SBI PO PRELIMINARY ONE - REASONING
SBI PO PRELIMINARY ONE - REASONING
35 QUESTIONS TIME 25 MINUTES
Directions (Q.1-3): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions. Read both the statements and give answer.
a) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
b) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
c) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question
d) if the data in both the statement I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question
e) if the data in both the statement I and II together are necessary to answer the question
1. How is T related to S?
I. S is the only son of Q, who is father-in-law of T.
II. T is daughter-in-law of P’s mother.
2. In which school does I, study among schools P, Q, R S and T?
I. J and B study in school and T respectively
II. L does not study in the same school in which either J or B studies.
3. What is A’s position with respect to B, when A, B, C, D and E are sitting around a circle facing the centre?
I. C is second to the left of E and Second to the right of B
II. D is not an immediate neighbour of E
Directions (Q.4-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
U, V, W, X Y and Z are six friends who live on six different floors of a building. The ground floor is numbered I, the floor above it is numbered 2 and so on.
Y and Z live on even-numbered floors. V does not live on the top floor. W lives an the floor immediately below U, and Y lives on the floor immediately below X. Three persons live between the floors of Z and Y.
4. How many persons live between the floors of V and U
a) None b) One c) Two d) Three e) None of these
5. Who among the following lives on the 5th floor?
a) Z b) U c) W d) X e) None of these
6. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently increased bank rate, under which the commercial banks will have to give more money to the RBI for taking long-term loans. The RBI is saying than this change will help the country in fighting the economic crisis.
What conclusion can be drawn from the statement?
a) Banks will have to give more money to the RBI, which will help in sucking excess liquidity in the market, thus reducing the economic crisis.
b) The increase in bank rate will reduce the Current Account Deficit (CAD) of India, which in turn will help in economic development.
c) The increase in bank rate will lead to the devaluation of the Indian Rupee, which will increase the demand of the Indian rupee in the market.
d) Due to the increase in the bank rate the people will not take loans, which will help in the economic development of the country.
e) All of these
7. Justice KT Thomas, who headed the three-member bench in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case, has said that executing Perarivalan, Murugan and Santhan, convicted and sentenced to death in the case, would be unconstitutional as they had already spent 22 years in jail, the equivalent of life imprisonment.
What could be the possible assumption of the statement?
a) It was a political murder and not homicide.
b) India has supported the United Nations resolution of ending capital punishment.
c) The constitution of India gives freedom from being punished twice for the same crime.
d) The convicted people are the only breadwinners for their families and it’s unethical to give them capital punishment.
e) None of these.
8. In the Union Budget of India it has been seen constantly that the unplanned expenditures of the Government of India are constantly rising, which in turn are increasing the budget deficit/ revenue deficit of the country.
What possible course of action(s) should the government take to reduce the budget deficit?
I. The govt. should impose new taxes on the people.
III. External and Internal Borrowing
IV. Increase the rates of interest
a) Only I and II b) only I and III c) only I, II and III
d) only IV e) All of these
9. Very often in the newspapers we read about the term disinvestment. It has always been used by the government as a tool of development. On the other hand, it has been widely opposed by economists. Which of the following is/ are the main effect(s) of dis investment?
I. It helps in deficit financing
II. It promotes privatization in the country
III. It creates a positive impact on the Indian stock market
IV. It helps in increasing foreign investment in the country.
a) Only I b) only I and II c) only II and III
d) only I, II and III e) only III
10. The recent natural disaster in Uttarakhand in the month of June killed thousands of people in the state and shattered the life of millions of people, but on the other hand most of the renowned environmentalists of the country are blaming the local people for the disaster and have called it a man-made disaster.
Which of the following is / are the inferences that can be drawn from the statement?
The Uttrakhand disaster is the result of
I. Excessive deforestation
III. Excessive construction near river beds
IV. Increasing pollution level in the state of Uttarakhand
a) Only I, II, III b) only II c) only III and IV
d) only I, III and IV e) All of these
11. The agriculture ministry presented a drought contingency plan for 500 districts to Prime Minister which of the following is the most probable reason for the above phenomenon?
a) The Prime Minister has decided to focus on boosting the rural economy
b) A detailed stock was being taken of various department
c) A poor monsoon has been forecast for this year
d) The Prime Minister has sought contingency plans from all departments.
e) None of these
12. The prospects of deregulating crude oil price have diminished.
Which of the following can be the best possible reason for the above change?
a) Shares of domestic oil marketing companies have dipped sharply?
b) Brent crude oil hit a nine-month high as the US threatened military action to curb escalating violence in Iraq.
c) A failing rupee prevents Indian consumers from benefiting from a reduction in global commodity prices.
d) The higher price may reduce demand to a limited extent.
e) None of these
13. The Government has given permission to increase the height of the Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat by nearly 16.8 meters.
Which of the following is a course of action that needs to be taken?
a) More land should be brought under cultivation so that water for irrigation is utilized.
b) The consumption of electricity should be increased.
c) Protests should be launched against raising the height of the dam.
d) The displaced tribal people should be properly rehabilitated.
e) None of these.
14. Mcdonald’s and KFC in China face a new food safety scare after a Shanghai television station reported a supplier sold them expired beef and chicken.
Which of the following is a course of action that needs to be taken?
a) The companies should stop opening newer outlets
b) There is no need for them to bother as they have loyal customers.
c) They should sue the media for creating such scare.
d) They should immediately stop using meat from the supplier
e) None of these
15. New medical colleges should be allowed to come up in the country.
Which of the following reasons goes against the advocacy of the above suggestion?
a) There is a limited number of doctors per capita in the country
b) The rural population in India cannot easily access specialists
c) The quality of education at existing medical colleges is poor
d) The incidence of communicable diseases has gone up significantly.
e) None of these
Directions (Q.16-20): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
Four friends Amar, Dev, Chandan and Bhusan are playing Ludo. They played Ludo six times, One of them won the game thrice, another won twice, another won only once and one of them lost all the games. All of them chose their favorite colours in the game, viz. Red, Yellow, Blue and Green.
· The one who won twice is neither Amar nor the one who like Blue colour.
· The one who like yellow colour does not win the game more times than Dev.
· Bhusan likes Red Colour.
· The one who likes Green colour is the best performer
· Amar does not like Yellow colour
16. Who among the following won the game twice?
a) Dev b) Bhusan c) Amar d) Either Dev or Amar e) None of these
17. Who among the following likes Blue colour?
a) Amar b) Bhusan c) Dev d) Chandan e) Can’t be determined
18. How many times did Amar win the game?
a) None b) One c) Two d) Three e) Can’t be determined
19. How many times did Amar and Dev together win the game?
a) Two b) Three c) Four d) Five e) None of these
20. Which of the following combinations is true?
a) Amar-Red-3 b) Dev-Blue-1 c) Bhusan – Green-3
d) Chandan-Blue-0 e) Dev-Green -2
Directions (Q.21-25): In each question below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts give answer.
a) If only conclusion I follows
b) If only conclusion II follows
c) If either conclusion I or II follows
d) If neither conclusion I nor II follows
e) If both conclusions I and II follow.
21. Statements: All mangoes are apples - All apples are oranges - Some oranges are bananas
Conclusions: I. All mangoes are bananas. II. Some apples are bananas
22. Statements: Some Kites are threads - No thread is a card - All cards are black
Conclusions: I. Some kites are not cards. II. Some black are kites
23. Statements: No home is a hut – Some huts are houses – Some houses are tables.
Conclusions: I. Some houses are not homes II. All tables being huts is possibility
24. Statements: All rooms are flowers – Some flours are leaves – All roots are leaves.
Conclusions: I. Some rooms are leaves II. Some flowers are roots.
25. Statements: No pen is a paper – Some papers are bottles – No cap is a bottle.
Conclusions: I. No bottle is a cap II. Some bottles are not pens
Directions (Q.26-30): In the following questions, the symbols Y, ©, #, @ and $ are used with the following meanings as illustrated below:
`A Y B’ means `A is smaller than B’
`A # B’ means `A is not smaller than B’
`A @ B’ means `A is neither smaller than nor equal to B’
`A $ B’ means `A is not greater than B’
`A © B’ means `A is neither smaller nor greater than B’ Read the statement(s) given in each question and the conclusions therein and decide which of the given conclusions logically follows.
26. Statements: A Y B $ C © D # E
Conclusions: I) D @ A II) B © E III) C # E
a) Only II b) All I, II and III c) only II d) only III e) None of these
27. Statements: L $ M, N YP, P @ Q, M © N
Conclusions: I) Q @ N II) N # L III) L @ P
a) Only II b) All I, II III c) only II and III d) only I and II e) None of these
28. Statements: P Y K, R © I, K @ R, I Y S
Conclusions: I) K @ I II) R $ S III) P Y S
a) Only II and III b) only II c) only I d) only I and III e) None of these
29. Statements: G Y H, H © I, I # J, J Y K
Conclusions: I) I © K II) G # J III) J Y K
a) Only I b) only III c) All I, II and III d) only II e) None of these
30. In which of the following expressions P @ Q is not definitely true?
a) Q@C$RYP b) P@S©T#Q c) QYRYP$S d) Q$RYP@S e) None of these
Directions (Q.31-35): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
In a certain code `too much rush’ is written as `ru me be’, traffic hour starts is written as `ta no pa’ `it is rush house’ is written as `do me pa sa’, and `traffic is too much’ is written as `ru’ be do no’.
31. What is the code for much?
a) me b) be c) ru d) do e) None of these
32. What does `ru’ stand for?
a) Too b) Either `much’ or `too’ c) rush d) traffic e) None of these
33. Which of the following is the code for `traffic starts too rush?
a) No pa me ta b) ta me no be c) ta no ru me
d) Either 2) or 3) e) None of these
34. `sa ma no’ is the code for which of the following?
a) it traffic rush b) it is traffic c) much rush is
d) it rush starts e) None of these
35. Which of the following codes stands for hour?
a) me b) no c) pa d) do e) None of these
1. (a) From I. Q (+)
S(-)↔ T (-)
T is wife of S.
Hence, statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
2. (d) From I. J → R
From I and II L → P, Q, S
Hence, statements are not sufficient to answer the question.
3. (d) From I and II. C
A’s position with respect to B is third to the right and second to the left. Hence both the statements are sufficient to answer the question.
4. (d) 5. (b) 6. (a)
7. (c) The justice says that these people have already spent 22 years in jail, which is equivalent to life imprisonment. Giving another punishment for the same crime would be “unconstitutional”.
8. (c) Rates of interest are not increased to reduce the budget deficit of the country. Rates of interest are only increased to such excess liquidity from the market. Thus, IV does not follow, but, I, II and III follow.
9. (b) Disinvestment is the process by which the government sells its shares in the market. Through this the government earns money which helps in the deficit financing. Since the government sells the shares, it promotes privatization in the country as it reduces the shares of the government.
10. (d) Increasing deforestation leads to increased natural disaster. On the other hand construction near the river bed is always dangerous as the rivers erode the land.
11. (c) Drought contingency plans need to be made when the forest is one of deficient rains.
12. (b) If the international prices are high, deregulation would imply high oil prices within the country. Making such a move at this juncture would, therefore, be met with stiff resistance.
13. (d) Increased height of the dam would translate into more areas of land getting sub-merged under water and the consequent displacement of the tribal people. These people need to be rehabilitated.
14. (d) Such reports need urgent action. Any verification can come later.
15. (c) ; If we cannot handle existing medical colleges, what sense does it make to establish new colleges? Producing doctors with poor knowledge would make things only worse.
16. (b) 17. (c) 18. (d) 19. (c) 20. (b)
21. (d) All mangoes are apples (A) + All apples are oranges (A) = A + A = A = All mangoes are oranges (A) + some oranges are bananas = A+1 = No conclusion. Hence conclusion I does not follows.
Again, All apples are oranges (A) + Some oranges are bananas (I) = A + 1 = No conclusion. Hence conclusion II also does not follow.
22. (a) Some kites are threads (I) + No thread is a card (E) = I + E = O = Some kites are not cards. Hence conclusion I follows.
Again, Some kites are not cards (O) + All cards are black (A) = No conclusion. Hence conclusion II does not follow.
23. (e) No home is a hut (E) + Some huts are houses (I)= E + I = O* = Some houses are not ≥homes. Hence, conclusion I follows:
Again, Some huts are houses (I) + Some houses are tables (I) = I +1 = No conclusion. But the possibility in II exists. Hence conclusion II follows.
24. (d) All rooms are flowers (A) + Some flowers are leaves (I) = A + 1 = No conclusion. Hence , conclusion I does not follow.
Again, Some flowers are leaves (I) + (All roots are leaves → conversion →) Some leaves are roots (I) = 1 + 1 = No conclusion. Hence, conclusion II does not follow.
25. (e) No cap is a bottle → conversion → No bottle is a cap. Hence, conclusion I follows.
Again, No pen is a paper (E) + Some papers are bottles (I) = E + 1 = O* = Some bottles are not pens. Hence, conclusion II follows.
(26-30): Given →< @ → >, © → = # → ≥ $ → ≤
26 (e ) Given statements: A Y B $ C © D # E
So, Can’t compare
A < B
A < D
Thus, A < D or D > A is true and C ≥ E is true. Hence conclusion (D @ A) and III ( C # E) are true. But conclusion II does not follow.
27. (a) Given statements:
L $ M → L ≤ M (i)
N Y P → N < P (ii)
P @ Q → P > Q (iii)
M © N → M = N (iv)
Combining all these statements. We get L ≤ M = N < P > Q.
Thus, we can’t compare Q and N. So, conclusion I does not follow.
Again, L ≤ N or N ≥ I. Hence, conclusion II (N # L) is true. I. < P is true. Hence conclusion
III. (L @ P) is not true.
28. (c) Given statements: P < K …………. (i)
R = I …………..(ii)
K > R ………….(iii)
I > S ………… (iv)
Combining all these statements, we get can’t compare
P < K > R = I < S
Thus, K > I is true and R < S is true. Hence , conclusion I (K@ I) is true. But conclusion II (R $ S) is not true. Again, we can’t compare P and S. Hence III (P Y S) is not true.
29. (d) Given statements G > H ………….. (i)
H I ………………(ii)
I ≥ J …………. (iii)
J < K …………… (iv)
Combing all the statements, we get
Hence, only conclusion II is true. But we can’t compare I and K or K and H.
30. (a) Check options one by one
Options (1) P
Hence, not definitely true.
Option (2) P > S = T > Q
P > Q
Option (3) Q < R < P ≤ S
Q < P or P > Q
Option (4) Q ≤ R < P > S
Q < P or P Q
Too much rush → ru me be …………… (i)
Traffic hour starts → ta no pa ………..(ii)
It is rush hour → do me pa sa ………….(iii)
Traffic is too much → ru be do no ….. (iv)
From (i) and (iii), rush → me ………. (v)
From (i) and (iv)
too/much → be/ ru ………… (vi)
From (ii) and (iii), hour → pa ………. (vii)
From (ii) and (iv) traffic → pa ………. (viii)
Starts → ta …………………… (ix)
From (iii) and (iv), is → do ………… (x)
From (iii), (v), (vii) and (x) it → sa …… (xi)
31. (e) 32. (b) 33. (d) 34. (a) 35. (c)
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