positive degree. As… is used to show that something is equally good or bad.Example :Hisar is as hot as Ganganagar in May.
    So…….as is used to show something is not as good or as bad

    Rule 3 :In comparative degree than is used. But for adjectives ending in ‘ior’ than is not used, instead ‘to’ is used . List of such adjectives- Superior, inferior, junior ,senior, prior, anterior, posterior, exterior, interior etc.Example :He was junior than I in college. (Incorrect)
    He was junior to me in college. (Correct)

    Rule 4 :Certain adjectives can’t be used in comparative and superlative degree.Example :A) The presentation was perfect. (Correct)
    B) Your presentation was more perfect. (Incorrect)
    C) His presentation was the most perfect (Incorrect)

    Rule 5 :If two adjectives are being used for the same noun or pronoun than the adjective should be in the same degree .Example :India is the greatest and tolerant country. (Incorrect)
    India is a great and tolerant country.(Correct)

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