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PART A - Test of Reasoning

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-5) Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it. Ramesh, Kamal, Ahmed and John are students of a school. Three of them stay far from the school and one near it. Two study in Class IV, one in Class V and one Class VI. They study Hindi, Mathematics, Social Science and Science. One is good at all four subjects while another is weak in all of these. Ramesh stays far from the school and good at Mathematics only while Kamal is weak in Mathematics only and stays close to the school. Neither of these two nor Ahmed studies in Class VI. One who is good at all the subject studies in Class V.
1. Name the boy who is good at all the subjects.
a)   Ramesh      b)   Kamal      c)   Ahmed      d)   John      e)   None of these
2. Other than Ramesh and the boy good in all the subjects, who else stays far from the
school?
a)   Ramesh      b)   Kamal      c)   Ahmed     d)   John      e)   Can’t be definitely said
3. Which two boys are good at Hindi?
a)   Ramesh and Kamal      b)   Kamal and Ahmed      c)   Ahmed and John
d)   John and Ramesh         e)   Can’t say
4. Which two boys are good at Mathematics?
a)   Ramesh and Ahmed      b)   Kamal and Ahmed      c)   John and Ahmed
d)   Ramesh and John          e)   Data inadequate
5. Name the boy who is weak in all the subjects.
a)   Ramesh      b)   Kamal      c)   Ahmed      d)   John       e)   All of these
Directions (Q. Nos. 6-10) In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statements and select the appropriate answer.
a)   if only conclusion I is true
b)   if only conclusion II is true
c)   if neither conclusion I nor II is true
d)   if either conclusion I or II is true
e)   if both conclusions are true
6. Statements     A < B ≤ C = D, K ≥ J > C
Conclusions   I. C < K          II. B ≤ D
7. Statements     A < B ≤ C = D, K ≥ J > C
Conclusions   I. A ≥ J           II. K > B
8. Statements     B ≥ L > A ≥ N < K
Conclusions   I. B > N          II. L < K
9. Statements     B ≥ L > A ≥ N < K
Conclusions   I. L > N          II. L = N
10.Statements    A > B > C ≤ D = E ≤ F
Conclusions   I. C < F           II. C = F
11. If it is possible to make only one meaningful English word from the second, fifth, seventh
and eighth letters of the word PHYSICAL using each letter only once, second letter of
a)   I      b)   A      c)   L      d)   M      e)   N
12. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the
one that does not belong to the group?
a)   35      b)   42      c)   51      d)   49      e)   56
13. What will be come in place of question mark (?) in the given series?
GMSY, IOUA, KQWC, ?
a)   MSYE      b)   NSYE      c)   MTYE      d)   MSYF      e)   None of these
14. If ‘+’ means ‘-‘, ‘-‘ means ‘×’, ‘×’ means ‘÷’ and ‘÷’ means ‘+’, then what is the value of
9-7+85×17÷15
a)   68      b)   73      c)   79      d)   83      e)   87
15. In a certain code, MODE is written as #8%6 and DEAF is written as %67\$. How FOAM
is written in that code?
a)   \$87#      b)   \$#7%      c)   #87%      d)   \$87%      e. None of these
Directions (Q. Nos. 16-20) In each question given below there are two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Read both the statements and give answer.
a)   if only conclusion I is true
b)   if only conclusion II is true
c)   if either conclusion I or II is true
d)   if neither conclusion I nor II is true
e)   if both conclusions I and II follow
16. Statements   Some food are sweet.
Some foods are sour.
Conclusions I.  All foods are either sweet or sour.
II.Some sweets are sour.
17. Statements   All hair are black.
Some black are long.
Conclusions  I. Some hair are long.
II. No hair is long.
18. Statements   All dogs are monkeys.
No monkeys is a cat.
Conclusions  I. No dog is a cat.
II. No cat is a dog.
19. Statements    Some phones are watches.
All watches are guns.
Conclusions  I. All guns are watches.
II. Some guns are phones.
20. Statements    All umbrellas are aeroplanes.
Some aeroplanes are birds.
Conclusions   I. Some umbrellas are birds.
II. Some birds are umbrellas.
Directions (Q. Nos. 21-25) Study the following information to answer the given questions.  A word arrangement machine, when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and the steps of rearrangement.
Input Go for to Though By easy to Access at
Step I Access Go for to Though By easy To at
Step II Access at Go for to Though by easy To
Step III Access at By Go for to Though easy to
Step IV Access at By easy Go for to Though To
Step V Access at By easy for Go to Though to To
Step VI Access at By easy for Go to Though to To
Step VII Access at By easy for Go to Though To to
(and Step VII is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in the given questions the appropriate step for the given input.
21. Input Over Go for through at one
Which step number will be the last step of the above input?
a)   III       b)   IV      c)   V       d)   VII      e)   None of these
22. Input Story for around on was He at
Which of the following will be the step IV?
a)   around at He for story on was      b)   around at for He story on was
c)   around at for He on story was      d)   around at for He on was story
e)   None of the above
23. Input Together over series on feast the so
Which of the following steps will be the last but one?
a)   II      b)   III      c)   IV      d)   V      e)   None of these
24. Input every and peer to an for
Which of the following steps would be ‘an and every for peer to’?
a)   II       b)   IV       c)   V      d)    III      e)   None of these
25. The step II of an input is as follows:
and Do pet to on that
Which of the following would definitely be the input?
a)   Do and pet on to that      b)   Do pet to and that on      c)   Do on pet to and that
d)   Cannot be determined    e)   None of these.
Directions (Q. Nos. 26-27) Study the given information and answer the given questions.
Point A is 11m North of point B.
Point C is 11 m East of point B.
Point D is 6 m North of point C.
Point E is 7 m West of point D.
Point F is 8 m North of point E.
Point G is 4 m East of point F.
26. How far is point F from point A?
a)   43 m      b)   4 m      c)   3 m      d)   7 m      e)   5 m
27. How far and in which direction is point G from point A?
a)   3 m North      b)   5 m North      c)   4 m North      d)   4 m South      e)   3 m South
Directions (Q. Nos. 28-30) Study the given information and answer the given questions.
Six people (K, L, M, N, O and P) live on six different floors of a building not necessarily in the same order. The lower most floor of the building is numbered 1, the one above that is numbered 2 and soon till the top most floor is numbered 6. L lives on an even numbered floor. L lives immediately below K’s floor and immediately above M’s floor. P lives immediately above N’s floor. P lives on an even numbered floor. O does not live on floor number 4.
28. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and
hence form a group. Which of the following does not belong to that group?
a)   MN      b)   OL      c)   KM      d)   LP      e)   PK
29. Who amongst the following lives on floor number 2?
a)   K      b)   P      c)   L      d)  M      e)   O
30. On which floor does N live?
a)   4      b)   3      c)   5      d)   1      e)   2
Directions (Q. Nos. 31-35) These questions consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions. Read both the statements and give answer.
a)   if the data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the
question.
b)   if the data neither in statement I nor in statement II are sufficient to answer the
questions.
c)   if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to
d)   if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the
data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
e)   if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the
data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
31. How is ‘cost’ written in the given code language?
I.  In the code language, ‘tell me the cost’ is coded as ‘@0#9’ and ‘cost was very high’ is
coded as ‘&6#1’
II. In the code language, ‘some cost was discount’ is coded as ‘1 8 7 #’ and ‘some people
like discount’ is coded as ‘8 7 5 %’.
32. Is D the mother of S?
I.  L is the husband of D. L has only three children.
II. N is the brother of S and P. P is the daughter of L.
33. Among five people (A, B, C, D and E) sitting around a circular table facing the centre,
who is sitting second to the left of D?
I.  C is second to the left of A. B and D are immediate neighbours of each other.
II. D is to the immediate left of B. E is not an immediate neighbour of D and B.
34. Among five friends (J, K, L, M and N) each of a different height, who is the second
tallest?
I.  N is taller than M and K. K is shorter than M.
II. L is taller than N. J is not the tallest.
35. How many students are there in the class.
I. There are more than 20 but less than 27 students in the class.
II. There are more than 24 but less than 31 students in the class. The number of students
in the class can be divided into groups such that each group contains 5 students.
Directions (Q. Nos. 36-40) Read the following information carefully and answer the questions based on it.
There are seven members 4 men and 3 women in a family. They are L, M, N, O, P, Q and R. M is a Businessman and father of P. Q is the paternal grandfather of P and is a Doctor. N, who is a housewife is daughter-in-law of O. R is P’s uncle and is an advocate. There is one Architect, one Pilot and one Journalist in the family. N is not P’s mother. Q is not married to M. There are three married couple in the family.
36. If Q is the grandfather of Pilot, what is the daughter-in-law’s profession?
a)   Journalist      b)   Doctor      c)   Advocate      d)   Architect      e)   Either (a) or (d)
37. If O is the Pilot and the Journalist is not a female, then P’s profession is
a)   Architect      b)   Journalist      c)   Doctor      d)   Advocate      e)   None of these
38. If the Pilot does not have any child, then who is the Pilot?
a)   L      b)   N       c)   P        d)   Either (a) or (b)      e)   Either (b) or (c)
39. Which of the following is a group of male members?
a)   ORPM      b)   QMRP      c)   LQMR      d)   Either (b) or (c)      e)   None of these
40. If P’s mother is an Architect, which is the set of three couples?
a)   ML, RN, QO      b)   RO, ML, QN      c)   QO, RN, PL       d)   Can’t be determined

e)   None of these

Solutions (Q. Nos. 1-5)
 Name Location Performance Class Ramesh Far from the school Good at Maths only IV Kamal Close to the school Weak in Maths only IV Ahmed Far from the school Good at all the subjects V John Far from the school Weak in all the subjects VI
1. (c)       2. (d)        3. (b)       4. (a)       5. (d)
Solutions (Q. Nos. 6-7)
Given, A < B ≤ C = D
or        C = D ≥ B > A                  …. (i)
and      K ≥ j > C                          …..(ii)
From Eq. (i) and (ii), we have
K ≥ J > C = D ≥ B > A
6. (e)      7. (b)
Solutions (Q. Nos. 8-9)
Given, B ≥ L > A = N < K
8. (a)       9. (a)
10. (e) Given, A > B > C ≤ D = E ≤ F
C < F and C = F
11. (b) The second, fifth, seventh and eighth letters of given word are H, I, A and L
respectively. There is only one such word can be made from these letters i.e., HAIL.
12. (d) Excpt 49, all others are natural numbers whereas 49 is a perfect square number.
13. (a)
+2            +2             +2   G            I              K               M
+2           +2            +2   M            O             Q             S
+2             +2            +2   S              U             W            Y
+2            +2            +2   Y             A             C             E
14. (b) Given, 9 - 7 + 85 × 17 ÷ 15
Now, change the signs as per given in the question, we have
= 9 × 7 – 85 ÷ 17 + 15
= 63 – 5 + 15 = 63 + 10 = 73
15. (a) As, M O D E and D E A F        #  8  % 6        % 6 7  \$    Similarly, F O A M

\$  8  7  #
16. (d) It is clear from diagram that neither conclusion I nor II follows.
17. (d) It is clear from diagram that neither conclusion I nor II follows.
18. (e) It is clear from diagram that both conclusions follow.
19. (b)   20. (d)   It is clear from diagram that neither conclusion I nor II follows.
21. (b) Words are written in dictionary order
Input Over Go for through one
1st Step at Over Go through one
2nd Step at For Over Go through one
3rd Step at For Go Over through on
4th Step at For go one Over through
(Last Step)
4th step will be the last step
22. (b) Input Story for around on was He at
1st Step around Story for on was He at
2nd Step around at Story for on was He
3rd Step around at for Story on was He
4th Step around at for He Story on was
23. (d) Input Together over series on feast the so
1st Step feast Together over series on feast the so
2nd Step feast on Together over series the so
3rd Step feast on over Together series the so
4th Step feast on over series Together the so
5th Step feast on over series so Together the
6th Step feast on over series so the Together
6th Step will be the last step
5th Step will be the last but one
24. (d) Input every and peer to an for
1st Step an every and peer to for
2nd Step an and every peer for
3rd Step an and every for peer to
25. (e)
Solutions (Q. Nos. 26-27)
4m                                                                                     N   G              F W                     E A             8m   11m               E        9m                D                                               S
6m

B                    11 m                  C

26. (e)  AG = BG – AB                                                                      G     4m      F = (CD + EF) – (AB)
= (6 + 8) – 11                                                                3m
= 3 cm
and GF = 4 m                                                                                     A
AF = = = 5 m
27. (a) Point G is the ‘North’ direction from point A and AG = 3 m (from above solution)
Solutions (Q. Nos. 28-30) Arrangement of the floors to the six people is as follows

 Floor Person 6th O *5th K 4th L 3rd M 2nd P 1st N
28. (e)      29. (b)      30. (d)      31. (e)     32. (a)
33. (d) From statement II,      D

B

C/A                                           A/C

E
E is sitting second to the left of D. Hence, data in statement II alone are sufficient to
34. (b) From statement I, N > M > K
From statement II,     L > N
From both the statements, L > N > M > K
But height of J is not clear.
Thus, second tallest friend cannot be determined.
Hence, data neither in statement I nor in statement II are sufficient to answer the
question.
35. (a) From statement I,
Number of students in the class  = 21 or 22 or 23 or 25 or 26
From statement II,
Number of statements in the class = 25 or 26 or 27 or 28 or 29 or 30
Since, number of students can be divided into groups of 5 students, therefore number of
students must be multiple of 5
Number of students in the class = 25 or 30
Combining statements I and II.
Number of students in the class = 25
Hence, the data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the
question.
Solutions (Q. Nos. 36-40)
 Member Sex Profession Relationship L Female A/P/J Wife of M. Mother of P M Male Businessman Husband of L, Father of P N Female Housewife Wife of R O Female A/P/J Wife of Q P Male A/P/J Son of L and M Q Male Doctor Father of M and R, Husband of O R Male Advocate Husband of N
Where, A = Architect, P = Pilot, J = Journalist
36. (e) Q is the grandfather of P. The mother of P is L who may be Architect or Journalist.
37. (b) P is Journalist
38. (c) P, R and N do not have any child. So, P is pilot
39. (b) Group QMRP is male members group.
40. (a) Married couples are LM, NR and OQ