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Bank Reconciliation Statement -- for interview

  1. Bank reconciliation is a process that explains the difference between the bank balance shown in an organization's bank statement, as supplied by the bank, and the corresponding amount shown in the organization's own accounting records at a particular point in time.

customers reconciling the balance in their bank account with the balances as shown in Bank account in their books. Sometimes there may be differences because cheques issued would not have been presented or cheques deposited for collection would not have been credited or bank might have debited charges which are not recorded in customers book.---good question

Bank Reconciliation

A company's cash balance at bank and its cash balance according to its accounting records usually do not match. This is due to the fact that, at any particular date, checks may be outstanding, deposits may be in transit to the bank, errors may have occurred etc. Therefore companies have to carry out bank reconciliation process which prepares a statement accounting for the difference between the cash balance in company's cash account and the cash balance according to its bank statement.
Following are the transactions which usually appear in company's records but not in the bank statement:
  • Deposits in Transit: Deposits which have been sent by the company to the bank but have not been received by the bank at proper time before the issuance of bank statement.
  • Checks Outstanding: Checks which have been issued by the company but were not presented or cleared before the issuance of bank statement.
Following are the transactions which usually appear in bank statement but not in company's cash account:
  • Service Charges: Service charges may have been deducted by the bank. Such charges are usually not known to the company before the issuance of bank statement.
  • Interest Income: If any interest income has been earned by the company on its bank account, it is not usually entered in company's cash account before the issuance of bank statement.
  • NSF Checks: NSF stands for "not sufficient funds". These are the checks deposited by the company in bank account but the bank is unable to receive payment on those checks due to insufficient funds in the payer's account.


Company A's bank statement dated Dec 31, 2011 shows a balance of $24,594.72. The company's cash records on the same date show a balance of $23,196.79. Following additional information is available:
  1. Following checks issued by the company to its customers are still outstanding:
    No. 846 issued on Nov 29$320.00
    No. 875 issued on Dec 2649.21
    No. 878 issued on Dec 29275.00
    No. 881 issued on Dec 31186.50
  2. A deposit of $400.00 made on Dec 31 does not appear on bank statement.
  3. An NSF check of $850 was returned by the bank with the bank statement.
  4. The bank charged $50 as service fee.
  5. Interest income earned on the company's average cash balance at bank was $1,237.22.
  6. The bank collected a note receivable on behalf of the company. Amount received by the bank on the note was $550. This includes $50 interest income. The bank charged a collection fee of $10.
  7. A deposit of $430 was incorrectly entered as $340 in the company's cash records.
Prepare a bank reconciliation statement using the above information.
Company A
Bank Reconciliation
December 31, 2011
Balance as per Bank, Dec 31$24,594.72
Add: Deposit in Transit400.00
Less: Outstanding Checks:
No. 846 issued on Nov 29$320.00
No. 875 issued on Dec 2649.21
No. 878 issued on Dec 29275.00
No. 881 issued on Dec 31186.50
Adjusted Bank Balance$24,164.01
Balance as per Books, Dec 31$23,196.79
Interest Income from Bank$1,237.22
Note Receivable Collected by Bank500.00
Interest Income from Note Receivable50.00
Deposit Understated90.00
NSF Check850.00
Bank Service Fee50.00
Bank Collection Fee10.00
Adjusted Book Balance$24,164.01

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