Test – I: Reasoning Ability
Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions:
In a certain code language “find a good home” is written as “dn co he rh", “charity begins at home” is written as “rh na ek sa", “find good charity store” is written as “na dn he ku" and “a store at station” is written as “co ek ku ze". (All codes are two-letter codes only.)
1. What does the code ‘ze’ stand for in the given code language?
a) good            b) station         c) find             d) store            e) begins

2. What is the code for ‘store’ in the given code language?
a) rh                b) ek                c) ku                d) ze                e) dn

3. What does the code ‘ek’ stand for in the given code language?
a) store            b) at                 c) charity        d) Either ‘find’ or ‘good’       e) a

4. In the given code language, which of the following possibly means ‘find good food’?
a) he dn ku      b) rh dn he      c) dn bk he      d) ku ek na      e) na rh ek

5. What is the code for ‘charity’ in the given code language?
a) na                b) ku                c) he                d) rh                e) dn

Directions (Q. 6-l0): In this question two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II have been given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with common known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

6.         Statements:    Some heads are tails.
Conclusions:   I. At least some tails are heads.
II. Some tails being coins is a possibility.
a) Either conclusion I or II follows.
b) Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
c) Both conclusions I and II follow.
d) Only conclusion I follows.
e) Only conclusion II follows.

7.         Statement:     All reviews are observations.
Conclusions:   I. All observations are comments.
II. No observation is a comment.
a) Only conclusion II follows.
b) Both conclusions I and II follow.
c) Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
d) Only conclusion I follows.
e) Either conclusion I or II follows.

8.         Statements:    No mountain is a cliff.
Some cliffs are rocks.
Conclusions:   I. No mountain is a rock.
II. All rocks can never be mountains.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
c) Both conclusions I and II follow.
d) Either conclusion I or II follows.
e) Only conclusion II follows.

9.         Statements:    All amounts are principles.
Some principles are balances.
Conclusions:   I. All balances being amounts is a possibility.
II. Some balances are definitely not principles.
a) Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
b) Either conclusion I or II follows.
c) Only conclusion II follows.
d) Only conclusion I follows.
e) Both conclusions I and II follow.

10.       Statements:    All posts are mails.
No mail is a letter.
Conclusions:   I. No post is a letter.
II. At least some posts are letters.
a) Both conclusions I and II follow.
b) Only conclusion II follows.
c) Either conclusion I or II follows.
d) Only conclusion I follows.
e) Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

Directions (Q. 11-15): These questions are based on five three-digit numbers given below:
269                  314                  758                  637                  825

11. If ‘1’ is added to the first digit in each number and the positions of the first and the second digits are interchanged, which of the following will be the first digit of the highest number thus formed?
a) 2                  b) 6                   c) 1                 d) 3                  e) 5

12. The sum of the second and the third digits in which of these numbers is an even number?
a) 758              b) 314              c) 637              d) 825              e) 269

13. If ‘1’ is subtracted from the third digit in each number and the position of the first and the third digit are interchanged, which of the following will be the second digit of the lowest number thus formed?
a) 3                  b) 6                  c) 5                  d) 2                  e) 1

14. Which of the following will be the three-digit number obtained by subtracting the second lowest number from the third highest number?
a) 324              b) 322              c) 233              d) 323              e) 223

15. Which of the following will be the second digit of the second lowest number formed if all the digits in each number are arranged in ascending order within the number?
a) 3                  b) 4                  c) 5                  d) 2                  e) 1

Directions (Q. 16-20): In this question, the symbols 𝛅, %, ©, * and \$ are used with the following meanings as illustrated below:

‘P 𝛅 Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’.
‘P % Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’
‘P © Q' means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P * Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than ‘Q’.
‘P \$ Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’

Each question has statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. Assuming the given statements to be true, find which conclusion is definitely true.

16.       Statements:    K δ D,             D © W,           W * Z
Conclusions:   I. Z % K          II. K © W
a) Both conclusions I and II are true.
b) Neither conclusion I nor II is true.
c) Only conclusion I is true.
d) Only conclusion II is true.
e) Either conclusion I or II is true.

17.       Statements:    F © N,             N * K,             K δ D
Conclusions:   I. D * N           II. D % N
a) Either conclusion I or II is true.
b) Both conclusions I and II are true.
c) Only conclusion I is true.
d) Neither conclusion I nor II is true.
e) Only conclusion II is true.

18.       Statements:    B * R,              R \$ I,               J % M
Conclusions:   I. M © R         II. J δ B
a) Only conclusion I is true.
b) Both conclusions I and II are true.
c) Only conclusion II is true.
d) Neither conclusion I nor II is true.
e) Either conclusion I or II is true.

19.       Statements:     D \$ T,              T % M,            M © K
Conclusions:   I. K % T          II. M © D
a) Neither conclusion I nor II is true.
b) Both conclusions I and II are true.
c) Only conclusion I is true.
d) Only conclusion II is true.
e) Either conclusion I or II is true.

20.       Statements:    V % R,            R δ N,             N \$ J
Conclusions:   I. J © R           II. V % N
a) Both conclusions I and II are true.
b) Only conclusion I is true.
c) Only conclusion II is true.
d) Either conclusion I or II is true.
e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true.

Directions (Q. 2l-25): Each question consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data give in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and choose the most appropriate option.

21. In a code language ‘read your book’ is written as ‘927’. Which number stands for ‘book’?
I. In the same code language ‘book on shelf is coded as ‘738’.
II. In the same code language ‘your book shelf’ is coded as ‘278’.
a) The data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.
b) The data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
c) The data even in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
d) The data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
e) The data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.

22. How is V related to R?
I. R is the daughter of G. G and S are children of K. V is husband of K.
II. M is married to G. M is mother of R. V is father of G.
a) The data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
b) The data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
c) The data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
d) The data even in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
e) The data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

23. What is the present position of D?
I. D moves 4 km to the north and turns left. Then he moves 5 km.
II. D travels a total of`20km, in the east. He takes 11km to his right.
a) The data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
b) The data even in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
c) The data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
d) The data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question,
e) The data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.

24. How many teachers are there in the dance class?
I. The number of male teachers is half the number of female teachers.
II. There is one female teacher for every 10 girl students. There are more girl students than boy students.
a) The data even in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
b) The data in both the statement I and II together are necessary to answer the question.
c) The data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
d) The data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
e) The data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.

25. In a straight line of eight people (all facing north), who stands fourth from the left end of the line?
I. K stands third from the right end of the line. Only two people stand between K and S. R stands second to the right of S.
II. W stands second from the left end of the line. Only two people stand between W and R, J is an immediate neighbor of R.
a) The data even in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
b) The data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
c) The data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
d) The data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.
e) The data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.

Directions (Q. 26-30): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

Ten people are sitting in two parallel rows having five persons each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row 1 - F, G, H, I and J are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing north. In row 2 -A, B, C, D and E are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing south. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement, each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row.
·       The one who faces I, sits third to the right of A.
·       Only one person sits between I and F.
·       B is not an immediate neighbor of A. B does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.
·       The one who faces C sits on the immediate right of G.
·       C is not an immediate neighbor of B.
·       D faces J.

26. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given seating arrangement and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
a) D                 b) A                 c) H                 d) I                  e) J

27. Who among the following sit exactly in the middle of the rows?
a) E, G             b) A, J                         c) C, J              d) B, F             e) A, F

28. Who among the following sits on the immediate right of the person who faces F?
a) D                 b) E                 c) C                 d) B                 e) A

29. Which of the following is true regarding H?
a) G sits on immediate left of`H.                   b) F is an immediate neighbor of H.
c) An immediate neighbor of H faces B.       d) none of the given options is true
e) C faces H.

30. Who among the following faces E?
a) H                 b) J                  c) G                 d) F                 e) I

Directions (Q. 31-35): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:

Eight friends E, F, G, H, S, T, U and V are sitting around a square table in such a way that four of them sit at four corners of the square table while four sit in the middle of each of the four sides. The ones who sit at the four comers face the centre while those who sit in the middle of the sides face outside.
·       S is an immediate neighbor of both E and V. S sits in the middle of one of the sides of the table.
·       Only one person sits between E and H.
·       T sits second to the right of U. U is not an immediate neighbor of E or V.
·       F is not an immediate neighbor of G.
·       G faces a direction opposite that of U. ( i.e. if U faces the centre then G faces outside and vice versa)

31. How many people sit between F and G when counted from the right side of F?
a) Three          b) four                         c) two              d) none            e) one

32. Which of the following is true regarding F?
a) Only three people sit between F and H.
b) F sits in the middle of one of the sides.
c) F sits second to right of U.
d) None of the given options is true.
e) Both S and G are immediate neighbors of F.

33. Who sits on the immediate right of H?
a) U                 b) S                 c) G                 d) F                 e) T

34. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
a) H                 b) V                 c) G                 d) T                 e) E

35. What is the position of U with respect to E?
a) Third to the right    b) Fifth to the right     c) Second to the left   d) Third to the left
e) Second to the right

Directions (Q. 36-40): Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the given questions:

A © Z @ W # β 5 X J 9 Σ D + 7 Q € Y L G 3 * 6 M Ω 2 N % 8 U
36. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the given management and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
a) + D 7           b) 8 % U         c) € Q Y          d) W @ #        e) L 3 *

37. Which of the following is sixth to the right of the fifteenth from the right end of the given arrangement?
a) %                b) Ω                 c) *                  d) M                e) 2

38. What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following series based ‘on the given arrangement?
A Z @             W β 5              X 9 Σ               D 7 Q              ?
a) L3*             b) YG*            c) €Y3             d) €LG            e) LG6

39. If all the numbers are dropped from the given arrangement then which of the following will be the eleventh element from the left end of the given arrangement?
a) +                  b) Q                 c) €                  d) Y                 e) D

40. How many such numbers are there in the given arrangement each of which is immediately followed?
a) More than three      b) three           c) one              d) none            e) two

some figures may not appear fully.

REASONING
(1-5):
find a good home à dn co he rh …  (i)
charity begins at home à rh na ek sa … (ii)
find good charity store à na dn he ku … (iii)
a store at station à co ek ku ze … (iv)
From (i) and (ii), home à rh (v)
From (ii) and (iii), charity à na … (vi)
From (ii) and (iv), at à ek … (vii)
From (ii), (v), (vi) and (vii), begins à sa … (viii)
From (i) and (iv), a à co … (ix)
From (iii) and (iv), store à ku … (x)
From (iv), (vii) (ix) and (x), station à ze (xi)
From (iii), (vi) and (x), find/good à dn/he … (xii)
1. b                  2. c                  3. b                  4. c                  5. a
6. c;     Some heads are tails (1) à conversion à Some tails are heads (I). Hence conclusion I follows. There is no negative statement, Hence the possibility in II exists. Hence conclusion II follows.
7. c;     All comments are reviews (A) + All reviews are observations (A) = A + A = All comments are observations (A), Hence I does not follow. Again, there is no negative statement. Thus, a negative conclusion cannot follow. Hence II also does not follow.
8. 5;     No mountain is a cliff (E) + some cliffs are rocks (I) = E + I = O* = Some rocks are not mountains. Hence conclusion I does not follow. But II follows.
9. d;     All amounts are principles (A) + Some principles are balances (I) = A + I = No conclusion. But the possibility in I exists. Hence conclusion I follows. Again, some principles are balances (I) à conversion à Some balances are principles (I). Hence II does not follow.
10. d;   All posts are mails (A) + No mail is a letter (E) = A + E = E = No post is a letter. Hence I follows, But Il does not follow.
11. b;   Here I is added to the first digit in each number. Then the numbers become
369      414      858      737      925
After interchanging the positions of the first and the second digits, the new numbers will
become
639      144      588      377      295
Hence the highest number is 639. So, the first digit of the highest number is 6.
12. c;   The sum of the second and the third digit of the following numbers:
758 à 5 + 8 = 13
314 à 1 + 4 = 5
637 à 3 + 7 = 10
825 à 2 + 5 = 7
269 à 6 + 9 = 15
Hence the sum of second and third digit of the number 637 is even.
13. e;   According to the question the new numbers become
269                  314                  758                 637                  825     When the position of the first and the third digit are interchanged,
the new numbers become
862      313      757      636      428
Thus, the lowest number is 313. So, second digit of the lowest number is 1.
14. d;   The third highest number is 637. And the second lowest number is 314.
Reqd number = 637 - 314 = 323.
15. c;   After arranging in ascending order within the numbers, we get
269      134      578      367      258
The second lowest number is 258. The second digit of the second lowest number is 5.
(16 - 20):
Given δ à < % à >, © à <, * à =, \$ à >
16. a;   K δ D ⇒ K < D … (i)
D © W ⇒ D < W … (ii)
W * Z ⇒ W = Z … (iii)
Combining (i), (ii) and (iii), we get K < D < W = Z
Thus, K < Z or Z > K is true. Hence I (Z % K) is true. Again, K < W is true.
Hence II (K © W) is true. So, both conclusions I and II are true.
17. a;   Given  F © N F < N … (i)
N * K N = K … (ii)
K δ D K < D … (iii)
Combining (i), (ii) and (iii), we get F < N = K < D
Thus, N < D or D > N is true.
Hence either conclusion I (D = N) or conclusion II (D > N) is true.
18. b;   Given  B * R B = R … (i)
R \$ J R > J … (ii)
J % M J > M … (iii)
Combining (i), (ii) and (iii), we get B = R > J > M
Thus, R > M or M < R is true.
Hence conclusion I (M © R) is true.
Again B > J or J < B is true.
Hence II (J δ B) is true.
19. d;   Given D \$ T D > T … (i)
T % M T > M … (ii)
M © K M < K … (iii)
Combining (i), (ii) and (iii), we get D > T > M > K
Thus, we can’t compare T and K.
Hence conclusion I (K % T) is not true.
Again D > M or M < D is true.
Hence II (M © D) is true.
20. e;   Given  V % R V > R … (i)
R δ N R < N … (ii)
N \$ J N > J … (iii)
Combining (i), (ii) and (iii), we get V > R < N > J
Thus we can’t compare R and J, or V and N.
Hence neither conclusion I (J © R) nor II (V % N) is true.
21. b;   Given
From I, book on shelf à 7 3 8 … (ii)
From (i) and (ii), book à 7
From II, your hook shelf à 2 7 8 … (iii)
From (i) and (iii), your/book à 2/7
Hence only I is sufficient to answer the question.
22. b;   From I, Hence V is either maternal or paternal grandfather of R. Hence I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
From II, Thus, V is paternal grandfather of R. Hence II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
23. a;   From I, Hence D is From II, Hence D is 24. a;   From I,
Male teacher = From II,
Every 10 girls has one female teacher. But exact no. of boys is not given.
Hence we can`t find the number of teachers in the dance class even by combining both statements.
25. d; Combining both I and II we get, Hence J is fourth from the left.
(26 - 30): 26. d                27. a                28. b                29. b                30. c
(31 - 35): 31. c                32. b                33. d                34. d                35. d
36. e; 37. c;   The sixth element to the tight of fifteenth from the right = (15 - 6 =) 9th from the right.
Now, 9th from the right is *.
38. d;   The corresponding element of each group is four positions after that of the previous group.
39. e;   New series A © Z @ W # β X J Σ D + Q € Y L G * M Ω N % U
Hence eleventh element from the left end is D.
40. a;   β5X, +7Q, *6M, Ω2N, %8U. Hence more than three.